ZSU-37

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Arcade Realistic Simulator

Arcade Realistic Simulator

Arcade Realistic Simulator

General info

The ZSU-37 in the Garage.

The ZSU-37 is a Rank IV Soviet self-propelled anti-aircraft gun with a battle rating of 4.7. It was introduced in Update 1.43. The ZSU-37 gives the Soviet a more effective SPAAG in comparison to their truck-mounted 25 mm guns. Now it is an armoured vehicle with a 37 mm gun for more effective firepower on aircraft, but still suffers from low rate of fire.

The main purpose, usage and tactics recommendations

General play style

Being a SPAA, the main purpose of the ZSU-37 is to shoot down enemy aircraft, at which it is quite adept. It is also quite good against enemy tanks, provided you are no further than 300 meters, are on their side, and you have the HVAP-T ammo loaded. When fighting airplanes, like in any SPAA (Except German Kugelblitz and Coelian due to a closed fighting compartment), it is crucial that you shoot down the enemy before they begin strafing you with their cannons. As such, concealment is preferred( low trees, shrubs, short and bombed out houses), and shooting sparingly but accurately is encouraged.

The HE variant of the ammunition is able to (frequently, but not always) disable German Me.410's with a single shot. Like all SPAA's, practice is required, and shooting past 2-3 kilometers is generally not advised.

It is important to note that as soon as you open fire, all enemies will be alerted that your team possesses a SPAA, and tanks will try to mercilessly hunt you down, while planes will try to kill you first so that they themselves will not be killed.

Vehicle characteristics

Tactics

Specific enemies worth noting

Counter-tactics

Pros and cons

Pros:

  • High velocity shells
  • Devastating 37mm HE shells against aircraft
  • Thin armour can cause AP to overpenetrate
  • Plenty of crew members
  • Low profile
  • HVAP ammo gets over 100mm of penetration at point blank range.

Cons:

  • Open fighting compartment
  • One good placed HE shell = death

Specifications

Arcade Realistic Simulator

Arcade Realistic Simulator

Arcade Realistic Simulator

Armament

1 x 37 mm 61-K cannon
  • Ammunition Capacity: 290 Shells (5 round magazine)
  • Fire Rate: 160 Shots per Minute
  • Gun Depression: -5°
  • Gun Elevation: 85°
  • Turret Rotation Speed: 17.9°/s (Stock), 24.7°/s (Upgraded), __._°/s (Upgraded + Full Crew), __._°/s (Prior + Expert Qualif.), __._°/s (Prior + Ace Qualif.)
  • Reload Rate: 1.3s (Stock), _._s (Full Crew), _._s (Prior + Expert Qualif.), _._s (Prior + Ace Qualif.)
1 x 37 mm 61-K cannon
  • Ammunition Capacity: 290 Shells (5 round magazine)
  • Fire Rate: 160 Shots per Minute
  • Gun Depression: -5°
  • Gun Elevation: 85°
  • Turret Rotation Speed: 17.9°/s (Stock), 21.0°/s (Upgraded), __._°/s (Upgraded + Full Crew), __._°/s (Prior + Expert Qualif.), __._°/s (Prior + Ace Qualif.)
  • Reload Rate: 1.3s (Stock), _._s (Full Crew), _._s (Prior + Expert Qualif.), _._s (Prior + Ace Qualif.)
1 x 37 mm 61-K cannon
  • Ammunition Capacity: 290 Shells (5 round magazine)
  • Fire Rate: 160 Shots per Minute
  • Gun Depression: -5°
  • Gun Elevation: 85°
  • Turret Rotation Speed: 17.9°/s (Stock), 21.0°/s (Upgraded), __._°/s (Upgraded + Full Crew), __._°/s (Prior + Expert Qualif.), __._°/s (Prior + Ace Qualif.)
  • Reload Rate: 1.3s (Stock), _._s (Full Crew), _._s (Prior + Expert Qualif.), _._s (Prior + Ace Qualif.)
Ammunition
Ammunition Penetration in mm @ Type of
warhead
Velocity
in m/s
Projectile
Mass in kg
Fuse delay
in m:
Fuse sensitivity
in mm:
Explosive Mass in
TNT equivalent
in g:
Normalization At 30°
from horizontal:
Ricochet:
10m 100m 500m 1000m 1500m 2000m 0% 50% 100%
BR-167 60 57 42 33 24 16 AP-T 880 0.76 N/A N/A N/A -1° 43° 30° 25°
BR-167P 102 95 80 59 35 28 HVAP-T 960 0.62 N/A N/A N/A +1.5° 24° 20° 18°
UO-167 2 2 2 2 2 2 HEFI-T 866 0.74 0.2 0.1 34 +0° 11° 10°
Belt types
Belts Shell composition Tips and usage
Default AP-T, HEFI-T 50% of this belt are useless against tanks or planes. However against other SPAA this belt can reliably take out crew, armament, ammo and engine. Having one belt in reserve does not hurt.
BR-167 AP-T Intermidiate usage until the better BR-169P (HVAP-T / APCR-T) can be used. Decent enough versus light tanks and other vehicels from the rear. Due the lack of HE filler underwhelming damage.
BR-167P HVAP-T, HEFI-T, HEFI-T Best penetrating shell of this truck. However, the damage effects are very poor. In close combat snipe for modules and crewmember for increased survival rate. Nothing is more annoying than emptying a clip and then to get killed in teh reload because the enemy gunner survived.
UO-169 HEFI-T Versus planes. One or two hits usually gets the job done. Heavy armoured attackers and bombers may require more though.
Ammo racks
Ammo racks of the ZSU-37.
Full
ammo
1st
rack empty
2nd
rack empty
3rd
rack empty
4th
rack empty
5th
rack empty
6th
rack empty
Recommendations Visual
discrepancy
58 49 (+9) 39 (+19) 29 (+29) 20 (+38) 10 (+48) (+57) Keep full Yes

Crew

  • Commander
  • Gunner
  • Loader
  • Driver
  • Machine Gunner

Total: 5 Crew members

Armour

Armour type:

  • Rolled homogeneous armour
Armour Front Sides Rear Roof
Hull 35 mm (60°) Front glacis
45 mm (30°) Lower glacis
60 mm (34-84°) Driver's port
15 mm 10 mm Top
15 mm (32°) Bottom
6 mm
Turret 15 mm (16°) Turret front
15 mm (0-12°) Gun mantlet
15 mm (1-2°) 8 mm N/A

Notes:

  • Suspension wheels are 10 mm thick while tracks are 15 mm thick.
  • Belly armour is 10 mm thick.

Engine & mobility

Weight: 12.2 ton

Max Speed: 46 km/h
Stock

  • Engine Power: 199 hp @ 3400 rpm
  • Power-to-Weight Ratio: 16.31 hp/ton
  • Maximum Inclination: 28°

Upgraded

  • Engine Power: 245 hp @ 3400 rpm
  • Power-to-Weight Ratio: 20.08 hp/ton
  • Maximum Inclination: 35°
Weight: 12.2 ton

Max Speed: 42 km/h
Stock

  • Engine Power: 124 hp @ 3400 rpm
  • Power-to-Weight Ratio: 10.16 hp/ton
  • Maximum Inclination: 30°

Upgraded

  • Engine Power: 140 hp @ 3400 rpm
  • Power-to-Weight Ratio: 11.48 hp/ton
  • Maximum Inclination: 34°
Weight: 12.2 ton

Max Speed: 42 km/h
Stock

  • Engine Power: 124 hp @ 3400 rpm
  • Power-to-Weight Ratio: 10.16 hp/ton
  • Maximum Inclination: 30°

Upgraded

  • Engine Power: 140 hp @ 3400 rpm
  • Power-to-Weight Ratio: 11.48 hp/ton
  • Maximum Inclination: 34°

Modules and improvements

History of creation and combat usage

During the initial stages of World War II, the Soviet Union did not have any tracked self-propelled anti-aircraft guns (SPAAG). They had the 4M GAZ-AAA and the 72-K GAZ MM as their anti-aircraft defense system, but these were lightly armoured and were mounted on wheeled trucks. Development started on a tracked anti-aircraft weapon in 1942 by modifying the T-70 light tank chassis to create the T-90 SPAAG, which had two 12.7 mm DShKT machine guns on it. Along the way, the T-70 was repurposed into the SU-76M self-propelled gun, which was also reconfigured into anti-aircraft gun with a 37 mm gun attached instead. This new vehicle, called the ZSU-37 was chosen over the T-90 and became an addition to the Soviet's anti-aircraft inventory.

The ZSU-37 had an open-top turret and was armed with the 37 mm 61-K auto cannon that fires at a rate of 120 to 130 rounds per minute. The gun had an automatic sight, rangefinder, radio, intercom system, and a mechanical aiming mechanism. The ZSU-37 could hold 320 AP, Frag, and Frag Incendiary rounds in five-round clips or in loose storage. The ZSU-37 could also be employed against tanks with APCR rounds available for the gun. The vehicle had a crew of six, the drier, aimer for azimuth, aimer for elevation, sight adjuster for target range and speed, sight adjuster for target course and dive angle, and the loader. Drawbacks on the vehicle design was the open-top turret carried over from the SU-76M, which exposed the crew to the elements and enemy fire, but a tarpaulin cover could protect the crew from rain and snow with the cost of being unable to elevate the gun. The open-top turret also served as an advantage by allowing a high elevation angle, visibility, and ventilation. The vehicle also had terrible cross-country maneuverability to accompany tank units into battle. Overall, the ZSU-37 was seen as an effective SPAAG for its time.

Despite its purpose as a cheap tracked vehicle, only 75 were built from March 1945 to 1948 due to limited manufacturing technology available to construct it. The late production date and low number with addition to the low number of German Luftwaffe aircrafts still available for service meant that the ZSU-37 saw no service in World War II. Not only that, the 37 mm was found to have too low of a firing rate and firepower to counter against the newer aircraft technology now available. The chassis also had low maneuverability on harsh terrain and the vehicle uses gasoline as fuel rather than the standard diesel engines at the time. The ZSU-37 was thus retired from service not long after World War II, though efforts to improve the vehicle and gun was made, such as mounting the gun onto a T-34 chassis instead, but this never left the design stages due to the appearance of better and newer tank development and better guns such as the S-68 57 mm twin autocannon. Thus, the next SPAAG adopted by the Soviets was the ZSU-57-2, which is based off the T-54 chassis and used the twin 57 mm autocannon. This was mass-produced from 1957 to 1960.

Ingame description

@var:description

Screenshots and fan art

Skins and camouflages for the ZSU-37 from live.warthunder

Additional information (links)

References


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ussr_zsu_37.png

Icon-country-sov.png ZSU-37
Nation USSR
Type SPAA
Rank 4
Battle Rating
4.7
4.7
4.7

   Metric✓       Imperial   

   Metric       Imperial✓   

Characteristics
Weight
12,200 kg
26,896 lb
Number of Crew 5
Hull armour thickness
35/15/10/6 mm
1.38/0.59/0.39/0.24 inches
Statistics
Engine power (stock)
199 hp
124 hp
124 hp
Engine power (upgraded)
245 hp
140 hp
140 hp
HP/ton ratio (stock)
16.31
16.57
10.16
10.33
10.16
10.33
HP/ton ratio (Upgraded)
20.08
20.40
11.47
11.66
11.47
11.66
Max speed
46 km/h
28.4 mph
42 km/h
26.1 mph
42 km/h
26.1 mph
Main Weapon
1 x 37 mm 61-K Autocannon
Ammo stowage 290 rounds
Vertical guidance -5°/85°
Economy
Required RP 46,000 RP
Vehicle cost 170,000 SL
Crew training cost 49,000 SL
Max repair cost*
1,750 SL
1,160 SL
1,500 SL
Free repair time (Stock)
1d 22h
3d 01h
2d 23h
Free repair time (Upgraded)
15h 38m
1d
23h 43m
Warning: this sidebar is a WIP and can be incorrect. Last updated 1.75.0.221.