Difference between revisions of "M36 GMC"

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* Good gun depression
 
* Good gun depression
 
* Powered turret traverse gives better turn rate than the [[M10 GMC|M10]]
 
* Powered turret traverse gives better turn rate than the [[M10 GMC|M10]]
* .50 cal machine gun for AA defence
+
* .50 cal machine gun for AA defence and warding off SPAA's and trucks
  
 
'''Cons:'''
 
'''Cons:'''
Line 255: Line 255:
 
* Slow acceleration
 
* Slow acceleration
 
* Reverse speed is bad
 
* Reverse speed is bad
* Unable to perform as efficiently as most other vehicles in it's BR bracket due to armour and speed deficiency - requires careful usage to get the most from it
+
* Altough its calibre is quite large the main gun is poor performing at its BR with poor penetration, its also only made worse as it sometimes gets uptiered and has to fight the german Panthers with their heavily armoured frontal hull, and its pretty much impossible to flank them with its poor speed and poor armour, a role suited more for the M18
* Outmatched by most contemporary enemy tanks
 
  
== History ==
 
 
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===Development===
 
===Development===

Revision as of 21:40, 17 November 2019

90-mm Gun Motor Carriage M36
us_m36.png
AB
RB
SB
General characteristics
Brief
Detailed
5.7/5.7/5.7BR
5 peopleCrew
101 %Visibility
front / side / backArmour
50 / 25 / 25Hull
76 / 31 / 25Turret
Mobility
28.1 tWeight
954 hp500 hpEngine power
34 hp/t18 hp/tSurface density
45 km/h forward
5 km/h back
41 km/h forward
5 km/h back
Speed
Armament
90 mm M3 cannonMain weapon
47 roundsAmmunition
7.5 / 9.7 sReload
-10° / 20°Vertical guidance
12.7 mm M2HB machine gunMachinegun
1 000 roundsAmmunition
8.0 / 10.4 sReload
200 roundsBelt capacity
577 shots/minFire rate
-10° / 70°Vertical guidance
-60° / 60°Horizontal guidance
Economy
63 000 Rp icon.pngResearch
210 000 Sl icon.pngPurchase
Sl icon.png2 580 / 3 219/2 020 / 2 520/1 530 / 1 909Repair
61 000 Sl icon.pngCrew training
210 000 Sl icon.pngExperts
800 Ge icon.pngAces
× (172) % Rp icon.pngReward for battle
× 1.7 Sl icon.png× 1.4 Sl icon.png× 1.0 Sl icon.png

Description

GarageImage M36GMC.jpg


The 90-mm Gun Motor Carriage M36 (or the M36, nicknamed the Jackson) is a Rank IV American tank destroyer with a battle rating of 5.7. It was introduced in Update 1.49 "Weapons of Victory". The M36 is a nice upgrade to the M18 GMC, owning a more powerful gun in the form of the 90 mm M3. This vehicle can be a great threat to the enemy. And can be very fun to play if used correctly.

General info

Survivability and armour

Armour type:

  • Rolled homogeneous armour
  • Cast homogeneous armour (Gun mantlet, Transmission area)
Armour Front Sides Rear Roof
Hull 38.1 mm (56°) Front glacis
50.8-107.8 (9-63°) Transmission housing
19.05 mm (37°) Top
25.4 mm Bottom
19.05 mm (42°) Top
19.05 (1-45°) Bottom
19.5 mm Front roof
9.5 mm Engine deck
Turret 31.75 mm (2-53°) Turret front
76.2 mm (°) Gun mantlet
31.75 mm (0-21°) 25.4 mm (2-23°) N/A

Notes:

  • Tracks are 30 mm thick, bogies are 10 mm thick while the wheels are 20 mm thick.
  • Small slivers of 5 mm armour hang off the top side hull armour, giving minuscule protections at those areas.
  • Track blocks on the side hull armour allows an extra 30 mm of armour at their locations.

Mobility

Mobility characteristic
Weight (tons) Add-on Armor
weight (tons)
Max speed (km/h)
30.8 N/A 46 (AB)
42 (RB/SB)
Engine power (horsepower)
Mode Stock Upgraded
Arcade 710 874
Realistic/Simulator 442 500
Power-to-weight ratio (hp/ton)
Mode Stock Upgraded
Arcade 23.05 28.38
Realistic/Simulator 14.35 16.23

Armaments

Main armament

Main article: M3 (90 mm)
90 mm M3
Capacity Vertical
guidance
Horizontal
guidance
Stabilizer
47 -10°/+20° ±180° N/A
Turret rotation speed (°/s)
Mode Stock Upgraded Prior + Full crew Prior + Expert qualif. Prior + Ace qualif.
Arcade 14.28 19.80 24.0 26.60 28.20
Realistic 14.28 16.80 20.4 22.60 24.00
Reloading rate (seconds)
Stock Prior + Full crew Prior + Expert qualif. Prior + Ace qualif.
11.05 9.78 9.01 8.50
Ammunition
Penetration statistics
Ammunition Type of
warhead
Penetration in mm @ 90°
10m 100m 500m 1000m 1500m 2000m
T33 shot AP 189 188 163 137 115 96
M71 shell HE 19 19 19 19 19 19
M82 shot APCBC 165 164 150 137 125 114
M304 shot APCR 264 260 245 226 210 191
Shell details
Ammunition Type of
warhead
Velocity
in m/s
Projectile
Mass in kg
Fuse delay

in m:

Fuse sensitivity

in mm:

Explosive Mass in g
(TNT equivalent):
Normalization At 30°
from horizontal:
Ricochet:
0% 50% 100%
T33 shot AP 822 11 N/A N/A N/A -1° 47° 60° 65°
M71 shell HE 823 11 0.4 0.5 925 +0° 79° 80° 81°
M82 shot APCBC 807 11 1.2 20 137.2 +4° 48° 63° 71°
M304 shot APCR 1021 7.6 N/A N/A N/A +1.5° 66° 70° 72°
Smoke characteristic
Ammunition Velocity
in m/s
Projectile
Mass in kg
Screen radius
in m
Screen time
in s
Screen hold time
in s:
Explosive Mass in g
(TNT equivalent):
M313 821 11 13 5 20 50
Ammo racks
Ammo racks of the M36.
Full
ammo
1st
rack empty
2nd
rack empty
3rd
rack empty
4th
rack empty
5th
rack empty
6th
rack empty
Visual
discrepancy
47 43 (+4) 37 (+10) 28 (+19) 19 (+28) 10 (+37) (+46) No

Notes:

  • Recommended load is 20 (+27) to remove most ammo from the hull, keeping rack 6 intact.
  • 1st and 2nd ammo racks are ready racks and take priority in being filled at the beginning of the battle, then fills 6, 5, 4, then 3.
  • Full reload speed will be realized as long as ammo exists in either ready rack. If both ready racks are empty, a penalty to reload speed will occur.
  • Simply not firing when the main gun is loaded will load ammo from racks 3-6 into 2 then 1, as long as there is ammo present in racks 3-6. Firing the main gun will interrupt the loading of the ready racks.

Machine guns

Main article: Browning M2 (12.7 mm)
12.7 mm M2HB
Pintle mount
Capacity (Belt capacity) Fire rate
(shots/minute)
Vertical
guidance
Horizontal
guidance
1,000 (200) 577 -10°/+70° ±60°

Usage in the battles

Play style with the M36 should be about the same as the M10. The speed is about the same and armour is still just as thin, but it has an improved turret traverse rate and a 90 mm gun, making it able to engage targets much easier.

Modules

  1. M82 shot (APCBC). This will greatly improve the firepower.
  2. Parts. So the vehicle can repair.
  3. Adjustment of fire, to improve gun accuracy.
  4. FPE, to put out fires in the event the M36 isn't done in by pyrotechnics.
  5. Elevation Mechanism, to improve gun accuracy.
  6. Personal discretion from here. M304 shot (APCR), Engine, Horizontal Drive are all good next choices. The engine is probably the best bet if taking into RB, but less important in AB.

Pros and cons

Pros:

  • Access to 90mm gun and all its ammo types
  • Good handling off road
  • Good gun depression
  • Powered turret traverse gives better turn rate than the M10
  • .50 cal machine gun for AA defence and warding off SPAA's and trucks

Cons:

  • Armour is very thin, M10 thin
  • Open top vehicle, vulnerable to strafing and artillery
  • Slow acceleration
  • Reverse speed is bad
  • Altough its calibre is quite large the main gun is poor performing at its BR with poor penetration, its also only made worse as it sometimes gets uptiered and has to fight the german Panthers with their heavily armoured frontal hull, and its pretty much impossible to flank them with its poor speed and poor armour, a role suited more for the M18

Development

United State's anti-tank doctrine called for the formation of a tank destroyer force filled with vehicles that are fast and have powerful guns. One of the vehicles designed for this job was the M10 GMC carrying the 3-inch M7 gun. While adequate at the time of its introduction, later in the war it was encountering more heavily armoured German vehicles that could withstand its calibre. Some M10 were up-gunned to the 76mm gun, but even that was determined to not be enough. The army needed a tank-killing cannon to be placed on its most numerous tank destroyer vehicle to deal with any armoured threat that could possibly come.

The 90mm gun started as the anti-aircraft M1 and M1A1 gun. It wasn't until the M2 model that it earned a dual-purpose role of anti-aircraft and anti-tank in May 1943. Finally, it was decided to mount the mighty gun onto a vehicle, starting with the M10 GMC. The tank mountable variant was called the 90 mm M3 and was tested on the M10 tank destroyer in early 1943. After installing a modified turret onto the M10 body, the vehicle was designated the T71 GMC, it was approved for service and renamed as the M36 GMC. The nickname Jackson for the M36 was given in September 1944 by Ordnance Department, however, this nickname never saw use during war documents. The nickname only became well-known to the public in the 1970s, and soon became synonymous to the vehicle. Like its predecessor, it features an open-top turret and exposes the crew to the elements and enemy fire. However, a postwar modification allows a folding armoured roof to protect the crew from rain and shrapnel.

Combat usage

The M36 GMC arrived at Europe in September 1944. Though 1,400 were produced during the course of the war, the demand for self-propelled 90 mm guns was so high that 187 M4 were converted with the 90 mm and sent as the M36B1. The 90mm was met with much approval by not only the crew, but other units around the area as the 90 mm could deal with the thick German armour on the Panthers and Tigers. The M36 GMCs were deployed in the Battle of the Bulge along with its other tank destroyer types, where it took out many German tanks with ease due to its high-power cannon and ability to ambush the tanks by the flanks. Humorously, there was an account sometime in March 1945 where a unit of the 635th Tank Destroyer Battalion radioed into their logistic support asking why their newly supplied 90 mm shells were more than a foot too long for their gun chambers. A few forwarding later got the message to a Captain Elmer Gray, who happened to be looking for the misplaced rounds for the new "Super Pershing" doing combat tests.[1]

At the end of World War II, The M36 GMC's role in the tank destroyer doctrine became obsolete. Mainly due to increasing prevalence of well-armoured tanks that could do its job more efficiently such as the M26 Pershings (which also had the 90mm gun), but also the lack of German AFVs at the time of the war and a study on ammo usage indicates that the tank destroyers spent more time supporting infantry with high-explosive shells than killing tanks with armour-piercing, rendering the anti-tank section an unnecessary component in the modernizing armoured forces.

The M36 then served in the Korean War, able to destroy all the Soviet tank designs used by the North Koreans and the Chinese. An addition of a ball-mounted machine gun on the assistant driver's side was done as well. The M36 served well with the South Koreans until American M26 Pershings and M46 Pattons could be built up as reinforcements. Aside from that, the M36 was exported to many countries and are still in use by some today. Some of the notable post-World War II conflicts the M36 GMCs served in was the First Indochina War, Indo-Pakistani War of 1965, and the Croatian War of Independence of 1991, which proved that the M36 GMCs were still useful to countries half a century after they were introduced.

Media

Skins and camouflages for the M36 from live.warthunder.com.

M36 in battle.jpg

References

  1. Hunnicutt, R.P. Pershing: A History of the Medium Tank T20 Series U.S.A.: Feist Publications, 1971

Read also

[Devblog] Attacker FB.1 and M10 & M36 Slugger

Sources

Paste links to sources and external resources, such as:

  • topic on the official game forum;
  • other literature.


USA tank destroyers
Early projects  75 mm Gun Motor Carriage M3 · 75 mm Howitzer Motor Carriage M8 · 75 mm Gun Motor Carriage M8
Based on M4  3-inch Gun Motor Carriage M10 · 90-mm Gun Motor Carriage M36
M18  M18 Gun Motor Carriage · M18 Gun Motor Carriage "Black Cat" · M18 90-mm Gun Motor Carriage
T95  Super Heavy Tank T28 · 105 mm Gun Motor Carriage T95
China  ▃LVT(A)(4) ZIS-2
Post-war  M50 · M56 · T114 · Combat Vehicle, Anti-tank, Improved TOW Vehicle, M901