T28

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Super Heavy Tank T28
us_t28.png
AB
RB
SB
General characteristics
Brief
Detailed
6.7/6.3/6.7BR
4 peopleCrew
Mobility
59.4 tWeight
3 forward
1 back
Gear box
Armament
105 mm T5E1 cannonWeapon 1
62 roundsAmmunition
-5° / 19.5°Vertical guidance
-10° / 11°Horizontal guidance
12.7 mm M2HB machine gunWeapon 2
1 000 roundsAmmunition
200 roundsBelt capacity
577 shots/minFire rate
-10° / 70°Vertical guidance
-140° / 140°Horizontal guidance
Economy
7 480 Ge icon.pngPurchase
Sl icon.png3 160/3 020/4 240Repair
10 000 Sl icon.pngCrew training
360 000 Sl icon.pngExperts
990 Ge icon.pngAces
x 2.84 Rp icon.pngReward for battle

Description

GarageImage T28.jpg


The Super Heavy Tank T28 is a premium rank IV American tank destroyer with a battle rating of 6.7 (AB/SB) and 6.3 (RB). It was introduced in Update 1.49 "Weapons of Victory". A premium version of the T95, its difference is the removal of the outer tracks for train transport, but it can still fight at the expense of increased ground pressure. The T28 retains the same front armour and 105 mm T5 gun from the T95.

General info

Survivability and armour

Don't try to engage the T28 from the front as it is virtually impossible to penetrate it from the front. Try to knock out its tracks and flank it since its side and rear armour is next to nothing compared to its frontal armour. This tank is also extremely weak to aircraft due to weak armour on top, so another idea may scout out this tank in a light tank or TD, then an aircraft can destroy it from above.

Armour type:

  • Cast homogeneous armour
  • Rolled homogeneous armour (Hull)
Armour Front (Slope angle) Sides Rear Roof
Hull basic 305 mm (0-31°) Front
133.35 mm (58°) Lower Glacis
63.5 mm (10-58°) Top
50.8 mm Bottom
50.8 mm (5-62°) 38.1 mm
Additional armour 292.1 + 305 mm (2-81°) Mantlet
76.2 mm Cupolas
76.2 mm track guard
N/A N/A 38.1 mm Radiator cover
Armour Sides Roof
Cupola 76.2 mm 76.2 mm

Notes:

  • Suspension wheels and bogies are 20 mm thick and tracks are 30 mm thick.

Mobility

Mobility characteristic
Weight (tons) Add-on Armor
weight (tons)
Max speed (km/h)
59.4 N/A 13.9 (AB)
12.8 (RB/SB)
Engine power (horsepower)
Mode Stock Upgraded
Arcade 547 1,193
Realistic/Simulator 322 500
Power-to-weight ratio (hp/ton)
Mode Stock Upgraded
Arcade 9.21 20.08
Realistic/Simulator 5.42 8.42

Armaments

Main armament

Main article: T5E1 (105 mm)
105 mm T5E1
Capacity Vertical
guidance
Horizontal
guidance
Stabilizer
62 -5°/+19.5° -10°/+11° N/A
Turret rotation speed (°/s)
Mode Stock Upgraded Prior + Full crew Prior + Expert qualif. Prior + Ace qualif.
Arcade 5.95 8.20 10.00 11.10 11.80
Realistic 5.95 7.00 8.50 9.40 10.00
Reloading rate (seconds)
Stock Prior + Full crew Prior + Expert qualif. Prior + Ace qualif.
20.02 17.71 16.32 15.40
Ammunition
Penetration statistics
Ammunition Type of
warhead
Penetration in mm @ 90°
10m 100m 500m 1000m 1500m 2000m
T32 APCBC 258 248 218 190 178 155
T13 APCBC 219 217 207 193 181 171
T29E3 APCR 315 310 285 251 223 196
T30E1 HE 20 20 20 20 20 20
Shell details
Ammunition Type of
warhead
Velocity
in m/s
Projectile
Mass in kg
Fuse delay

in m:

Fuse sensitivity

in mm:

Explosive Mass in g
(TNT equivalent):
Normalization At 30°
from horizontal:
Ricochet:
0% 50% 100%
T32 APCBC 975 18 N/A N/A N/A +4° 48° 63° 71°
T13 APCBC 899 19 1.2 20 177.38 +4° 48° 63° 71°
T29E3 APCR 1128 11 N/A N/A N/A +1.5° 66° 70° 72°
T30E1 HE 945 15 0.1 0.5 1,550 +0° 79° 80° 81°
Ammo racks
Ammo racks of the T28.
Full
ammo
Ammo
Part
1st
rack empty
2nd
rack empty
3rd
rack empty
4th
rack empty
5th
rack empty
6th
rack empty
7th
rack empty
8th
rack empty
9th
rack empty
10th
rack empty
Visual
discrepancy
62 Projectiles
Propellants
57 (+5)
52 (+10)
47 (+15)
41 (+21)
42 (+20)
36 (+26)
37 (+25)
31 (+31)
31 (+31)
25 (+37)
25 (+37)
19 (+43)
19 (+43)
13 (+49)
13 (+49)
(+55)
(+55)
(+61)
(+61)
 
Yes: Rack 2 holds 10 instead of 11 shells
Right upper rear rack (x) currently never depletes

20 rounds are enough for AB, while 30 rounds are enough for RB/SB.

Machine guns

Main article: Browning M2 (12.7 mm)
12.7 mm M2HB
Pintle mount
Capacity (Belt capacity) Fire rate
(shots/minute)
Vertical
guidance
Horizontal
guidance
1,000 (200) 577 -10°/+70° ±140°

Usage in battles

When playing the Super Heavy T28, you will immediately notice the slow speed, as well as its odd-looking appearance. The front is very heavily armoured, with negligible armour around the sides, the rear and roof, which makes it an easy target for an artillery strike. There are two ways to play this tank: defensively or offensively, as each play style will have some positives and negatives.

When playing offensively, you need to use the terrain for cover and objects for additional protection. The T5E1 cannon is very accurate at long ranges. However, fighting in urban zones such as streets is not recommended unless you can be sure that there are no enemy units waiting to prey on your weak sides and rear armour in the adjacent streets. If they realise that you are a T28, they might try to de-track you. If you have a moderately trained crew, you will have no issues repairing the track in a short amount of time. To get the best out of this tank, you need to capitalise on the map and the thick front armour. Do not expose your rear or sides! Failing to do so will lead to an early end of your match. The most obvious weakness is that the T28 has no turret, meaning in Close Quarter combat any mobile tank like the Panther might flank you. One way you could get around this is to have teammates stick with you, or for you to follow your teammates. However, the speed of this tank negates the benefits of having turreted allies with you.

Pros and cons

Pros:

  • One of the thickest frontal armour (305mm cast)
  • Powerful main gun
  • Matchmaking ensures most enemies will be unable to penetrate the frontal armour

Cons:

  • As the names imply: super heavy and slow
  • Can be easily destroyed if shot from the side
  • Can be de-tracked with ease, which will allow the enemy to flank and destroy you
  • Lower glacis is vulnerable to HE fire
  • Flat surface on top of the whole tank, vulnerable to enemies above you and artillery strikes.
  • Commander and Driver cupolas are only 76mm thick - quite thin, and APHE penetrating them can cause crew casualties
  • Weaker side armour than the T95 in the tech tree - 50.8 mm vs. roughly 152.4 mm (101.6 mm outer plate covering the transport tracks + the inner 50.8 mm plate)

History

Development

Years before the invasion of Normandy, there were men among the Allied planners worrying about the heavily-defended fortification lines such as the Siegfried Line blocking the path from France to Germany. One of the proposed methods was to develop extremely heavily armoured vehicles capable of destroying any fortification it comes across and any resistance the German had. Britain and America both worked on this project in order to develop these super-heavy tanks.

The American solution was a vehicle that would be called the T28 Heavy Tank and work began on such vehicle in September 1943. The initial vehicle concept called for a casemate design with a 105mm T5 gun, which was evaluated to be "extremely effective at reducing heavy fortifications". The only other armament on the vehicle would be a .50 cal machine gun for use by the commander. The armour on the design was 203 mm at first, but in January 1945 the head of Ordnance worried about the effect of German APCR ammunition, and so the already significant armour was upped to an astounding 305mm thick frontal armour, at the increase of weight to 95 tons. The vehicle's electric drive was a carryover from the M6 and T23 tank, with the engine the same from the M26 Pershing (which was the same as the M4A3 Sherman). The heavyweight with the underpowered engine allowed the T28 to reach a whopping 8 miles per hour speed. To carry this design, the vehicle had four sets of tracks, two on each side, 328 mm wide each in order to lower ground pressure. For transport, the extra set of tracks on the sides can be removed to make the vehicle thinner (4.55m to 3.15m) for easier transport, but raising ground pressure (0.82kg/cm2 to 1.14kg/cm2) and reducing armour since the detached track sets comes with 102 mm skirt armour.[1]

The T28 heavy tank continued with the development and in March 1944, the U.S. Army gave it the name and also placed an order for five pilot models for testings. In March 1945, Ordnance then renamed the T28 into the 105 mm Gun Motor Carriage T95 due to the lack of turret for a "tank" and any regular secondary armaments. Then, in June 1946, the vehicle was renamed again to the Super Heavy Tank T28 due to the United States construction of self-propelled guns being lightly armoured, in order to distinguish it as a radically different design than simply a "tank destroyer". Today, the T95 and T28 naming are both used to title this vehicle.[1]

Procurement and deployment

The five pilot models requested by the U.S. Army had Ordnance look for a manufacturer to produce these vehicles. The war effort had made many prominent manufacturers busy with pre-existing orders. The Pacific Car and Foundry Company were then contracted to produce the design, with production starting in March 1945. The complete tank design was finished by August 1945, by this time the war had already ended in Europe three months prior. Efforts continued on the tank until the surrender of Japan in September, ending World War II. The post-war cutbacks led to the request for five tanks lowered to just two. The first T28 prototypes appeared in Aberdeen Proving Grounds on 21 December 1945, with the second arriving on 10 January 1946. These two prototype tanks went through evaluations at Aberdeen and Yuma Proving Grounds, mostly for engineering tests to check the durability of the components used. The second prototype model had an engine fire in Yuma and had to be scrapped. The T28 project finally ended on October 1947 when development for such heavy vehicles stopped. Records on the sole T28 prototype ended afterwards, many assumed the vehicle was destroyed or scrapped.[1]

In 1974, the sole remaining T28/T95 prototype was found in the fields behind Fort Belvoir, Virginia by a wanderer, rumoured to be a farmer out hunting or a lieutenant conducting inventory inspection. To this day, no one is certain how the T28 tank was left abandoned in the fields or what happened during the years in absence. It was moved to the Fort Knox, Kentucky to be displayed in the Patton Museum of Cavalry and Armor. Today, its resting place is in the National Armor and Cavalry Museum in Fort Benning, Georgia.[1]

Legacy

In the end, the super heavy tanks designs made by the Americans (T28) and the British (Tortoise) only proved that such needs for tanks were unnecessary. The Siegfried Line and other such fortifications were taken out by use of the standard issued medium tanks such as the M4 Shermans, proving that affordable, mass-produced vehicles could dominate the modern battlefield. The super heavy tanks were also a strain on battle operations, as one of the most pressing questions during the development of the super-heavy tanks were on just how to get the tanks across the ocean to Europe and supply them with the fuel and ammo. The only positive note that these heavy tanks provided was that it showed the true extent of American and British industrial capabilities, being able to produce these massive monsters.

In-game description

The T28 super-heavy tank was built following the Artillery Department’s initiative starting in September, 1943. The installation featured significant frontal armor and was equipped with a new 105mm gun. However, the power train was borrowed from the M26 medium tank, which led to serious problems with the 60-ton SPG’s maneuverability.

Media

Excellent additions to the article would be video guides, screenshots from the game, and photos.

See also

  • T95: Standard version with full tracks.

External links


USA tank destroyers
Early projects  75 mm Gun Motor Carriage M3 · 75 mm Howitzer Motor Carriage M8 · 75 mm Gun Motor Carriage M8
Based on M4  3-inch Gun Motor Carriage M10 · 90-mm Gun Motor Carriage M36
M18  M18 Gun Motor Carriage · M18 Gun Motor Carriage "Black Cat" · M18 90-mm Gun Motor Carriage
T95  Super Heavy Tank T28 · 105 mm Gun Motor Carriage T95
China  LVT(A)(4) ZIS-2
Post-war  M50 · M56 · T114

USA premium ground vehicles
Light tanks  Light Tank M2A4 (1st Arm.Div.) · Light Tank M3A1 Stuart (USMC) · Light Armored Car M8 · M5A1 Stuart (5th Canadian Armored Division) · T18E2 "Boarhound"
Medium tanks  Cruiser Tank Grant I · M4A5 Ram II · Rocket Launcher T34 Calliope · T20 · Medium Tank M26 T99 · Medium Tank M26E1 · Medium Tank M46 Patton (73 Tank Batalion) · Magach 3 · Tank, Combat, Full-Tracked, 105-mm Gun XM-1 (GM) · Tank, Combat, Full-Tracked, 105-mm Gun XM-1 (Chrysler) · T54E1
Heavy tanks  Assault Tank T14 · Assault Tank M4A3E2 Jumbo "Cobra King" · Heavy Tank T29 · Heavy Tank T30
Tank destroyers  75 mm Gun Motor Carriage M8 · M18 Gun Motor Carriage "Black Cat" · M18 90-mm Gun Motor Carriage · Super Heavy Tank T28 · T114

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 Estes Kenneth W. Super-heavy Tanks of World War II Great Britain: Osprey Publishing Ltd., 2014