U-5TS (115 mm)

From War Thunder Wiki
Jump to: navigation, search
The 115 mm U-5TS on the T-62M-1 gun mantlet.

Description

The 115 mm U-5TS is a Soviet tank cannon utilized for the T-62 tank series. The weapon is characterized as having a smoothbore barrel and a two-plane stabilizer. Upon its introduction with the T-62 in Update 1.61 "Road to Glory", the U-5TS was the first smoothbore barrel tank cannon put into the game.

Vehicles equipped with this weapon

General info

Tell us about the tactical and technical characteristics of the cannon or machine gun.

Available ammunition

Penetration statistics
Ammunition Type of
warhead
Penetration @ 0° Angle of Attack (mm)
10 m 100 m 500 m 1,000 m 1,500 m 2,000 m
3BK15M HEATFS 500 500 500 500 500 500
3BM4 APFSDS 285 279 263 243 222 202
3OF27 HE 40 40 40 40 40 40
3BM3 APFSDS 350 347 322 300 283 270
9M117 ATGM 600 600 600 600 600 600
3BK4 HEATFS 440 440 440 440 440 440
3BM21 APFSDS 420 415 405 390 380 370
3OF11 HE 31 31 31 31 31 31
3BM28 APFSDS 386 384 377 369 361 352
Shell details
Ammunition Type of
warhead
Velocity
(m/s)
Projectile
mass (kg)
Fuse delay
(m)
Fuse sensitivity
(mm)
Explosive mass
(TNT equivalent) (kg)
Ricochet
0% 50% 100%
3BK15M HEATFS 1,060 12.2 0.05 0.1 2.28 65° 72° 77°
3BM4 APFSDS 1,615 4 - - - 72° 76° 78°
3OF27 HE 800 17.82 0.3 0.1 4.82 79° 80° 81°
3BM3 APFSDS 1,615 4 - - - 76° 77° 80°
3BK4 HEATFS 950 12.97 0.05 0.1 1.85 65° 72° 77°
3BM21 APFSDS 1,600 4.55 - - - 76° 77° 80°
3OF11 HE 905 14.86 0.3 0.1 2.64 79° 80° 81°
3BM28 APFSDS 1,600 4.88 - - - 78° 80° 81°
Missile details
Ammunition Type of
warhead
Velocity
(m/s)
Range
(m)
Projectile
mass (kg)
Fuse delay
(m)
Fuse sensitivity
(mm)
Explosive mass
(TNT equivalent) (kg)
Ricochet
0% 50% 100%
9M117 ATGM 370 4,000 18.8 0.05 0.1 4.77 80° 82° 90°

Comparison with analogues

Give a comparative description of cannons/machine guns that have firepower equal to this weapon.

Usage in battles

Describe the cannon/machine gun in the game - its distinctive features, tactics of usage against notable opponents. Please don't write a "guide" - do not impose a single point of view, but give the reader food for thought.

Pros and cons

Summarise and briefly evaluate the weaponry in terms of its characteristics and combat effectiveness. Mark pros and cons as a list.

Pros:

Cons:

History

In 1952, there were considerations among the Soviet tank development bureaus to begin developing a new tank to replace the T-54 in Soviet service. This was finalized in 09 September 1952 in Resolution No.4169-1631 for the development of the "New Medium Tank".[1] The development focus lay in a new 100 mm D-54T gun developed by F.F. Petrov. Though attempts were made to fit the D-54T tank gun into the T-54 chassis, the gun's ammunition proved too large to be easily loaded within the turret.

The tank development project would be contested between Leonid N. Kartsev's project "Object 140" from Nizhny Tagil and Alexandr A Morozov's project "Object 430" from Kharkov. Kartsev's design would be cancelled in favor of Object 430, but continued development with a tank to use as many T-54/55 components and a larger turret culminated into the "Object 165". During this development, reports of a 100 mm T-12 smoothbore anti-tank gun showed the effectiveness of a smoothbore design. Kartsev consulted with F.F. Petrov on the feasibility of modifying the 100 mm D-54T into a smoothbore weapon. Upon finding the modification feasible without compromising the gun barrel's integrity, the 100 mm bored out into a 115 mm smoothbore gun. The weapon would be designated 115 mm U-5TS under the project name "Molot" for "Hammer".[2]

The 115 mm U-5TS would have the accolade of being the first smoothbore tank gun in production in the world, which was then followed up with the first development of an armour-piercing fin-stabilized discarding-sabot (APFSDS) round. The benefits of smoothbore over the rifled D-54T design was apparent with an increased muzzle velocity, and therefore armour penetration, using the same amount of propellant. Kartsev would install this in his Object 165 tank, which would become known as "Object 166" with the 115 mm gun installed. While the 115 mm continued to remained in testing as the Object 166 continued to be evaluated, the process was soon expedited upon the Soviet discovery of 105 mm tank guns in NATO inventory in 1961 (namely the L7 gun equipped in new American, German, and British tanks). The commander of the Soviet Grounds Forces, Vasily Ya. Chukov, was furious upon learning about this event and insisted the 115 mm must be put into service as soon as possible. As such, on 12 August 1961 with Resolution No. 729-305, the T-62 medium tank and attached 115 mm U-5TS (GAU designation 2A20) was accepted into Soviet service.[3]

Media

Images

See also

Links to the articles on the War Thunder Wiki that you think will be useful for the reader, for example:

  • reference to the article about the variant of the cannon/machine gun;
  • references to approximate analogues by other nations and research trees.

External links

References

Citations
  1. Kinnear et al. 2021, 14
  2. Kinnear et al. 2021, 24-25
  3. Kinnear et al. 2021, 29-31
Bibliography
  • Kinnear, Jim and Stephen L. Sewell. 2021. Soviet T-62 Main Battle Tank. Oxford: Bloomsbury Publishing Plc. Kindle.


USSR tank cannons
20 mm  TNSh
30 mm  2A42 · 2A72 · AG-30
45 mm  20-K
57 mm  AU-220 · Ch-51M · ZIS-2 · ZIS-4 · ZIS-4M
73 mm  2A28
76 mm  1902/30 · 3-K · D-56TS · F-32 · F-34 · F-96 · KT-28 · L-10 · L-11 · ZIS-3 · ZIS-5
85 mm  D-5S · D-5T · D-58 · D-70 · F-30 · ZIS-S-53
100 mm  2A48 · 2A70 · D-10S · D-10T · D-10T2S · D-50 · LB-1 · S-34
107 mm  ZIS-6
115 mm  U-5TS
122 mm  A-19 · D-25-44T · D-25S · D-25T · D-25TS · D-30T · D-49 · M-30 · M-62-T2S
125 mm  2A26 · 2A46 · 2A46M · 2A46M-1 · 2A46M-5 · 2A46MS · 2A75 · D-126
130 mm  B-13 · C-70 · M-65
152 mm  2A33 · LP-83 · M-10T · M-64 · M-69 · ML-20S
  Foreign:
37 mm  M5 (USA)
50 mm  KwK L/42 (Germany)
57 mm  6pdr OQF Mk.III (Britain) · M1 (USA)
75 mm  KwK42 (Germany) · M2 (USA)
76 mm  M1 (USA)
85 mm  Type-62-85-TC (China)

China tank cannons
30 mm  ZPL02 · ZPZ02
73 mm  Type 86
76 mm  M32K1
85 mm  Type 56 · Type 63
100 mm  PTP86 · Type 59 · Type 69 · Type 69-II · ZPL04
105 mm  88B-105T · Type 83 · WMA301 · ZPL94 · ZPL98A
120 mm  122TM · PTZ89
125 mm  Type 88C · Type 99A · ZPT98
130 mm  PL59A Gai
152 mm  PL66 Gai
  Foreign:
20 mm  KwK30 (Germany)
37 mm  M6 (USA)
45 mm  20-K (USSR)
47 mm  Type 1 (Japan)
57 mm  Type 97 (Japan) · ZIS-2 (USSR)
75 mm  M2 Howitzer (USA) · M3 (USA) · M6 (USA)
76 mm  D-56T (USSR) · F-34 (USSR) · M1 (USA) · M7 (USA) · ZIS-3 (USSR)
85 mm  ZIS-S-53 (USSR)
90 mm  M3 (USA) · M41 (USA)
100 mm  D-10S (USSR)
105 mm  M68 (USA) · M68A1 (USA)
115 mm  U-5TS (USSR)
122 mm  A-19 (USSR) · D-25T (USSR)
152 mm  ML-20S (USSR)