RN Zara

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Rank 4 Japan
IJN Mikuma Pack
it_cruiser_zara_class.png
GarageImage RN Zara.jpg
RN Zara
AB RB SB
5.7 5.7 5.7
Research:270 000 Specs-Card-Exp.png
Purchase:690 000 Specs-Card-Lion.png
Show in game

Description

The Zara-class, RN Zara, 1941 is a rank V Italian heavy cruiser with a battle rating of 5.7 (AB/RB/SB). It was introduced in Update "Raining Fire".

General info

Survivability and armour

Armourfront / side / back
Citadel120 / 150 / 70 mm
Main fire tower203 / 150 / 150 mm
Hull25 mm (steel)
Superstructure8 mm (steel)
Number of section10
Displacement14 530 t
Crew1 155 people

The armour can easily tank aircraft fire and rounds below 100 mm of penetration, however, be aware that the Zara has decent speed, so if you rush in too fast and expose your flanks, you are going to get taken out easily by a shot to the engine.

Mobility

Speedforward / back
AB69 / 34 km/h
RB59 / 29 km/h

Zara has below average manoeuvrability for a ship its size, keep in mind not to over-rotate the wheel, as it may cause you to expose the engine, which if exploded, will set ammunitions near the upper-back deck ablaze.

Mobility Characteristics
Game Mode Upgrade Status Maximum Speed (km/h) Turn Time (s) Turn Radius (m)
Forward Reverse
AB Stock ___ ___
Upgraded 69 34
RB/SB Stock ___ ___
Upgraded 59 29

Modifications and economy

Repair costBasic → Reference
AB7 250 → 9 403 Sl icon.png
RB17 000 → 22 049 Sl icon.png
Total cost of modifications246 700 Rp icon.png
353 000 Sl icon.png
Talisman cost2 100 Ge icon.png
Crew training200 000 Sl icon.png
Experts690 000 Sl icon.png
Aces1 700 Ge icon.png
Research Aces720 000 Rp icon.png
Reward for battleAB / RB / SB
450 / 600 / 100 % Sl icon.png
196 / 196 / 196 % Rp icon.png
Modifications
Seakeeping Unsinkability Firepower
Mods new ship hull.png
Dry-Docking
Research:
16 000 Rp icon.png
Cost:
23 000 Sl icon.png
420 Ge icon.png
Mods new ship rudder.png
Rudder Replacement
Research:
8 900 Rp icon.png
Cost:
13 000 Sl icon.png
230 Ge icon.png
Mods new ship screw.png
Propeller Replacement
Research:
9 900 Rp icon.png
Cost:
14 000 Sl icon.png
260 Ge icon.png
Mods new ship engine.png
Engine Maintenance
Research:
19 000 Rp icon.png
Cost:
27 000 Sl icon.png
500 Ge icon.png
Mods ship tool kit.png
Tool Set
Research:
16 000 Rp icon.png
Cost:
23 000 Sl icon.png
420 Ge icon.png
Mods manual ship extinguisher.png
Fire Protection System
Research:
8 900 Rp icon.png
Cost:
13 000 Sl icon.png
230 Ge icon.png
Mods engine smoke screen system.png
Smokescreen
Research:
8 900 Rp icon.png
Cost:
13 000 Sl icon.png
230 Ge icon.png
Mods ship anti fragmentation protection.png
Shrapnel Protection
Research:
9 900 Rp icon.png
Cost:
14 000 Sl icon.png
260 Ge icon.png
Mods ship venting.png
Ventilation
Research:
9 900 Rp icon.png
Cost:
14 000 Sl icon.png
260 Ge icon.png
Mods new ship pumps.png
New Pumps
Research:
19 000 Rp icon.png
Cost:
27 000 Sl icon.png
500 Ge icon.png
Mods ship ammo wetting.png
Ammo Wetting
Research:
19 000 Rp icon.png
Cost:
27 000 Sl icon.png
500 Ge icon.png
Mods new aa caliber turrets.png
Anti-Air Armament Targeting
Research:
16 000 Rp icon.png
Cost:
23 000 Sl icon.png
420 Ge icon.png
Mod arrow 0.png
Mods tank ammo.png
100mm_it_perforante_navy_ap_ammo_pack
Research:
8 900 Rp icon.png
Cost:
13 000 Sl icon.png
230 Ge icon.png
Mods tank ammo.png
203mm_ansaldo_50_53_navy_aphebc_ammo_pack
Research:
8 900 Rp icon.png
Cost:
13 000 Sl icon.png
230 Ge icon.png
Mods new aux caliber turrets.png
Auxiliary Armament Targeting
Research:
8 900 Rp icon.png
Cost:
13 000 Sl icon.png
230 Ge icon.png
Mod arrow 0.png
Mods ship rangefinder.png
Improved Rangefinder
Research:
9 900 Rp icon.png
Cost:
14 000 Sl icon.png
260 Ge icon.png
Mods he frag dist fuse ship.png
100mm_it_dirompente_contro_aerea_navy_he_df_ammo_pack
Research:
9 900 Rp icon.png
Cost:
14 000 Sl icon.png
260 Ge icon.png
Mods ship rangefinder.png
Improved Rangefinder
Research:
9 900 Rp icon.png
Cost:
14 000 Sl icon.png
260 Ge icon.png
Mods new main caliber turrets.png
Primary Armament Targeting
Research:
9 900 Rp icon.png
Cost:
14 000 Sl icon.png
260 Ge icon.png
Mods he frag dist fuse ship.png
203mm_ansaldo_50_53_navy_he_df_ammo_pack
Research:
19 000 Rp icon.png
Cost:
27 000 Sl icon.png
500 Ge icon.png

Armament

Primary armament

4 х Turret2 x 203 mm/53 Ansaldo mod.1927 cannon
Ammunition314 rounds
Vertical guidance-5° / 45°

Provide information about the characteristics of the primary armament. Evaluate their efficacy in battle based on their reload speed, ballistics and the capacity of their shells. Add a link to the main article about the weapon: {{main|Weapon name (calibre)}}. Broadly describe the ammunition available for the primary armament, and provide recommendations on how to use it and which ammunition to choose.

Secondary armament

6 х Turret2 x 100 mm/47 O.T.O. Mod. 1928 cannon
Ammunition1200 rounds

Some ships are fitted with weapons of various calibres. Secondary armaments are defined as weapons chosen with the control Select secondary weapon. Evaluate the secondary armaments and give advice on how to use them. Describe the ammunition available for the secondary armament. Provide recommendations on how to use them and which ammunition to choose. Remember that any anti-air armament, even heavy calibre weapons, belong in the next section. If there is no secondary armament, remove this section.

Anti-aircraft armament

4 х Turret2 x 37 mm/54 Breda Mod.32 auto cannon
Ammunition3000 rounds
Belt capacity6 rounds
Fire rate200 shots/min
4 х Turret2 x 13,2 mm Breda Model 31 machinegun
Ammunition6000 rounds
Belt capacity30 rounds
Fire rate500 shots/min

An important part of the ship's armament responsible for air defence. Anti-aircraft armament is defined by the weapon chosen with the control Select anti-aircraft weapons. Talk about the ship's anti-air cannons and machine guns, the number of guns and their positions, their effective range, and about their overall effectiveness – including against surface targets. If there are no anti-aircraft armaments, remove this section.

Usage in battles

Describe the technique of using this ship, the characteristics of her use in a team and tips on strategy. Abstain from writing an entire guide – don't try to provide a single point of view, but give the reader food for thought. Talk about the most dangerous opponents for this vehicle and provide recommendations on fighting them. If necessary, note the specifics of playing with this vehicle in various modes (AB, RB, SB).

Pros and cons

Summarise and briefly evaluate the vehicle in terms of its characteristics and combat effectiveness. Mark its pros and cons in the bulleted list. Try not to use more than 6 points for each of the characteristics. Avoid using categorical definitions such as "bad", "good" and the like - use substitutions with softer forms such as "inadequate" and "effective".

Pros:

Cons:

History

Zara was the lead ship of the Zara class, a group of four heavy cruisers built for the Italian Regia Marina in the 1930s. Designed with a sophisticated armament, good survivability, and competitive speed, she was among the most advanced heavy cruisers in service at the time of her introduction. However, her standard displacement of 11,700 tons exceeded the limits of the Washington Naval Treaty significantly; her nominal weight was just slightly under the 10,000 ton limit, allowing her to be built. Zara saw some service before the Second World War, including in the Spanish Civil War. Following the outbreak of war, she was present at the Raid on Taranto, and survived unscathed. However, she eventually met her demise at the Battle of Cape Matapan, where she was engaged at close range by three Royal Navy battleships.

Design and construction

Italian heavy cruiser Zara.

While the Trento-class heavy cruisers were under construction, the Italian naval command began doubting their effectiveness. They soon put forward a new cruiser design, trading the Trento's high speed for additional armour protection. The finished design weighed over 11,500 tons standard,[1] which was far above the limits set out by the Washington naval treaty. However, her nominal weight was below the limitations of the Treaty. Zara was armed with eight 8-inch (203 mm) guns in four twin-turrets - these weapons were among the most advanced of their time.[1] She also carried sixteen 4-inch (100 mm) guns in eight double mounts, as well as decent anti-aircraft weapons.[1] As a pure gunship design, the Zaras did not carry any torpedo armament; they were capable of making 33 knots (61 km/h).[1]

The Zara was laid down on July 4th, 1929, and was launched on April 27th 1930. Following the completion of construction, she was formally commissioned on October 20th 1931.[1]

Service History

Following her completion, the Zara sailed on sea trials which proved her to be a stable, effective warship. She saw some service before the war, including participation in the Spanish Civil War on the Nationalist side. As well, she was present at several fleet reviews, and participated in the Italian invasion of Albania.[2]

After Italy declared war on the Allied nations, Zara served in several battles including the Battle of Calabria and the Battle of Cape Spada; she survived both of those battles unscathed. She then sailed back to the port of Taranto, and was present at the infamous British raid on the port.[2] She survived the raid without damage. In March of 1941, Zara was part of an Italian task force responsible for attacking British convoys; however, her sister ship Pola was damaged by a torpedo, and she detached from the task force to escort her. However, this eventually spelled her own doom, at the Battle of Cape Matapan.[1][2]

The Pola, without engine power due to the torpedo hit, was immobilized. Thus, the Zara, along with escorting destroyers, were tasked with protecting her. However, they had been detected by British ship-borne radar, and were soon ambushed at night by the British Task force centred on battleships Valiant, Warspite, and Barham. Without radar or night visibility, the Zara took several point-blank salvos from Warspite and Barham, resulting in severe damage. Without power and burning, the order was given to abandon ship. She was thereafter scuttled, with the loss of almost 800 crew members.[1][2]

Devblog

While the Trento-class cruisers were being laid down, more and more voices within the ranks of the Regia Marina raised concerns regarding the Trento class' overly lightweight protection, questioning their effectiveness in combat. As a result, naval command issued an order to Italian shipbuilders to come up with a more balanced design, while adhering to the 10,000 ton displacement limit imposed by the Washington Naval Treaty.

It didn't take long for the shipbuilders to come to the conclusion that matching the navy's requirements with treaty restrictions was an impossible task. As a result, the Regia Marina altered its requirements slightly while simultaneously granting its shipbuilders permission to exceed limitations if it meant the construction of a capable warship. Thus, the Zara-class heavy cruisers came into being, featuring vastly improved protection over the Trentos, equal firepower and at the cost of only slightly reduced mobility.

The lead ship of the class, Zara, was laid down in July 1929. All four ships of the class saw completion by late 1932 and subsequently entered service with the Italian Navy. In the interwar period, Zara-class cruisers took part in naval exercises and several fleet reviews, held for foreign leaders. During the Spanish Civil War, Zara-class cruisers participated in non-intervention patrols and evacuations of Italian nationals from the region.

In the leadup toward the outbreak of WWII, Zara, Gorizia and Pola supported the Italian invasion of Albania in April 1939. In subsequent actions following the outbreak of the war, Zara-class cruisers often clashed with forces of the Royal Navy in Mediterranean, taking part in intense naval engagements.

However, while being fortunate enough to emerge from the Battle of Taranto in November 1940 unscathed, the class' luck only went so far. As part of an Italian operation to intercept Allied shipping, Zara, Pola and Fiume, along with a host of other Italian warships were engaged by British forces in the Battle of Cape Matapan in late March 1941, which would prove itself as fateful for the class.

During the engagement, all three of the participating Zara-class cruisers were sunk by the British fleet in a night battle, leaving Gorizia as the sole survivor of the class to see the end of the war, albeit heavily damaged while in port at La Spezia.

Media

See also

Links to articles on the War Thunder Wiki that you think will be useful for the reader, for example:

  • reference to the series of the ship;
  • links to approximate analogues of other nations and research trees.

External links

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 Chen, C. (2007)
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 Military Factory. (2017)

Works Cited

  • Chen, C. (2007, December). Heavy Cruiser Zara. Retrieved November 19, 2020, from https://ww2db.com/ship_spec.php?ship_id=403
  • Staff Writer. (2017, October 7). Zara Heavy Cruiser Warship. Retrieved November 19, 2020, from https://www.militaryfactory.com/ships/detail.asp?ship_id=zara-heavy-cruiser-warship


Italy heavy cruisers
Trento-class  RN Trento
Zara-class  RN Zara · RN Pola