Leclerc MBT (Family)
The char Leclerc (French for "Leclerc tank") is a French main battle tank (MBT) developed by GIAT Industries, which later became Nexter Systems. Put into service in 1993, it was named after Général Philippe Leclerc de Hauteclocque who was in command of the Free French 2nd Armoured Division (2ème DB) in World War II.
Development of the Leclerc MBT dates back to 1964, when the French military initiated a study on possible replacements for the AMX-30 tank, about to be introduced into service at the time. By the early '70s, the inferiority of the AMX-30 compared to more modern Soviet T-series MBTs had become obvious. As a result, work on developing a replacement officially began, with first specifications being drawn up by 1977.
In 1980, France and Germany began a joint development of a new MBT. However, similarly to the previous Europanzer development decades ago, the joint effort quickly came to an end shortly afterwards due to various disagreements, with France continuing work on its own.
The new MBT was intended to offer cutting-edge performance by making use of the latest equipment available. However, as the per unit price was projected to be substantial, France sought partnership with another state to reduce these costs. Eventually, a partnership was established with the UAE, who would be the second and only other primary operator of the new tank, other than France itself.
Thus, in 1986 the tank received its name "Leclerc", with six initial prototypes being produced. Mass production subsequently started in 1990 and went on until 2007. During production, the Leclerc was built in various batches and series, each introducing various tweaks and changes to the design, while some also incorporated major upgrades.
The Leclerc saw service as part of a number of UN peacekeeping missions, primarily in Kosovo and Lebanon, with reported favorable performance. Most recently, the UAE deployed a number of its Leclercs to Yemen, with some vehicles getting damaged. As of the end of production in 2007, a total of around 860 Leclercs were built for both French and UAE forces combined.
- From Devblog
Excellent additions to the article would be video guides, screenshots from the game, and photos.
|MBTs||Leclerc · Leclerc S2 · Leclerc SXXI|
|*GIAT Industries became Nexter Systems in 2006|
|France medium tanks|
|M4 Derivatives||M4A1 (FL10) · M4A4 (SA50)|
|AMX-50||AMX M4 · AMX-50 (TOA100) · AMX-50 (TO90/930)|
|AMX-30||AMX-30 · AMX-30 (1972) · AMX-30B2 · AMX-30B2 BRENUS · AMX-30 ACRA · AMX-30 Super|
|AMX-32/40||AMX-32 · AMX-40|
|Leclerc||Leclerc · Leclerc S2 · Leclerc SXXI|
|Other||D2 · S.35 · Lorraine 40t|
|USA||▄M4A1 · ▄M4A3 (105) · ▄M4A4|