Difference between revisions of "Oerlikon KAD (20 mm)"

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(Vehicles equipped with this weapon: Populated list)
(Major changes: Added to Description, General Info, Ammo Types, Pro/con,History, linked 2 images.)
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== Description ==
 
== Description ==
 +
[[File:Hs820 20mm Cannon belt fed and drum.png|thumb|Depicting the Hs820 20x139mm cannon, with its different feed mechanisms. ]]
 
''Write an introduction to the article in 2-3 small paragraphs. Briefly tell us about the history of the development and combat using the weaponry and also about its features. Make an air or ground vehicles list on which this weapon is installed in our game.''
 
''Write an introduction to the article in 2-3 small paragraphs. Briefly tell us about the history of the development and combat using the weaponry and also about its features. Make an air or ground vehicles list on which this weapon is installed in our game.''
 +
 +
The Oerlikon KAD is a 20x139mm gas/blowback autocannon, it is mainly used in anti-aircraft roles. The Oerlikon KAD has two other names, Hs.820 and M139.
  
 
=== Vehicles equipped with this weapon ===
 
=== Vehicles equipped with this weapon ===
 
<!-- ''List out vehicles that are equipped with the weapon.'' -->
 
<!-- ''List out vehicles that are equipped with the weapon.'' -->
 +
 
* {{Specs-Link|it_oto_r3_t20_fa}}
 
* {{Specs-Link|it_oto_r3_t20_fa}}
  
 
== General info ==
 
== General info ==
 
''Tell us about the tactical and technical characteristics of the cannon or machine gun.''
 
''Tell us about the tactical and technical characteristics of the cannon or machine gun.''
 +
 +
Rate of fire: 900-1000/rounds per minute. (996/rpm in game)
 +
 +
Muzzle Velocity: 1000m/s (3460fps)
  
 
=== Available shells ===
 
=== Available shells ===
 +
[[File:M139 Ammo cutaway, .png|thumb|Shows Ammunition used, XM206 is not available in game. ]]
 
''Describe the shells that are available for the cannon and their features and purpose. If it concerns autocannons or machine guns, write about different ammo belts and what is inside (which types of shells).''
 
''Describe the shells that are available for the cannon and their features and purpose. If it concerns autocannons or machine guns, write about different ammo belts and what is inside (which types of shells).''
 +
 +
In game there are two shell types across three belts.
 +
 +
Default- API-T/HEF-I (Armor Piercing Incendiary- Tracer/High Explosive Fragmentation-Incendiary )
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 +
M594- HEF-I/HEF-I/API-T (Anti-Air)
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 +
M601- API-T/API-T/HEF-I (Ground Targets)
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 +
The M594 and M601 shell are American shells.
 +
 +
M601- API-T round, up to 53mm of penetration at point blank range, good for attacking light vehicles and some tanks if only from the sides and back.  Has a tungsten-carbide penetrator and a .75g XM71 incendiary pellet inside.
 +
 +
M594- HEF-I Good for anti-aircraft use. Has M955 self-destroying fuse, tracer base and 120g of explosive filer.
  
 
=== Comparison with analogues ===
 
=== Comparison with analogues ===
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=== Pros and cons ===
 
=== Pros and cons ===
 
''Summarize and briefly evaluate the weaponry in terms of its characteristics and combat effectiveness. Mark pros and cons as a list.''
 
''Summarize and briefly evaluate the weaponry in terms of its characteristics and combat effectiveness. Mark pros and cons as a list.''
 +
 +
Effective in a anti-air role, can be effective in a ground role, if used correctly. High muzzle velocity means targets need to led less, its high rate of fire however is a double edged sword. The gun should be fired in short bursts, as its recoil is significant.
  
 
'''Pros:'''
 
'''Pros:'''
 +
 +
High Rate of fire.
 +
 +
High Muzzle velocity.
 +
 +
High pen with M601 rounds (at close range).
 +
 
*
 
*
  
 
'''Cons:'''
 
'''Cons:'''
 +
 +
Eats ammo fast.
 +
 +
Significant recoil, can be hard to control.
 +
 +
Can really only pen targets form the side/back or in weak points.
 +
 +
Ineffective against heavier tanks.
 +
 
*
 
*
  
 
== History ==
 
== History ==
 
''Examine the history of the creation and combat usage of this weapon. If the historical reference turns out to be too big, take it to a separate article, taking a link to an article about the vehicle and adding a block "/ History" (example: <nowiki>https://wiki.warthunder.com/(weapon-name)/History</nowiki>) and add a link to it here using the <code>main</code> template. Be sure to reference text and sources by using <code><nowiki><ref></nowiki></code>, as well as adding them at the end of the article.''
 
''Examine the history of the creation and combat usage of this weapon. If the historical reference turns out to be too big, take it to a separate article, taking a link to an article about the vehicle and adding a block "/ History" (example: <nowiki>https://wiki.warthunder.com/(weapon-name)/History</nowiki>) and add a link to it here using the <code>main</code> template. Be sure to reference text and sources by using <code><nowiki><ref></nowiki></code>, as well as adding them at the end of the article.''
 +
 +
The history of the Oerlikon KAD is rather convoluted, existing as the same weapon across three different names, the Oerlikon KAD, HS.820 and M139. Despite its high performance, it was out-competed by other guns, however it still found use in aircraft, ground and naval roles. Originally made to replace the Hs.404 cannon, and was based on the swiss 20x139mm FMK round. It's original producers, Hispano-Suiza had its amerments division purchased by Oerlikon in 1970 and was renamed the Oerlikon KAD. The US produce a slightly modified version called the M139. Under the Hs.820 name it was fitted to a number of various weapon mounts for anti-aircraft purposes. Under the m139 title it was fitted on the m114A2 and the MICV-65. <ref>https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hispano-Suiza_HS.820</ref>
 +
 +
The weapon's major selling points were actually ones concerning logistics. The internals of the gun were simplified making it cheaper to produce and easier to maintain. For its size and role the KAD was relatively light, weighing 57 kg(125lb.). The casing for the ammunition had  special lubricating coating, eliminating the need to grease the gun. Improved metallurgy and design allowed for extended barrel life, with the average barrel being good for 15,000 rounds. It was also one of the first guns to come with "totally harmless" practice ammunition,  used for training and special testing.
 +
 +
The original Hs.820 came with a long list of specialized ammunition types, however only the American munitions are available in game.  It was also able to be fitted with two types of anti-tank grenades, launched from the barrel of the gun. Neither of these are in game. <ref>https://www.smallarmsreview.com/archive/pdfdmp.cfm?docid=4716.pdf</ref>
  
 
== Media ==
 
== Media ==
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== See also ==
 
== See also ==
 
''Links to the articles on the War Thunder Wiki that you think will be useful for the reader, for example:''
 
''Links to the articles on the War Thunder Wiki that you think will be useful for the reader, for example:''
 +
 
* ''reference to the article about the variant of the cannon/machine gun;''
 
* ''reference to the article about the variant of the cannon/machine gun;''
 
* ''references to approximate analogues by other nations and research trees.''
 
* ''references to approximate analogues by other nations and research trees.''
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== External links ==
 
== External links ==
 
''Paste links to sources and external resources, such as:''
 
''Paste links to sources and external resources, such as:''
* ''topic on the official game forum;''
+
 
* ''encyclopedia page on weapon;''
+
* https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hispano-Suiza_HS.820
* ''other literature.''
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* https://www.smallarmsreview.com/archive/pdfdmp.cfm?docid=4716.pdf
 +
* https://bulletpicker.com/pdf/TM%2043-0001-27,%20Small%20Caliber%20Ammunition.pdf#page=284
  
 
{{Italy anti-aircraft guns}}
 
{{Italy anti-aircraft guns}}
  
 
[[Category:Anti-aircraft guns]]
 
[[Category:Anti-aircraft guns]]

Revision as of 18:21, 13 April 2020

Description

Depicting the Hs820 20x139mm cannon, with its different feed mechanisms.

Write an introduction to the article in 2-3 small paragraphs. Briefly tell us about the history of the development and combat using the weaponry and also about its features. Make an air or ground vehicles list on which this weapon is installed in our game.

The Oerlikon KAD is a 20x139mm gas/blowback autocannon, it is mainly used in anti-aircraft roles. The Oerlikon KAD has two other names, Hs.820 and M139.

Vehicles equipped with this weapon

General info

Tell us about the tactical and technical characteristics of the cannon or machine gun.

Rate of fire: 900-1000/rounds per minute. (996/rpm in game)

Muzzle Velocity: 1000m/s (3460fps)

Available shells

Shows Ammunition used, XM206 is not available in game.

Describe the shells that are available for the cannon and their features and purpose. If it concerns autocannons or machine guns, write about different ammo belts and what is inside (which types of shells).

In game there are two shell types across three belts.

Default- API-T/HEF-I (Armor Piercing Incendiary- Tracer/High Explosive Fragmentation-Incendiary )

M594- HEF-I/HEF-I/API-T (Anti-Air)

M601- API-T/API-T/HEF-I (Ground Targets)

The M594 and M601 shell are American shells.

M601- API-T round, up to 53mm of penetration at point blank range, good for attacking light vehicles and some tanks if only from the sides and back. Has a tungsten-carbide penetrator and a .75g XM71 incendiary pellet inside.

M594- HEF-I Good for anti-aircraft use. Has M955 self-destroying fuse, tracer base and 120g of explosive filer.

Comparison with analogues

Give a comparative description of cannons/machine guns, that have firepower equal to these type of weapons.

Usage in battles

Describe the cannon/machine gun in the game - its distinctive features, tactics of usage against the main opponents. Please don't write a "guide" - do not impose a single point of view, but give the reader food for thought.

Pros and cons

Summarize and briefly evaluate the weaponry in terms of its characteristics and combat effectiveness. Mark pros and cons as a list.

Effective in a anti-air role, can be effective in a ground role, if used correctly. High muzzle velocity means targets need to led less, its high rate of fire however is a double edged sword. The gun should be fired in short bursts, as its recoil is significant.

Pros:

High Rate of fire.

High Muzzle velocity.

High pen with M601 rounds (at close range).

Cons:

Eats ammo fast.

Significant recoil, can be hard to control.

Can really only pen targets form the side/back or in weak points.

Ineffective against heavier tanks.

History

Examine the history of the creation and combat usage of this weapon. If the historical reference turns out to be too big, take it to a separate article, taking a link to an article about the vehicle and adding a block "/ History" (example: https://wiki.warthunder.com/(weapon-name)/History) and add a link to it here using the main template. Be sure to reference text and sources by using <ref>, as well as adding them at the end of the article.

The history of the Oerlikon KAD is rather convoluted, existing as the same weapon across three different names, the Oerlikon KAD, HS.820 and M139. Despite its high performance, it was out-competed by other guns, however it still found use in aircraft, ground and naval roles. Originally made to replace the Hs.404 cannon, and was based on the swiss 20x139mm FMK round. It's original producers, Hispano-Suiza had its amerments division purchased by Oerlikon in 1970 and was renamed the Oerlikon KAD. The US produce a slightly modified version called the M139. Under the Hs.820 name it was fitted to a number of various weapon mounts for anti-aircraft purposes. Under the m139 title it was fitted on the m114A2 and the MICV-65. [1]

The weapon's major selling points were actually ones concerning logistics. The internals of the gun were simplified making it cheaper to produce and easier to maintain. For its size and role the KAD was relatively light, weighing 57 kg(125lb.). The casing for the ammunition had special lubricating coating, eliminating the need to grease the gun. Improved metallurgy and design allowed for extended barrel life, with the average barrel being good for 15,000 rounds. It was also one of the first guns to come with "totally harmless" practice ammunition, used for training and special testing.

The original Hs.820 came with a long list of specialized ammunition types, however only the American munitions are available in game. It was also able to be fitted with two types of anti-tank grenades, launched from the barrel of the gun. Neither of these are in game. [2]

Media

An excellent addition to the article would be a video guide, as well as screenshots from the game and photos.

See also

Links to the articles on the War Thunder Wiki that you think will be useful for the reader, for example:

  • reference to the article about the variant of the cannon/machine gun;
  • references to approximate analogues by other nations and research trees.

External links

Paste links to sources and external resources, such as:


Italy anti-aircraft guns
Breda Mod.35 (20 mm) · Oerlikon KAD (20 mm) · Scotti-IF 20/70 mod.41 (20 mm) · Oerlikon KBA (25 mm) · OTO Breda Cannone da 76/62 (76 mm)