Kongō-class battlecruiser / battleship

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Description

The Kongō-class were four battlecruisers designed by the British naval engineer George Thurston for the Imperial Japanese Navy right before world war one, with the lead ship Kongō being the last capital ship to be constructed outside Japan. All her sister ships were completed in Japan. They were initially built and classified as battlecruisers.

During the late 1920s, all but Hiei were reconstructed and reclassified as battleships. After Japan signed the London Naval Treaty in 1930, Hiei was reconfigured as a training ship to avoid being scrapped in compliance with the treaty.

Following Japan's withdrawal from the treaty, all ships underwent another massive remodel in the late 1930s. After the modernization it increased the top speeds for the battleships to over 30 knots and all four were reclassified as fast battleships.

Vehicles

Rank V

Rank VI

Vehicles are listed in order of refit year, not build year

History

Name Builder Laid Down Launched Completed Fate
Kongo
(金剛)
Vickers-Armstrongs,
Barrow-in-Furness
17 January
1911
18 May
1912
26 August
1913
Torpedoed and sunk by the submarine USS Sealion, 21 November 1944
Hiei
(比叡)
Yokosuka
Naval Arsenal
4 November
1911
21 November
1912
4 August
1914
Sunk during the Naval Battle of Guadalcanal, 13 November 1942
Kirishima
(霧島)
Mitsubishi Shipbuilding,
Nagasaki
17 March
1912
1 December
1913
19 April
1915
Sunk during the Naval Battle of Guadalcanal, 15 November 1942
Haruna
(榛名)
Mitsubishi Shipbuilding,
Kobe
16 March
1912
14 December
1913
Sunk by US aircraft, 28 July 1945;
broken up from 1946


Japan battleships
Kawachi-class  IJN Settsu
Fusō-class  IJN Fuso · IJN Yamashiro
Ise-class  IJN Ise · IJN Hyuga
Kongō-class  IJN Kongo · IJN Haruna