The T-72 is a Soviet 2nd generation main battle tank put into service in 1971. It served throughout the Cold War and is one of the most produced modern era MBTs at a total of roughly 30,000 units. It still is in active duty in many armies around the world.
- T-72A - Object 176; baseline T-72 series, later upgraded with appliqué armour, known as "Dolly Patton" in NATO.
- ▄T-72M1 - Exported variants to Finland in 1984.
- ◊T-72M1 (Germany) - Soviet exported or Warsaw-Pact licensed variants to East Germany in the mid-1980s
- T-72AV (TURMS-T) - T-72A with Kontakt-1 ERA export to Syria with Italian SELEX Galileo FCS.
- T-72B - Object 184; post-1985 baseline tanks with revised composite armour and FCS, known as "Super-Dolly Patton" in NATO.
- T-72B (1989) - T-72B with extended composite coverage on turret and upgraded to Kontakt-5 ERA.
- T-72B3 - Object 184M-3; the current baseline for the T-72B fleet in Russia in early 2010s with ongoing upgrades throughout the decade.
- T-72M2 Moderna - Planned Slovakian upgrades in 1993 with French FCS, extra firepower and ERA packages.
- T-90 (T-72BU)
- T-90A - Object 188; Russian army version with welded turret, V-92S2 engine and ESSA thermal viewer.
- T-90S "Bhishma" (TWMP) - Export version of the T-90, Designated Bhisma by India (outfitted with Track Width Mine Ploughs (TWMP))
Describe the history of the creation and combat usage of the vehicle family in more detail than in the introduction. Be sure to reference text and sources by using
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