Lancaster B Mk I

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This page is about the British heavy bomber Lancaster B Mk I. For the other version, see Lancaster B Mk III.
lancaster_mk1.png
GarageImage Lancaster B Mk I.jpg
Lancaster B Mk I
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Purchase:180 000 Specs-Card-Lion.png
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Description

The Lancaster B Mk I is a rank IV British bomber with a battle rating of 5.0 (AB), 5.3 (RB), and 5.7 (SB). It was introduced in Update 1.43.

Developed from the troublesome Avro Manchester, the Avro Lancaster is a long-range heavy bomber optimised for delivering huge payload over long distances. Compared to its contemporary like the American B-17 or the German Fw 200, the Lancaster carries twice the payload while being generally easier to handle. Because of this, the "Lanc" is an ideal bomber for destroying bases and airfields with bombs from high altitude.

Because of the optimization for large payload and good manoverability, the early Lancaster have a very poor set of defensive armaments consists of a small .30 machine guns. This will not help to ward off any pursuing enemy fighters and thus leaving the plane vulnerable to any other planes save for another heavy bomber. On the other hand, the Lanc's ease of control and overall good flight performance allows the plane to reach the destination relatively quickly and get the job done.

General info

Flight performance

Max speed
at 3 048 m451 km/h
Turn time42 s
Max altitude7 800 m
Engine4 х Rolls-Royce Merlin-24
Type
Cooling systemAir
Take-off weight29 t

Unlike the other heavy bombers, the Lancaster is surprisingly responsive and easy to handle. While it is not going to win any dogfights, the plane can steer and bank around well enough to adjust the bomb sight for accurate drop. The plane can also maintain its admittedly slow speed quite well, owning to four powerful Merlin engines. This allows the Lancaster to do a shallow descent and reach the base just in time before enemy fighter arrives.

Characteristics Max Speed
(km/h at 3,048 m)
Max altitude
(metres)
Turn time
(seconds)
Rate of climb
(metres/second)
Take-off run
(metres)
AB RB AB RB AB RB
Stock 437 423 7800 43.2 44.4 7.0 6.8 750
Upgraded 465 451 40.9 42.0 10.4 8.6

Details

Features
Combat flaps Take-off flaps Landing flaps Air brakes Arrestor gear
X X
Limits
Wings (km/h) Gear (km/h) Flaps (km/h) Max Static G
Combat Take-off Landing + -
608 338 415 381 282 ~4 ~3
Optimal velocities (km/h)
Ailerons Rudder Elevators Radiator
< 400 < 350 < 350 > 350

Survivability and armour

Crew7 people
Speed of destruction
Structural0 km/h
Gear338 km/h
  • 8 mm Steel plate on each pilot's headrest.
  • 6.35 mm Steel plate behind each engine.

Modifications and economy

Repair costBasic → Reference
AB1 830 → 2 477 Sl icon.png
RB5 860 → 7 934 Sl icon.png
SB10 750 → 14 555 Sl icon.png
Total cost of modifications46 600 Rp icon.png
84 500 Sl icon.png
Talisman cost1 500 Ge icon.png
Crew training52 000 Sl icon.png
Experts180 000 Sl icon.png
Aces940 Ge icon.png
Research Aces480 000 Rp icon.png
Reward for battleAB / RB / SB
100 / 270 / 600 % Sl icon.png
166 / 166 / 166 % Rp icon.png
Modifications
Flight performance Survivability Weaponry
Mods aerodinamic fuse.png
Fuselage repair
Research:
3 100 Rp icon.png
Cost:
5 600 Sl icon.png
220 Ge icon.png
Mods radiator.png
Radiator
Research:
3 100 Rp icon.png
Cost:
5 600 Sl icon.png
220 Ge icon.png
Mods compressor.png
Compressor
Research:
2 600 Rp icon.png
Cost:
4 700 Sl icon.png
180 Ge icon.png
Mods aerodinamic wing.png
Wings repair
Research:
3 900 Rp icon.png
Cost:
7 100 Sl icon.png
270 Ge icon.png
Mods new engine.png
Engine
Research:
3 900 Rp icon.png
Cost:
7 100 Sl icon.png
270 Ge icon.png
Mods metanol.png
Engine injection
Research:
3 800 Rp icon.png
Cost:
6 900 Sl icon.png
270 Ge icon.png
Mods bulletproof vest.png
Protective vest
Research:
3 100 Rp icon.png
Cost:
5 600 Sl icon.png
220 Ge icon.png
Mods armor frame.png
Airframe
Research:
2 600 Rp icon.png
Cost:
4 700 Sl icon.png
180 Ge icon.png
EFS
Research:
3 800 Rp icon.png
Cost:
6 900 Sl icon.png
270 Ge icon.png
Mods armor cover.png
Cover
Research:
3 800 Rp icon.png
Cost:
6 900 Sl icon.png
270 Ge icon.png
Mods ammo.png
bmg303_turret_belt_pack
Research:
2 600 Rp icon.png
Cost:
4 700 Sl icon.png
180 Ge icon.png
Mod arrow 0.png
Mods pilon bomb.png
AUBC No.1 Mark II
Research:
2 600 Rp icon.png
Cost:
4 700 Sl icon.png
180 Ge icon.png
Mod arrow 1.png
Mods turret gun.png
bmg303_turret_new_gun
Research:
3 900 Rp icon.png
Cost:
7 100 Sl icon.png
270 Ge icon.png
Mods pilon bomb.png
AUBC No.1 Mark I
Research:
3 800 Rp icon.png
Cost:
6 900 Sl icon.png
270 Ge icon.png

Armaments

Suspended armament

List of setups (8)
Setup 114 x G.P. 250 lb Mk.IV bomb
Setup 28 x G.P. 250 lb Mk.IV bomb
6 x G.P. 500 lb Mk.IV bomb
Setup 314 x G.P. 500 lb Mk.IV bomb
Setup 42 x G.P. 250 lb Mk.IV bomb
1 x 1000 lb G.P. Mk.I bomb
6 x G.P. 500 lb Mk.IV bomb
Setup 53 x G.P. 250 lb Mk.IV bomb
6 x 1000 lb G.P. Mk.I bomb
Setup 614 x 1000 lb M.C. Mk.I bomb
Setup 76 x 1000 lb M.C. Mk.I bomb
2 x G.P. 250 lb Mk.IV bomb
1 x H.C. 4000 lb Mk.II bomb
Setup 82 x H.C. 4000 lb Mk.II bomb

The Lancaster B Mk I can be outfitted with the following ordnance:

  • 14 x 250 lb G.P. Mk.IV bombs (3,500 lb total)
  • 6 x 500 lb G.P. Mk.IV bombs + 8 x 250 lb G.P. Mk.IV bombs (5,000 lb total)
  • 14 x 500 lb G.P. Mk.IV bombs (7,000 lb total)
  • 1 x 1,000 lb G.P. Mk.I bomb + 6 x 500 lb G.P. Mk.IV bombs + 2 x 250 lb G.P. Mk.IV bombs (4,500 lb total)
  • 6 x 1,000 lb G.P. Mk.I bombs + 3 x 250 lb G.P. Mk.IV bombs (6,750 lb total)
  • 14 x M.C. 1,000 lb Mk.I bombs (14,000 lb total)
  • 1 x H.C. 4,000 lb Mk.II bomb + 6 x M.C. 1,000 lb Mk.I bombs + 2 x 250 lb G.P. Mk.IV bombs (10,500 lb total)
  • 2 x H.C. 4,000 lb Mk.II bombs (8,000 lb total)

Defensive armament

2 х Turret2 x 7.7 mm Browning machine gun
Ammunition2000 rounds
Fire rate1000 shots/min
Turret4 x 7.7 mm Browning machine gun
Ammunition10000 rounds
Fire rate1000 shots/min
Main article: Browning (7.7 mm)

The Lancaster B Mk I is defended by:

  • 2 x 7.7 mm Browning machine guns, nose turret (1,000 rpg = 2,000 total)
  • 2 x 7.7 mm Browning machine guns, dorsal turret (1,000 rpg = 2,000 total)
  • 4 x 7.7 mm Browning machine guns, tail turret (2,500 rpg = 10,000 total)

Usage in battles

The Lancaster carries the heaviest bomb load of any bomber before the American Boeing B-29 Superfortress, at a fantastic 14,000 lb (6,363 kg), and the heaviest of any British bomber in the game. It can quickly end games if left to go about its business. The Lancaster also has relatively good performance and agility for a four-engined heavy bomber, significantly better than both the American B-17 and B-24 bombers.

Unfortunately, the Lancaster is extremely vulnerable if intercepted by enemy fighters. Its defensive armament consists only of .303 in Browning machine guns; while they have a high rate-of-fire, they are not very lethal to enemy fighters outside of a lucky fire set by the incendiary bullets. In addition, the Lancaster has no ventral turret covering attacks from below due to H2S radar unit (a useless feature in the game). The aircraft itself is not very durable as well and is extremely vulnerable to cannons of 20 mm calibre and larger.

The safest way to use this bomber is to attack bases from around the map. Do a big circle-around, go to the corner, and aim the nose to the remaining enemy bases. Side climbing is not recommended because of the Lancaster's terrible climb rate; not to mention the ease that enemy fighters like German and American ones can easily reach the bomber even at 7,000 m altitude. Instead stay between 2,500 and 4,000 m and build up speed. Use the Lancaster's amazing payload and drop three of the 1,000 lb bombs onto each base. In the airfield bombing scenario, get altitude not less than 3,000 m and drop all the bombs onto the main runway for better accuracy. Try to stay near friendly fighters for air cover.

Manual Engine Control

MEC elements
Mixer Pitch Radiator Supercharger Turbocharger
Oil Water Type
Not controllable Controllable
Not auto controlled
Controllable
Auto control available
Controllable
Auto control available
Separate Controllable
2 gears
Not controllable

Pros and cons

Pros:

  • Massive bombload of up to 6 tons
  • Powerful Merlin engines providing good performance
  • Excellent handling and manoeuvrability
  • Has a total of 4 x 7.7 mm MG facing upper rear area which can be lethal to some targets with careful aiming
  • 4 engines means that it can maintain flying ability despite damage to some engines
  • H-tail means that if one rudder is shot off, the other one still works

Cons:

  • Very low durability
  • Is a big and slow target
  • No armour plates protecting gunners
  • Pathetic defensive armament due to their small calibre and bad damage. Cannot effectively hurt heavily armoured interceptors such as Me 410.
  • No turret coverage for the belly
  • Easily damaged elevators and tail controls

History

The Avro Lancasters is a long-range heavy bomber built and designed by A.V. Roe and Company (or Avro). It was developed as an "upgrade" from the Avro Manchester which was disliked by crews for its difficulty to fly and underpowered engines.

The Lancaster was designed by Roy Chadwick and first flew on 9th January 1941; entering service in 1942. It was produced by Avro, Armstrong Whitworth, Austin Motors, Metropolitan-Vickers, Vickers Armstrong and Victory Aircraft (for the RCAF)

The Lancaster's long, unobstructed bomb bay enabled it to carry the largest bombs the RAF used (including 4,000, 8,000, 12,000 and - when modified - 22,000 lb bombs). Because of this, it soon became the most widely used British bomber of World War II.

No. 617 squadron famously used modified Lancasters during Operation Chastise in raids dams in the Ruhr Valley using Barnes Wallace's Upkeep Mine (or "Bouncing Bomb" as it became known as). This gave 617 squadron the nickname "The Dambusters", sparking the creation of a film by the same name.


Archive of the in-game description

With RAF Bomber Command's focus being centred on the strategic bombing campaign against German industry, the RAF desperately required a force of heavy bombers to increase the capability provided by their medium bomber fleet. A twin engine Avro Manchester bomber was converted to be powered by four engines and first flown in January 1941. This and subsequent prototypes were deemed to be so successful that the first production variant of the new bomber, now named the Lancaster, was flown in October 1941.

Powered by four Rolls Royce Merlin XX engines rated at 1280 hp, (later upgraded to Merlin 22 or 24s) the Lancaster B.I was capable of reaching speeds of up to 275 mph. With a standard fuel load it could carry 10,000 lbs of bombs over 1,000 miles. The maximum ordnance capacity of the Lancaster was one of the highest of any heavy bomber in World War II: 14,000 lb (6,356 kg). Besides standard bombs, the aircraft could carry an 8,000 lb (3,632 kg) "blockbuster" or two 4,000 lb (1,816 kg) high-explosive "cookie" bombs. Special modifications of the bomber could carry even larger bombs, such as the 22,000 lb 'Grand Slam' bomb. For defence, the Lancaster had eight 0.303 inch Colt-Browning Mk.II machine guns located in three turrets: two guns were located in the nose, two in the dorsal turret, and four in the tail turret. This defensive armament was considerably lighter than that of the Lancaster's US counterparts; it relied on darkness for protection rather than firepower. However, even though on paper the Lancaster was an impressive strategic asset, it still had its weaknesses: whereas the Halifax and Stirling could both claim a crew survival rate of 25% in the event of destruction, the Lancaster could only claim a survival rate of 15% for its crews. 58% of all RAF Lancasters were destroyed in combat; a higher loss percentage than any other British aircraft during the entire war.

The Lancaster was first used operationally in March 1942 by No. 44 Squadron. It soon became the backbone of RAF Bomber Command's offensive against the heart of Germany, but was also used against targets all across occupied Europe. The majority of Lancaster operations took place at night due to RAF Bomber Command's policy of night bombing whilst the bombers of the United States Army Air Force tackled targets by day. The Lancaster became legendary on the night of May 17th 1943 when bombers of No 617 Squadron breached the Mohne and Eder dams in Germany with Barnes Wallis' genius 'bouncing bomb'. Lancasters of Nos 9 and 617 Squadrons also sank the German battleship 'Tirpitz' with 12,000 lb 'Tallboy' bombs, also designed by Wallis.

Over 3,400 Lancaster B.Is were manufactured between November 1941 and March 1946, making it the most numerous of the Avro Lancaster variants. In addition to RAF operations, the Lancaster was also used by the RAAF and RCAF.


Media

Skins

See also

Links to the articles on the War Thunder Wiki that you think will be useful for the reader, for example:

  • reference to the series of the aircraft;
  • links to approximate analogues of other nations and research trees.

External links


Avro Aircraft
Bombers  Lancaster B Mk I · Lancaster B Mk III · Lincoln B Mk II · Shackleton MR.Mk.2

Britain bombers
Torpedo  Swordfish Mk I · Swordfish Mk II · ▄Avenger Mk II
Dive  V-156-B1
Hydroplanes  ▄Catalina Mk IIIa · Sunderland Mk IIIa · Sunderland Mk V
Light  Blenheim Mk IV · Beaufort Mk VIII · ▄Hudson Mk V · Brigand B 1
Based on A20  ▄Havoc Mk I · ▄Boston Mk I · ▄DB-7
Hampden  Hampden Mk I · Hampden TB Mk I
Wellington  Wellington Mk Ic · Wellington Mk Ic/L · Wellington Mk III · Wellington Mk X
Halifax  Halifax B Mk IIIa
Stirling  Stirling B Mk I · Stirling B Mk III
Lancaster  Lancaster B Mk I · Lancaster B Mk III
Lincoln  Lincoln B Mk II
Shackleton  Shackleton MR.Mk.2