HMS York (90)

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Italian Fleet
P 420 Sparviero Pack
uk_cruiser_york.png
GarageImage HMS York (90).jpg
HMS York (90)
AB RB SB
5.3 5.3 5.3
Research:120 000 Specs-Card-Exp.png
Purchase:360 000 Specs-Card-Lion.png
Show in game

Description

The York-class, HMS York (90), 1941 is a rank IV British heavy cruiser with a battle rating of 5.3 (AB/RB/SB). It was introduced in Update "Starfighters".

General info

Survivability and armour

Armourfront / side / back
Citadel25 / 76 / 38 mm
Main fire tower25 / 25 / 25 mm
Hull25 mm (steel)
Superstructure8 mm (steel)
Number of section10
Displacement10 350 t
Crew623 people

Talk about the vehicle's armour. Note the most well-defended and most vulnerable zones, e.g. the ammo magazine. Evaluate the composition of components and assemblies responsible for movement and manoeuvrability. Evaluate the survivability of the primary and secondary armaments separately. Don't forget to mention the size of the crew, which plays an important role in fleet mechanics. Save tips on preserving survivability for the "Usage in battles" section. If necessary, use a graphical template to show the most well-protected or most vulnerable points in the armour.

Mobility

Speedforward / back
AB70 / 25 km/h
RB60 / 22 km/h

Write about the ship's mobility. Evaluate its power and manoeuvrability, rudder rerouting speed, stopping speed at full tilt, with its maximum forward and reverse speed.

Mobility Characteristics
Game Mode Upgrade Status Maximum Speed (km/h) Turn Time (s) Turn Radius (m)
Forward Reverse
AB Stock ___ ___
Upgraded 70 25
RB/SB Stock ___ ___
Upgraded 60 22

Modifications and economy

Repair costBasic → Reference
AB4 500 → 5 854 Sl icon.png
RB7 500 → 9 757 Sl icon.png
Total cost of modifications168 500 Rp icon.png
268 000 Sl icon.png
Talisman cost1 900 Ge icon.png
Crew training100 000 Sl icon.png
Experts360 000 Sl icon.png
Aces1 400 Ge icon.png
Research Aces620 000 Rp icon.png
Reward for battleAB / RB / SB
250 / 320 / 100 % Sl icon.png
184 / 184 / 184 % Rp icon.png
Modifications
Seakeeping Unsinkability Firepower
Mods new ship hull.png
Dry-Docking
Research:
6 700 Rp icon.png
Cost:
11 000 Sl icon.png
220 Ge icon.png
Mods new ship rudder.png
Rudder Replacement
Research:
7 500 Rp icon.png
Cost:
12 000 Sl icon.png
250 Ge icon.png
Mods new ship screw.png
Propeller Replacement
Research:
8 300 Rp icon.png
Cost:
13 000 Sl icon.png
270 Ge icon.png
Mods new ship engine.png
Engine Maintenance
Research:
14 000 Rp icon.png
Cost:
22 000 Sl icon.png
460 Ge icon.png
Mods ship tool kit.png
Tool Set
Research:
6 700 Rp icon.png
Cost:
11 000 Sl icon.png
220 Ge icon.png
Mods manual ship extinguisher.png
Fire Protection System
Research:
7 500 Rp icon.png
Cost:
12 000 Sl icon.png
250 Ge icon.png
Mods engine smoke screen system.png
Smokescreen
Research:
7 500 Rp icon.png
Cost:
12 000 Sl icon.png
250 Ge icon.png
Mods ship anti fragmentation protection.png
Shrapnel Protection
Research:
8 300 Rp icon.png
Cost:
13 000 Sl icon.png
270 Ge icon.png
Mods ship venting.png
Ventilation
Research:
8 300 Rp icon.png
Cost:
13 000 Sl icon.png
270 Ge icon.png
Mods new ship pumps.png
New Pumps
Research:
14 000 Rp icon.png
Cost:
22 000 Sl icon.png
460 Ge icon.png
Mods ship ammo wetting.png
Ammo Wetting
Research:
14 000 Rp icon.png
Cost:
22 000 Sl icon.png
460 Ge icon.png
Mods tank ammo.png
102mm_uk_mkxvi_navy_SAP_ammo_pack
Research:
6 700 Rp icon.png
Cost:
11 000 Sl icon.png
220 Ge icon.png
Mods tank ammo.png
203mm_uk_mk8_mark_ib_sapc_ammo_pack
Research:
6 700 Rp icon.png
Cost:
11 000 Sl icon.png
220 Ge icon.png
Mods new aa caliber turrets.png
Anti-Air Armament Targeting
Research:
6 700 Rp icon.png
Cost:
11 000 Sl icon.png
220 Ge icon.png
Mod arrow 0.png
Mods he frag dist fuse ship.png
102mm_uk_mkxvi_navy_he_dist_fuse_ammo_pack
Research:
7 500 Rp icon.png
Cost:
12 000 Sl icon.png
250 Ge icon.png
Mods new aux caliber turrets.png
Auxiliary Armament Targeting
Research:
7 500 Rp icon.png
Cost:
12 000 Sl icon.png
250 Ge icon.png
Mod arrow 0.png
Mods ship rangefinder.png
Improved Rangefinder
Research:
8 300 Rp icon.png
Cost:
13 000 Sl icon.png
270 Ge icon.png
Mods new main caliber turrets.png
Primary Armament Targeting
Research:
8 300 Rp icon.png
Cost:
13 000 Sl icon.png
270 Ge icon.png
Mods torpedo.png
Torpedo Mode
Research:
14 000 Rp icon.png
Cost:
22 000 Sl icon.png
460 Ge icon.png

Armament

Primary armament

3 х Turret2 x 8 inch/50 Mark VIII cannon
Ammunition300 rounds
Vertical guidance-3° / 70°

Provide information about the characteristics of the primary armament. Evaluate their efficacy in battle based on their reload speed, ballistics and the capacity of their shells. Add a link to the main article about the weapon: {{main|Weapon name (calibre)}}. Broadly describe the ammunition available for the primary armament, and provide recommendations on how to use it and which ammunition to choose.

Secondary armament

4 х Turret4 in QF Mark V cannon
Ammunition200 rounds

Some ships are fitted with weapons of various calibres. Secondary armaments are defined as weapons chosen with the control Select secondary weapon. Evaluate the secondary armaments and give advice on how to use them. Describe the ammunition available for the secondary armament. Provide recommendations on how to use them and which ammunition to choose. Remember that any anti-air armament, even heavy calibre weapons, belong in the next section. If there is no secondary armament, remove this section.

Anti-aircraft armament

3 х Turret20 mm/70 Oerlikon Mk.II autocannon
Ammunition1800 rounds
Belt capacity60 rounds
Fire rate450 shots/min
2 х Turret4 x 12.7 mm Vickers Mk.V machine gun
Ammunition8000 rounds
Belt capacity200 rounds
Fire rate600 shots/min

An important part of the ship's armament responsible for air defence. Anti-aircraft armament is defined by the weapon chosen with the control Select anti-aircraft weapons. Talk about the ship's anti-air cannons and machine guns, the number of guns and their positions, their effective range, and about their overall effectiveness – including against surface targets. If there are no anti-aircraft armaments, remove this section.

Additional armament

Setup 16 x 533 mm Mk.IX wet-heater torpedo
Main article: Mk.IX (533 mm)

Describe the available additional armaments of the ship: depth charges, mines, torpedoes. Talk about their positions, available ammunition and launch features such as dead zones of torpedoes. If there is no additional armament, remove this section.

Usage in battles

Describe the technique of using this ship, the characteristics of her use in a team and tips on strategy. Abstain from writing an entire guide – don't try to provide a single point of view, but give the reader food for thought. Talk about the most dangerous opponents for this vehicle and provide recommendations on fighting them. If necessary, note the specifics of playing with this vehicle in various modes (AB, RB, SB).

Pros and cons

Summarise and briefly evaluate the vehicle in terms of its characteristics and combat effectiveness. Mark its pros and cons in the bulleted list. Try not to use more than 6 points for each of the characteristics. Avoid using categorical definitions such as "bad", "good" and the like - use substitutions with softer forms such as "inadequate" and "effective".

Pros:

Cons:

History

HMS York entering Havana harbour, 1938.

HMS York (90) was the lead ship of two York-class heavy cruisers built for the Royal Navy. She served in the North American theatre before the war, and escorted Atlantic convoys in the first part of the Second World War. She also participated in the British Norway campaign, and was later reassigned to the Mediterranean Squadron. However, while in service with the Mediterranean fleet, she was disabled by Italian explosive motorboats. Critically damaged, her wreck was abandoned by the Allies. She was salvaged and scrapped in 1952.

Design and development

The York was based on the earlier County-class cruisers, the first 8-inch heavy cruisers used by the United Kingdom. Lighter than the previous 10-thousand ton County-class cruisers, the York displaced 8,250 tons standard.[1] The York carried eight 8-inch (203 mm) guns in four dual turrets; this was the standard armament for later British heavy cruisers.[1]She also carried two triple torpedo tube launchers. Her anti-aircraft armament was rather sparse, and was never improved sufficiently to grant her good AA performance. She could make a top speed of 32 knots (59 km/h), and had an endurance of 24,600 km at 22 km/h.[1]

The York was laid down on May 16th 1927, and was launched on July 17th 1928. She was completed on May 1st 1930, and subsequently began serving with the British home fleet.[2]

Operational Service

The York entered service in 1930, serving as the flagship of the 2nd Cruiser squadron of the Home Fleet. Between 1934 and 1940, she served primarily with the North America/West Indies Station, though she was detached to the Mediterranean fleet for two years for the Italo-Abyssinian War.

At the start of the Second World War, York was based in Halifax as a part of Force F, a squadron tasked with hunting for commerce raiders and escorting convoys. She returned to the UK in late 1939, and underwent a refit before being assigned to the 1st Cruiser squadron of the Home Fleet. She also participated in the planned British invasion of Norway, and evacuated Anglo-French troops from Namsos following the German invasion.

In August of 1940, York was assigned to the 3rd Cruiser squadron of the British Mediterranean fleet. She participated in the Battle of Passero, where she sank the crippled destroyer Artigliere, and escorted the carrier HMS Illustrious during her raid on the Italian fleet at Taranto.[2] However, in early 1941, she was disabled by explosive MTBs of the Italian navy. German bombers further damaged the ship, which was considered to be damaged beyond repair.[2] As a result, the British abandoned the ship and destroyed its armament prior to their evacuation from Crete; the wreck was salvaged and scrapped in 1952.[1]

Media

Excellent additions to the article would be video guides, screenshots from the game, and photos.

See also

Links to articles on the War Thunder Wiki that you think will be useful for the reader, for example:

  • reference to the series of the ship;
  • links to approximate analogues of other nations and research trees.

External links

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 Lettens, J. (2008)
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Helgason, G. (1995)

Works Cited

  • Lettens, J. (2008, August 28). HMS York (1941). Retrieved November 16, 2020, from https://www.wrecksite.eu/wreck.aspx?123797
  • Helgason, G. (1995). HMS York. Retrieved November 16, 2020, from https://uboat.net/allies/warships/ship/1187.html


Britain heavy cruisers
Hawkins-class  HMS Hawkins (D86)
York-class  HMS York (90)
County-class  HMS Kent (54) · HMS London (69)