WZ305

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Rank 2, Sweden
"The Swedish revolver": SAV 20.12.48
WZ305
cn_wz_305.png
AB
RB
SB
General characteristics
Brief
Detailed
8.0/8.0/8.0BR
Class
6 peopleCrew
107 %Visibility
front / side / backArmour
45 / 20 / 30Hull
12 / 12 / 12Turret
Mobility
31.0 tWeight
1 107 hp580 hpEngine power
36 hp/t19 hp/tPower-to-weight ratio
54 km/h forward
8 km/h back
50 km/h forward
7 km/h back
Speed
Armament
2 x 57 mm WA318 cannonMain weapon
300 roundsAmmunition
2.0 / 2.6 sReload
4 roundsBelt capacity
120 shots/minFire rate
-5° / 85°Vertical guidance
Economy
160 000 Rp icon.pngResearch
390 000 Sl icon.pngPurchase
Sl icon.png3 200 / 4 150/1 700 / 2 204/1 700 / 2 204Repair
110 000 Sl icon.pngCrew training
390 000 Sl icon.pngExperts
1 300 Ge icon.pngAces
202 % Rp icon.pngReward for battle
170 % Sl icon.png120 % Sl icon.png120 % Sl icon.png

Description

GarageImage WZ305.jpg


The WZ305 is a rank V Chinese SPAA with a battle rating of 8.0 (AB/RB/SB). It was introduced in Update 1.95 "Northern Wind".

The Chinese counterpart to the infamous ZSU-57-2, the WZ305 will feel very familiar to veteran users of the "Sparka". While outwardly similar, there are some differences. The hull is developed from a later Type 69 variant, as opposed to the ZSU's chassis derived from the T-54. Cosmetic differences include fender-mounted headlights, side skirts, and the retention of all five road wheels. The WZ305's hull is better armored, though this adds about 3 tons to its weight, and has a slightly more powerful engine. Firepower wise it enjoys a new DKY-1 airburst HE shell that makes it much easier to use against aircraft.

General info

Survivability and armour

Compared to the ZSU-57-2, the upper glacis is significantly thicker at 45 mm of RHA compared to the original 13.5mm. The side armor is 20 mm (+5 mm difference) and the rear armor is 30 mm (+20 mm difference). The turret is slightly thinner than the original but the difference is negligible.

The armor of the WZ305 is still very poor. While the upper glacis is now about as strong as a T-34, this level of protection does not amount to much at its rank. The paper-thin turret means that enemies with heavy machine guns or autocannons can mow down the turret crew and potentially knock out the tank with a single burst. The tank is also susceptible to hull break and impacts from nearby artillery shells.

Mobility

Game Mode Max Speed (km/h) Weight (tons) Engine power (horsepower) Power-to-weight ratio (hp/ton)
Forward Reverse Stock Upgraded Stock Upgraded
Arcade 54 8 31 824 1,107 26.58 35.71
Realistic 50 7 513 580 16.55 18.71

The mobility of the WZ305 is about the same as the ZSU-57-2, with a hp/ton ratio of 19, a top speed of 50 km/h, and a reverse speed of -7 km/h. While not lightning fast, it is considerably more mobile than contemporary Chinese MBTs like the Type 59 and should have few issues keeping up with teammates. Flanking should be done with caution since proper light tanks and some MBTs are more mobile, especially on-road, and may appear suddenly.

Armaments

Main armament

Main article: WA318 (57 mm)
57 mm WA318 (x2)
Capacity (Belt capacity each) Fire rate
(shots/minute)
Vertical
guidance
Horizontal
guidance
Stabilizer
248 (4) 120 -5°/+85° ±180° N/A
Turret rotation speed (°/s)
Mode Stock Upgraded Prior + Full crew Prior + Expert qualif. Prior + Ace qualif.
Arcade 35.70 49.40 60.00 66.30 70.60
Realistic 35.70 42.00 51.00 56.40 60.00
Reloading rate (seconds)
Stock Prior + Full crew Prior + Expert qualif. Prior + Ace qualif.
2.6 _._ _._ _._

Ammunition

Penetration statistics
Ammunition Type of
warhead
Penetration in mm @ 90°
10m 100m 500m 1000m 1500m 2000m
BR-281 APHE 121 119 106 91 78 68
BR-281U AP-T 142 140 116 91 72 56
OR-281U HEFI-T 4 4 4 4 4 4
DKY-1 HE-VT 8 8 8 8 8 8
Shell details
Ammunition Type of
warhead
Velocity
in m/s
Projectile
Mass in kg
Fuse delay

in m:

Fuse sensitivity

in mm:

Explosive Mass in g
(TNT equivalent):
Normalization At 30°
from horizontal:
Ricochet:
0% 50% 100%
BR-281 APHE 1000 2.8 1.2 15 20.02 -1° 47° 60° 65°
BR-281U AP-T 1000 2.8 N/A N/A N/A -1° 47° 60° 65°
OR-281U HEFI-T 1000 2.8 0.4 0.1 153 +0° 79° 80° 81°
DKY-1 HE-VT 1012 2.9 0.4 0.1 446.6 +0° 79° 80° 81°

Belt types

Belts Shell composition Tips and usage
Default APHE – HEFI-T 50% of this belt are useless against tanks or planes. However, against other SPAA this belt can reliably take out crew, armament, ammo and engine. Having one belt in reserve does not hurt.
BR-281 APHE Intermediate usage until the better BR-281U rounds can be used. Decent enough versus light to medium tanks from the sides and rear.
BR-281U AP-T – HEFI-T Best penetrating rounds for the vehicle. At this Rank, the round is useful against moderately armoured tanks even from the front.
OR-281U HEFI-T Versus planes. One or two hits usually gets the job done. Heavy armoured attackers and bombers may require more thought.
DKY-1 HE-VT Versus planes. Huge explosive mass will blow most aircraft out of the sky, 15 m trigger radius means that one can be much more lenient with aiming.



Usage in battles

Like its Soviet cousin, the WZ305 is capable of slaughtering lightly armored vehicles, but using it in an anti-ground role is risky due to its lackluster defense. It is a good idea to play carefully and not expose oneself unnecessarily.

AAA
As an SPAA this should be the first course of action. Find a safe location from enemy ground vehicles, lay in wait and open fire on any enemies when they are in range. The powerful 57 mm cannons will tear apart any aircraft from the sky in 1-5 direct hits. If the fused HE shells are unlocked, this is even easier; the proximity fuse will make it much easier to land hits in general and maneuvering targets will have a harder time dodging your fire. The big downside is that the gunner crew are exposed to strafing aircraft and can easily be taken out by aircraft machine gun/cannon fire, so it is important to first prioritize aircraft which appear to be gunning for the WZ305.

Tank Destroyer
Using the 57 mm cannons on a ground attack role is possible and have been exploited by many players. Using BR-281U ammo, the guns can effectively pierce the side and rear of any tank (excluding the Maus). Remember the WZ305's armour does not compare to other tanks armour so one shot could be the end of the SPAA. Play cat-and-mouse and wait for the enemy to go into an engagement with another target and then jump out into the open and fire upon them while they are distracted. It is recommended to the first aim for their rear to disable their engine and cause a fire, they will have to stop what they are doing and put it out. During this time they won't be able to move or fire upon the WZ305, allowing a chance to finish off the crewmen inside by unloading the 57 mm cannons into the side of the enemy tank.

Wheeled light tanks are quite common at the WZ305's rank and are easy prey for the twin cannons. The WZ305's thin armor is not much of a liability against subcaliber rounds, so it may be prudent to hunt these kinds of targets down if they are in the area. Lightly armored MBTs like the ubiquitous Leopard I can be dispatched similarly. Be wary of targets with heavier armor like the M48 Patton that cannot be penetrated from the front. You will need to flank them instead. Enemy SPAAs like the Gepard will also have no problem shredding the turret crew, though most of these vehicles are also very lightly armored; try to ambush them and shoot first.

Watch out for incoming HEAT-FS rounds, as they are common and will often cause hull breaks.

Pros and cons

Pros:

  • Excellent firepower for a SPAA, capable of hunting tanks
  • Decent mobility
  • Good gun handling
  • HE-VT rounds are excellent against air targets
  • Successful hits on air targets with any round are very lethal
  • Better hull armor than the ZSU-57-2

Cons:

  • Inadequate protection and survivability
  • Large target
  • HE-VT rounds are a Tier IV modification
  • Vulnerable to hull break
  • Difficult to use in anti-air role when stock
  • Can be confused for the ZSU-57-2 when hull-down or at a distance


History

In the 1980s, Iraq requested that China make a copy of the ZSU-57-2 and provided a few examples of the Soviet SPAAG for reverse engineering. China had not previously imported or used the ZSU-57-2. However, a local copy of the ZSU's gun was available. The result of the project was the Type 80 SPAAG, sometimes known by its industrial designation of WZ305. Designed on the chassis of the Type 69-II medium tank, the Type 80 was very similar to the ZSU-57-2, featuring twin 57 mm cannons in an open topped turret with no fire control systems, limiting it to clear weather anti-aircraft use. A proximity-fused round was later developed that improved its utility.

According to some sources, the Type 80 was adopted by the PLA in small numbers, while others claim that it was not accepted into Chinese service at all. It was used in Iraqi service in the Iran-Iraq War and Gulf War, and may have been exported to North Korea.

Media

Excellent additions to the article would be video guides, screenshots from the game, and photos.

See also

Links to the articles on the War Thunder Wiki that you think will be useful for the reader, for example:

  • reference to the series of the vehicles;
  • links to approximate analogues of other nations and research trees.

External links

Paste links to sources and external resources, such as:

  • topic on the official game forum;
  • encyclopedia page on the tank;
  • other literature.


China anti-aircraft vehicles
Type 65 · ␗M42 · WZ305