Pe-2-83

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VTOL | Rank 5 USSR
Yak-38 Pack
This page is about the Russian bomber Pe-2-83. For other uses, see Pe-2 (Family).
pe-2-83.png
GarageImage Pe-2-83.jpg
Pe-2-83
Research:18 000 Specs-Card-Exp.png
Purchase:77 000 Specs-Card-Lion.png
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Description

The Pe-2-83 Peshka is a rank II Soviet dive bomber with a battle rating of 3.7 (AB/RB) and 4.0 (SB). It has been in the game since the start of the Open Beta Test prior to Update 1.27.

The Pe-2 fulfils much the same attack craft role as the IL-2. While the armament is a mix of MGs and therefore worse than the IL-2's, it can carry much heavier bombs, allowing it to destroy targets in one hit that a Sturmovik might take two or three bombs to destroy. Additionally, its nose-mounted weaponry, ability to mount rockets, and fact that it spawns at bomber altitude in Arcade make it a surprisingly effective bomber hunter in a pinch. However, as in other attack craft, you should have a friendly cover you whenever possible. While it has a decent amount of defensive guns and is faster than the Sturmovik, it is still very vulnerable when caught alone. Further, it is very vulnerable to diving attacks due to its dorsal-mounted fuel tank.

However, there are disadvantages as well. The fixed armament is inadequate at best. Two nose-mounted machine guns simply lack the punch of cannons and their low ammunition supply prevents prolonged usage. The defensive armament is not any better – the upper and lower hemisphere of the aircraft are each defended only by a single 7.62 mm machine gun, with the ventral turret having an extremely limited field of view and the side mounts being largely redundant. Your best defence is then the Pe-2's agility and speed. When attacked by enemy fighters, use your speed to run away and your agility to dodge gun passes until you have reached friendly fighters or strong allied AAA.

Fast, agile and very versatile, the Peshka can be a great bomber if used correctly and its niche lays in tank battles, as a precise dive bomber. Further research of this line will then lead you to even faster and better-armed variants. Notably 128 mm rockets, excellent for tank attacks and the occasional bomber.

General info

Flight performance

Air brakes
Allows you to dramatically reduce the flight speed by releasing special flaps
Max speed
at 5 100 m510 km/h
Turn time28 s
Max altitude8 400 m
Engine2 х Klimov VK-105R
TypeInline
Cooling systemWater
Take-off weight9 t

Describe how the aircraft behaves in the air. Speed, manoeuvrability, acceleration and allowable loads - these are the most important characteristics of the vehicle.

Characteristics Max Speed
(km/h at 5,100 m)
Max altitude
(metres)
Turn time
(seconds)
Rate of climb
(metres/second)
Take-off run
(metres)
AB RB AB RB AB RB
Stock 492 475 8400 29.7 31.4 6.6 6.5 326
Upgraded 530 510 26.5 28.0 11.8 9.0

Details

Features
Combat flaps Take-off flaps Landing flaps Air brakes Arrestor gear
X
Limits
Wings (km/h) Gear (km/h) Flaps (km/h) Max Static G
Combat Take-off Landing + -
740 450 508 477 320 ~11 ~6
Optimal velocities (km/h)
Ailerons Rudder Elevators Radiator
< 380 < 380 < 440 > 250

Survivability and armour

Crew3 people
Speed of destruction
Structural740 km/h
Gear450 km/h
  • 8 mm Steel plate behind the pilot.
  • 4 mm Steel plate in front of the dorsal gunner.
  • 4 mm Steel plate in the ventral turret.
  • Critical components located at front of aircraft (fuel, pilot, engine, controls)
  • More fuel tanks located in wings near fuselage

Modifications and economy

Repair costBasic → Reference
AB1 640 → 2 125 Sl icon.png
RB2 400 → 3 110 Sl icon.png
SB3 800 → 4 924 Sl icon.png
Total cost of modifications22 890 Rp icon.png
51 000 Sl icon.png
Talisman cost980 Ge icon.png
Crew training22 000 Sl icon.png
Experts77 000 Sl icon.png
Aces400 Ge icon.png
Research Aces280 000 Rp icon.png
Reward for battleAB / RB / SB
100 / 300 / 400 % Sl icon.png
136 / 136 / 136 % Rp icon.png
Modifications
Flight performance Survivability Weaponry
Mods aerodinamic fuse.png
Fuselage repair
Research:
790 Rp icon.png
Cost:
1 800 Sl icon.png
110 Ge icon.png
Mods radiator.png
Radiator
Research:
790 Rp icon.png
Cost:
1 800 Sl icon.png
110 Ge icon.png
Mods compressor.png
Compressor
Research:
1 100 Rp icon.png
Cost:
2 400 Sl icon.png
150 Ge icon.png
Mods aerodinamic wing.png
Wings repair
Research:
990 Rp icon.png
Cost:
2 200 Sl icon.png
140 Ge icon.png
Mods new engine.png
Engine
Research:
990 Rp icon.png
Cost:
2 200 Sl icon.png
140 Ge icon.png
Mods metanol.png
Engine injection
Research:
1 600 Rp icon.png
Cost:
3 600 Sl icon.png
220 Ge icon.png
Mods armor frame.png
Airframe
Research:
1 100 Rp icon.png
Cost:
2 400 Sl icon.png
150 Ge icon.png
Mods armor cover.png
Cover
Research:
1 600 Rp icon.png
Cost:
3 600 Sl icon.png
220 Ge icon.png
Mods ammo.png
shkas_belt_pack
Research:
790 Rp icon.png
Cost:
1 800 Sl icon.png
110 Ge icon.png
Mod arrow 0.png
Mods ammo.png
shkas_turret_belt_pack
Research:
790 Rp icon.png
Cost:
1 800 Sl icon.png
110 Ge icon.png
Mod arrow 0.png
Mods pilon bomb.png
DZ-40
Research:
790 Rp icon.png
Cost:
1 800 Sl icon.png
110 Ge icon.png
Mod arrow 1.png
Mods weapon.png
shkas_new_gun
Research:
1 100 Rp icon.png
Cost:
2 400 Sl icon.png
150 Ge icon.png
Mods weapon.png
shkas_new_gun
Research:
1 100 Rp icon.png
Cost:
2 400 Sl icon.png
150 Ge icon.png
Mods turret gun.png
shkas_turret_new_gun
Research:
1 100 Rp icon.png
Cost:
2 400 Sl icon.png
150 Ge icon.png
Mods turret gun.png
shkas_turret_new_gun
Research:
1 100 Rp icon.png
Cost:
2 400 Sl icon.png
150 Ge icon.png
Mods ammo.png
ub_belt_pack
Research:
990 Rp icon.png
Cost:
2 200 Sl icon.png
140 Ge icon.png
Mod arrow 0.png
Mods ammo.png
ub_belt_pack
Research:
990 Rp icon.png
Cost:
2 200 Sl icon.png
140 Ge icon.png
Mods ammo.png
ub_turret_belt_pack
Research:
990 Rp icon.png
Cost:
2 200 Sl icon.png
140 Ge icon.png
Mod arrow 0.png
Mods pilon rocket.png
RO-132
Research:
990 Rp icon.png
Cost:
2 200 Sl icon.png
140 Ge icon.png
Mods weapon.png
ub_new_gun
Research:
1 600 Rp icon.png
Cost:
3 600 Sl icon.png
220 Ge icon.png
Mods turret gun.png
ub_turret_new_gun
Research:
1 600 Rp icon.png
Cost:
3 600 Sl icon.png
220 Ge icon.png

The first rank of upgrades is rather uninteresting. Take either two out of three to unlock research for Tier 2.

DZ-40 first to unlock more payload variants. Afterwards, the only thing to worry about is performance. Acceleration takes a hit with the new heavier payloads.

Useful and in order of research are: Compressor, Engine, Wings repair, Engine Injection & Cover. The remaining upgrades can be chosen in any order.

Armaments

Offensive armament

Ammunition150 rounds
Fire rate1 026 shots/min
Ammunition450 rounds
Fire rate1 800 shots/min

The Pe-2-83 is armed with:

  • 1 x 12.7 mm Berezin UB machine gun, nose-mounted (150 rpg)
  • 1 x 7.62 mm ShKAS machine gun, nose-mounted (450 rpg)

Suspended armament

Number of setups6
List of setups
Setup 14 x 100 kg FAB-100sv (forged) bomb
2 x 100 kg FAB-100sv bomb
Setup 22 x 250 kg FAB-250sv bomb
4 x 100 kg FAB-100sv (forged) bomb
Setup 34 x 250 kg FAB-250sv bomb
Setup 42 x 500 kg FAB-500sv (welded) bomb
Setup 510 x RS-132 rockets
Setup 610 x RBS-132 rockets

The Pe-2-83 can be outfitted with the following ordnance:

  • 6 x 100 kg FAB-100sv bombs (600 kg total)
  • 2 x 250 kg FAB-250sv bombs + 4 x 100 kg FAB-100sv bombs (900 kg total)
  • 4 x 250 kg FAB-250sv bombs (1,000 kg total)
  • 2 x 500 kg FAB-500sv bombs (1,000 kg total)
  • 10 x RS-132 rockets
  • 10 x RBS-132 rockets

Defensive armament

Turret12.7 mm Berezin UB machine gun
Ammunition200 rounds
Fire rate1027 shots/min
Turret12.7 mm Berezin UB machine gun
Ammunition230 rounds
Fire rate1027 shots/min
2 х Turret7.62 mm ShKAS machine gun
Ammunition225 rounds
Fire rate1800 shots/min

The Pe-2-83 is defended by:

  • 1 x 12.7 mm Berezin UB machine gun, dorsal turret (200 rpg)
  • 1 x 12.7 mm Berezin UB machine gun, ventral turret (230 rpg)
  • 1 x 7.62 mm ShKAS machine gun, 2 x beam turrets (225 rpg)

Usage in battles

Cockpit with translated gauges.

Most versatile and useful payload variant is the 2 x 250 kg + 4 x 100 kg option. Those dual outside mounted 250 kg bombs do NOT drop in pairs as usual (RB/SB effect). The same applies to 2 x 500 kg payload. Each one drops single upon pressing the release button. Beware though: The unlockable payload options take a big toll on climb rate, acceleration and speed. For quick and speedy mission, the stock six times 100 kg bombs all mounted inside remains a very good choice.

X-Ray view of the Peshka's modules. Note the very big fuel tanks placed all over the plane.

The ten rockets payload is worth a look too. If compared to the highest quantity bomb loads with six single drops each. This option can engage four target more in Arcade, but one less than in RB/SB as the rockets are fired in pairs. The RS-132 is derived from the Katyusha artillery and therefore quite potent. However 100 kg bombs are stronger in overall strength and depending on the terrain easier to deliver. Rockets however only require aim with the crosshair, allowing for unobstructed view and a direct approach. Especially the former point is on often overlooked advantage. A third difference is the delivery time, rockets are just faster at the target. A big advantage versus moving targets. And they can double as anti-air armament, a department where the Pe-2s are severely lacking.

Manual Engine Control

MEC elements
Mixer Pitch Radiator Supercharger Turbocharger
Oil Water Type
Controllable Controllable
Not auto controlled
Not controllable
Not auto controlled
Controllable
Auto control available
Separate Controllable
2 gears
Not controllable

Pros and cons

Pros:

  • Nose mounted weaponry
  • Versatile bomb load for an attack craft
  • Rather manoeuvrable for a twin-engine attack craft

Cons:

  • Large target
  • Woefully inadequate offensive armament
  • Large fuel tank in the midsection makes it vulnerable to fires

History

Two Peshkas flying in formation. Likely to be two more out of the picture and therefore part of a flight of Pe-2s.

Originally, the Petlyakov Pe-2 was not supposed to be a bomber at all. Its direct predecessor, designated VI-100, was designed by a prison design bureau team led by Vladimir Petlyakov as a high-altitude escort fighter. The VI-100 was very modern for its time, featuring a pressurized two-seat cockpit, electrically actuated systems and all-metal construction, and was powered by two supercharged Klimov M-105 V-12 inline engines producing 1100 horsepower each. The prototype was completed in 1939 and during its first test flight on 7th May 1939, it reached a top speed of 627.6 kph (390 mph) – an astounding performance for its time. The results of flight tests were so promising that the VI-100 was ordered into production.

However, Germany launched the "Blitzkrieg" campaign in September 1939. Aside from their revolutionary usage of tanks, the campaign in Poland featured notable usage of Ju 87 dive bombers and showed their potential. Consequently, the Soviet authorities ordered the VI-100 to be redesigned as a dive bomber. Pressurization equipment and engine superchargers were removed, dive brakes were installed under the wings and the bombardier position was added to the nose of the aircraft(raising the number of crew members to three). A ventral bomb bay was added along with the two smaller bomb positions located at the rear of engine nacelles. Two rear-facing turrets, each armed by a single ShKAS machine gun, were installed to dorsal and ventral positions. Resulting aircraft, able to carry up to 1600 kg / 3520 lbs of bombs, was designated PB-100. The first prototype flew on 15th December 1940 and its performance (top speed of 540.7 kph/336 mph) was so good that Vladimir Petlyakov was released and the aircraft was named after him, thus receiving the designation Petlyakov Pe-2. The bomber was then rushed into serial production and deliveries to combat units began in the spring of 1941. The deliveries were, however, slow and by the time of the German invasion in June 1941, only about 458 Pe-2's were delivered.

The Pe-2, nicknamed Peshka ("Pawn") by its crews, quickly proved itself to be an effective dive bomber and together with the Ilyushin Il-2 Sturmovik attacker, it became the most important offensive weapon of the Soviet Army Air Force. The bomber was fast and agile enough to be an elusive target for German fighters and also proved its versatility – it was used for reconnaissance and artillery spotting and also became the basis for the Pe-3 heavy fighter. Losses were heavy, however. Crews often complained about a lack of armour protection for the cockpit and fuel tanks as well as poor defensive armament and unreliable dive brakes, which sometimes failed to retract and allowed top speeds of only around 300 kph (186.4 mph), making the fast bomber easy prey.

In-game description

Air battles during the first year of the war clearly showed that the Pe-2's armament did not provide effective self-defense. The Pe-2's Achilles' heel was it defense against attacks from the upper rear. This area was covered by the ShKAS machine gun in the TSS-1 mount, installed in the navigator's cockpit. The TSS-1 was inconvenient and had a narrow field of fire. The ShKAS machine gun, with its rifle caliber, proved to be too weak a weapon against German fighters.

In 1942, the Pe-2FT ("FT" meaning "front-line request") was designed as a response to the front-line units' requests to significantly upgrade the aircraft's armament. The TSS-1 pivot mount was replaced with a FT turret equipped with a large-caliber 12.7mm UBT machine gun with 200 rounds, which had been designed as quickly as possible (using some parts and assemblies from the MV-2 hatch mount) by a team of Factory No. 22 designers headed by L. L. Selyakov.

The opening in the rear section of the navigator's cockpit was increased to accommodate the cumbersome FT mount and provide a good firing angle. However, the long-barreled UBT machine gun could not be folded up in a travel position in the fuselage as the ShKAS machine gun from the TSS-1 mount could. So the rear section of the canopy, the so-called "turtle", was simply removed.

The main advantage of the FT mount was the ease of its mounting on the aircraft. The airframe structure had to be altered only minimally. Introduction of the new turret had virtually no effect on the number of aircraft produced. They began to introduce the FT mount on some Pe-2s beginning with series 83, but it was only installed on all production planes as late as series 87.

The first Pe-2s with the navigator's new large-caliber machine gun saw its first operational trial near Kerch in April 1942. The new weapon immediately demonstrated its high efficiency.

Some FT mounts were manufactured in the form of factory conversion kits to be installed on earlier series Pe-2s by combat units. It was not difficult to mount the new armament; two mechanics could typically perform the installation of the new weapon in 4 to 6 hours.

Media

Videos

See also

Links to the articles on the War Thunder Wiki that you think will be useful for the reader, for example:

  • reference to the series of the aircraft;
  • links to approximate analogues of other nations and research trees.

External links


V.M. Petlyakov Design Bureau (Опытное конструкторское бюро Петлякова)
Fighters  Pe-3 (e) · Pe-3 · Pe-3bis
Bombers  Pe-2-1 · Pe-2-31 · Pe-2-83 · Pe-2-110 · Pe-2-205 · Pe-2-359 · Pe-8

USSR bombers
SB and Ar  SB 2M-100 · SB 2M-103 · SB 2M-103 MV-3 · SB 2M-103U · SB 2M-103U MV-3 · SB 2M-105 · Ar-2
Yer-2 (petrol)  Yer-2 (M-105) · Yer-2 (M-105) TAT · Yer-2 (M-105R) TAT · Yer-2 (M-105R) LU
Yer-2 (diesel)  Yer-2 (ACh-30B) (e) · Yer-2 (ACh-30B) (l)
Tu  Tu-2 · Tu-2S · Tu-2S-44 · Tu-2S-59 · Tu-4
Pe  Pe-2-1 · Pe-2-31 · Pe-2-83 · Pe-2-110 · Pe-2-205 · Pe-2-359 · Pe-8
IL  DB-3B · IL-4
  Po-2 · MBR-2-M-34 · TB-3M-17-32 · Yak-4 · Be-6
Lend-Lease  ▂PBY-5a Catalina · ▂Hampden TB Mk I · ▂B-25J-30