M.D.450B Ouragan

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This page is about the French jet fighter M.D.450B Ouragan. For the "Barougan", see M.D.450B Barougan. For the Israeli version, see M.D.450B Ouragan (Israel).
md_450b_ouragan.png
GarageImage M.D.450B Ouragan.jpg
ArtImage M.D.450B Ouragan.png
M.D.450B Ouragan
AB RB SB
7.3 7.7 7.7
Research:95 000 Specs-Card-Exp.png
Purchase:270 000 Specs-Card-Lion.png
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Description

The M.D.450B Ouragan was a fighter jet developed in France by Dassault Aviation and introduced in 1952. It was a very important milestone for France at the time, since it was the first French-built jet powered aircraft, serving for decades and functioning as a fighter-bomber. It participated in several conflicts, being exported to nations such as Israel, India and El Salvador. The M.D.450B Ouragan was the second variant of the Ouragan to enter production, it used an improved Hispano-Suiza Nene 104B engine and had a revised landing gears, since the aircraft's guns were prone to damage the frontal doors of the landing gear when the cannons were fired.

It was introduced in Update 1.73 "Vive la France". The Ouragan is a very capable air superiority fighter for its rank, like many other early jet fighters, it should be played very different compared to previous prop fighters. For instance, it has a slow acceleration, even when compared to other jets, but it has a very good top speed and energy retention below 700 km/h thanks to the wing design, that allow good control at high and low speeds. The aircraft however compresses a lot above 850 km/h, and this should be noted for dogfights and other engagements. For ground attacks, the Ouragan is fitted with 1000 lb bombs and rockets as its main secondary armament, it can be used to destroy a small group of enemy tanks in ground battles and then switch to an air superiority role, destroying enemy aircrafts and helicopters.

General info

Flight performance

Air brakes
Allows you to dramatically reduce the flight speed by releasing special flaps
Max speed
at 0 m942 km/h
Turn time24 s
Max altitude12 000 m
EngineRolls-Royce Nene-Mk.104
TypeJet
Cooling systemAir
Take-off weight8 t
Characteristics Max Speed
(km/h at 0 m - sea level)
Max altitude
(metres)
Turn time
(seconds)
Rate of climb
(metres/second)
Take-off run
(metres)
AB RB AB RB AB RB
Stock 899 871 12000 25.4 25.9 23.1 21.9 700
Upgraded 962 942 23.1 24.0 35.5 28.0

Details

Features
Combat flaps Take-off flaps Landing flaps Air brakes Arrestor gear Drogue chute
X X
Limits
Wings (km/h) Gear (km/h) Flaps (km/h) Max Static G
Combat Take-off Landing + -
1030 450 627 598 450 ~10 ~5
Optimal velocities (km/h)
Ailerons Rudder Elevators Radiator
< 600 < 700 < 680 N/A

Engine performance

Engine Aircraft mass
Engine name Number Empty mass Wing loading (full fuel)
Rolls-Royce Nene-Mk.104 1 4,750 kg 252 kg/m2
Engine characteristics Mass with fuel (no weapons load) Max Takeoff
Weight
Weight (each) Type 10m fuel 20m fuel 30m fuel 33m fuel
1,050 kg Centrifugal-flow turbojet 5,109 kg 5,468 kg 5,826 kg 5,934 kg 8,420 kg
Maximum engine thrust @ 0 m (RB / SB) Thrust to weight ratio @ 0 m (100%)
Condition 100% WEP 10m fuel 20m fuel 30m fuel 33m fuel MTOW
Stationary 2,079 kgf N/A 0.41 0.38 0.36 0.35 0.25
Optimal 2,079 kgf
(0 km/h)
N/A 0.41 0.38 0.36 0.35 0.25

Survivability and armour

Crew1 person
Speed of destruction
Structural1 030 km/h
Gear450 km/h
  • 40 mm Bulletproof glass in cockpit front.
  • 13.5 mm Steel plate in the nose.
  • 13.5 mm Steel plates behind the pilot.

Modifications and economy

Repair costBasic → Reference
AB3 477 → 4 659 Sl icon.png
RB9 539 → 12 782 Sl icon.png
SB12 734 → 17 063 Sl icon.png
Total cost of modifications80 000 Rp icon.png
129 400 Sl icon.png
Talisman cost2 000 Ge icon.png
Crew training78 000 Sl icon.png
Experts270 000 Sl icon.png
Aces1 500 Ge icon.png
Research Aces670 000 Rp icon.png
Reward for battleAB / RB / SB
130 / 350 / 600 % Sl icon.png
190 / 190 / 190 % Rp icon.png
Modifications
Flight performance Survivability Weaponry
Mods aerodinamic fuse.png
Fuselage repair
Research:
5 300 Rp icon.png
Cost:
8 600 Sl icon.png
290 Ge icon.png
Mods jet compressor.png
Compressor
Research:
5 300 Rp icon.png
Cost:
8 600 Sl icon.png
290 Ge icon.png
Mods armor frame.png
Airframe
Research:
4 500 Rp icon.png
Cost:
7 300 Sl icon.png
240 Ge icon.png
Mods booster.png
New boosters
Research:
4 500 Rp icon.png
Cost:
7 300 Sl icon.png
240 Ge icon.png
Mods aerodinamic wing.png
Wings repair
Research:
5 000 Rp icon.png
Cost:
8 100 Sl icon.png
270 Ge icon.png
Mods g suit.png
G-suit
Research:
5 000 Rp icon.png
Cost:
8 100 Sl icon.png
270 Ge icon.png
Mods armor cover.png
Cover
Research:
8 700 Rp icon.png
Cost:
14 000 Sl icon.png
470 Ge icon.png
Mods jet engine.png
Engine
Research:
8 700 Rp icon.png
Cost:
14 000 Sl icon.png
470 Ge icon.png
Mods ammo.png
hispano_belt_pack
Research:
5 300 Rp icon.png
Cost:
8 600 Sl icon.png
290 Ge icon.png
Mod arrow 1.png
Mods pilon bomb.png
FMBC mk.1
Research:
4 500 Rp icon.png
Cost:
7 300 Sl icon.png
240 Ge icon.png
Mod arrow 1.png
Mods pilon rocket.png
Matra T10 140
Research:
4 500 Rp icon.png
Cost:
7 300 Sl icon.png
240 Ge icon.png
Mod arrow 0.png
Mods weapon.png
hispano_mk5_new_gun
Research:
5 000 Rp icon.png
Cost:
8 100 Sl icon.png
270 Ge icon.png
Mods pilon rocket.png
Matra T10 151
Research:
5 000 Rp icon.png
Cost:
8 100 Sl icon.png
270 Ge icon.png
Mods pilon bomb.png
LBC-25
Research:
8 700 Rp icon.png
Cost:
14 000 Sl icon.png
470 Ge icon.png

Armaments

Offensive armament

Main article: M50 (20 mm)

The M.D.450B Ouragan is armed with:

  • 4 x 20 mm M50 cannons, chin-mounted (125 rpg = 500 total)

The four 20mm cannons are clustered on the underside of the fuselage, directly below the pilot. Each are armed with the same amount of ammunition, which means that all guns will fire with each other until empty. An advantage of this chin mounted arrangement is that gun convergence does not play a factor unlike wing-mounted guns.

Suspended armament

The M.D.450B Ouragan can be outfitted with the following ordnance:

  • Without load
  • 2 x 500 lb AN-M64A1 bombs (1,000 lb total)
  • 2 x 1,000 lb AN-M65A1 bombs (2,000 lb total)
  • 16 x T10 140 rockets
  • 16 x T10 151 rockets

Usage in battles

The usual strategy for the M.D.450B Ouragan is to play as a Boom & Zoom aircraft. It retains energy in vertical turns and can perform "BnZ" manoeuvres well. When you takeoff, it is recommended to gain speed immediately. After gaining speed, you can side-climb up to 2,500 - 3,000 m then head to the centre of the battlefield. When you're finally in the centre, you will have already gained significant speed by accelerating. Then you can commence Boom & Zoom tactics. This strategy goes as follows: Dive, engage, zoom up to 2,500 - 3,000 m, loop around, look for a suitable target, rinse and repeat. If you find yourself in a bad situation where you cannot use the recommended tactics, then your last resort option would be to turn. Beware that this bleeds a lot of speed and usually results in the M.D.450 becoming an easy target.

If this is your first jet, the most important thing to understand is that keeping your speed is vital in most jet engagements. By turning in big, wide circles and not attempting any speed-bleeding manoeuvres just to get a quick potential shot on target, you can excel in jet combat.

As the main role of the Ouragan is as a fighter aircraft, taking secondary loadouts to ground pound at the start of jet matches in air realistic battles is not recommended.

Pros and cons

Pros:

  • Good manoeuvrability, especially between 500 km/h and 600 km/h
  • Good roll rate
  • Nose-mounted guns
  • Does not compress much below 900 km/h
  • Down-tiered often, very capable aircraft against lower-ranked aircraft
  • Strong and effective flaps
  • 20 mm M50 cannons excel with Air Targets belt
  • Easy to fly and land with a ripped wingtip

Cons:

  • Stock performance is lacking
  • Wingtips rip easily in a dive
  • Slow compared to contemporaries
  • Extremely heavy compression above 970 km/h
  • Poor acceleration
  • 20 mm M50 cannons tend to spark and are less effective with Default belts

History

French aircraft designer and Resistance fighter Marcel Bloch's aim when the war ended was to put France's aeronautical industry back on the map and reduce dependence on foreign aircraft for L'Armee de l'Air. The M.D. 450 Ouragan (Hurricane) was the first jet fighter to be completely designed and manufactured in France. In total 350 were built for French service, 104 for the Indian Air Force, and 12 for the Israelis. Entering service in 1952, it was a front-line fighter until the swept-wing Mystere arrived in 1955, and continued in operational service in France until the mid-1960s, after 1961 as training aircraft.

Bloch's company Dassault started prototype construction in April 1948, two months before the French government agreed to authorize development. The first flight of the prototype was in February, 1949. The jet combined American ideas on jet manufacture with a British Nene engine license-built by Hispano-Suiza. It had a reputation as a strong climber with excellent handling characteristics, and a stable firing platform. It was the official jet of the French aerobatic team for two years. Production for the Armee de l'Air ran from 1951 to 1954, who used it to replace their British Vampires. The Indians called it the Toofani (Hurricane), with production of their order beginning in 1953. The Israelis received their initial 12 in 1955; they later augmented this by buying another 40 of the French Ouragans after they left active service. In operation service it was used as a fighter-bomber as well as in straight fighter roles.

Media

Skins
Videos

See also

External links


Dassault Aviation
WW2
Fighters  M.B.152C1 · M.B.157
Bombers  M.B.162 · M.B.174A-3 · M.B.175T
Jet Aircraft 
M.D 450  M.D.450B Barougan · M.D.450B Ouragan
Mystère  M.D.452 IIA · M.D.452 IIC · Mystere IVA
Super Mystère  Super Mystere B2
Étendard  Etendard IVM
Super Étendard  Super Etendard
Alpha Jet  Alpha Jet E**
Mirage 
Mirage III  Mirage IIIC · Mirage IIIE · Milan
Mirage V  Mirage 5F
Mirage F1  Mirage F1C · Mirage F1C-200 · Mirage F1CT
Mirage 2000  Mirage 2000-5F · Mirage 2000C-S4 · Mirage 2000C-S5 · Mirage 2000D-R1
Mirage 4000  Mirage 4000
Export 
M.D 450  M.D.450B Ouragan
Mystere  Mystere IVA
Super Mystère  Sambad · Sa'ar***
Mirage  Shahak
  *The company was named "Société des Avions Marcel Bloch" before being renamed in 1947
  **Jointly manufactured with Dornier Flugzeugwerke
  ***Israeli Super Mystère refitted with new avionics and an American engine

France jet aircraft
Fighters  M.D.450B Ouragan · M.D.450B Barougan · M.D.452 IIA · M.D.452 IIC · Mystere IVA · Super Mystere B2
  ▄F-86K · ▄F-100D · ▄F-8E(FN)
  Mirage IIIC · Mirage IIIE · Milan · Mirage 5F · Mirage 2000C-S4 · Mirage 2000C-S5 · Mirage 2000-5F · Mirage 4000
  Mirage F1C · Mirage F1C-200 · Mirage F1CT
Strike aircraft  ▄F-84F · F-84F IAF · ▄F-84G-26-RE
  Etendard IVM · Super Etendard · Alpha Jet E
  Jaguar A · Jaguar E · Mirage 2000D-R1
Bombers  S.O.4050 Vautour IIA · Vautour IIA IDF/AF · S.O.4050 Vautour IIB · S.O.4050 Vautour IIN · S.O.4050 Vautour IIN (late)