Israel acquired 52 units of the Chaparral system, that was very familiar to them since they already used the M113 APC and different configurations of its chassis, as well as the AIM-9 Sidewinder air-to-air missile, in large numbers. It was used as a close-range air defence platform for many years, in many different variants, being upgraded at the end to the MIM-72G model that used a smokeless all aspect seeker and IRCCM (Infrared Counter Countermeasures). Israel was able to intercept 2 aircraft with this system, a MiG-17 in the Golan Heights in 1973 and another in the Lebanese Invasion of 1982, both operated by the Syrian Air Force.
Introduced in Update "Sons of Attila", the Israeli Chaparral is equipped with much better missiles than the American version; the MIM-72G features IRCCM and improved engines, allowing it to combat aircraft with countermeasures and compete with SPAAs with advanced radar. The missile uses the same seeker as the one present in the FIM-92 Stinger missile, making it quite hard to dodge, and the improved engine makes it even more lethal. However, the Israeli Chaparral still suffers from a lack of radar and gun for very close range engagements, since even the improved missile is not capable of being launched if the locked target is just a couple metres ahead, which is especially dangerous against enemy helicopters.
Survivability and armour
Describe armour protection. Note the most well protected and key weak areas. Appreciate the layout of modules as well as the number and location of crew members. Is the level of armour protection sufficient, is the placement of modules helpful for survival in combat? If necessary use a visual template to indicate the most secure and weak zones of the armour.
|Armour||Front (Slope angle)||Sides||Rear||Roof|
|Hull||___ mm|| ___ mm Top
___ mm Bottom
|___ mm||___ - ___ mm|
|Turret|| ___ - ___ mm Turret front
___ mm Gun mantlet
|___ - ___ mm||___ - ___ mm||___ - ___ mm|
|Cupola||___ mm||___ mm||___ mm||___ mm|
|Game Mode||Max Speed (km/h)||Weight (tons)||Engine power (horsepower)||Power-to-weight ratio (hp/ton)|
Modifications and economy
|MIM-72 missile||Turret rotation speed (°/s)||Reloading rate (seconds)|
|Ammunition|| Type of
| Fuse delay
| Fuse sensitivity
| Explosive mass
(TNT equivalent) (kg)
|3||__ (+__)||__ (+__)||__ (+__)||__ (+__)||__ (+__)||__ (+__)||__|
Usage in battles
Describe the tactics of playing in the vehicle, the features of using vehicles in the team and advice on tactics. Refrain from creating a "guide" - do not impose a single point of view but instead give the reader food for thought. Describe the most dangerous enemies and give recommendations on fighting them. If necessary, note the specifics of the game in different modes (AB, RB, SB).
Pros and cons
- Smokeless motor missile makes enemy aircraft unable to detect incoming launch
- 4 exposed crew with only one protected crew inside the turret, susceptible to even 7.62 mm machine gun fire which can lead to a crew knockout
- Open top vehicle, very vulnerable to overpressure from HE shells, rockets, artillery strikes, and bombs
The United States Army developed the M48 Chaparral in the 1960s as a short-range surface-to-air missile system which would complement the M163 Vulcan. The system used the MIM-72 Chaparral missile - a unique adaptation of the AIM-9 Sidewinder air-to-air missile which had been entering service in the US Air Force at the time. The Chaparral launch vehicle carried four such missiles on a rotating turret on top of an M113 hull, with an enlarged "cabin" at the front containing the fire control system. The unique turret was designed for fast 360-degree rotation as well as a maximum elevation of 90 degrees, allowing the system to engage enemy aircraft quickly and easily.
In 1973, Egypt and Syria performed a surprise attack on Israel (known as the Yom Kippur War) using masses of advanced Soviet weaponry supplied to them in the years since the 1967 Six-Day War. Aerial attacks by MiGs and Soviet helicopters in particular proved very difficult to stop with Israel's small air force and aging short-range AA weaponry. Richard Nixon's administration, fearing a demonstration of Soviet superiority in the Middle East, decided to supply Israel with an aerial train full of American-made weapons, combat vehicles and munitions. As part of one such shipment, Israel received its first two M48 Chaparrals as well as urgent training for a handful of crews.
The two vehicles arrived almost at the very end of the war. Reports indicate that they were made ready just in time to be deployed in the Sinai peninsula, assisting an MIM-23 Hawk battery in hunting for Egyptian helicopters on the eastern side of the Suez Canal in the days immediately following the war. Though the Hawks shot down many enemy helicopters, no Chaparral kills were reported during that particular operation. A much larger number of Chaparrals were purchased, with the first battery becoming operational only a few weeks after the Yom Kippur War. The Chaparral made its first and only kill in world history in 1974, when an Israeli operator shot down a low-flying Syrian MiG-17 attacking Israeli ground forces in the Golan Heights.
In the Israeli Defense Force (IDF), the Chaparral received the codename Drakon (Dragon), though they kept the purchase a secret for several years after its introduction. The Israeli Air Defense Array was apparently impressed by the vehicle's performance, as it continued to purchase various M48 Chaparral models for the next 25 years, in large quantities. The last purchase was completed in 1999, when Israel received at least several dozen M48 "Improved Chaparral" vehicles from US Army surplus. Reportedly, these systems all came from "block 6" of production, likely equipped with MIM-72G missiles. Though the launch vehicles were essentially identical to the original M113s used in early M48s, the Improved Chaparral's missiles featured several advancements to match the developing lethality of the Sidewinder over the years: all-aspect targeting, a heavier fragmentation-type warhead, a better guidance and tracking system, and an improved ability to ignore enemy countermeasures.
These new Chaparral vehicles would only serve in the IDF for another 4 years after their introduction, after which the entire Chaparral array was finally retired from service in 2003. Today, The IDF relies exclusively on Stinger MANPADS (infantry-operated) for short-range surface-to-air interception.
Excellent additions to the article would be video guides, screenshots from the game, and photos.
Links to the articles on the War Thunder Wiki that you think will be useful for the reader, for example:
- reference to the series of the vehicles;
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|Israel anti-aircraft vehicles|
|M163 derivatives||Hovet · Machbet · Imp.Chaparral|
|Captured||ZSU-57-2 · ZSU-23-4|