Wellington Mk Ic/L
|This page is about the British bomber Wellington Mk Ic/L. For other versions, see Wellington (Family).|
- 1 Description
- 2 General info
- 3 Armaments
- 4 Usage in battles
- 5 History
- 6 Media
- 7 See also
- 8 External links
The Wellington Mk Ic /Late is a rank II British bomber with a battle rating of 2.7 (AB/RB) and 3.0 (SB). It has been in the game since the start of the Open Beta Test prior to Update 1.27.
|Characteristics|| Max Speed
(km/h at 4,572 m)
| Max altitude
| Turn time
| Rate of climb
| Take-off run|
|Combat flaps||Take-off flaps||Landing flaps||Air brakes||Arrestor gear|
|Wings (km/h)||Gear (km/h)||Flaps (km/h)||Max Static G|
|Optimal velocities (km/h)|
|< 275||< 275||< 310||> 320|
Survivability and armour
The Wellington Mk Ic has no armour protection. The fuel tanks, oil coolers, and engines are all located in the wings. The crew are spread throughout the fuselage. Due to the lack of armour the crew, especially the gunners, are very vulnerable. This could lead to enemy fighters quickly disabling your gunners and leaving you defenseless.
- No armour protection
- Self-sealing fuel tanks
Modifications and economy
The default bomb load is a meagre 10 x 250 lb (117 kg) so upgrading to 18 x 250 or 9 x 500 pounders (500 lb (226 kg)) should be task number one. In order: unlock the Turret 7 mm ammo first, then the TC mk.I (torpedo) rack, and then the LBC mk.I. Unlocking the 7 mm ammo gives access to the Universal AP-I belt as one works up to the bomb racks for 18 x 250 lb or 9 x 500 lb. After that, you can pursue your choice of upgrades.
Upgrades to the turret should also be considered. The different belts do not have a considerable effect, but the upgraded turrets allow for a longer rate of fire. Very important for the small rifle calibre machine guns.
However, speed and climb rate is also a necessity and the unlocks help the sluggish Wellington a lot. The decision should depend on the pilots flying style. When rushing in better armament will help in the retreat, but the better performance will aid even more to get to friendly zones.
The sneaky approach, on the other hand, relies less on speed, but on surviving the random combat encounters. Turret upgrades are the way to go for this playstyle.
The Wellington Mk Ic/L can be outfitted with the following ordnance:
- 10 x 250 lb G.P. Mk.IV bombs (2,500 lb total)
- 18 x 250 lb G.P. Mk.IV bombs (4,500 lb total)
- 9 x 500 lb G.P. Mk.IV bombs (4,500 lb total)
- 2 x 1,000 lb G.P. Mk.I bombs + 6 x 250 lb G.P. Mk.IV bombs (3,500 lb total)
- 2 x 18 inch Mark XII torpedoes
- 1 x H.C. 4,000 lb Mk.II bomb (4,000 lb total)
The Wellington Mk Ic/L is defended by:
- 2 x 7.7 mm Browning machine guns, nose turret (1,200 rpg = 2,400 total)
- 2 x 7.7 mm Browning machine guns, rear turret (2,000 rpg = 4,000 total)
- 1 x 7.7 mm Browning machine gun, 2 x side turrets (600 rpg)
Usage in battles
As with all bombers, crew training with at least "Expert Qualification" is important for profitable missions.
Both the UK Wellington and German Mk I's ("Jelly Welly") are identical, the only difference being the UK Mk.1c/Late model has its side turrets slightly behind the wings instead of above them.
In AB the winning tactic is to climb high and do base bombing with 500's "from orbit"; it helps to have escorts.
In RB you start in the air so you have the advantage to trade altitude for airspeed, bomb ground targets, and retreat before ground starting enemy fighters arrive, however, be close to friendlies so they can intercept chasers.
If you are attacking a Wellington, focus on its engines, they are relatively easy to set on fire. While you should not worry too much about the turrets, do not hang around either, as any connection could be dangerous.
Manual Engine Control
|Not controllable|| Controllable
Not auto controlled
| Not controllable
Not auto controlled
Not auto controlled
Pros and cons
- Excellent payload
- Versatile payload options
- Defensive turrets are easy to take out
- Defensive armament is poor
- Slow speed
Developed from the British Air Ministry's Specification B.9/32 in 1932, which called for a long range, twin-engine bomber capable of a range of 720 miles with a payload of 1,000 lbs, Vickers returned to the Ministry with a proposal for an aircraft with four times the range and bombload of the specification. Unsurprisingly, the Ministry ordered a prototype, designated the Vickers Type 271, which took off on its maiden flight on June 15, 1936 with Vickers Chief Test Pilot Joseph "Mutt" Summers at the controls. The aircraft, a mid-wing monoplane fitted with Bristol's Pegasus X engines outputting 915 HP each which drove a three-bladed, variable pitch propeller.
Unfortunately, the prototype crashed on April 19, 1937 after structural failure, throwing the pilot to safety who then deployed his parachute, but the radio operator wouldn't share the same luck. With trials nearly completed at the time, and the aircraft proving more than impressive, the Ministry removed another requirement, Specification B.29/36 to cover a production version as well as an initial order of aircraft. The name of the aircraft, Wellington, derived from the RAF's bomber tradition of naming the aircraft after towns, as well as echoing the 1st Duke of Wellington, who defeated Napoleon.
The Mk.Ic was the second most produced variant of the Wellington, at 2,685 air-frames built between 1940 and 1942, and while virtually identical to the Mk.Ia, featured the removal of the ventral turret and replaced them with two machine gun positions firing from the sides. Another variation, a later modification of the Mk.Ic by factory and field, included extra metal plating replacing windows for added protection. Initially, Vickers "K" machine guns were used, located in front of the wings, but the majority of Mk.Ic aircraft carried a pair of Browning .303 machine guns located further back on the fuselage. While also featuring improved hydraulics and electrical systems, the aircraft was also the first version of the Wellington to feature Lorenz Blind Landing Equipment. Production of the Mk.Ic proceeded into Autumn 1942, with an entrance into service in April 1940 as a night time bomber as daylight bombing had been ceased at that point.
In May 1940, the Vickers Wellington bomber was included in the list of aircraft declared a high priority by Great Britain's Ministry of Aircraft Production. The Wellington was built around Barnes Wallis' geodetic structure concept, maximising airframe strength for minimum weight. Powered by two Bristol Pegasus engines, the Wellington was first test flown in May 1936 and entered service with RAF Bomber Command in 1938. Full-scale production of the Mk.IC (Type 415) model started in April 1940; the most numerous of the Mk.Is, the Mk.IC differed from previous variants by replacing the ventral turret with guns fitted to the aircraft's beams. In place of the Frazer-Nash FN-25 turret, the Mk.IC featured two side blisters consisting of 0.303 inch Vickers Class K machine guns with 483 rounds each (7 flat pan magazines, standard capacity). The Mk.IC bombers of later series were fitted with Colt-Browning Mk.II .303 inch belt-fed machine guns with 600 rounds each. The standard bomb capacity was 4,500 lbs (2,041 kg); this was normally made up of nine 500-lb (227-kg) bombs or two 2,000-lb (907-kg) bombs. A special model, the Type 423, was based on the Wellington Mk.IC; it was able to deliver one 4,000-lb (1,816-kg) extra-heavy Cookie Mk.I or Mk.II bomb to the target. To accomplish this, the central bomb bay doors were removed and the bomb bay itself was modified. The defensive armament remained the same.
On the night of July 7th 1941, Sgt James Ward became the only Wellington crewman to win a Victoria Cross when his Mk.IC was hit by a German night fighter and its starboard engine set on fire. With a rope attached to him, Ward crawled out onto the wing and tearing holes in the aircraft's fabric for hand holds, reached the fire to extinguish it.
The Wellington served not only as a bomber, it was also modified for use in the maritime role for RAF Coastal Command. In January 1941, the Mk.IC began to be used as an anti-submarine patrol aircraft, although no design changes were made. In December 1941, the first torpedo bomber conversions were made.
The Wellington Mk.IC (TB) torpedo bomber was identical to the Mk.IC in terms of its engines and defensive armament but could carry up to two Mk.XII torpedoes.
The first special anti-submarine model designed for the RAF Coastal Command was the Type 428 Wellington GR Mk.VIII (TB). Its structure had the airframe of the later Mk.IC series. The GR Mk.VIII (TB) reconnaissance/torpedo bomber began production in the spring of 1942 in three versions: one version with radar, one version with a retractable searchlight (in place of a nose turret), and the last variant developed as a long range reconnaissance aircraft with extra fuel tanks installed in the bomb bay. All three, starting with the 66th production aircraft, were equipped with the same torpedo mount as the Mk.IC (TB) model.
The Wellington torpedo bombers were used for the first time in the Mediterranean Sea at the end of December 1941; anti-submarine models began to patrol the North Sea in May 1942. The first German submarine destroyed by these aircraft was sunk on July 6, 1942.
2,547 Mk.IC aircraft were produced, including 138 Mk.IC (TB) torpedo bombers and 271 GR Mk.VIII (TB) torpedo bombers.
Links to the articles on the War Thunder Wiki that you think will be useful for the reader, for example:
- reference to the series of the aircraft;
- links to approximate analogues of other nations and research trees.
Paste links to sources and external resources, such as:
- topic on the official game forum;
- encyclopedia page on the aircraft;
- other literature.
|Vickers-Armstrongs Aircraft Limited|
|Bombers||Wellington Mk Ic · Wellington Mk Ic/L · Wellington Mk III · · Wellington Mk X|
|Captured||▀Wellington Mk Ic|
|Torpedo||Swordfish Mk I · Swordfish Mk II · ▄Avenger Mk II|
|Hydroplanes||▄Catalina Mk IIIa · Sunderland Mk IIIa · Sunderland Mk V|
|Light||Blenheim Mk IV · Beaufort Mk VIII · ▄Hudson Mk V · Brigand B 1|
|Based on A20||▄Havoc Mk I · ▄Boston Mk I · ▄DB-7|
|Hampden||Hampden Mk I · Hampden TB Mk I|
|Wellington||Wellington Mk Ic · Wellington Mk Ic/L · Wellington Mk III · Wellington Mk X|
|Halifax||Halifax B Mk IIIa|
|Stirling||Stirling B Mk I · Stirling B Mk III|
|Lancaster||Lancaster B Mk I · Lancaster B Mk III|
|Lincoln||Lincoln B Mk II|