The 40.M Turan I is a rank II Hungarian medium tank with a battle rating of 2.3 (AB/RB/SB) in the Italian research tree. It was introduced in Update "Sons of Attila" as part of the Hungarian branch of the Italian tech tree.
The Turán I was a Hungarian medium tank of World War II. Due to being forbidden from developing tanks after World War I, Hungary was still new to developing their own medium tanks from scratch. Therefore, the Turán I was originally based on the Czechoslovak Škoda T-21 medium tank prototype, which the Hungarians first developed into the T-22 design, before accepting the T-22 into service as the Turán I. The Turán I featured a redesigned turret, hull, and suspension, as well as a Hungarian 40 mm cannon and Hungarian 8 mm machine guns, increased armour protection, smoke grenades, and other changes. The Turán II and Turán III Hungarian medium tanks were developed from the Turán I. The Turán I became the backbone of Hungary's tank forces early in WW2, serving on the Eastern Front alongside the Toldi series light tanks and later the Zrinyi series tank destroyers, as well as some German-supplied tanks.
Survivability and armour
Describe armour protection. Note the most well protected and key weak areas. Appreciate the layout of modules as well as the number and location of crew members. Is the level of armour protection sufficient, is the placement of modules helpful for survival in combat? If necessary use a visual template to indicate the most secure and weak zones of the armour.
|Armour||Front (Slope angle)||Sides||Rear||Roof|
|Hull||___ mm|| ___ mm Top
___ mm Bottom
|___ mm||___ - ___ mm|
|Turret|| ___ - ___ mm Turret front
___ mm Gun mantlet
|___ - ___ mm||___ - ___ mm||___ - ___ mm|
|Cupola||___ mm||___ mm||___ mm||___ mm|
|Game Mode||Max Speed (km/h)||Weight (tons)||Engine power (horsepower)||Power-to-weight ratio (hp/ton)|
Modifications and economy
|40 mm MAVAG 41.M 40/51||Turret rotation speed (°/s)||Reloading rate (seconds)|
|Ammunition|| Type of
|Penetration @ 0° Angle of Attack (mm)|
|10 m||100 m||500 m||1,000 m||1,500 m||2,000 m|
|Ammunition|| Type of
| Fuse delay
| Fuse sensitivity
| Explosive mass
(TNT equivalent) (g)
|101||89 (+12)||77 (+24)||65 (+36)||53 (+48)||41 (+60)||29 (+72)||17 (+84)||1 (+100)||No|
- Racks 1 and 2 are modeled in groups of three shells. All others are modeled in groups of two shells.
- Turret empty: 41 (+60) shells.
|8 mm 34/40M|
|Mount||Capacity (Belt)||Fire rate||Vertical||Horizontal|
Usage in battles
The main advantages of the 40.M Turan I are its fast reload speed and wonderful gearbox allowing it to reach the same speed forwards and backwards.
This allows you to turn your tank around and drive backwards, effectively protecting your hull crew by having the entire engine and transmission take incoming fire instead of your crew. Moving backwards, your engine will absorb all shots to the hull. Keep in mind however, that the turret armour is not great, and shots penetrating it can still kill all the crew inside.
With the reload speed being at around 3 seconds, it is advised to use APBC (once unlocked) instead of APHEBC, since it has more penetration and the reload speed allows you to quickly finish an opponent that could have survived the first shot.
Pros and cons
- Fast firing gun
- Good mobility
- Reverse gearbox allows it to retreat from danger quickly, or to reposition itself conveniently
- Shoulder stabiliser gives it a fair advantage when shooting on the move and in close-quarters combat
- 50 mm frontal armour is sturdy against tanks using small caliber rounds (e.g. M3/M5 Stuart)
- -10° gun depression makes combat in mountainous terrain easy
- 5 crew members and spaced-out ammo racks mean higher survivability
- Has smoke grenades
- Spaced armour side skirts protect the tank from HEAT and HE (to an extent)
- Angling the hull makes some spots no longer angled, making them into weakspots
- Armour is average and can be defeated by tanks with good penetration
- Somewhat low power-to-weight ratio of around 14 makes climbing hills a struggle
- 40 mm cannon performs poorly in ranged combat, as its penetration drops drastically
- Lacklustre turret traverse speed
Describe the history of the creation and combat usage of the vehicle in more detail than in the introduction. If the historical reference turns out to be too long, take it to a separate article, taking a link to the article about the vehicle and adding a block "/History" (example: https://wiki.warthunder.com/(Vehicle-name)/History) and add a link to it here using the
main template. Be sure to reference text and sources by using
<ref></ref>, as well as adding them at the end of the article with
<references />. This section may also include the vehicle's dev blog entry (if applicable) and the in-game encyclopedia description (under
=== In-game description ===, also if applicable).
Excellent additions to the article would be video guides, screenshots from the game, and photos.
Other Hungarian vehicles
Paste links to sources and external resources, such as:
- topic on the official game forum;
- other literature.
|Italy medium tanks|
|M13/40||M13/40 (I) · M13/40 (II) · M13/40 (III)|
|M14/41||M14/41 · M14/41 (47/40)|
|P26/40||P40 · P40 "G.C. Leoncello"|
|OF-40||OF-40 · OF-40 Mk.2A · OF-40 (MTCA)|
|Ariete||Ariete (P) · Ariete · Ariete PSO · Ariete AMV|
|Germany||▄Pz.III N · ▄Pz.IV G · ▄Leopard 1A5|
|Allied powers||▄M4 Hybrid · M4 Tipo IC · ▄Sherman Vc · ▄M4A4 · M26 "D.C.Ariete" · M26A1 · M47 (105/55) · M60A1 "D.C.Ariete"|
|Turán||Turan I · Turan II · Turan III|