Tu-2S-44 (China)

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VTOL | Rank 5 USA
AV-8A Harrier Pack
This page is about the Chinese bomber Tu-2S-44 (China). For other versions, see Tu-2 (Family).
␗Tu-2S-44
tu-2_postwar_china.png
GarageImage Tu-2S-44 (China).jpg
␗Tu-2S-44
Research:54 000 Specs-Card-Exp.png
Purchase:185 000 Specs-Card-Lion.png
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Description

The ␗Tu-2S-44 (known as 杜/图-2轰炸机 in PLAAF) represented the Tu-2S-44 delivered to PLAAF in 1950. These aircraft were delivered during the Korean War to boost PLAAF's capability for bombing runs as they were in dire for more bombers against future operations against Nationalist forces by coastal China; these bombers was first used in bombing runs against the United Nations Command in Korean War, destroying surveillance infrastructures of US Army in North Korea, then they served as the major contributor to the victories against Nationalist-occupied islands in Zhejiang and later used during riot-suppression operations in Southwestern China with some loses against insurgent's M2HB. These aircraft were eventually replaced by new aircraft in 1977.

Introduced in Update 1.91 "Night Vision". along with the Chinese air tech-tree, sharing most of the performance and payload to its Soviet counterpart; not only it has devastating payload for a frontline bomber, it also has sufficient forward-facing 20 mm autocannon and 12.7 mm self-defense HMG in case of incoming enemy aircraft. Although it is not designed to have dogfights with enemy aircraft, if used carefully against careless targets or unprotected ground targets, Tu-2 will still shine at its tier and possibly turning the table for teammates.

General info

Flight performance

Max speed
at 7 300 m547 km/h
Turn time30 s
Max altitude9 500 m
Engine2 х Shvetsov M-82FN
Type
Cooling systemAir
Take-off weight13 t

Built for speed in a level flight, the Chinese Tu-2S-44 performs reasonably well at low altitude (below 4000 m). The plane can reach its top speed of 547 km/h relatively quickly in a shallow dive, and even capable of reaching 720 km/h in a steep dive. At an altitude above 4000 m, the Tu-2 engine's WEP will stop working, resulting into deteriorating flight performance, as such, it is best used the plane in its intended role; as a fast bomber or even dive bomber when needed.

Due to its high wing and dual tail design, the Tu-2 will often struggle to maintains its energy when its nose were leveled, and that an extra lift will often gets in the way while the plane tries to roll and turn, thus significantly hampers its maneuverability. Though, at lower speed of around 300 - 450 km/h, the Tu-2 can be handled with relative ease, which will help you into lining up your 20 mm autocannons on ground targets.

Characteristics Max Speed
(km/h at 7,300 m)
Max altitude
(metres)
Turn time
(seconds)
Rate of climb
(metres/second)
Take-off run
(metres)
AB RB AB RB AB RB
Stock 522 504 9500 32.0 32.7 4.3 4.3 326
Upgraded 574 547 29.8 30.8 13.2 8.1

Details

Features
Combat flaps Take-off flaps Landing flaps Air brakes Arrestor gear
X X
Limits
Wings (km/h) Gear (km/h) Flaps (km/h) Max Static G
Combat Take-off Landing + -
900 390 437 380 310 ~8 ~4
Optimal velocities (km/h)
Ailerons Rudder Elevators Radiator
< 360 < 360 < 440 > 302

Survivability and armour

Crew4 people
Speed of destruction
Structural0 km/h
Gear390 km/h
  • 15 mm Steel - Pilot's seat
  • 15 mm Steel - Between pilot and front dorsal gunner
  • 6 mm Steel - On the front dorsal gunner's left hand side
  • 15 mm Steel - In front of the front dorsal gunner
  • 8 mm Steel - In front of the front dorsal gunner
  • 12 mm Steel - In front of the rear dorsal gunner
  • 15 mm Steel - In front of the rear dorsal gunner
  • 8 mm Steel - Below the ventral gunner
  • 12 mm Steel - In the tail
  • Self-sealing fuel tanks (5 in each wing, 2 in the fuselage)

Modifications and economy

Repair costBasic → Reference
AB2 530 → 3 220 Sl icon.png
RB7 246 → 9 224 Sl icon.png
SB14 186 → 18 058 Sl icon.png
Total cost of modifications46 700 Rp icon.png
84 800 Sl icon.png
Talisman cost1 500 Ge icon.png
Crew training52 000 Sl icon.png
Experts185 000 Sl icon.png
Aces940 Ge icon.png
Research Aces480 000 Rp icon.png
Reward for battleAB / RB / SB
100 / 200 / 510 % Sl icon.png
166 / 166 / 166 % Rp icon.png
Modifications
Flight performance Survivability Weaponry
Mods aerodinamic fuse.png
Fuselage repair
Research:
3 100 Rp icon.png
Cost:
5 600 Sl icon.png
200 Ge icon.png
Mods radiator.png
Radiator
Research:
3 100 Rp icon.png
Cost:
5 600 Sl icon.png
200 Ge icon.png
Mods armor frame.png
Airframe
Research:
2 600 Rp icon.png
Cost:
4 700 Sl icon.png
170 Ge icon.png
Mods compressor.png
Compressor
Research:
2 600 Rp icon.png
Cost:
4 700 Sl icon.png
170 Ge icon.png
Mods aerodinamic wing.png
Wings repair
Research:
3 900 Rp icon.png
Cost:
7 100 Sl icon.png
250 Ge icon.png
Mods new engine.png
Engine
Research:
3 900 Rp icon.png
Cost:
7 100 Sl icon.png
250 Ge icon.png
Mods armor cover.png
Cover
Research:
5 100 Rp icon.png
Cost:
9 300 Sl icon.png
330 Ge icon.png
Mods metanol.png
Engine injection
Research:
5 100 Rp icon.png
Cost:
9 300 Sl icon.png
330 Ge icon.png
Mods ammo.png
ub_turret_belt_pack
Research:
3 100 Rp icon.png
Cost:
5 600 Sl icon.png
200 Ge icon.png
Mod arrow 0.png
Mods turret gun.png
ub_turret_new_gun
Research:
2 600 Rp icon.png
Cost:
4 700 Sl icon.png
170 Ge icon.png
Mods pilon bomb.png
PKD-2
Research:
2 600 Rp icon.png
Cost:
4 700 Sl icon.png
170 Ge icon.png
Mods ammo.png
shvak_belt_pack
Research:
3 900 Rp icon.png
Cost:
7 100 Sl icon.png
250 Ge icon.png
Mod arrow 0.png
Mods weapon.png
shvak_new_gun
Research:
5 100 Rp icon.png
Cost:
9 300 Sl icon.png
330 Ge icon.png

Armaments

Offensive armament

Main article: ShVAK (20 mm)

The Tu-2S-44 (China) is armed with:

  • 2 x 20 mm ShVAK cannons, wing-mounted (150 rpg = 300 total)

The Tu-2's powerful offensive armament of two 20 mm ShVAK cannons sets it apart from other bombers , most of which lack any offensive armament at all. Although not having amazing penetration the cannons are still useful against AI ground target in air battles, and some of the more lightly armoured vehicles in ground battles. The cannons also allow you to use your air spawn to engage enemy bombers, and can even be used again enemy fighters at opportune moments. The cannons mounting at the base of the wings means that convergence is not too bad of a problem, and the amount of ammo is fairly decent as well.

Suspended armament

The Tu-2S-44 (China) can be outfitted with the following ordnance:

1 2 3
Hardpoints Tu-2.png
100 kg FAB-100M-43 bombs 9
250 kg FAB-250M-44 bombs 1 2, 4 1
250 kg BRAB-250 bombs 1 2, 4 1
500 kg FAB-500M-44 bombs 1 1 1
500 kg BRAB-500 bombs 1 1 1
1,000 kg FAB-1000M-44 bombs 1 1 1
1,000 kg BRAB-1000 bombs 1 1 1
Default weapon presets
  • Without load
  • 9 x 100 kg FAB-100M-43 bombs (900 kg total)
  • 4 x 250 kg FAB-250M-44 bombs (1,000 kg total)
  • 6 x 250 kg FAB-250M-44 bombs (1,500 kg total)
  • 6 x 250 kg BRAB-250 bombs (1,500 kg total)
  • 1 x 500 kg FAB-500M-44 bomb (500 kg total)
  • 2 x 500 kg FAB-500M-44 bombs (1,000 kg total)
  • 3 x 500 kg FAB-500M-44 bombs (1,500 kg total)
  • 3 x 500 kg BRAB-500 bombs (1,500 kg total)
  • 1 x 1,000 kg FAB-1000M-44 bomb (1,000 kg total)
  • 2 x 1,000 kg FAB-1000M-44 bombs (2,000 kg total)
  • 3 x 1,000 kg FAB-1000M-44 bombs (3,000 kg total)
  • 3 x 1,000 kg BRAB-1000 bombs (3,000 kg total)

The ␗Tu-2S-44 has the same bombload options as its counterpart in the Soviet tech tree, the Tu-2S-44. At 2,000 kg the maximum bomb load is fairly good for a light bomber, but nothing special compared to most bombers around this BR. If you are trying to kill ground targets then the 4 x 500 kg bombs loadout gives the best balance of lethality and number of bombs. Bombs can be dropped individually, making the load very effective.

Defensive armament

Main article: Berezin UB (12.7 mm)

The Tu-2S-44 (China) is defended by:

  • 1 x 12.7 mm Berezin UB machine gun, front dorsal turret (190 rpg)
  • 1 x 12.7 mm Berezin UB machine gun, rear dorsal turret (250 rpg)
  • 1 x 12.7 mm Berezin UB machine gun, rear ventral turret (350 rpg)

The defensive armament of the Tu-2S-44 is among the worst it this battle rating, consisting only of three 12.7 mm machine guns. In addition the front dorsal turret and ventral turret have fairly narrow firing arcs; and none of the guns have a particularly impressive ammo pool. They can be useful in some situations, but you should generally not rely on the defensive guns for your survival.

Usage in battles

Once spawned (~3,500 m), locate what ground targets to engage. It is suggested to engage the targets farthest from the enemy's airfield in order to avoid detection. Attack pillboxes (light or heavy, it doesn't matter with 500 kg bombs) as these don't move. Only engage the AI tanks if there are no pillboxes, and if engaging the tanks, judge the speed of the tank column, and release the bombs, making sure to lead where the tanks will be as the bombs fall, not where they are in that moment.

When bombing anything, note that the center of the reticle should be aimed below the target by about a centimetre (looking at the screen). This will allow the bombs maximum precision. Remember to open the bomb bay doors before attempting to drop the bombs. Once the payload has dropped, begin attacking artillery and AAA guns with the 20 mm cannons. Fire in short bursts to conserve ammo, as the more of these light targets are destroyed, the better. Never attack light pillboxes with the frontal cannons! The ammo spent attempting to destroy these (~200 rounds) isn't worth it! Always attack lighter targets, or if the situation presents itself, enemy aircraft. Once the bombs and cannon ammo are exhausted, then high-tail it back to the airfield. Fully upgraded, the Tu-2S can maintain ~450 km/h on the deck, no problem. Be careful upon landing, as the plane tends to stall at ~175 km/h. Rearm, and repeat!

Specific enemies worth noting

Late War Props (Spitfire F Mk 24, Fw 190 D-13, F8F-1B, etc.):

These are constant opponents at the battle rating, so they should never be ignored. If possible, run back to base and don't commit to a head-on with props, as they have a little more time to aim their shots and steady their plane. Rely mostly on the defensive turrets if needed.

Player-Controlled Flak (Kugelblitz, Crusader AA Mk II, etc.):

These are the bane of bombers (especially medium-sized ones such as the Tu-2S-44). When the tracers fly, don't risk a dive. Circle around or find some unsuspecting flanker that is outside the cover of these AAA guns. If you are feeling lucky, there is the possibility to use the bomb sight while diving on an alerted SPAA to take them out to make the tasks of your fellow aviators easier.

Manual Engine Control

MEC elements
Mixer Pitch Radiator Supercharger Turbocharger
Oil Water Type
Controllable Controllable
Not auto controlled
Controllable
Auto control available
Controllable
Auto control available
Separate Controllable
2 gears
Not controllable

Pros and cons

Pros:

  • Generally fast and relatively agile at low-to-medium altitude
  • High wing rip speed (over 700 km/h), allowing it to perform dive bombing with ease
  • Large payload size and option to choose from
  • Has two offensive 20 mm autocannons to attack ground targets and other aircrafts
  • Tough airframe allows the plane to take a considerable damage before going down
  • Pressurized gas system allows the plane to endure a lot of fire damage
  • Great all-round visibility for a bomber/attacker, even has a downward window in the nose, allowing you to scan target area

Cons:

  • Very poor energy retention, any quick maneuver will bleeds a lot of airspeed away
  • Terrible roll rate, especially at higher speeds
  • High stall speed (175 km/h, more of a pain when taking off/landing)
  • Performance starts to degrade with altitude
  • Only one pilot who is unprotected by armour from the front, head-ons are not advised
  • Relatively small defensive armament with restrictive coverage
  • While gunsight is well above the cockpit, it is still obstructed by the sight itself, limiting downward visibility in a lead

History

The Tupolev Tu-2 has already proved its capability against German forces and contributed a lot for the Eastern Front; while the WWII has ended, Tu-2 waited for another chance to shine, this time on the hands of PLAAF who were in need for a frontline bomber to handle Nationalist forces on coastal islands.

The PLAAF got their hands on 29 Tu-2 in 1950, they were first seen during the battle of Taehwa-do Island (大和島/대화도) off-coast of northeastern Yellow Sea; this island, with just around 5 km² in size was in fact a forward intelligence base for the United Nation forces with radars and 1,200 personnels on it. It was planned that PVAF would assault the island, supporting the landing forces in November; earlier in the month, Tu-2s bombed the island with 95% accuracy over the targets; but on the 30th November, due to the lack of escorting jet fighters, these 9 Tu-2 were only accompanied by 16 La-11 and they have to face 30 F-86 Sabres from USAF, this caused the distraction of bombers and 4 Tu-2 were loss during the battle.

While they saw some losses during the Korean War, in January 1955, Tu-2 along with IL-10, were saw during the very first tri-service landing operation of PLA- the battle of Yijiangshan Island (一江山岛) off the coast of Zhejiang, forcing the Nationalist forces to retreat from Dachen Island (大陈岛) and marking the total loss of Zhejiang, leaving only Matsu and Kinmen of Fujian the remaining Nationalist-controlled area off-coast of Mainland China. Tu-2 were then saw in riot-suppression operations at southwestern China on the Tibetan Plateau, soon PLAAF realized that Tu-2 was not enough to handle the CIA-supplied rebels with M2HBs via air-drop and eventually have to deploy Tu-4 as a gunship, replacing Tu-2 for supporting the PLAGF with those 10 x 23 mm autocannons on-board.[1]

These Tu-2 were eventually decommissioned in 1982 and marked the end of propeller-driven frontline bombers in PLAAF service.

Media

Skins

See also

Links to the articles on the War Thunder Wiki that you think will be useful for the reader, for example:

  • reference to the series of the aircraft;
  • links to approximate analogues of other nations and research trees.

External links

References


Tupolev Design Bureau (Ту́полев Опытное конструкторское бюро)
Bombers  TB-3M-17-32 · SB 2M-100 · SB 2M-103 MV-3 · SB 2M-103 · SB 2M-103U · SB 2M-103U MV-3 · SB 2M-105
  Tu-2 · Tu-2S · Tu-2S-44 · Tu-2S-59 · Tu-4
Arkhangelsky Bomber  Ar-2*
Strike Aircraft  Tu-1
Jet Bomber  Tu-14T
Export  ␗SB 2M-103U · ␗Tu-2S-44 · ␗Tu-4
  * While Andrei Tupolev was imprisoned, Alexander Arkhangelsky, second in command at Tupolev OKB was able to append his name to the final production series of the SB bomber.

China bombers
American  Martin 139WC*(␗B-10B) · ␗A-29 · ␗B-25J-30 · ␗PB4Y-2
German  ␗Hs 123 A-1
Soviet  ␗SB 2M-103U · ␗DB-3A · ␗Tu-2S-44 · ␗Tu-4
Japanese  ␗P1Y1 mod. 11
  *Export Name