MiG-21MF (Germany)

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VTOL | Rank 5 USA
AV-8A Harrier Pack
This page is about the German jet fighter MiG-21MF (Germany). For other versions, see MiG-21 (Family).
▀MiG-21MF
mig-21_mf.png
GarageImage MiG-21MF (Germany).jpg
MiG-21MF WebsiteImage 1.jpg
▀MiG-21MF
AB RB SB
10.7 10.7 10.7
Research:390 000 Specs-Card-Exp.png
Purchase:1 010 000 Specs-Card-Lion.png
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Description

The ▀MiG-21MF is a rank VI German jet fighter with a battle rating of 10.7 (AB/RB/SB). It was introduced in Update 1.95 "Northern Wind".

It is a single-engine delta-wing supersonic interceptor with conventional tail and fully-moving elevators. As of Update "Hot Tracks", it is the only German plane able to carry air-to-air missiles better than AIM-9B/R-3, the only plane with ballistic computer, and the only plane above BR 10.0.

General info

Flight performance

Air brakes
Allows you to dramatically reduce the flight speed by releasing special flaps
Drogue parachute
Reduces braking distance when landing on any runway
Max speed
at 13 000 m2 240 km/h
Turn time33 s
Max altitude16 000 m
EngineTumansky R-13-300
TypeJet
Cooling systemAir
Take-off weight10 t

The ▀MiG-21MF has mediocre flight performance in every aspect among top rank jets. It will get out-accelerated by British Phantoms or MiG-21 bis, outturned by Draken or Mirage, and out-sped by 2nd gen US Phantoms (F-4E/EJ), Starfighters or MiG-21 bis. The delta wing provides great angle-of-attack (AoA) while turning but it also mean the plane loses huge amount of speed doing so. This means that staying behind enemy in 1 vs. 1 is fairly simple, but when there are multiple bandits one might loose all their speed and become an easy missile target if turning too much.

Characteristics Max Speed
(km/h at 13,000 m)
Max altitude
(metres)
Turn time
(seconds)
Rate of climb
(metres/second)
Take-off run
(metres)
AB RB AB RB AB RB
Stock 2,196 2,178 16000 34.0 35.1 139.6 131.0 750
Upgraded 2,295 2,240 32.3 33.0 192.8 165.0

Details

Features
Combat flaps Take-off flaps Landing flaps Air brakes Arrestor gear Drogue chute
X X
Limits
Wings (km/h) Gear (km/h) Flaps (km/h) Max Static G
Combat Take-off Landing + -
1365 700 N/A 524 450 ~12 ~6
Optimal velocities (km/h)
Ailerons Rudder Elevators Radiator
< 650 < 600 < 950 N/A

Engine performance

Engine Aircraft mass
Engine name Number Empty mass Wing loading (full fuel)
Tumansky R-13-300 1 5,860 kg 355 kg/m2
Engine characteristics Mass with fuel (no weapons load) Max Takeoff
Weight
Weight (each) Type 8m fuel 20m fuel 29m fuel
1,135 kg Afterburning axial-flow turbojet 6,505 kg 7,455 kg 8,168 kg 9,900 kg
Maximum engine thrust @ 0 m (RB / SB) Thrust to weight ratio @ 0 m (WEP)
Condition 100% WEP 8m fuel 20m fuel 29m fuel MTOW
Stationary 3,825 kgf 6,483 kgf 1.00 0.87 0.79 0.65
Optimal 3,825 kgf
(0 kph)
6,977 kgf
(1,200 kph)
1.07 0.94 0.85 0.70

Survivability and armour

Crew1 person
Speed of destruction
Structural1 365 km/h
Gear700 km/h

The MiG-21MF lacks armor plating. It also has one engine unlike some other planes. This means that the survivability is very low, even among jets. Getting hit is something that should be avoided at all cost, because should the plane survive it, even small wing damage will force the pilot to return to base. The plane lacks radar warning receiver (RWR), which is a notable downside compared to the Soviet MiG 21 SMT.

Modifications and economy

Repair costBasic → Reference
AB2 520 → 3 376 Sl icon.png
RB9 190 → 12 314 Sl icon.png
SB23 000 → 30 819 Sl icon.png
Total cost of modifications495 000 Rp icon.png
873 000 Sl icon.png
Talisman cost2 700 Ge icon.png
Crew training290 000 Sl icon.png
Experts1 010 000 Sl icon.png
Aces2 600 Ge icon.png
Research Aces1 010 000 Rp icon.png
Reward for battleAB / RB / SB
100 / 200 / 450 % Sl icon.png
226 / 226 / 226 % Rp icon.png
Modifications
Flight performance Survivability Weaponry
Mods aerodinamic fuse.png
Fuselage repair
Research:
25 000 Rp icon.png
Cost:
44 000 Sl icon.png
350 Ge icon.png
Mods jet compressor.png
Compressor
Research:
25 000 Rp icon.png
Cost:
44 000 Sl icon.png
350 Ge icon.png
Mods booster.png
New boosters
Research:
28 000 Rp icon.png
Cost:
49 000 Sl icon.png
390 Ge icon.png
Mods aerodinamic wing.png
Wings repair
Research:
41 000 Rp icon.png
Cost:
72 000 Sl icon.png
570 Ge icon.png
Mods g suit.png
G-suit
Research:
32 000 Rp icon.png
Cost:
57 000 Sl icon.png
440 Ge icon.png
Mods jet engine.png
Engine
Research:
32 000 Rp icon.png
Cost:
57 000 Sl icon.png
440 Ge icon.png
Mods armor frame.png
Airframe
Research:
28 000 Rp icon.png
Cost:
49 000 Sl icon.png
390 Ge icon.png
Mods armor cover.png
Cover
Research:
32 000 Rp icon.png
Cost:
57 000 Sl icon.png
440 Ge icon.png
Mods ammo.png
ns23_belt_pack
Research:
25 000 Rp icon.png
Cost:
44 000 Sl icon.png
350 Ge icon.png
Mod arrow 1.png
Mods pilon bomb.png
FAB-250
Research:
25 000 Rp icon.png
Cost:
44 000 Sl icon.png
350 Ge icon.png
Mod arrow 0.png
Mods pilon rocket.png
UB-16
Research:
28 000 Rp icon.png
Cost:
49 000 Sl icon.png
390 Ge icon.png
Mod arrow 0.png
Mods air to air missile.png
R-3S
Research:
28 000 Rp icon.png
Cost:
49 000 Sl icon.png
390 Ge icon.png
Mod arrow 1.png
Mods weapon.png
ns23_new_gun
Research:
41 000 Rp icon.png
Cost:
72 000 Sl icon.png
570 Ge icon.png
Mods pilon rocket.png
UB-32
Research:
41 000 Rp icon.png
Cost:
72 000 Sl icon.png
570 Ge icon.png
Mod arrow 0.png
Mods pilon rocket.png
C-24
Research:
32 000 Rp icon.png
Cost:
57 000 Sl icon.png
440 Ge icon.png
Mods air to air missile.png
R-60
Research:
32 000 Rp icon.png
Cost:
57 000 Sl icon.png
440 Ge icon.png

Your main priority is to get to the R-60s as soon as possible, this will require you to unlock two tier III modifications. Unless you particularly want to research the ground attack ordinance you will be wanting to unlock "Wings repair" and "New 23 mm cannons" at tier III. Therefore you should research "Offensive 23 mm belts" as your first modification at tier I. This will then unlock tier II modifications where you can research "R-3S" and your choice of "New boosters" or "Airframe" (up to you in which order you unlock these), it may be appealing to unlock missiles first to help with the grind but you should keep in mind that the R-3S missiles are slightly worse than the AIM-9B and can only be fired when pulling less than 2G, which means they cannot be fired in even a gentle turn or climb. Once tier III modifications are accessible, you can unlock "Wings repair" and "New 23 mm cannons" in whichever order you want and then go for the R-60s. Once the R-60s are available you can unlock the remaining modifications in whatever order you see fit, however it is highly recommended to go for G-suit and engine upgrades first.

Armaments

Ballistic Computer
CCIP (Guns) CCIP (Rockets) CCIP (Bombs) CCRP (Bombs)
Icon GreenCheckmark.png Icon GreenCheckmark.png Icon RedXCross.png Icon RedXCross.png

Offensive armament

Ammunition200 rounds
Fire rate3 396 shots/min
Main article: GSh-23L (23 mm)

The MiG-21MF (Germany) is armed with:

  • 1 x 23 mm GSh-23L cannon, belly-mounted (200 rpg)

Suspended armament

Number of setups12
List of setups
Setup 164 x S-5K rockets
Setup 232 x S-5K rockets
64 x S-5K rockets
Setup 34 x S-24 rockets
Setup 44 x R-3S air-to-air missiles
Setup 54 x R-60 air-to-air missiles
Setup 62 x R-3S air-to-air missiles
64 x S-5K rockets
Setup 72 x R-60 air-to-air missiles
64 x S-5K rockets
Setup 82 x R-3S air-to-air missiles
2 x S-24 rockets
Setup 92 x R-60 air-to-air missiles
2 x S-24 rockets
Setup 104 x 250 kg OFAB-250sv bomb
Setup 112 x R-3S air-to-air missiles
2 x 250 kg OFAB-250sv bomb
Setup 122 x R-60 air-to-air missiles
2 x 250 kg OFAB-250sv bomb

The MiG-21MF (Germany) can be outfitted with the following ordnance:

  • Without load
  • 64 x S-5K rockets
  • 96 x S-5K rockets
  • 4 x S-24 rockets
  • 4 x R-3S missiles
  • 4 x R-60 missiles
  • 64 x S-5K rockets + 2 x R-3S missiles
  • 64 x S-5K rockets + 2 x R-60 missiles
  • 2 x S-24 rockets + 2 x R-3S missiles
  • 2 x S-24 rockets + 2 x R-60 missiles
  • 4 x 250 kg OFAB-250sv bombs (1,000 kg total)
  • 2 x 250 kg OFAB-250sv bombs + 2 x R-3S missiles (500 kg total)
  • 2 x 250 kg OFAB-250sv bombs + 2 x R-60 missiles (500 kg total)

The ▀MiG-21MF has access to ballistic computer for the guns and rockets.

Usage in battles

While the ▀MiG-21MF itself is a pretty mediocre fighter, it has access to 4 deadly R-60 missiles. These missiles work the best when enemy is slow, so the recommended tactic is to wait a bit before engaging into the battle.

Due to the immense speed bleed in turns, it is strongly recommended to keep the speed high near enemies, unless one really wants to closely meet AIM-9J. Dropping below 800 km/h makes it really hard to dodge this missile. When an enemy is spotted, it is recommended to turn roughly into their direction, so when they engage, they'll have to make a 180° turn, which will give time for MiG pilot to disengage without risking getting hit by a missile.

Engaging in 1 v 1 situation can sometimes be done, but unless a faster opponent forces it (which happens rarely, as faster opponents turn worse than the MiG) it is only recommended if there are no other enemies nearby. However, do never turn-fight with Draken or Mirage. A good tactic for defensive dogfights is trying to make enemy overshoot, especially against Phantoms. Keep in mind however that you can outrun F-4C.

Final thing to note is that because the plane has no RWR nor radar-guided missiles, it is strongly recommended to stick close to the ground. This will make it unable for enemies to track you on their radar and send a radar-guided missile. This strategy comes with a risk of having to deal with enemies that are higher than you, but without RWR the pilot won't even know if there is a missile coming towards him.

Specific enemies worth noting

  • MiG-21 bis and MiG-21 SMT, if you play against the Soviets. They are faster and have better acceleration (bis in particular) but are slightly heavier and less agile
  • Mirage IIIC, has very similar acceleration and top speed, but will outturn MiG-21 MF and has great Matra Magic missiles.
  • F-4E/F-4EJ. They are armed with great missiles, fighting them at altitude is not recommended. One the deck they are faster and have better energy retention.
  • J35 Draken, will always outturn you. It is very important to keep an energy advantage when attempting to fight the Draken, turn fighting is the worst thing possible against a Draken and tactics that involve retaining energy is best when attempting to fight the Draken. Forcing the Draken to dump its energy is the best way to fight against it.

Radars

The MiG-21MF is equipped with a RP-21 Sapfir search and tracking radar. The radar is mounted in the nose of the aircraft.

RP-21 - Target Detection Radar
Maximum
Detection
Range
Guaranteed
Detection
Range
Max Azimuth
Scan Angle
Max Elevation
Scan Angle
30,000 m
(theoretical)
20,000 m ±30.0° -3.0°/+17.0°
RP-21 - Target Tracking Radar
Maximum
Tracking
Range
Minimum
Tracking
Range
Azimuth Tracking
Angle
Elevation Tracking
Angle
20,000 m 300 m ±30.0° ±17.0°

Pros and cons

Pros:

  • Access to four R-60 missiles with great tracking and G-tolerance
  • High AoA
  • Good ground attack loadouts
  • Light and agile
  • A small profile which is harder to hit
  • Decent fuel load allows for reheating for the whole match

Cons:

  • Jack of all trades, but a master of none
  • Terrible cannon armament
  • Terrible energy retention
  • No Radar Warning Receiver
  • No combat flaps

History

The MiG-21MF (Germany) is a second-generation variant of the popular MiG-21 'Fishbed'. Operated by the East German Air Force (Luftstreitkräfte der Nationalen Volksarmee; LSK) between 1972 and 1990, the aircraft was an export variant of the MiG-21SM, and is highly similar to its counterpart, the MiG-21SMT. Designated the 'Fishbed-J', the aircraft formed the bulk of the LSK in the late stages of the Cold War. All German MiG-21 aircraft were retired following the German Reunification, though some survive as museum aircraft to this day.[1][2]

Design and procurement

The East German Air Force received many MiG-21 variants due to their ties with the Soviet Bloc. 76 MiG-21F-13 aircraft had been delivered to the East German Air Force in the early 1960s, and they later received 50 MiG-21PF 'Fishbed-D' planes, which were known as the MiG-21PFM in East German service.[1] This generated considerable confusion as the German MiG-21PFs had inadvertently been given the same name as the later, Soviet-made, MiG-21PFM 'Fishbed-F'.[1] However, in the early 1970s, the LSK received its first 3rd-generation MiG-21s, the MiG-21MF. This aircraft was essentially an export variant of the Soviet MiG-21SM. 50 MiG-21MFs were delivered to the LSK between 1972 and 1974.[1]

The MiG-21MF differs from the standard MiG-21SM by having a less powerful engine and simplified radar system, meaning that it accelerates slightly slower than its Soviet counterpart. It could reach a maximum speed of 2,230 km/h, and was flown by a single pilot.[2] As an interceptor, it carried a 23 mm dual-barreled cannon with 200 rounds in a ventral pack, and was also capable of fitting a variety of munitions including bombs, rockets and missiles.[1]

Service history

The MiG-21MF enjoyed a fairly uneventful service history with the LSK. The aircraft served with Jagdgeschwader (JG, fighter group) 8 and JG 9. It complemented the earlier MiG-21PFM and MiG-21F-13 aircraft in German service. Later on, it was complemented by the MiG-21bis, the final MiG-21 variant to serve with the German Air Force. At the time of the German reunification, many MiG-21s remained in German service.[1][2] As the new combined Luftwaffe had no plans to continue using the Soviet-era interceptor, all MiG-21 aircraft were retired in late 1990 following the German reunification. Many of those aircraft were reserved as museum pieces, and several survive to this day in museums across the globe.[2]

Media

Skins
Images
MiG-21MF.jpg
Videos

See also

Related development

External links

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 Aviata. (2020)
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 Museum, D. (2020)

Works Cited

  • Aviata. (2020). German MiG-21. Retrieved November 23, 2020, from https://aviatia.net/german-mig-21/
  • Museum, D. (2020). Mikojan-Gurewitsch MiG-21 MF. Retrieved November 23, 2020, from https://www.deutsches-museum.de/en/flugwerft/collections/jet-aircraft/mig-21/


Mikoyan-Gurevich Design Bureau (Микоя́н и Гуре́вич Опытное конструкторское бюро)
Fighters  MiG-3-15 · MiG-3-15 (BK) · MiG-3-34
  I-225
Jet Fighters  MiG-9 · MiG-9 (l)
  MiG-15 · MiG-15bis · MiG-15bis ISH
  MiG-17
  MiG-19PT
  MiG-21F-13 · MiG-21PFM · MiG-21SMT · MiG-21bis
Exports/Licensed  ␗MiG-9 · ␗MiG-9 (l)
  J-2* · ▀MiG-15bis
  J-4* · MiG-17AS · Shenyang F-5*
  J-6A* · ▀MiG-19S
  ▀MiG-21MF · J-7II**
  *Licensed and domesticated with Chinese designations.
  **Unlicensed, reverse-engineered and domesticated with Chinese designations.
See Also  Shenyang · Chengdu

Germany jet aircraft
Ar 234  Ar 234 B-2 · Ar 234 C-3
He 162  He 162 A-1 · He 162 A-2
Ho 229  Ho 229 V3
Me 163  Me 163 B · Me 163 B-0
Me 262  Me 262 A-1a · Me 262 A-1a/Jabo · Me 262 A-1a/U1 · Me 262 A-1/U4 · Me 262 A-2a · Me 262 C-1a · Me 262 C-2b
USA  ▀F-84F · CL-13A Mk 5 · CL-13B Mk.6 · ▀F-86K · F-104G · F-4F Early
USSR  ▀MiG-15bis · ▀MiG-19S · ▀MiG-21MF · ▀IL-28
Britain  Sea Hawk Mk.100
Italy  ▀G.91 R/3 · ▀G.91 R/4