M47

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90 mm Gun Tank M47 Patton II
us_m47_patton_ii.png
AB
RB
SB
General characteristics
Brief
Detailed
7.7/7.3/7.7BR
5 peopleCrew
Mobility
44.1 tWeight
4 forward
2 back
Gear box
Armament
90 mm M36 cannonWeapon 1
71 roundsAmmunition
-5° / 19°Vertical guidance
12.7 mm M2HB machine gunWeapon 2
1 000 roundsAmmunition
200 roundsBelt capacity
577 shots/minFire rate
-10° / 50°Vertical guidance
-120° / 120°Horizontal guidance
12.7 mm M2HB machine gunWeapon 3
2 200 roundsAmmunition
200 roundsBelt capacity
577 shots/minFire rate
Economy
120 000 Rp icon.pngResearch
300 000 Sl icon.pngPurchase
Sl icon.png10 420 / 13 775/6 100 / 8 064/2 150 / 2 842Repair
85 000 Sl icon.pngCrew training
300 000 Sl icon.pngExperts
1 200 Ge icon.pngAces
x 1.96 Rp icon.pngReward for battle
This page is about the American medium tank M47. For the version in the Italian tree, see M47 (105/55).

Description

GarageImage M47.jpg


The 90 mm Gun Tank M47 Patton II is a Rank V American medium tank with a battle rating of 7.7 (AB/SB) and 7.3 (RB). It was introduced in Update 1.45 "Steel Generals" along with the rest of American Ground Forces. It uses a similar hull as its predecessor, the M46 Patton, but features a new turret and a better gun.

General info

Survivability and armour

Armour type:

  • Cast homogeneous armour (Front hull, Turret)
  • Rolled homogeneous armour (Side, Rear, Roof)
Armour Front (Slope angle) Sides Rear Roof
Hull 101.6 mm (59°) Front Glacis
76.2 mm (52°) Lower Glacis
63.5 mm 76.2 mm 25.4 mm
Turret 101.6 mm 76.2 mm 50.8 mm 22.2 mm
Armour Sides Roof
Cupola 76.2 mm 25.4 mm

Notes:

  • Suspension wheels are 20 mm thick, tracks are 30 mm thick.

In Rank V, the M47 Patton does not have suitable armour against the numerous 88 mm, 100 mm, and 122 mm calibers running around the field. However, it makes up for that with a potent 90 mm cannon with new ammunition able to fight back. Due to the armour thickness of the Rank V tanks, it is recommended to use the M47 Patton's speed to flank the enemy, then engage them on their sides to detonate their ammo racks or knock out the crew.

Mobility

Mobility characteristic
Weight (tons) Add-on Armor
weight (tons)
Max speed (km/h)
44.1 N/A 53 (AB)
47 (RB/SB)
Engine power (horsepower)
Mode Stock Upgraded
Arcade 1,255 ____
Realistic/Simulator 716 810
Power-to-weight ratio (hp/ton)
Mode Stock Upgraded
Arcade 28.46 __.__
Realistic/Simulator 16.23 18.37

Armaments

Main armament

Main article: M36 (90 mm)
90 mm M36
Capacity Vertical
guidance
Horizontal
guidance
Stabilizer
70 -5°/+19° ±180° N/A
Turret rotation speed (°/s)
Mode Stock Upgraded Prior + Full crew Prior + Expert qualif. Prior + Ace qualif.
Arcade 21.42 29.60 36.00 39.70 42.30
Realistic 21.42 25.20 30.60 33.80 36.00
Reloading rate (seconds)
Stock Prior + Full crew Prior + Expert qualif. Prior + Ace qualif.
9.75 8.63 7.95 7.50
Ammunition
Penetration statistics
Ammunition Type of
warhead
Penetration in mm @ 90°
10m 100m 500m 1000m 1500m 2000m
M318A1 shot AP 207 206 193 178 164 150
M71A1 shell HE 13 13 13 13 13 13
M82 shot APCBC 170 169 164 151 138 127
M304 shot APCR 264 260 245 226 210 191
M332A1 shot APCR 325 323 294 260 230 203
M431 shell HEATFS 320 320 320 320 320 320
Shell details
Ammunition Type of
warhead
Velocity
in m/s
Projectile
Mass in kg
Fuse delay

in m:

Fuse sensitivity

in mm:

Explosive Mass in g
(TNT equivalent):
Normalization At 30°
from horizontal:
Ricochet:
0% 50% 100%
M318A1 shot AP 912 11 N/A N/A N/A -1° 47° 60° 65°
M71A1 shell HE 732 11 0.1 0.5 925 +0° 79° 80° 81°
M82 shot APCBC 853 11 1.2 20 137.2 +4° 48° 63° 71°
M304 shot APCR 1021 7.6 N/A N/A N/A +1.5° 66° 70° 72°
M332A1 shot APCR 1249 5.6 N/A N/A N/A +1.5° 66° 70° 72°
M431 shell HEATFS 1216 5.8 0.0 0.1 712.64 +0° 65° 72° 75°
Smoke characteristic
Ammunition Velocity
in m/s
Projectile
Mass in kg
Screen radius
in m
Screen time
in s
Screen hold time
in s:
Explosive Mass in g
(TNT equivalent):
M313 821 11 13 5 20 50
Ammo racks
Ammo racks of the M47 Patton II.
Full
ammo
1st
rack empty
2nd
rack empty
3rd
rack empty
4th
rack empty
Visual
discrepancy
70 65 (+5) 62 (+8) 60 (+10) (+69) no

Turret empty: 60 (+10)

Machine guns

Main article: Browning M2 (12.7 mm)
12.7 mm M2HB
Coaxial mount
Capacity (Belt capacity) Fire rate
(shots/minute)
Vertical
guidance
Horizontal
guidance
2,200 (200) 577 N/A N/A
Pintle mount
Capacity (Belt capacity) Fire rate
(shots/minute)
Vertical
guidance
Horizontal
guidance
1,000 (200) 577 -10°/+50° ±120°

Usage in the battles

Pros and cons

Pros:

  • Good mobility, same handling as the M46.
  • Great turret traverse speed once upgraded.
  • Decent front armour, more sloped than the M46.
  • 320 mm HEATFS ammunition once unlocked.

Cons

  • Worst stock grind in the game because the stock ammunition.
  • Overall bad armour for Rank V matches, especially in the turret.
  • The gun is not very good with stock ammo, recommended to unlock HEATFS as soon as possible.
  • Slightly higher than its predecessor.
  • Bad gun depression of -5°.

History

Development

The M47 Patton came about only a few years after its predecessor, the M46 Patton. The basis of this design was the M26 Pershing, which was deemed insufficiently mobile for its role as a medium tank. The M46 was mainly the M26 Pershing with a new engine, transmission, and a redesigned 90 mm gun. While a good solution for the lacking M26 Pershing design, it was only considered a stopgap solution while the experimental T42 medium tank was being developed. However, the Korean War put a stop in that development due to an urgent need of tanks, so the T42 project, which would produce a completely new tank design, was put on-hold.

An interim decision was made to mount the turret from the T42 onto the hull of the M46 Patton, this modified tank was designated the M47 Patton and entered production in 1951. A common nickname for the tank was the Patton II, due to the same name as the M46 Patton, this was changed to Patton 47 a few weeks later. The M47 Patton featured most of the armament seen from the M26 Pershing and M46 Patton, with a 90 mm gun and a coaxial and hull-mounted .30 cal machine gun, and a .50 cal machine gun on top of the turret. The M47 Patton has the distinction of being the last American tank with the hull-mounted machine gun on the bow. The new turret required the hull to be redesigned with a larger turret ring and had a "needle-nose" design with the turret mantlet heavily sloped towards the cannon, the design's heavy sloping nature also helped improve protection. The turret also had a large protrusion at the back to act as storage. A M12 stereoscopic range finder was also mounted on a turret, which was difficult to use, but would appear in every American tank design from here on until the M1 Abrams design.

Though technically a medium tank by the army standards, a new standardization in US Army tank designation in November 9, 1950 had the entire system changed from the weight of the tank to the caliber of the vehicle's gun. Therefore in 1950s, the "Medium Tank M47 Patton" name was changed to 90 mm Gun Tank M47 Patton. This designation would go on for future American tank designs. The M47 Patton began production in June 1951 before its standardization at the Detroit Tank Arsenal. Delays in the production schedule caused a long period of testing to occur until it was standardized in May 1952. Production ran until November 1953 with a total production number of more than 9,000 M47 Pattons between Detroit and Alco.

Usage

The M47 Patton came out only a year before the improved M48 Patton. Because of this, the M47 was declared a "limited standard" in American service, and those still in American hands were replaced by the M48 Patton tanks. It was declared obsolete by 1957 and were only retained by infantry divisions until replaced by anti-tank missiles in the 1960s. The M47 Pattons were given out in large numbers to a number of countries in NATO and SEATO, such as Pakistan, Jordan, Turkey, Iran, Croatia, France, West Germany, and Spain. The M47 Pattons would see service in combat in both Indo-Pakistani Wars, the Six Day War, the Iran-Iraq war, the Invasion of Cyprus, and the Croatian War of Independence. Today, they are still being used in Spain as armour recovery vehicles in artillery and infantry units.

The M47 Pattons were promising new designs developed from the M46 Pattons to improve its combat capabilities with a newer turret. However, it did not serve much in America due to the M48 Patton development, which was a completely new deign and had nearly no identical parts with its predecessor. It served very well in other countries as their primary armour forces, but those left in the states were used as targets in firing ranges, mainly for training or as tests for future anti-tank developments. In the 1970s, one was tested against the M60 Main Battle Tank, the successor to the M48 Patton, and its 105 mm L7 gun. The HEAT round fired from the gun penetrated the frontal armour of the M47 Patton with relative ease, armour which was considered superb at its time of introduction. The test went on with many M47 tanks and would prove that conventional steel armour in tank warfare was becoming obsolete in the face of new tank ammo.

Media

An excellent addition to the article will be video guides, as well as screenshots from the game and photos.

Read also

Links to the articles on the War Thunder Wiki that you think will be useful for the reader, for example,

  • reference to the series of the vehicles;
  • links to approximate analogues of other nations and research trees.

ETC.

Sources

Paste links to sources and external resources, such as:

  • topic on the official game forum;
  • other literature.


USA medium tanks
Early projects  Medium Tank M2
M3  Medium Tank M3 Lee · Cruiser Tank Grant I · M4A5 Ram II
M4  Medium Tank M4 Sherman · Rocket Launcher T34 Calliope · Medium Tank M4A1 Sherman · Medium Tank M4A1 (76) W Sherman · Medium Tank M4A2 Sherman · Medium Tank M4A2 (76) W Sherman · Medium Tank M4A3 (105) HVSS Sherman · Medium Tank M4A3 (76) W HVSS Sherman
M26  T20 · Medium Tank T25 · Medium Tank M26 Pershing · Medium Tank M26 T99 · Medium Tank M26E1
Post-war  Medium Tank M46 Patton · Medium Tank M46 Patton (73 Tank Batalion) · 90 mm Gun Tank M47 Patton II · Medium Tank T95E1
MBT  90 mm Gun Tank M48A1 Patton III · 105 mm Gun Tank M60 · 105 mm Gun Tank M60A1 (AOS) · Tank, Combat, Full-Tracked 105-mm Gun M60A1 RISE (Passive) · 152 mm Gun Tank M60A2 · 152-mm Gun-Launcher Main Battle Tank 70 · Tank, Combat, Full-Tracked, 152-mm Gun/Launcher XM-803 · Tank, Combat, Full-Tracked, 105-mm Gun XM-1 (GM) · Tank, Combat, Full-Tracked, 105-mm Gun XM-1 (Chrysler) · Tank, Combat, Full Tracked, 105-mm Gun M1 · Tank, Combat, Full Tracked, 105-mm Gun IPM1
Israeli  Magach 3