Leopard 40/70

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This page is about the Italian SPAA Leopard 40/70. For other uses, see Leopard (Disambiguation).
it_leopard_bofors.png
GarageImage Leopard 40-70.jpg
Leopard 40/70
AB RB SB
5.3 5.3 5.3
Class:
Research:46 000 Specs-Card-Exp.png
Purchase:155 000 Specs-Card-Lion.png
Show in game

Description

The semovente controaerei Leopard Bofors da 40/70 is a prototype Italian anti-air platform made during the late 1990s. Its role was to aid the SIDAM 25 platform in shooting down enemy air targets and provide cover for armoured convoys. The Italian army would test it for several years but ultimately it would not see mass production.

Introduced in Update "Kings of Battle", the Leopard 40/70 has amazing mobility and strong firepower. Being based on the Leopard platform but without the original turret means that a lot of weight was saved when installing the Breda Bofors 40 mm cannon. As such, it is one of the most mobile vehicles at the battle rating. The 40 mm main armament is highly effective against ground and air targets, more so against enemy air as the amazing elevation angles allow you to be able to hit targets which are even directly above you. The main weakness of this vehicle is its armour and crew placement, most if not all enemy vehicles will be able to take you out in 1 shot. As such, it's best to try and flank as much as you can with this vehicle to take enemies by surprise and then quickly move to a different area to repeat the same strategy.

General info

Survivability and armour

Armourfront / side / back
Hull70 / 30 / 25
Turret8 / 8 / 0
Crew5 people
Visibility95 %

The Italian Leopard Bofors da 40/70 does not have a high grade of survivability, its main weakness is the turret which similarly like other Anti-air vehicles by being open-top. This means that this platform can easily be taken out by even the lowest of machine gun fire, artillery and enemy aircraft. The frontal armour is reliable against APDS and AP rounds from many of the autocannons found around its battle-rating but struggles against chemical and armour-piercing rounds from dedicated tanks and tank destroyers. The side and rear armour however, is a different story. Offering only 30-60 mm of armour over most of the surface, it can be penetrated by most rounds fired from cannon calibre weapons. The crew placement also means that 1 clean shot at the centre mass of this vehicle would usually mean it being taken out completely. The ammunition is also stored behind the vehicle which depending on the scenario, could mean a swift exit from the match as its another big weakspot of this vehicle.

Armour type:

Armour Front (Slope angle) Sides Rear Roof
Hull 70 mm (60°) Upper Glacis

50 mm (50°) Lower Glacis

35 mm Upper

30 mm Lower

25 mm 15-30 mm
Turret ___ - ___ mm Turret front
___ mm Gun mantlet
___ - ___ mm ___ - ___ mm ___ - ___ mm
Cupola ___ mm ___ mm ___ mm ___ mm

Notes:

Mobility

Speedforward / back
AB71 / 28 km/h
RB and SB66 / 26 km/h
Number of gears8 forward
4 back
Weight35.5 t
Engine power
AB1 584 hp
RB and SB830 hp
Power-to-weight ratio
AB44.6 hp/t
RB and SB23.4 hp/t

Write about the mobility of the ground vehicle. Estimate the specific power and manoeuvrability, as well as the maximum speed forwards and backwards.

Game Mode Max Speed (km/h) Weight (tons) Engine power (horsepower) Power-to-weight ratio (hp/ton)
Forward Reverse Stock Upgraded Stock Upgraded
Arcade 71 28 35.5 1,179 1,584 33.21 44.62
Realistic 66 26 734 830 20.68 23.38

Modifications and economy

Repair costBasic → Reference
AB2 937 → 3 779 Sl icon.png
RB2 331 → 2 999 Sl icon.png
SB3 605 → 4 639 Sl icon.png
Total cost of modifications40 400 Rp icon.png
78 400 Sl icon.png
Talisman cost1 400 Ge icon.png
Crew training45 000 Sl icon.png
Experts155 000 Sl icon.png
Aces630 Ge icon.png
Research Aces440 000 Rp icon.png
Reward for battleAB / RB / SB
110 / 140 / 200 % Sl icon.png
160 / 160 / 160 % Rp icon.png
Modifications
Mobility Protection Firepower
Mods new tank traks.png
Tracks
Research:
2 000 Rp icon.png
Cost:
3 900 Sl icon.png
120 Ge icon.png
Mods new tank suspension.png
Suspension
Research:
1 800 Rp icon.png
Cost:
3 500 Sl icon.png
110 Ge icon.png
Mods new tank break.png
Brake System
Research:
1 800 Rp icon.png
Cost:
3 500 Sl icon.png
110 Ge icon.png
Mods new tank filter.png
Filters
Research:
3 400 Rp icon.png
Cost:
6 600 Sl icon.png
210 Ge icon.png
Mods new tank transmission.png
Transmission
Research:
4 400 Rp icon.png
Cost:
8 500 Sl icon.png
270 Ge icon.png
Mods new tank engine.png
Engine
Research:
4 400 Rp icon.png
Cost:
8 500 Sl icon.png
270 Ge icon.png
Mods tank tool kit.png
Improved Parts
Research:
2 000 Rp icon.png
Cost:
3 900 Sl icon.png
120 Ge icon.png
Mods extinguisher.png
Improved FPE
Research:
1 800 Rp icon.png
Cost:
3 500 Sl icon.png
110 Ge icon.png
Mods tank reinforcement it.png
Crew Replenishment
Research:
3 400 Rp icon.png
Cost:
6 600 Sl icon.png
210 Ge icon.png
Mods tank ammo.png
40mm_L70_HE_ammo_pack
Research:
2 000 Rp icon.png
Cost:
3 900 Sl icon.png
120 Ge icon.png
Mod arrow 0.png
Mods new tank horizontal aiming.png
Horizontal Drive
Research:
2 000 Rp icon.png
Cost:
3 900 Sl icon.png
120 Ge icon.png
Mods tank ammo.png
40mm_L70_AP_ammo_pack
Research:
1 800 Rp icon.png
Cost:
3 500 Sl icon.png
110 Ge icon.png
Mods tank cannon.png
Adjustment of Fire
Research:
1 800 Rp icon.png
Cost:
3 500 Sl icon.png
110 Ge icon.png
Mods new tank vertical aiming.png
Elevation Mechanism
Research:
3 400 Rp icon.png
Cost:
6 600 Sl icon.png
210 Ge icon.png
Mods art support.png
Artillery Support
Research:
4 400 Rp icon.png
Cost:
8 500 Sl icon.png
270 Ge icon.png

Armaments

Main armament

40 mm Bofors DA 40/70 cannon
Ammunition228 rounds
Belt capacity4 rounds
Reloadbasic crew → aces
0.6 → 0.5 s
Fire rate240 shots/min
Vertical guidance-5° / 90°

Give the reader information about the characteristics of the main gun. Assess its effectiveness in a battle based on the reloading speed, ballistics and the power of shells. Do not forget about the flexibility of the fire, that is how quickly the cannon can be aimed at the target, open fire on it and aim at another enemy. Add a link to the main article on the gun: {{main|Name of the weapon}}. Describe in general terms the ammunition available for the main gun. Give advice on how to use them and how to fill the ammunition storage.

40 mm Bofors DA 40/70 Turret rotation speed (°/s) Reloading rate (seconds)
Mode Capacity (Belt) Fire rate Vertical Horizontal Stabilizer Stock Upgraded Full Expert Aced Stock Full Expert Aced
Arcade 228 (4) 240 -5°/+90° ±180° - 74.8 103.6 125.8 139.1 148.0 0.65 0.58 0.53 0.50
Realistic 50.6 59.5 72.2 79.9 85.0

Ammunition

  • Default: AP-T · HEFI-T*
  • HE-I-T-M2: HEFI-T* · HEFI-T* · HEFI-T*
  • IM219: AP-T · AP-T · AP-T

Penetration statistics
Ammunition Penetration @ 0° Angle of Attack (mm)
10 m 100 m 500 m 1,000 m 1,500 m 2,000 m
HEFI-T* 12 11 10 8 6 5
AP-T 93 90 77 63 51 42
Shell details
Ammunition Velocity
(m/s)
Projectile
mass (kg)
Fuse delay
(m)
Fuse sensitivity
(mm)
Explosive mass
(TNT equivalent) (g)
Ricochet
0% 50% 100%
HEFI-T* 1,005 0.96 0.1 0.1 128 79° 80° 81°
AP-T 1,005 0.96 - - - 47° 60° 65°

Ammo racks

Full
ammo
1st
rack empty
2nd
rack empty
3rd
rack empty
4th
rack empty
5th
rack empty
6th
rack empty
Visual
discrepancy
57 __ (+__) __ (+__) __ (+__) __ (+__) __ (+__) __ (+__) __

Usage in battles

Describe the tactics of playing in the vehicle, the features of using vehicles in the team and advice on tactics. Refrain from creating a "guide" - do not impose a single point of view but instead give the reader food for thought. Describe the most dangerous enemies and give recommendations on fighting them. If necessary, note the specifics of the game in different modes (AB, RB, SB).

Pros and cons

Pros:

  • Great off and on-road mobility for an Anti-air platform
  • Fast firing 40mm autocannon
  • Able to engage both enemy ground and air vehicles effectively
  • Amazing turret traverse and elevation angles

Cons:

  • Weak armour, pretty much any tank at its battle rating can penetrate it from all sides
  • Open top turret, very big weakspot which enemies can easily abuse
  • Poor crew placement, most being in the turret meaning a clean shot at centre mass will result in the vehicle being knocked out
  • Ammunition all stored at the rear, another big weakspot for enemies to take advantage of
  • Vehicle profile is tall and long so keeping this vehicle hidden can be hard at times

History

The story of the Leopard Bofors da 40/70 would begin during the late 1990s. Decades earlier, Italy had managed to not only buy but also licence-produce the Leopard 1 main battle tank. The Italian army was equipped with several variants of the Leopard tank, initially a small batch of Leopard 1A1s, which were then later upgraded to Leopard 1A2s. Years later, Italy would be one of the biggest users of the Leopard 1 tank, mainly thanks to OTO Melara who were producing them non-stop. Italy was no stranger to modifying the Leopard platform and at one point a study was conducted which aimed to equip the Italian army's Leopard 1A1s with the Italian-made "Thetis" thermal imager system: only a singular prototype was completed. That wasn't it however, Italy would also test the OTOMATIC anti-air turret by mounting it on the Leopard, and although that showed positive results, it also wouldn't be picked up. One of if not the very last modification to the Leopard platform by Italy would come in the form of the Leopard Bofors da 40/70.

During the late 1990s, the arsenale di Piacenza was tasked by the Italian ministry of defence to create a low cost self-propelled anti-air platform by reusing surplus Bofors cannons and the vast amount of Leopards (which were soon to be replaced by the C1 Ariete) as a base for this vehicle. It didn't have any radar or special optics, its main role was to supplement the SIDAM 25 anti-air vehicle in armoured convoys and aid it in shooting down air threats. Its armament consisted of a 40 mm Bofors cannon which was primarily used to engage enemy aircraft, however due to the various 40 mm rounds made at the time, there was also the possibility for it to be used against ground-based targets if it was ever tasked to do so. Italy would test it for a couple of years; the only upside which was found was the fact that it would be easy to produce and wouldn't require a lot of work to convert the old Leopards to fill this role. The vehicle also boasted a decent mobility as removing the old Leopard turret and replacing it with the Bofors meant that it was much lighter than before. However, everything else discovered during testing was mostly negative. When compared to newer anti-air platforms, even ones made by Italy itself, the vehicle was subpar. In particular, the lack of radar and any form of search and tracking meant that its use on a modern battlefield would be negligible. As such, the project was dropped with 1 or 2 prototypes being completed. Italy would stick with the SIDAM 25 and the old Leopard hulls were sent to the Lenta military scrapyard.

Media

Excellent additions to the article would be video guides, screenshots from the game, and photos.

See also

Links to the articles on the War Thunder Wiki that you think will be useful for the reader, for example:

  • reference to the series of the vehicles;
  • links to approximate analogues of other nations and research trees.

External links

Paste links to sources and external resources, such as:

  • topic on the official game forum;
  • other literature.


Italy anti-aircraft vehicles
R3 Capraia  R3 T20 FA-HS
SIDAM 25  SIDAM 25 · SIDAM 25 (Mistral)
Wheeled  AS 42 · CM52
Tracked  M42 Contraereo · Leopard 40/70 · OTOMATIC
Hungary  ◔ZSU-57-2 · ◔ZSU-23-4