HMS Liverpool

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Rank 4 USA
USS Helena Pack
HMS Liverpool
uk_cruiser_liverpool.png
GarageImage HMS Liverpool.jpg
HMS Liverpool
Research:460 000 Specs-Card-Activity.png
Purchase:360 000 Specs-Card-Lion.png
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Description

The Town-class, HMS Liverpool (C11), 1952 is a squadron rank IV British light cruiser with a battle rating of 5.3 (AB/RB/SB). It was introduced in Update "Red Skies".

General info

Survivability and armour

Armourfront / side / back
Citadel64 / 114 / 51 mm
Main fire tower102 / 51 / 51 mm
Hull25 mm (steel)
Superstructure8 mm (steel)
Number of section8
Displacement11 470 t
Crew748 people

As with the other Town-class light cruisers, the Liverpool is considerably well-protected, especially when compared to other British heavy cruisers that ironically have much worse citadel armour. With 114.5 mm of citadel armour on the side, 63.5 mm on the bow and stern, and 36.5 mm on the deck, the Liverpool is highly resilient to internal damage, especially when angled. The turret is also decently armoured, with 102 mm of armour at the front, and 50.8 mm elsewhere.

However, the Liverpool's good protection characteristic ends there. The ship suffered from two major problems that hindered its survival. The first one is the major downfall and the source of the other problems with the ship; poor rear turret placement. The turret has a very poor coverage and thus forcing the ship into an almost unangled position to unleash the full salvo, essentially negate the effectiveness of the Liverpool's citadel protection. The second problem is the fire-resistant characteristic. The Liverpool's crew compartments were almost entirely located near the deck, which means the ship will lose a lot of crew when a sizeable HE shell hit them and the subsequent fire. The close proximity of the crew compartment and the shell room can also help the fire to spread into it and causing ammunition to detonate.

Mobility

Speedforward / back
AB70 / 30 km/h
RB60 / 26 km/h

With one main turret removed, the Liverpool is marginally faster than her sister ship, though her mobility remains average.

Mobility Characteristics
Game Mode Upgrade Status Maximum Speed (km/h) Turn Time (s) Turn Radius (m)
Forward Reverse
AB Stock ___ ___
Upgraded 70 30
RB/SB Stock ___ ___
Upgraded 60 26

Modifications and economy

Repair costBasic → Reference
AB11 650 → 15 156 Sl icon.png
RB15 180 → 19 749 Sl icon.png
Total cost of modifications174 000 Rp icon.png
275 800 Sl icon.png
Talisman cost1 900 Ge icon.png
Crew training100 000 Sl icon.png
Experts360 000 Sl icon.png
Aces1 400 Ge icon.png
Research Aces620 000 Rp icon.png
Reward for battleAB / RB / SB
450 / 600 / 100 % Sl icon.png
184 / 184 / 184 % Rp icon.png
Modifications
Seakeeping Unsinkability Firepower
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Dry-Docking
Research:
6 700 Rp icon.png
Cost:
11 000 Sl icon.png
260 Ge icon.png
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Rudder Replacement
Research:
6 200 Rp icon.png
Cost:
9 800 Sl icon.png
240 Ge icon.png
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Propeller Replacement
Research:
6 900 Rp icon.png
Cost:
11 000 Sl icon.png
260 Ge icon.png
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Engine Maintenance
Research:
11 000 Rp icon.png
Cost:
17 000 Sl icon.png
420 Ge icon.png
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Tool Set
Research:
6 700 Rp icon.png
Cost:
11 000 Sl icon.png
260 Ge icon.png
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Fire Protection System
Research:
6 200 Rp icon.png
Cost:
9 800 Sl icon.png
240 Ge icon.png
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Smokescreen
Research:
6 200 Rp icon.png
Cost:
9 800 Sl icon.png
240 Ge icon.png
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Shrapnel Protection
Research:
6 900 Rp icon.png
Cost:
11 000 Sl icon.png
260 Ge icon.png
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Ventilation
Research:
6 900 Rp icon.png
Cost:
11 000 Sl icon.png
260 Ge icon.png
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New Pumps
Research:
11 000 Rp icon.png
Cost:
17 000 Sl icon.png
420 Ge icon.png
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Ammo Wetting
Research:
11 000 Rp icon.png
Cost:
17 000 Sl icon.png
420 Ge icon.png
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152mm_uk_navy_5_10crh_cpbc_ammo_pack
Research:
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Cost:
11 000 Sl icon.png
260 Ge icon.png
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102mm_uk_mkxvi_navy_SAP_ammo_pack
Research:
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Cost:
11 000 Sl icon.png
260 Ge icon.png
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Anti-Air Armament Targeting
Research:
6 700 Rp icon.png
Cost:
11 000 Sl icon.png
260 Ge icon.png
Mod arrow 0.png
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152mm_uk_navy_5_10crh_dist_fuse_ammo_pack
Research:
6 200 Rp icon.png
Cost:
9 800 Sl icon.png
240 Ge icon.png
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102mm_uk_mkxvi_navy_he_dist_fuse_ammo_pack
Research:
6 200 Rp icon.png
Cost:
9 800 Sl icon.png
240 Ge icon.png
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Auxiliary Armament Targeting
Research:
6 200 Rp icon.png
Cost:
9 800 Sl icon.png
240 Ge icon.png
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Improved Rangefinder
Research:
6 900 Rp icon.png
Cost:
11 000 Sl icon.png
260 Ge icon.png
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Improved Rangefinder
Research:
6 900 Rp icon.png
Cost:
11 000 Sl icon.png
260 Ge icon.png
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102mm_uk_mkxvi_navy_he_radio_fuse_ammo_pack
Research:
6 900 Rp icon.png
Cost:
11 000 Sl icon.png
260 Ge icon.png
Mods new main caliber turrets.png
Primary Armament Targeting
Research:
6 900 Rp icon.png
Cost:
11 000 Sl icon.png
260 Ge icon.png
Mods he frag proxi fuze ship.png
152mm_uk_navy_5_10crh_radio_fuse_ammo_pack
Research:
11 000 Rp icon.png
Cost:
17 000 Sl icon.png
420 Ge icon.png
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Torpedo Mode
Research:
11 000 Rp icon.png
Cost:
17 000 Sl icon.png
420 Ge icon.png

Armament

Primary armament

3 х Turret3 x 6 inch/50 BL Mark XXIII cannon
Ammunition600 rounds
Vertical guidance-5° / 45°

The Liverpool's main armament consists of 9 x 152 mm BL Mark XXIII guns mounted in three triple turrets in A-B-X setup. With one less turret compared to HMS Belfast, the Liverpool's burst damage is considerably worse than her sister ship's. However, sitting at a BR where less-protected cruisers and destroyers are common, Liverpool's armaments is a perfect weapon within her range, although easily outclassed by the more advanced cruisers when uptiered.

The Liverpool has four shell choices; a basic HE shell with 3.96 kg of TNT equivalent that can do its job well, a SAP shell that can deal a significant damage against cruisers within 7 km, but loses its effectiveness at longer range, and a HE-TF and HE-VT shell for long-range anti-air purposes. Due to the lack of AP shell, the Liverpool will struggle to deal damage at longer range against well-protected cruisers.

The guns has a very short reload time for its calibre at 7.5 seconds (ace crew), which made up the lack of hard-hitting firepower with a continuous wave of shells to slowly beat her target into submission.

As mentioned in the "Survivability and armour" section, the Liverpool's main problem stems from the rear turret that has very poor coverage. Since the Liverpool has to rely on continuous damage output, angling the hull will reduce the ship's firepower by 1/3, thus forcing the ship to expose her broadsides to the enemy.

Secondary armament

4 х Turret2 x 4 inch/45 Mark XVI cannon
Ammunition400 rounds

The Liverpool has 8 x 102 mm Mark XVI cannons, mounted in four dual turrets behind her second funnel. Since the main gun has a very high rate of fire, her secondary armaments will not be useful against PT boats and destroyers, thus mainly serve as a long-range anti-air battery.

Anti-aircraft armament

6 х Turret2 x 40 mm QF Mark V gun
Ammunition4000 rounds
Belt capacity4 rounds
Fire rate156 shots/min
4 х Turret40 mm QF Mark VII gun
Ammunition2000 rounds
Belt capacity4 rounds
Fire rate160 shots/min

The Liverpool's anti-air suite is mostly identical to the Belfast's, with 12 x 40 mm Bofors Mark V autocannons in six twin turrets. However, one of her rear turret (specifically the X turret of the other Town-class cruisers) were removed in exchange of more space to mount four single Bofors Mark VII autocannons. While this certainly improved the Liverpool's anti-air capabilities, the reduced anti-ship firepower is a rather debatable trade-off, especially when the Liverpool is pitted against more advanced cruisers.

Additional armament

Setup 16 x 533 mm Mk.IX wet-heater torpedo
Main article: Mk.IX (533 mm)

The Liverpool has 6 x Mk.IX torpedoes launched from triple launchers mounted on each sides of the ship. Since the Liverpool will usually engage at a closer range, it is recommended not to use "torpedo mode" modification to fully utilize it as a close-range weapon.

Usage in battles

Describe the technique of using this ship, the characteristics of her use in a team and tips on strategy. Abstain from writing an entire guide – don't try to provide a single point of view, but give the reader food for thought. Talk about the most dangerous opponents for this vehicle and provide recommendations on fighting them. If necessary, note the specifics of playing with this vehicle in various modes (AB, RB, SB).

Pros and cons

Summarise and briefly evaluate the vehicle in terms of its characteristics and combat effectiveness. Mark its pros and cons in the bulleted list. Try not to use more than 6 points for each of the characteristics. Avoid using categorical definitions such as "bad", "good" and the like - use substitutions with softer forms such as "inadequate" and "effective".

Pros:

  • The citadel is well-armoured
  • Fast-firing 152 mm guns can deal a high continuous damage against less-protected cruisers and destroyers
  • Powerful anti-air defense

Cons:

  • Poor burst damage per salvo, which is further reduced by the turret removal
  • Very poor rear turret coverage, thus forcing you to expose its side when doing broadsides
  • Struggle to deal damage against enemy at longer ranges, especially against more advanced cruisers
  • Vulnerable to fire damage, prolonged fire can result in either significant crew loss or ammo detonation

History

After completing the Leander-class and Arethusa-class cruisers in the early 1930s, the Royal Navy aimed to build more similar cruisers to meet its target of fifty cruisers. The problem was, by 1933, the foreign navies had started developing larger cruisers: Japan was constructing the Mogami class weighing more than 11,000 tons, and the United States had decided to build the 10,000-ton Brooklyn class, putting the smaller Leander and Arethusa at a significant disadvantage.

To counter the new cruisers from other leading fleets, the Admiralty revised the new design to increase displacement for twelve 6-inch guns and extra protection against 8-inch shells.[1] The design was crystallized in 1934 as "Town"-class cruisers named after British cities. Ten ships of this class were laid down and completed from 1935 to 1939, including the one original variant class (Southampton class) and two modified variants (1935 Programme cruisers & Edinburgh class).

HMS Liverpool (C11) was one of three 1935 Programme cruisers. The overall configuration of this group is similar to the Southampton class, but extra armour was added to main gun turrets (4 inches, compared to 2 inches on Southampton class) and deck over the machinery to increase deck protection to 1/4 inch (1 inch on Liverpool's sister ship Gloucester). Furthermore, an additional director control tower was placed aft to separate fire control for the main and secondary armaments.[2] These modifications increased the total displacement from 9,110 tons to 9,600 tons. To maintain stability, the beam of the cruiser was increased by 0.8 inches to balance the increasing weight. Besides, the propulsion power was raised from 75,000 shp on the Southampton class to 82,000 shp.[3]

Liverpool was ordered on 11 November 1935 at Fairfield Shipbuilding & Engineering Co. The ship was laid down on 17 February 1936, and launched on 24 March 1937.[4] During her trials, Liverpool lost all engine power for short periods on two occasions caused by water in the fuel pump,[2] delaying her commission to 2 November 1938.

All three cruisers of the 1935 Programme were initially deployed to East Indies Station. When the war broke out, she escorted British convoys on the Indian Ocean. On 14 November 1939, Liverpool transferred to Hong Kong to join the 5th Cruiser Squadron for trade defense duties and intercepting German blockade runners in Eastern waters. On 21 January 1940, she intercepted Japanese ocean liner Asama Maru, carrying German adults suitable for military service, just 35 nautical miles off the Japanese coast at the southern tip of the Boso Peninsula. The liner refused to stop until Liverpool fired a blank shell by her 3pdr saluting gun and took 21 German nationals onboard. The Japanese government officially protested the action as a violation of Japanese neutrality. As a result, nine of the Germans were returned, while the Japanese government promised not to offer passage as a way home for German citizens overseas.[5]

HMS Liverpool and her sister ship Gloucester transferred to Mediterranean in May 1940. After Italy declared war on 10 June 1940, Liverpool and Gloucester bombarded Tobruk on 12 June, and sunk armed trawler Giovanni Bert.[6]

On 27 June 1940, three Italian destroyers - Espero, Zeffiro, and Ostro - departed Taranto with supplies to Tobruk. British scout planes spotted them around noon the next day. HMS Liverpool, part of the 7th Cruiser Squadron (7CS), covering British convoys at the time, was ordered to alter course to intercept. At 18:31 local time, Liverpool spotted the Italian destroyers and engaged with her main guns.[6]

These high-speed (credited with 37 knots) destroyers proved challenging targets with smoke screens and falling visibility at dusk. The British cruisers did not score a hit until 19:30, when Espero was damaged and slowed by a 6inch shell. The Italian destroyer bravely turned against the British fleet to cover her fellow ships by sacrificing herself. Espero was immobilized at 20:00 and sunk 40 minutes later. The British only picked up fifty survivors.

The 7CS suffered a minor loss, with no casualties and only Liverpool being hit by one 4.7-inch shell. The shell hit her armour belt, knocking off a chip of armour and causing some splinters.[1]

On 9 July 1940, HMS Liverpool, together with 7CS, participated the first fleet battle between the Royal Navy and Regia Marina, the Battle of Punta Stilo, which is result of convoy escorts from both sides. However, limited by her main guns' horizontal range, Liverpool hadn't achieved a hit by the time the Italian fleet was forced to retreat.

On 29 July, a single Italian 250 lb bomb hit HMS Liverpool during a high-altitude attack around 14:20. The bomb hit the bridge's front deck, penetrated 'B' gun deck and the forecastle deck, and stopped in the senior petty officer's pantry on the upper deck.[7] Fortunately, the fuse in the bomb's tail was damaged when it penetrated the bridge structure and was not functional. On 30 July, Liverpool reached Alexandria, where her crews fixed up small holes with wood. Then, on 5 August, the cruiser returned to patrol duties.

Liverpool stayed in her station for convoy escort and fleet operations until 14 October 1940. At around 18:55 local time, on her way to Alexandria with the Mediterranean Fleet, Liverpool was attacked by the Italian Air Force and hit by an aircraft torpedo at the fore-end of her starboard side, damaging the aviation fuel tank in the forward section. The volatile aviation fuel leak started to accumulate in the fore storage areas; then, an electrical failure ignited the vapour and detonated the aviation fuel tank containing 5,700 gallons of fuel at 19:20.[7] The explosion caused a huge flame to envelop the forward sections of Liverpool and blow away the 'A' turret roof. Fortunately, the forward magazine had been flooded to prevent further explosion. However, the bow's construction was severely damaged by the blast and beginning to separate from the ship. Two destroyers HMS Decoy and HMS Hereward, came to assist the firefighting efforts, and cruiser HMS Orion, covered by two anti-aircraft cruisers, attempted to tow Liverpool back to Alexandria. On the following day, the fire onboard was under control. The hanging bow of the cruiser acted as a rudder until it broke away at 14:35 on 15 October.[4] On 16 October, Liverpool and her escorts finally reached Alexandria.

The damage to Liverpool was serious. She lost her entire bow in front of the 'A' turret; the 'A' turret itself needed the gunhouse replaced and the turret ring repaired (as well as a new roof); much of the electrical and engineering equipment was also damaged. Resources in Alexandria were far from enough to repair such damage, while the route to Gibraltar or the British Isles was too dangerous for the badly damaged cruiser. Luckily, as the United States agreed to repair British vessels, Liverpool could travel east and receive the permanent repairs at US ports. Even so, Liverpool would need a temporary bow to make the long voyage. Unfortunately, the limited resource and local workforce delayed the application of the bow. In the end, it took six months to collect enough material and install a temporary bow for Liverpool to begin sailing east on 30 April 1941. The cruiser steamed via Aden, Colombo, Singapore, Manila, and Honolulu. Finally, on 16 June 1941, she reached her destination at Mare Island, California, where she would receive repairs in the following four months. Once the work was finished in October, she departed for the British Isles through the Panama Canal. Liverpool arrived in the UK in December 1941, and took a refit to install a series of radar systems, including surface warning radar (Type 273), air warning radar (Type 281), and fire control radar for main guns & secondary armaments (Type 284/285).[7] Liverpool rejoined the Home Fleet in April 1942. In the following two months, she participated escorts for Arctic convoys. In June 1942, she was re-deployed to Mediterranean to reinforce Operation Harpoon for supplying Malta.

On 14 June 1942, when Liverpool was escorting convoys with Force W, the fleet was attacked by Italian torpedo bombers. At 14:20 local time, on the starboard of the convoy, Liverpool was targeted by four bombers. She successfully evaded three torpedoes, but the last one hit her starboard, right in the 'B' engine room beneath the rear mast. The torpedo made a 24 ft x 19 ft hole in the starboard, destroying turbine generators in the 'B' engine room, left two shafts on the starboard out of function. The water soon flooded in the 'B' engine room and kept entering into nearby sections such as the entire 'B' boiler room, therefore making the inner shaft on the port side inoperative as well. The unbalanced power output turned the cruiser 270° to starboard. Before the flooding was under control, it was estimated over 2,600 tons of water entered the ship, creating a list to 7°.[8]

The situation for Liverpool was critical. She could only maintain 3 to 4 knots with the one remaining shaft while more airstrikes were on their way. The Italian Air Force in Sardinia shifted their focus on Liverpool instead of the convoy. Two destroyers, HMS Antelope and HMS Westcott came to tow Liverpool and support air defense. The small fleet was ordered to return Gibraltar. At 16:40 local time, a wave of Italian fighters dropped bombs on Liverpool. Two bombs nearly hit the starboard side, increasing the list to 9.5° and draught to 27ft 8in (standard draught for Liverpool is 20ft 7in). At 18:00, a coordinated attack of 11 high-altitude bombers and seven torpedo bombers attempted to sink the damaged cruiser. Luckily, the attack scored no hits on Liverpool. The Italians continued their attack for the rest of the day. A group of high-altitude bombers attacked at 20:15, and six torpedo bombers dropped their torpedoes from long range against Liverpool at 22:30. None of the attacks achieved further damage to Liverpool, while she brought down at least one bomber using her main guns.

In the afternoon of the 17th, Liverpool and her guarding destroyers safely reached Gibraltar, where she received some emergency repairs. On 5 August 1942, Liverpool was transferred to Rosyth for permanent repairs. Due to the significant damage, it would require a lot of time and resources to repair Liverpool fully. Therefore, the priority of repairing was lower than patching up slightly damaged ships. In 1944, modifications to adapt Liverpool to the Pacific area was added to the work. An anti-air battery replaced one aft turret, and more advanced radars were applied on the ship. In August 1945, Liverpool was ready for service, but at this time, it was too late for her to gain more Battle Honours. She was the only survivor of the three 1935 Programme cruisers.

Liverpool continued her service as flagship of the 15th Cruiser Squadron in the Mediterranean Fleet after the war. In 1953, she was reduced to Reserve Fleet, where she was kept until 1957 and moved to Disposal List. In 1958, Liverpool was sold for breaking up by P&W MacLellan at Borrowstounness.[7]

Media

Excellent additions to the article would be video guides, screenshots from the game, and photos.

See also

Links to articles on the War Thunder Wiki that you think will be useful for the reader, for example:

  • reference to the series of the ship;
  • links to approximate analogues of other nations and research trees.

External links

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 http://www.ww2ships.com/britain/gb-cl-001-b.shtml
  2. 2.0 2.1 Brown, David K.. Nelson to Vanguard: Warship Design and Development, 1923–1945 (Chatham's Distinguished Design) (p. 175). Pen & Sword Books.
  3. https://www.naval-encyclopedia.com/ww2/uk/town-class-cruisers-1936
  4. 4.0 4.1 https://uboat.net/allies/warships/ship/1230.html
  5. https://www.naval-history.net/xGM-Chrono-06CL-Liverpool.htm
  6. 6.0 6.1 Waters, Conrad. British Town Class Cruisers: Design, Development & Performance: Southampton & Belfast Classes (p. 168).
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 7.3 Waters, Conrad. British Town Class Cruisers: Design, Development & Performance: Southampton & Belfast Classes (p. 213). Pen & Sword Books.
  8. Waters, Conrad. British Town Class Cruisers: Design, Development & Performance: Southampton & Belfast Classes (p. 216). Pen & Sword Books.


Fairfield Shipbuilding and Engineering Company
Destroyers 
G-class  ORP Garland
K-class  HMS Kelvin
Light Cruisers 
Town-class  HMS Liverpool
Heavy Cruisers 
County-class  HMS Norfolk

Britain light cruisers
Emerald-class  HMS Enterprise
Dido-class  HMS Dido
Arethusa-class  HMS Arethusa
Leander-class  HMNZS Leander
Town-class  HMS Belfast · HMS Liverpool · HMS Southampton
Tiger-class  HMS Tiger

Squadron ships
USSR  SKR-7
Britain  HMS Liverpool
Japan  IJN Shimakaze