HMS Brissenden

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HMS Brissenden
uk_destroyer_hunt_4series.png
GarageImage HMS Brissenden.jpg
HMS Brissenden
AB RB SB
4.0 4.0 4.0
Class:
Research:7 900 Specs-Card-Exp.png
Purchase:10 000 Specs-Card-Lion.png
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Description

The Hunt-class, HMS Brissenden (L79), 1943 is a rank II British destroyer with a battle rating of 4.0 (AB/RB/SB). It was introduced in Update 1.95 "Northern Wind".

HMS Brissenden, pennant number L79, part of the Hunt-class, is an escort destroyer completed and sent into service in 1943 with the Royal Navy's Home fleet. The Brissenden (Series IV) is an improvement in the Hunt-class. At glance, without much difference in the armament and design layout, but actually with several noteworthy differences.

The slow-paced fast-firing support gameplay won't vary as much, but there is now the possibility to launch a modest number of torpedoes. Anti-air armament was increased, along the crew needed to man this new equipment. Those modifications in armament and design also caused a slight tonnage increase in the displacement and thus an even lower top speed. In spite of all these downsides, the Hunt-class remains a cunning adversary.

General info

The sloop-like appearance of the Brissenden should not be devalued. Her armament layout is one main turret in the aft and the other two towards the stern. She can be identified by her stained dark-grey hull with a large freeboard and a rather obvious dark green waterline.

The sole funnel is connected just abaft to the bridge structure. Is a vertical funnel, unlike the Calpe's inclined funnel. Her bow type is a flared bow, contrary to many British destroyers of the epoch. Her extended forecastle to aft is different from the Type IIs, thus the hull easily stands out.

While speed and combat endurance won't be her forte, the capable anti-aircraft armament and the quick-firing main guns are sure to cause trouble to unsuspecting enemies. This is a great improvement from the very defensive Town-class, in regards to escort destroyers. Arguably, the main guns are also more effective than those found on the G-class, because of their higher rate of fire and quantity of cannons per emplacement.

Survivability and armour

Armourfront / side / back
Main fire tower3 / 3 / 0 mm
Hull16 mm (steel)
Superstructure4 mm (steel)
Number of section7
Displacement1 588 t
Crew170 people

HMS Brissenden just like any contemporary destroyer does not offer much protection except for the 16 mm thick steel hull. This allows it to stop small calibre machine gun fire and HE shell fragments. Main calibre guns are protected by 3.175 mm thick gun shields. The anti-aircraft Oerlikon guns are protected by a 12.7 mm thick shields protecting them from small arms fire and shrapnel.

The Brissenden's aft main gun ammo racks are located slightly above the waterline making them prone to magazine detonation just by single hit into the general area; the bow main gun ammo rack is located slightly under the waterline offering higher protection.

All vital machinery parts are located above the waterline making them prone to damage even from autocannon fire.

Brissenden's crew consists of 170 sailors, making it 3rd lowest crew count of all destroyers at its battle rating.

Mobility

Speedforward / back
AB59 / 18 km/h
RB48 / 14 km/h

While being considerably slower than most other destroyers, HMS Brissenden makes up for this with its excellent manoeuvrability and very responsive rudder.

Mobility Characteristics
Game Mode Upgrade Status Maximum Speed (km/h) Turn Time (s) Turn Radius (m)
Forward Reverse
AB Stock ___ ___
Upgraded 59 18
RB/SB Stock ___ ___
Upgraded 48 14

Modifications and economy

Repair costBasic → Reference
AB920 → 1 196 Sl icon.png
RB1 140 → 1 483 Sl icon.png
Total cost of modifications6 950 Rp icon.png
9 450 Sl icon.png
Talisman cost530 Ge icon.png
Crew training3 000 Sl icon.png
Experts10 000 Sl icon.png
Aces130 Ge icon.png
Research Aces160 000 Rp icon.png
Reward for battleAB / RB / SB
70 / 120 / 100 % Sl icon.png
112 / 112 / 112 % Rp icon.png
Modifications
Seakeeping Unsinkability Firepower
Mods new ship hull.png
Dry-Docking
Research:
280 Rp icon.png
Cost:
380 Sl icon.png
80 Ge icon.png
Mods new ship rudder.png
Rudder Replacement
Research:
260 Rp icon.png
Cost:
350 Sl icon.png
80 Ge icon.png
Mods new ship screw.png
Propeller Replacement
Research:
290 Rp icon.png
Cost:
400 Sl icon.png
90 Ge icon.png
Mods new ship engine.png
Engine Maintenance
Research:
450 Rp icon.png
Cost:
610 Sl icon.png
130 Ge icon.png
Mods ship tool kit.png
Tool Set
Research:
280 Rp icon.png
Cost:
380 Sl icon.png
80 Ge icon.png
Mods manual ship extinguisher.png
Fire Protection System
Research:
260 Rp icon.png
Cost:
350 Sl icon.png
80 Ge icon.png
Mods engine smoke screen system.png
Smokescreen
Research:
260 Rp icon.png
Cost:
350 Sl icon.png
80 Ge icon.png
Mods ship anti fragmentation protection.png
Shrapnel Protection
Research:
290 Rp icon.png
Cost:
400 Sl icon.png
90 Ge icon.png
Mods ship venting.png
Ventilation
Research:
290 Rp icon.png
Cost:
400 Sl icon.png
90 Ge icon.png
Mods new ship pumps.png
New Pumps
Research:
450 Rp icon.png
Cost:
610 Sl icon.png
130 Ge icon.png
Mods ship ammo wetting.png
Ammo Wetting
Research:
450 Rp icon.png
Cost:
610 Sl icon.png
130 Ge icon.png
Mods tank ammo.png
102mm_uk_mkxvi_navy_SAP_ammo_pack
Research:
280 Rp icon.png
Cost:
380 Sl icon.png
80 Ge icon.png
Mods ammo.png
40mm_qf_mkxv_he_ammo_pack
Research:
280 Rp icon.png
Cost:
380 Sl icon.png
80 Ge icon.png
Mod arrow 0.png
Mods new aa caliber turrets.png
Anti-Air Armament Targeting
Research:
280 Rp icon.png
Cost:
380 Sl icon.png
80 Ge icon.png
Mod arrow 0.png
Mods he frag dist fuse ship.png
102mm_uk_mkxvi_navy_he_dist_fuse_ammo_pack
Research:
260 Rp icon.png
Cost:
350 Sl icon.png
80 Ge icon.png
Mods ammo.png
40mm_qf_mkxv_ap_ammo_pack
Research:
260 Rp icon.png
Cost:
350 Sl icon.png
80 Ge icon.png
Mods new aux caliber turrets.png
Auxiliary Armament Targeting
Research:
260 Rp icon.png
Cost:
350 Sl icon.png
80 Ge icon.png
Mod arrow 0.png
Mods he frag dist fuse ship.png
102mm_uk_mkxvi_navy_he_radio_fuse_ammo_pack
Research:
290 Rp icon.png
Cost:
400 Sl icon.png
90 Ge icon.png
Mods ship rangefinder.png
Improved Rangefinder
Research:
290 Rp icon.png
Cost:
400 Sl icon.png
90 Ge icon.png
Mods new main caliber turrets.png
Primary Armament Targeting
Research:
290 Rp icon.png
Cost:
400 Sl icon.png
90 Ge icon.png
Mods torpedo.png
Torpedo Mode
Research:
450 Rp icon.png
Cost:
610 Sl icon.png
130 Ge icon.png
Mods ship mortar.png
Bomb mortar
Research:
450 Rp icon.png
Cost:
610 Sl icon.png
130 Ge icon.png

Armament

Primary armament

3 х Turret2 x 4 inch/45 Mark XVI cannon
Ammunition400 rounds
Vertical guidance-10° / 85°

The Brissenden's main armament consists of six 4 inch/45 Mark XVI dual purpose cannons in dual mounts. The first pair is located at the bow right under the bridge, while the other two are located at the stern. All but the rear-most turret have ±180 degrees horizontal guidance, while the latter has its horizontal guidance limited to ±145 degrees. Vertical guidance for all three turrets is -10 up to +85 degrees making them useful against aerial threats. Turret traverse speed is quite fast.

Utilizing a 40 round ready-use magazine per turret, the guns have a rate of fire of 20 rounds per minute dropping down to 15 rounds per minute after the ready-use ammo has been depleted.

The ammo suite consists of HE, HE-TF, HE-VT, and SAP rounds. The HE shells are quite weak against destroyers, due to the calibre of the guns and low explosive filler. SAP is advised to be used against any armoured vessel such as light cruisers or armoured gun boats. The HE-TF shell is a direct downgrade to the HE-VT shell, which can be used to engage enemy aircraft.

Penetration statistics
Ammunition Type of
warhead
Penetration @ 0° Angle of Attack (mm)
1,000 m 2,500 m 5,000 m 7,500 m 10,000 m 15,000 m
4 inch HE HE 20 20 20 20 20 20
4 inch SAP SAP 102 85 64 48 38 30
4 inch HE-TF HE-TF 20 20 20 20 20 20
4 inch HE-VT HE-VT 20 20 20 20 20 20
Shell details
Ammunition Type of
warhead
Velocity
(m/s)
Projectile
mass (kg)
Fuse delay
(s)
Fuse sensitivity
(mm)
Explosive mass
(TNT equivalent) (g)
Ricochet
0% 50% 100%
4 inch HE HE 811 15.88 0 0.1 1,550 79° 80° 81°
4 inch SAP SAP 811 17.35 0.015 5 600 47° 60° 65°
4 inch HE-TF HE-TF 811 15.88 0 0.1 1,550 79° 80° 81°
Proximity-fused shell details
Ammunition Type of
warhead
Velocity
(m/s)
Projectile
mass (kg)
Fuse delay
(m)
Fuse sensitivity
(mm)
Arming distance
(m)
Trigger radius
(m)
Explosive mass
(TNT equivalent) (g)
Ricochet
0% 50% 100%
4 inch HE-VT HE-VT 811 15.88 0 0.1 274 18 1,550 79° 80° 81°

Secondary armament

Turret4 x 40 mm 2pdr QF Mk.IIc automatic cannon
Ammunition8960 rounds
Belt capacity56 rounds
Fire rate200 shots/min

The Brissenden's secondary armament consists of a single quadruple 2pdr QF Mk.IIc "pom-pom" mount. It is mounted amidships right behind the funnel. Its primary use is as an anti-aircraft weapon, but it excels in destroying enemy coastal vessels as well due to its high rate of fire and 26 mm of penetration of the AP round at 2,000 m.

Penetration statistics
Shell Penetration @ 0° Angle of Attack (mm)
10 m 100 m 500 m 1,000 m 1,500 m 2,000 m
AP-T 60 57 48 39 32 26
HEF 3 3 3 3 3 3
Shell details
Ammunition Velocity
(m/s)
Projectile
Mass (kg)
Fuse delay
(m)
Fuse sensitivity
(mm)
Explosive Mass
(TNT equivalent) (g)
Ricochet
0% 50% 100%
AP-T 701 0.91 N/A N/A N/A 47° 60° 65°
HEF 701 0.82 0 0.1 71 79° 80° 81°

Anti-aircraft armament

4 х Turret2 x 20 mm/70 Oerlikon Mark 24 autocannon
Ammunition3600 rounds
Belt capacity60 rounds
Fire rate450 shots/min

Anti-aircraft armament of the Brissenden is made up of four twin 20 mm/70 Oerlikon Mark 24 cannons with one located on each side of the bridge and the other pair located between the torpedo mount and second main gun turret. The relatively high fire rate of the cannons makes them great at short range defense against enemy aircraft or fending off coastal vessels at close range.

Additional armament

Setup 13 x 533 mm Mk.IX** torpedo
Setup 24 x Y-gun Mk.VII depth charge
Setup 33 x 533 mm Mk.IX** torpedo
4 x Y-gun Mk.VII depth charge

The Brissenden has a single triple 21-inch torpedo tube located amidships behind the 2-pounder mount. The torpedo mount has very limited traverse angles resulting in need to turn with the ship to launch torpedoes, the torpedoes are quite fast with speed of 76 km/h and also boasting respectable range of 10 km and 367 kg warhead, in comparison the famous Japanese Long Lance Type 93 torpedoes have warhead consisting of 490 kg. The torpedo mode upgrade extends the range to 13.7 km but at the cost of speed reduction to 65 km/h.

The Brissenden also has four Y-gun depth charge throwers located at the stern with a pair on each side. They cannot be aimed, therefore making their usage very limited.

Usage in battles

Being armed more lightly than contemporary destroyers and having very low crew complement, it is advised to stay behind and let more powerful ships attack first, whilst supporting them with long range fire and destroying coastal crafts trying to launch torpedoes on the advancing ships. After the initial threat is taken care of, the captain of the Brissenden should advance further to utilize its anti-aircraft capabilities protecting fellow team mates.

Pros and cons

Pros:

  • Multi-purpose main guns and excellent elevation angles: a threatening air defence
  • Useful 40 mm 'Pom-pom' gun + improved 20 mm Oerlikon cannons
  • Compact and deceiving profile
  • Outstanding rate of fire of 20 rounds/min, even more effective with the use of ranging fire key

Cons:

  • Top speed is not great, even less than HMS Calpe
  • While better than Calpe, still below average crew size
  • Reduced number of torpedoes
  • No armour protecting the hull or the ammo storage
  • Low ammo count per turret: with the high rate of fire, ammo can be depleted quickly

History

The Hunt class, HMS Brissenden (L79) was an escort destroyer of the Hunt class of small destroyers built for the Royal Navy. Built during the Second World War, the ship was completed to a completely different design than her predecessors including the L71, including the fitting of torpedo tubes. HMS Brissenden saw some service during the Second World War, including convoy escort duties in the Mediterranean and Arctic theatres. She remained in the Mediterranean theatre until 1947, when she was reduced to reserve and eventually scrapped.

Design and construction

The Hunt class was a class of small destroyer (or destroyer escort) designed specifically for convoy escort duties. Ordered at the beginning of the Second World War, the ships were intended to fulfill a variety of duties, primarily being of the convoy escort role. Their smaller size made them much more affordable than the larger fleet destroyers that the Royal Navy had in service, while their strong armament made them suitable for convoy escort. This was reflected in the numbers of ships built - in total, 86 Hunts were completed in four groups, many of which were given to foreign navies. HMS Brissenden belonged to the fourth and final group, of which there were only two vessels. She was laid down in February of 1941 and commissioned in February of 1943.

HMS Brissenden was completed to a different design than the previous three groups. She displaced 1,175 tons standard and had a complement of 170. Her main armament consisted of six 4-inch (105 mm) guns in twin turrets, one fore and two aft. Brissenden also carried a secondary armament of a single quadruple Pom-Pom mount and several 20 mm Oerlikon guns. Unlike the other Hunts, HMS Brissenden carried a single triple 533 mm torpedo tube mount. Being an escort destroyer, Brissenden was only capable of making 26 knots (48 km/h). However, that was more than enough for the role she was meant to fulfill.

Operational History

After her commissioning in February of 1943, HMS Brissenden was commissioned into the British Home Fleet. She served there for just over 3 months before being assigned to the Mediterranean fleet for convoy escort and fire support duties. She was part of the escort force for the convoy WS31 towards Gibraltar and headed to Malta, where she provided fire support and patrol duties off of the Allied landings at Sicily. However, during this time, she suffered a collision with the destroyer Blankney and was severely damaged. As a result, she returned to the United Kingdom for repairs.

After the repairs were completed, Brissenden went on to serve as a convoy escort in the Arctic, escorting JW 54A to Iceland before turning back. She was also active in fleet defence during the time of the D-Day landings and engaged enemy light naval forces several times. In January of 1945, she returned to port for a refit, before rejoining the home fleet until July when she was transferred to the Mediterranean fleet. Brissenden remained in the Mediterranean after the war until 1947, when she was reduced to reserve in the UK. The ship was considered by Kuwait to become their Royal yacht, but this didn't come through, and the ship was scrapped in 1965.

Media

Skins

See also

Related development
Similar playstyle

External links

References

  • Mason, G. B. (2004). HMS Brissenden, Escort Destroyer. Retrieved January 20, 2021, from http://www.naval-history.net/xGM-Chrono-10DE-Brissenden.htm


John I. Thornycroft & Company
Destroyers 
G-class  HMS Grafton
Tribal-class  HMS Mohawk
N-class  HMS Nepal
Hunt-class Type IV  HMS Brissenden

Britain destroyers
Town-class  HMS Churchill · HMS Montgomery
V-class  HMS Valhalla · HMS Vega · HMS Verdun
G-class  HMS Grafton · ORP Garland
Hunt-class  HMS Calpe · HMS Brissenden
Tribal-class  HMCS Haida · HMS Eskimo · HMS Mohawk
J-class  HMS Jervis
K-class  HMS Kelvin
N-class  HMS Nepal
Battle-class  HMS Armada · HMS Cadiz · HMAS Tobruk
Daring-class  HMS Diana