Fw 190 D-12

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Fw 190 D-12
fw-190d-12.png
AB
RB
SB
General characteristics
Brief
Detailed
5.3/5.3/6.0BR
FighterClass
1 personCrew
3.7 tEmpty weight
5.0 tTake-off weight
Flight characteristics
12 000 mCeiling
sec23.5/23.5/21.6Turn Time
km/hStalling speed
Junkers Jumo-213E1Engine
InlineType
waterCooling system
Speed of destruction
912 km/hStructural
310 km/hGear
Offensive armament
30 mm MK 108 cannonWeapon 1
85 roundsAmmunition
660 shots/minFire rate
2 х 20 mm MG 151 cannonWeapon 2
440 roundsAmmunition
750 shots/minFire rate
Suspended armament
4 х 50 kg SC50JA bombSetup 1
8 х 50 kg SC50JA bombSetup 2
4 х 50 kg SC50JA bomb
1 х 250 kg SC250JA bomb
Setup 3
1 х 250 kg SC250JA bombSetup 4
1 х 500 kg SC500K bombSetup 5
4 х 50 kg SC50JA bomb
1 х 500 kg SC500K bomb
Setup 6
Economy
71 000 Rp icon.pngResearch
260 000 Sl icon.pngPurchase
Sl icon.png15 390 / 19 683/10 910 / 13 953/2 940 / 3 760Repair
74 000 Sl icon.pngCrew training
260 000 Sl icon.pngExperts
1 200 Ge icon.pngAces
x 1.78 Rp icon.pngReward for battle
This page is about the German fighter Fw 190 D-12. For other uses, see Fw 190 (Family).

Description

GarageImage Fw190D12.jpg


The Fw 190 D-12 is a rank IV German fighter with a battle rating of 6.0 (AB) and 5.3 (RB/SB). This fighter has been in the game since the start of the Open Beta Test prior to Update 1.29.

General info

Flight Performance

Characteristics
Stock
Max Speed
(km/h at 9,700 m)
Max altitude
(meters)
Turn time
(seconds)
Rate of climb
(meters/second)
Take-off run
(meters)
AB RB AB RB AB RB
690 673 12,000 23.2 23.6 10.5 12.8 317
Upgraded
Max Speed
(km/h at 9,700 m)
Max altitude (meters) Turn time (seconds) Rate of climb
(meters/second)
Take-off run (meters)
AB RB AB RB AB RB
759 725 12,000 20.1 21.6 26.7 17.1 317

Details

Features
Combat flap Take-off flap Landing flap Air brakes Arrestor gear
X X X
Limits
Wing-break speed
(km/h)
Gear limit
(km/h)
Combat flap
(km/h)
Max Static G
+ -
920 920 N/A ~21 ~21
Optimal velocities
Ailerons
(km/h)
Rudder
(km/h)
Elevators
(km/h)
Radiator
(km/h)
< 420 < 510 < 510 > 280
Compressor (RB/SB)
Setting 1
Optimal altitude 100% Engine power WEP Engine power
3,900 m 1,632 hp 2,007 hp
Setting 2
Optimal altitude 100% Engine power WEP Engine power
7,300 m 1,658 hp 2,039 hp
Setting 3
Optimal altitude 100% Engine power WEP Engine power
9,700 m 1,343 hp 1,652 hp

Survivability and armour

  • 3 mm Steel - Engine cowl armour
  • 8 mm Steel - Under cockpit/fuel tank armour
  • 5 mm Steel - Rear fuel tank armour
  • 8 mm Steel - Pilot's seat armour
  • 6 mm Steel - Pilot's seat armour
  • 12 mm Steel - Headrest armour
  • 57 mm Bulletproof Glass

Armaments

Offensive armament

The Fw 190 D-12 is armed with:

  • 1 x 30 mm MK 108 cannon, nose-mounted (85 rpg)
  • 2 x 20 mm MG 151/20 cannon, wing-mounted (220 rpg = 440 total)

Suspended armament

Main article: Suspended armaments

The Fw 190 D-12 can be outfitted with:

  • Without load
  • 4 x 50 kg SC50JA bombs (200 kg total)
  • 8 x 50 kg SC50JA bombs (400 kg total)
  • 4 x 50 kg SC50JA bombs + 1 x 250 kg SC250JA bomb (450 kg total)
  • 1 x 250 kg SC250JA bomb (250 kg total)
  • 1 x 500 kg SC500K bomb (500 kg total)
  • 4 x 50 kg SC50JA bombs + 1 x 500 kg SC500K bomb (700 kg total)

Usage in the battles

The Fw 190 D-12 was developed and tested alongside the Fw 190D-13. They share the same airframe and engine performance with the only difference between the D-12 and the D-13 being the cannon mounted in the propeller. (The D-12 was tested with a Mk 108 30 mm cannon while the D-13 was tested with an MG 151 20 mm cannon in the propeller)

Due to the D-12 and D-13 being so similar, you can fly them almost identically. (Keeping in mind the differing armament velocities at longer ranges) the Fw 190 D-12 has a high top speed for its BR, heavy armament with a large ammunition pool, a fantastic engine built for high-altitude performance and it features hydraulic ailerons for an amazingly high-speed roll rate. It is one of the only prop driven aircraft able to reach speeds exceeding 450 MPH/725 KPH while still retaining some ability to manoeuvre. The D-12 is an energy fighter, the plane relies on speed and engine power to be successful. With its high burst mass of and the destructive power of the minengeschoße, no bomber in the game can survive a short burst. Against fighters, the MK 108 is as usual difficult to aim and hit. Not to mention just overkill. As both guns have different ballistics, bind a separate key for your MG 151s. This makes aiming easier, saves ammo and is still sufficient enough against any fighter.

The Fw 190 D-12 is most effective at climbing above your foe and employing standard Boom and Zoom tactics. Keeping in mind that at 700 kph+, the flight surfaces of the Dora series notoriously compress and pulling out at those speeds can be tricky, however, it has been found that because of the fuselage mounted fuel tanks in the Dora series, taking higher fuel loads will cut the amount of time it takes to pull out of those high-speed dives by up to 50% (50% when comparing minimum fuel load to full fuel load.(As of 1.71.1))

One of the most known abilities of the Fw 190 series is their ability to out roll enemies such as the Spitfire that "lock up" at higher speeds. If attacked from above and if the enemy is at a higher speed than the D-12, it is possible to perform a series of rolls called a "scissors". The goal of this manoeuvre is to both avoid the enemy's guns by rolling out of the way as well as allowing that enemy to overshoot, resulting in the Dora pilot tailing the would-be killer. Although difficult, manoeuvres such as these can turn the tables in a one-on-one dogfight and ensure survival.

Attempt every deflection shot possible, and if the rounds are not hitting the target pull harder. It is better to have rounds fly in front of an enemy plane than miles behind them. In order to pull ahead, make good use of combat/landing flaps. However, remember not to activate them at high speeds as they will rip off causing a momentary loss of control.

The role of the Bomb Dora can be done by any 190 D. A wide arrangement of payloads is possible. But none of them is powerful enough to go for strategic bomb zones. In addition the 50 kg bombs can only be dropped in pairs in RB & SB. In combination with the lack of an aiming reticle, it is suggested to not carry the small bombs in addition to your main payload. Bridges, heavy tanks and heavy pillboxes should be the primary target for the 500 kg bomb. The other targets can be destroyed with ease by allied attackers.

Manual Engine Control

MEC elements
Mixer Pitch Radiator Supercharger Turbocharger
Oil Water Type
Controllable Not controllable Not controllable Not controllable Separate Not ontrollable Not controllable

Modules

Tier Flight performance Survivability Weaponry
I Fuselage Repair, Radiator Offensive 20 mm, ETC 71 I
II Compressor Airframe New 13 mm Cannons, ETC 71 II
III Wing Repair, Engine Offensive 30 mm, ETC 504 I, ETC 504 + ER 4 I
IV Engine Injection Cover New 30 mm Cannons, ETC 504 II, ETC 504 + ER 4 II

Pros and cons

Pros:

  • Excellent energy retention and dive acceleration and top-speed in a dive
  • Great speed on low altitude
  • Great high-speed manoeuvrability (D-13 is superior)
  • Great aileron control and roll speed
  • Great & heavy armament
  • Good ammo supply
  • Good climb-rate
  • Water injection ("MW50" -> WEP ingame) lasts at least 30 minutes

Cons:

  • Awful turn-rate below high-speeds
  • Enormous turn cycle
  • Prone to overheating

History

Describe the history of the creation and combat usage of the aircraft in more detail than in the introduction. If the historical reference turns out to be too big, take it to a separate article, taking a link to an article about the vehicle and adding a block "/ historical reference" (example: https://wiki.warthunder.com/Name-vehicles/historical reference) and add a link to it here using the main template. Be sure to include links to sources at the end of the article.

In-game description

"The Focke-Wulf Fw 190 Wuerger (Shrike) was a single-seat single-engine monoplane fighter used by the Luftwaffe in WWII. One of the best fighters of the time, it was widely used during the Second World War. A total of over 20,000 were produced, including some 6,000 fighter-bomber variants. The 190 remained in production from 1941 until the end of the war, going through multiple redesigns. The Fw 190 made a name for itself as a true Luftwaffe workhorse and was used in a wide variety of roles, including a high-altitude interceptor (especially the Fw 190D), escort fighter, fighter-bomber and night fighter.

The Fw 190 D 'Dora', or 'Long-Nosed 190' to the Allies, was intended as an interim solution while the Ta 152 was being readied. However, the Dora ended up being one of the finest Focke-Wulf designs of the entire war. The aircraft was armed with two synchronized MG 17s and four wing-mounted MG 151s. Initially, Luftwaffe pilots regarded the Dora with some suspicion. The Jumo 213 was believed to be a bomber engine and its installation on a fighter was considered a desperate measure. However, as soon as they had a chance to fight in the Dora-9, the pilots changed their minds. The new variant, compared to its BMW 801-powered predecessor, performed better in the vertical and in a dive. Additionally, it had a phenomenal roll rate. The pilots quickly found that the Jumo 213-powered Focke-Wulf was superior to the venerable P-51B Mustang.

A total of 650 to 700 Fw 190 D series fighters were produced. By December 1944, the Focke-Wulf plant in Marienburg produced 8 Fw 190 Ds each day, even though the factory appeared completely destroyed from the air."

Media

An excellent addition to the article will be video guides, as well as screenshots from the game and photos.

Read also

Links to the articles on the War Thunder Wiki that you think will be useful for the reader, for example,

  • reference to the series of the aircraft;
  • links to approximate analogues of other nations and research trees.

Sources

Paste links to sources and external resources, such as:

  • topic on the official game forum;
  • page on aircraft encyclopedia;
  • other literature.


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