Type 60 SPRG (C)
The Type 60 Self-Propelled Recoilless Gun (C) (shortened to Type 60 SPRG (C)) was a light anti-tank vehicle developed by Japan in the late 1950s. It was Japan's first domestic combat vehicle after the Second World War. The vehicle was armed with dual 106 mm M40 recoilless rifles and was designed for ambush attacks against enemy tanks
It was introduced in Update 1.65 "Way of the Samurai" along with the initial Japanese Ground Forces tree. The Type 60 is the first vehicle in War Thunder to implement a recoilless gun as the main armament of a vehicle. The principal role of the Type 60 SPRG is as a short-range ambushing "Tank destroyer" where it can make maximum use of its dual 106 mm M40 firepower to best effect, it is better suited to short range engagements, and can find it difficult to make meaningful contributions to the team on maps with long engagement ranges. It does also get the ability to scout out targets, the Type 60 SPRG can use to great effect with the small size and relatively good mobility.
Survivability and armour
The Type 60 SPRG light armour and in some cases absence of armour (open gap in front of the Commander) means that even return MG fire can be deadly. The only area which can reliably stop machine gun fire is from the right side. It lives and dies on being able to engage first and retreat thus should be usually played in ambush or supporting the flanks of advancing tanks, it is not built to be a front line "tank destroyer".
Its frontal armour is capable of stopping certain planes fire, but the rest of it might as well not exist. It won't stop attackers from destroying Type 60 either.
Due to this, when enemy tanks fire APHE at commander's turret, it almost always fails to detonate and only takes out one crew member. This still doesn't change the fact, that commander's compartment is a huge target, and commander IS the gunner, and so you might be unable to fire back. This is a very big problem in AB, as people tend to shoot at SPRG the very instant they see it, often prioritizing it over anything else.
- Rolled homogeneous armour
- Gun steel (Recoilless tubes and spotting guns)
|Hull|| 30 mm (27-29°) Front plate
10 mm (61-77°) Front glacis
30 mm (35-66°) Lower glacis
| 15 mm Top
10 mm Bottom
| 10 mm (58°) Top
10 mm (37°) Bottom
|Turret||10 mm (39°)||15 mm||10 mm (8°)||30 mm|
|Cupola||10 mm||10 mm||10 mm||10 mm|
- Suspension wheels are 20 mm thick, tracks are 15 mm thick.
- Turret column is 30 mm thick.
- Front and rear turret armour does not fully cover the commander.
|Game Mode||Max Speed (km/h)||Weight (tons)||Engine power (horsepower)||Power-to-weight ratio (hp/ton)|
While the vehicle is quite lightweight at 7.7 tons, the diesel engine is not a particularly beefy meaning while quite quick and nimble, you are often left wanting more horsepower when ascending hills and particularly when attempting to escape from a failed ambush or multiple enemy tanks.
Avoid getting stuck on a hill while facing downwards, as it will take approximately two minutes for stock Type 60 SPRG (C) to free itself unless it is wedged in for good. Care must be taken as even spaded tanks can get stuck for good.
The vehicle is too lightweight to attempt to plough through the weakest of stone fences, which even the lightest tanks normally drive over losing only 2 km/h, and the rangefinding machine gun cannot be used to destroy most of them either. Consider driving around them, unless you want to risk getting stuck while trying to get over them.
In arcade mode, one might consider using reverse more often, as it is much more responsive than the forward travelling gears, especially for turning around (because of its higher torque).
Modifications and economy
Type 60 SPRG uses two recoilless rifles. They only fire chemical ammunition, which should be always kept in mind. They explode if contact with anything on their flight path.
Both rifles are on separate triggers, and so it is very recommended to unbind "fire additional weapon" from "fire main gun" button (left mouse button by default). This way you can use both guns separately to attack two tanks at once or adjust aim in case of a miss. In some cases, you can even fire one gun to destroy an object shielding the enemy tank and as soon as it collapses, destroy the enemy tank with the second gun. It's not likely that enemy will be going anywhere after being critically hit by chemical warhead anyway, so most of the times firing both guns in quick succession is a waste of ammunition.
Ammunition choice for this vehicle is a bit of a headache for a number of reasons:
- You only have 5 shots for each gun, 10 in total
- M344A1 HEAT has impressive penetration with few vehicles capable of resisting a hit but its damage is limited to a narrow cone requiring accurate shooting in order to hit essential components of the opposition tank and in large tanks with spaced-out crew (T29), it can struggle to achieve a knock out blow even with both M40s fired
- M361A1 HESH has the potential for more damage against opposition tanks but it has significantly less penetration requiring you to be even more accurate with your shots, however, the tricky shot of lobbing the projectile onto the roof of opposition tanks can yield rather hilarious results
When rearming at capture point, keep in mind that Main gun (left gun) rearms first, and only one of them rearms at the time, so you might want to save at least one shot for the secondary gun just in case someone tries to interrupt your restocking and the first shot wasn't enough to destroy them.
It is worth noting, that hull-down is very difficult to accomplish with this vehicle due to the main gun's height being similar to the commander's tower height. In arcade mode Type 60 should not be doing this, due to arcade battle markers making it very easy to spot and counterattack.
|106 mm Type 60 (B) (x2)||Turret rotation speed (°/s)||Reloading rate (seconds)|
|Ammunition|| Type of
|Penetration @ 0° Angle of Attack (mm)|
|10 m||100 m||500 m||1,000 m||1,500 m||2,000 m|
|Ammunition|| Type of
| Fuse delay
| Fuse sensitivity
| Explosive mass
(TNT equivalent) (kg)
Type 60 (B) machine guns are mounted on top of rifles to provide rangefinding. They are not suited for combat and obstacle-clearing in any way, and only the flimsiest of fences will be damaged by them. The point of them is to be used to see, where shells of rifles will land.
However, they are only effective up to about 800 m, as trajectory starts to deviate past that point.
It is technically possible to use them to shoot down fighters, but only if they are directly strafing you - aim for the pilot. Anything else would do no damage to the plane.
|12.7 mm Type 60 (B)|
|Mount||Capacity (Belt)||Fire rate||Vertical||Horizontal|
Usage in battles
The Type 60 SPRG is predominately suited to short-range ambushes of opposition tanks. It is quite diminutive in stature and relatively mobile allowing it to manoeuvre into position, typically behind a hill, where it can use the impressive 20° degree of gun depression, to quickly pop up and deliver dual 106 mm M40 to a target before pulling back to reload or relocate. In AB, you can use scouting to mark interesting targets and hide away while keeping re-scouting them, to virtually disappear from the map for a while.
If the target is far away enough and the hill is steep enough, due to naturally high HEAT flight angle it is sometimes possible to fire shot above it without having to expose the SPG. In AB one can aim using "binocular aim" trick (point binoculars at target and hold main firing button to turn turret towards the target), in RB one have to use rangefinding MG and check its flight pattern to see where shells will land.
It is possible to fire at targets outside of your rangefinding MG range (800 m), however, the low ammunition count (10) and low muzzle velocity (~500 m/s) of the 106 mm M40 projectiles combined with projectile drop, means you either must be very sure of your aim or located near a capture point for reloading, and so the usual engagement range should be under 1,000 m.
Often it is better to hold fire when you have observed an opposition vehicle to see if they will present a better target and only fire when you are confident you will secure a hit or are about to be discovered.
For maps with little to no cover, your best bet is to find some ASAP, even if it is in the form of dead tanks. For maps like Maginot, El Alamein or any of the city maps; stay near pieces of cover that blend with your camouflage layout. For example, in the cap circle in the main town in Maginot; hide in the little garden area's that are blocked by walls and use this to hide if you are being tracked down or as an ambush position. Remember not to cause too much environmental damage as it will make it too visible and leave the trees up, so planes will have a hard time finding you.
A recommendation is to use all M344A1 HEAT till you have got used to aiming the weapon then perhaps try using the HESH approach to see if you get better results. There is no specific enemy for the Type 60 SPRG due to the extremely light armour and in some place absence of armour, a gap between the dual 106 mm M40 and the hull in front of the commander, makes the Type 60 SPRG extremely vulnerable to even return machine gun fire.
If at all possible you should approach an opposition target from the left as this will allow the driver's viewing port to extend past the gap in the armour prevent the opposition targets from machine-gunning directly into the interior of the tank.
Pros and cons
- HEAT rounds have impressive penetration which can hit and destroy a majority of tanks with one or two rounds
- Alternating guns usage typically leads to a faster reload rate compared to other tanks it will face
- Quite nimble
- Low profile
- Excellent gun depression
- Open gap in armour makes the crew vulnerable to machine gunfire
- Light armour barely capable of resisting light machine gunfire
- Limited gun traverse
- Low ammo count of 10 rounds
- Ranging machine gun only effective up to ~800 m before trajectory with the main gun deviate
- Extremely vulnerable to strafing by aircraft with no machine gun to return fire
- Even the most primitive objects can stop it from crossing the terrain sometimes
The Type 60 Self-Propelled Recoilless Rifle is a light anti-tank gun, one of the first developed by Japan after the war. In the 1950s, Japan was forced to deviate from its post-war development concept of exclusively peaceful industry and return to designing its own military vehicles. Apart from universal, but expensive-to-produce tanks, the developed countries of the world often held cheaper, but less effective anti-tank guns in service. Japan also decided not to become an exception. In 1954, the Komatsu and Mitsubishi companies received an order to develop and build prototypes of a new light anti-tank gun armed with two recoilless rifles. By 1955, the SS1 and SS2 prototypes by the Komatsu and Mitsubishi companies respectively were ready. Mitsubishi's SS2 won favor in the course of testing, but Komatsu had no plans to give up, and in 1956, they presented a new prototype for testing with the index SS3, armed with 4 recoilless rifles at once. The installation of 4 guns later had to be dropped, since their position made the vehicle's profile too tall and noticeable. By 1959, the Komatsu company had developed its fourth and final prototype, designated SS4, with a more powerful engine and new transmission. This was accepted into service under the designation Type 60 Self-Propelled Recoilless Rifle in 1960.
By design, the Type 60 SPRR was an eight-ton armoured vehicle with two twinned American 106 mm recoilless M40 guns mounted in the right side of the hull in a mobile mounting point. The mounting point had two possible positions. In the lower position, which was usually used when traveling, the guns had very limited vertical and horizontal aiming angles. In the extended upper position, which was the primary battle position, the guns could rotate and drop significantly better, which made them far easier to aim. For precise aiming, a high-calibre M80 machine gun was attached firmly above each gun. This machine gun's shots had the same ballistic trajectory as those of the 106 mm gun itself. With the M40 guns' limited ammunition complement, this decision was very fortuitous. To reload the guns, the loader had to go out onto the roof of the engine compartment located in the rear of the vehicle or stand completely behind it.
The lightly armoured Type 60 SPRR was intended for firing from ambushes without ever entering the enemy's field of view. In total, 252 Type 60 SPRRs were produced, many of which still serve with the Japan Self-Defense Forces.
- From Devblog
- Other vehicles of similar configuration and role
|Japan tank destroyers|
|Ro-Go Derivatives||Ro-Go Exp.|
|Chi-Ha Derivatives||Ho-Ni I · Ho-Ni III · Ho-Ro · Chi-Ha LG|
|Ho-Ri||Ho-Ri Prototype · Ho-Ri Production|
|Other||Na-To · Type 60 SPRG (C) · Type 75 SPH|
|Missile||Type 60 ATM|
|Rocket||Type 75 MLRS|