C13 T90

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RANK 4 FRANCE
Somua SM PACK
it_c13_t90.png
GarageImage C13 T90.jpg
C13 T90
AB RB SB
6.7 6.7 6.7
Class:
Research:95 000 Specs-Card-Exp.png
Purchase:270 000 Specs-Card-Lion.png
Show in game

Description

The C13 T90 is a rank V Italian light tank with a battle rating of 6.7 (AB/RB/SB). It was introduced in Update "Direct Hit".

General info

Survivability and armour

Smoke grenades
Creation of a smoke screen in front of the vehicle
Armourfront / side / back
Hull50 / 38 / 38
Turret8 / 8 / 8
Crew3 people
Visibility88 %

The C13's armour is only effective against enemy machine gun fire, and in lucky cases can bounce a few shots if hit at a specific angle. Generally speaking you can get taken out easily from all sides.

Armour type:

  • Aluminium alloy 5083 (hull)
  • Rolled homogeneous armour (hull, turret)
Armour Front (Slope angle) Sides Rear Roof
Hull 38 + 6 mm (73°) Upper
50 + 13 mm (40°) Lower
38 + 6 mm (37°) Top
50 + 6 mm Middle
32 + 6 mm Bottom
38 mm (10-11°) 38 mm
Turret 8 mm (12-23°) Turret front
8 mm (6-50°) Gun mantlet
8 mm (33°)
8 mm (68-72°) Turret underside
8 mm (11°) 8 mm (85-90°)
Cupola 8 mm (cylindrial) 8 mm

Notes:

  • Tracks are 15 mm thick, suspension wheels are 20 mm thick

Mobility

Speedforward / back
AB78 / 16 km/h
RB and SB71 / 15 km/h
Number of gears6 forward
1 back
Weight14.3 t
Engine power
AB687 hp
RB and SB360 hp
Power-to-weight ratio
AB48.0 hp/t
RB and SB25.2 hp/t
Game Mode Max Speed (km/h) Weight (tons) Engine power (horsepower) Power-to-weight ratio (hp/ton)
Forward Reverse Stock Upgraded Stock Upgraded
Arcade 78 16 14.3 558 687 39.02 48.04
Realistic 71 15 318 360 22.24 25.17

Modifications and economy

Repair costBasic → Reference
AB2 760 → 3 966 Sl icon.png
RB4 970 → 7 141 Sl icon.png
SB9 820 → 14 111 Sl icon.png
Total cost of modifications80 300 Rp icon.png
134 300 Sl icon.png
Talisman cost2 000 Ge icon.png
Crew training78 000 Sl icon.png
Experts270 000 Sl icon.png
Aces1 100 Ge icon.png
Research Aces670 000 Rp icon.png
Reward for battleAB / RB / SB
100 / 140 / 180 % Sl icon.png
190 / 190 / 190 % Rp icon.png
Modifications
Mobility Protection Firepower
Mods new tank traks.png
Tracks
Research:
4 200 Rp icon.png
Cost:
6 800 Sl icon.png
200 Ge icon.png
Mods new tank suspension.png
Suspension
Research:
3 700 Rp icon.png
Cost:
6 000 Sl icon.png
180 Ge icon.png
Mods new tank break.png
Brake System
Research:
3 700 Rp icon.png
Cost:
6 000 Sl icon.png
180 Ge icon.png
Mods new tank filter.png
Filters
Research:
5 200 Rp icon.png
Cost:
8 400 Sl icon.png
250 Ge icon.png
Mods new tank transmission.png
Transmission
Research:
5 400 Rp icon.png
Cost:
8 700 Sl icon.png
260 Ge icon.png
Mods new tank engine.png
Engine
Research:
5 400 Rp icon.png
Cost:
8 700 Sl icon.png
260 Ge icon.png
Mods tank tool kit.png
Parts
Research:
2 700 Rp icon.png
Cost:
6 800 Sl icon.png
200 Ge icon.png
Mods extinguisher.png
FPE
Research:
2 400 Rp icon.png
Cost:
6 000 Sl icon.png
180 Ge icon.png
Mods tank reinforcement it.png
Crew Replenishment
Research:
5 200 Rp icon.png
Cost:
8 400 Sl icon.png
250 Ge icon.png
Mods smoke screen.png
Smoke grenade
Research:
5 400 Rp icon.png
Cost:
8 700 Sl icon.png
260 Ge icon.png
Mods new tank horizontal aiming.png
Horizontal Drive
Research:
4 200 Rp icon.png
Cost:
6 800 Sl icon.png
200 Ge icon.png
Mods tank ammo.png
90mm_cockerill_HESH_ammo_pack
Research:
4 200 Rp icon.png
Cost:
6 800 Sl icon.png
200 Ge icon.png
Mods tank cannon.png
Adjustment of Fire
Research:
3 700 Rp icon.png
Cost:
6 000 Sl icon.png
180 Ge icon.png
Mods airstrike.png
Airstrike
Research:
3 700 Rp icon.png
Cost:
6 000 Sl icon.png
180 Ge icon.png
Mods new tank vertical aiming.png
Elevation Mechanism
Research:
5 200 Rp icon.png
Cost:
8 400 Sl icon.png
250 Ge icon.png
Mods tank ammo.png
90mm_cockerill_Smoke_ammo_pack
Research:
5 200 Rp icon.png
Cost:
8 400 Sl icon.png
250 Ge icon.png
Mods art support.png
Artillery Support
Research:
5 400 Rp icon.png
Cost:
8 700 Sl icon.png
260 Ge icon.png
Mods scouting.png
Improved optics
Research:
5 400 Rp icon.png
Cost:
8 700 Sl icon.png
260 Ge icon.png

Armaments

Main armament

Ammunition28 rounds
First-order12 rounds
Reloadbasic crew → aces
8.7 → 6.7 s
Vertical guidance-9° / 27°
90 mm Cockerill Mk.3 Turret rotation speed (°/s) Reloading rate (seconds)
Mode Capacity Vertical Horizontal Stabilizer Stock Upgraded Full Expert Aced Stock Full Expert Aced
Arcade 28 -9°/+27° ±180° N/A 28.6 39.5 48.0 53.1 56.5 8.7 7.70 7.10 6.70
Realistic 17.9 21.0 25.5 28.2 30.0

Ammunition

Penetration statistics
Ammunition Type of
warhead
Penetration @ 0° Angle of Attack (mm)
10 m 100 m 500 m 1,000 m 1,500 m 2,000 m
M620A1 HEATFS 250 250 250 250 250 250
M625A1 HESH 102 102 102 102 102 102
Shell details
Ammunition Type of
warhead
Velocity
(m/s)
Projectile
Mass (kg)
Fuse delay
(m)
Fuse sensitivity
(mm)
Explosive Mass
(TNT equivalent) (g)
Ricochet
0% 50% 100%
M620A1 HEATFS 890 4.1 0.05 0.1 890.4 65° 72° 77°
M625A1 HESH 800 4.5 0.4 0.1 1,730 73° 77° 80°
Smoke shell characteristics
Ammunition Velocity
(m/s)
Projectile
Mass (kg)
Screen radius
(m)
Screen deploy time
(s)
Screen hold time
(s)
Explosive Mass
(TNT equivalent) (g)
M618A1 714 5.3 20 5 25 50

Ammo racks

Ammo racks of the C13 T90
Full
ammo
1st
rack empty
2nd
rack empty
3rd
rack empty
Visual
discrepancy
28 21 (+7) 13 (+15) (+27) No

Notes:

  • Shells are modeled individually and disappear after having been shot or loaded.
  • Rack 3 is a first stage ammo rack. It totals 12 shells and gets filled first when loading up the tank.
  • This rack is also emptied early: the rack depletion order at full capacity is: 3 - 1 - 2.
  • Simply not firing when the gun is loaded will move ammo from racks 1 then 2 into rack 3. Firing will interrupt the restocking of the ready rack.

Machine guns

Ammunition2 000 rounds
Belt capacity200 rounds
Reloadbasic crew → aces
10.4 → 8.0 s
Fire rate600 shots/min
Ammunition2 000 rounds
Belt capacity200 rounds
Reloadbasic crew → aces
10.4 → 8.0 s
Fire rate600 shots/min
7.62 mm FN MAG 60-40
Mount Capacity (Belt) Fire rate Vertical Horizontal
Coaxial 2,000 (200) 600 N/A N/A
Pintle 2,000 (200) 600 -10°/+50° ±120°

Usage in battles

The C13 T90 is an amazing light tank, mainly due to its great mobility. At first glance one might not expect much from such a big vehicle, but in reality the C13 T90 is able to easily race ahead of other tanks in the majority of environments. The main reason is due to the power-to-weight ratio of the vehicle, paired up with the adequate engine means the C13 T90 has nearly no problem mobility-wise. The only terrain that the C13 T90 may struggle in is mud, but most tanks will suffer the same fate.

Due to this, a player should put this advantage to use by playing the vehicle as a support/flanker. For example, early in the match the C13's speed makes it possible to scout enemies and take potshots if the opportunity arises in places the enemy might not expect you to be at. In terms of flanking, this vehicle will be mainly directed towards spotting and setting up opportunistic medium-ranged ambushes, whilst sniping is a last resort. The rather small calibre HEAT rounds and the ballistics might not perform as desired at long distances and could just reveal your location to enemies. To practice, make sure to utilize the rangefinder, eventually a player might get used to the ballistics of the vehicle and not even need to rangefind when firing at an enemy.

The C13 T90 has access to the HESH 90 mm round, although the HEAT usually does the trick, it might be useful to bring a few HESH rounds in case you encounter enemies that HEAT simply cannot deal with.

One of the many upsides of the C13 T90 also include the scouting ability, which can be extremely useful for you and your team, if the player also brings a multi-purpose aircraft in the lineup to provide air support, you can really make the best out of this ability, as aircraft spawn costs are reduced every time an enemy you scouted is destroyed by a teammate.

If flanking in a tree-covered map, keep in mind the sensitivity of the HEAT fuse as even the smallest of bushes can detonate the warhead and jeopardize the position. It's best to either move to a spot with less foliage, or stick to scouting the enemy.

Unlike the AUBL/74, the C13 does not posses any sort of amphibious abilities, so do not try to traverse deep sections of water, as you'll just drown inside your vehicle.

The C13 T90 is also capable of brawling, which can go hand-in-hand with the support role. As long as you're able to find a spot which can cover most of your vehicle, a player can remain close to the front-lines to perform a range of tasks, such as repairing allied vehicles and helping in capturing points. One of the few downsides of the C13 T90 is it not being very survivable, your armour is only really effective against enemy machine gun fire, and in some lucky cases you may survive an artillery barrage coming your way. Enemies will usually take you out in one shot, so it's advised that you either keep moving or you stay hidden in one spot where you won't be at risk of getting spotted. Good situational awareness is also recommended when playing this vehicle. After a few minutes into a match, enemy air will start to make its presence known. Enemy aircraft can easily take you out, even weaker rockets will seriously damage your vehicle if not outright take you out. To maximize your survivability, it's best to take refuge inside a building, and hopefully wait for a friendly SPAA to take the air threat out for you.

Pros and cons

Pros:

  • 90 mm HEATFS comes stock - HESH and smoke shells are unlockable later
  • Rather good traverse and elevation rates allowing for quick reaction to incoming enemies
  • Amazing mobility

Cons:

  • Armour is not very effective
  • Gun is not stabilised

History

C13 T90 during tests

The OTO Melara C13 family of vehicles would begin development during the early 1980s. First officially announced in 1981 in many Italian military magazines, the C13 was specifically developed in the hopes for the Italian army to replace the several American M113 APCs they had in service. It was presented publicly in its basic version in 1982 as the first prototype armed with a 12.7 mm machine gun. This APC version would be able to carry 11 infantrymen and the driver, and would be powered by a Isotta-Fraschini supercharged diesel engine which produced 330 hp, it would also have a considerable top speed (60 km/h) for a vehicle of the era. It would also have a range of 500 km, which made it a very desirable vehicle for many nations that operated the M113 APC. Technically speaking, it could also be amphibious but to make it work, no form of turret was able to be installed so only the APC variant could cross bodies of water, it would be propelled similarly to the M113. It wouldn't be very armoured, but when compared to the M113 APC it did offer an improvement.

C13 T90 during trials

More testing of the first prototype lead to around 5 more prototypes to be made, some with some quite unique armaments. The OTO C13 would be able to be configured in many variants, which included the TC-20, either armed with a 20 mm RH202 auto-cannon or 25 mm Oerlikon auto-cannon. Another version would be the TUA (TOW under armour) version which would use the M901 ATGM system. In the anti-air sector, there were plans to create the C13 25x4, which utilized the SIDAM-25 turret, although all the parts were constructed, due to political reasons the anti-air version never actually would be fully put together. Lastly, but certainly not least, there was the CKL T90 version, which would be armed with a Cockerill Mk3 90 mm cannon. This version specifically would utilize the same turret and armament that was previously installed on the Fiat 6616 / AUBL/74. Unfortunately, none of these models would actually be picked up by the Italian army.

C13 T90 during test firing

In the export market, it did generate some interest, a model of the C13 had been evaluated in Iraq at one point. However, the economic and political situations of the 1991 Gulf War would seriously impact the commercial success of this family of tracked vehicles, similarly to the OF-40. Another nation that showed some interest was Germany, more specifically Mak System Gesellschaft which wanted to cooperate with Italy to create a more advanced family of vehicles based on the OTO C13, this would lead to the OTO AV-90 (armoured vehicle 90) which would be based on the C13 but incorporated a series of improvements. The AV-90 program would likely have its funding cut by Germany so the program was shut down, thus putting an end to any sort of potential buyers of the vehicle.

Overall this project had shown great potential, and despite the C13 and later on the AV-90 both proving to be vast improvements of the M113, due to political reasons the project did not ever go past the prototype stage. Currently a few prototypes of the C13 remain inside of the OTO Melara factory in La Spezia, awaiting restoration for the eventual musealization of the vehicle at the Museo Della Melara in Italy.

Devblog

In 1978, the OTO Melara company initiated a private venture to develop a new IFV design which would fill the gap between the widely used M113 APC in service with Italian forces at the time, the Dardo IFV which was still under development and the British FV510 Warrior. As the project’s development progressed, it was increasingly being promoted as the prospective successor to the dated M113.

In 1982, the first prototype of the vehicle was constructed, followed by two further prototypes in 1984. While undergoing testing, several differently armed versions of the vehicle were created in order to make the vehicle more versatile. Among these various armament options, a version with a 90 mm low-pressure gun was also tested.

However, outright succeeding the M113 proved increasingly challenging to OTO Melara as testing continued throughout the 1980s. Among the many reasons was the sheer widespread and cost-effective availability of the M113 worldwide, especially following the end of the Cold War in the early 1990s. Despite work on the vehicle continuing throughout the 1990s, no orders ended up being placed. As a result, OTO Melara cancelled further work on the vehicle and the project was made dormant altogether. In the end, only three prototypes of the C13 were ever constructed.

Media

Excellent additions to the article would be video guides, screenshots from the game, and photos.

See also

External links


Italy light tanks
L6/40  L6/40
Autoblindo Fiat-Ansaldo  AB 41 · AB 43
Fiat 6614/6616  FIAT 6614 · AUBL/74 · AUBL/74 HVG
R3 Capraia  R3 T106 FA
Centauro  Centauro I 105 · Centauro I 105 R · Centauro I 120
IFV  C13 T90 · Dardo
Hungary  Toldi IIA
USA  ▄M3A3 · ▄M24 · ▄M18