8 km/h back50 km/h forward
7 km/h backSpeed
The WZ305 is a rank V Chinese SPAA with a battle rating of 8.0 (AB/RB/SB). It was introduced in Update 1.95 "Northern Wind".
The Chinese counterpart to the infamous ZSU-57-2, the WZ305 will feel very familiar to veteran users of the "Sparka". While outwardly similar, there are some differences. The hull is developed from a later Type 69 variant, as opposed to the ZSU's chassis derived from the T-54. Cosmetic differences include fender-mounted headlights, side skirts, and the retention of all five road wheels. The WZ305's hull is better armored, though this adds about 3 tons to its weight, and has a slightly more powerful engine. Firepower wise it enjoys a new DKY-1 airburst HE shell that makes it much easier to use against aircraft.
Survivability and armour
Compared to the ZSU-57-2, the upper glacis is significantly thicker at 45 mm of RHA compared to the original 13.5mm. The side armor is 20 mm (+5 mm difference) and the rear armor is 30 mm (+20 mm difference). The turret is slightly thinner than the original but the difference is negligible.
The armor of the WZ305 is still very poor. While the upper glacis is now about as strong as a T-34, this level of protection does not amount to much at its rank. The paper-thin turret means that enemies with heavy machine guns or autocannons can mow down the turret crew and potentially knock out the tank with a single burst. The tank is also susceptible to hull break and impacts from nearby artillery shells.
The mobility of the WZ305 is about the same as the ZSU-57-2, with a hp/ton ratio of 19, a top speed of 50 km/h, and a reverse speed of -7 km/h. While not lightning fast, it is considerably more mobile than contemporary Chinese MBTs like the Type 59 and should have few issues keeping up with teammates. Flanking should be done with caution since proper light tanks and some MBTs are more mobile, especially on-road, and may appear suddenly.
|57 mm WA318 (x2)|
|Capacity (Belt capacity each)|| Fire rate
|Turret rotation speed (°/s)|
|Mode||Stock||Upgraded||Prior + Full crew||Prior + Expert qualif.||Prior + Ace qualif.|
|Reloading rate (seconds)|
|Stock||Prior + Full crew||Prior + Expert qualif.||Prior + Ace qualif.|
|Ammunition|| Type of
|Penetration in mm @ 90°|
|Ammunition|| Type of
Mass in kg
| Fuse delay
| Fuse sensitivity
| Explosive Mass in g
| Normalization At 30°
|Belts||Shell composition||Tips and usage|
|Default||APHE – HEFI-T||50% of this belt are useless against tanks or planes. However, against other SPAA this belt can reliably take out crew, armament, ammo and engine. Having one belt in reserve does not hurt.|
|BR-281||APHE||Intermediate usage until the better BR-281U rounds can be used. Decent enough versus light to medium tanks from the sides and rear.|
|BR-281U||AP-T – HEFI-T||Best penetrating rounds for the vehicle. At this Rank, the round is useful against moderately armoured tanks even from the front.|
|OR-281U||HEFI-T||Versus planes. One or two hits usually gets the job done. Heavy armoured attackers and bombers may require more thought.|
|DKY-1||HE-VT||Versus planes. Huge explosive mass will blow most aircraft out of the sky, 15 m trigger radius means that one can be much more lenient with aiming.|
Usage in battles
Like its Soviet cousin, the WZ305 is capable of slaughtering lightly armored vehicles, but using it in an anti-ground role is risky due to its lackluster defense. It is a good idea to play carefully and not expose oneself unnecessarily.
As an SPAA this should be the first course of action. Find a safe location from enemy ground vehicles, lay in wait and open fire on any enemies when they are in range. The powerful 57 mm cannons will tear apart any aircraft from the sky in 1-5 direct hits. If the fused HE shells are unlocked, this is even easier; the proximity fuse will make it much easier to land hits in general and maneuvering targets will have a harder time dodging your fire. The big downside is that the gunner crew are exposed to strafing aircraft and can easily be taken out by aircraft machine gun/cannon fire, so it is important to first prioritize aircraft which appear to be gunning for the WZ305.
Using the 57 mm cannons on a ground attack role is possible and have been exploited by many players. Using BR-281U ammo, the guns can effectively pierce the side and rear of any tank (excluding the Maus). Remember the WZ305's armour does not compare to other tanks armour so one shot could be the end of the SPAA. Play cat-and-mouse and wait for the enemy to go into an engagement with another target and then jump out into the open and fire upon them while they are distracted. It is recommended to the first aim for their rear to disable their engine and cause a fire, they will have to stop what they are doing and put it out. During this time they won't be able to move or fire upon the WZ305, allowing a chance to finish off the crewmen inside by unloading the 57 mm cannons into the side of the enemy tank.
Wheeled light tanks are quite common at the WZ305's rank and are easy prey for the twin cannons. The WZ305's thin armor is not much of a liability against subcaliber rounds, so it may be prudent to hunt these kinds of targets down if they are in the area. Lightly armored MBTs like the ubiquitous Leopard I can be dispatched similarly. Be wary of targets with heavier armor like the M48 Patton that cannot be penetrated from the front. You will need to flank them instead. Enemy SPAAs like the Gepard will also have no problem shredding the turret crew, though most of these vehicles are also very lightly armored; try to ambush them and shoot first.
Watch out for incoming HEAT-FS rounds, as they are common and will often cause hull breaks.
Pros and cons
- Excellent firepower for a SPAA, capable of hunting tanks
- Decent mobility
- Good gun handling
- HE-VT rounds are excellent against air targets
- Successful hits on air targets with any round are very lethal
- Better hull armor than the ZSU-57-2
- Inadequate protection and survivability
- Large target
- HE-VT rounds are a Tier IV modification
- Vulnerable to hull break
- Difficult to use in anti-air role when stock
- Can be confused for the ZSU-57-2 when hull-down or at a distance
In the 1980s, Iraq requested that China make a copy of the ZSU-57-2 and provided a few examples of the Soviet SPAAG for reverse engineering. China had not previously imported or used the ZSU-57-2. However, a local copy of the ZSU's gun was available. The result of the project was the Type 80 SPAAG, sometimes known by its industrial designation of WZ305. Designed on the chassis of the Type 69-II medium tank, the Type 80 was very similar to the ZSU-57-2, featuring twin 57 mm cannons in an open topped turret with no fire control systems, limiting it to clear weather anti-aircraft use. A proximity-fused round was later developed that improved its utility.
According to some sources, the Type 80 was adopted by the PLA in small numbers, while others claim that it was not accepted into Chinese service at all. It was used in Iraqi service in the Iran-Iraq War and Gulf War, and may have been exported to North Korea.
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|China anti-aircraft vehicles|