Difference between revisions of "Vickers (7.7 mm)"

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(Vehicles equipped with this weapon: Populated list)
 
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== Description ==
 
== Description ==
<!-- Write an introduction to the article in 2-3 small paragraphs. Briefly tell about the history of the development and combat using the weaponry and also about its features. Make an air or ground vehicles list on which this weapon is installed in our game. -->
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<!-- ''Write an introduction to the article in 2-3 small paragraphs. Briefly tell us about the history of the development and combat using the weaponry and also about its features. Make an air or ground vehicles list on which this weapon is installed in our game.'' -->
The '''{{PAGENAME}} machine gun''' is a water-cooled British .303 machine gun. Dating back to 1912, before the First World War, the Vickers machine gun is an improved version of the Maxim Gun (an early machine gun invented in 1884). In the game, the Vickers machine gun is only found on a few early British Tanks, being replaced with the [[BESA (7.92 mm)]] which became the British Army's standard tank-mounted machine gun from the start of World War Two. Due to being only a 7.7 mm machine gun, it, unfortunately, is largely ineffective against all but the most weakly armoured, or open cabin vehicles.
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The '''Vickers machine gun''' is a water-cooled British .303 machine gun. Dating back to 1912, before the First World War, the Vickers machine gun is an improved version of the Maxim Gun (an early machine gun invented in 1884). In the game, the Vickers machine gun is only found on a few early British Tanks, being replaced with the [[BESA (7.92 mm)]] which became the British Army's standard tank-mounted machine gun from the start of World War Two. Due to being only a 7.7 mm machine gun, it, unfortunately, is largely ineffective against all but the most weakly armoured, or open cabin vehicles.
  
 
=== Vehicles equipped with this weapon ===
 
=== Vehicles equipped with this weapon ===
 +
<!-- ''List out vehicles that are equipped with the weapon.'' -->
 
The Vickers machine gun was only outfitted on a few inter-war tanks, of which include the following:
 
The Vickers machine gun was only outfitted on a few inter-war tanks, of which include the following:
 
+
* {{Specs-Link|uk_a1e1_independent}}
* [[A13 Mk I]]
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* {{Specs-Link|uk_a_13_mk1}}
* [[A13 Mk.I (3rd RTR)]]
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* {{Specs-Link|uk_a_13_mk1_3rd_rtr}}
* [[A13 Mk II]]
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* {{Specs-Link|uk_a_13_mk2}}
* [[A13 Mk II 1939]]
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* {{Specs-Link|uk_a_13_mk2_1939}}
* [[Independent|A1E1 Independent]]
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* {{Specs-Link|uk_ac4_thunderbolt}}
  
 
== General info ==
 
== General info ==
<!-- Tell us about the tactical and technical characteristics of the cannon or machine gun. -->
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<!-- ''Tell us about the tactical and technical characteristics of the cannon or machine gun.'' -->
 
The Vickers machine gun has a low rate of fire compared to other tank-mounted light machine guns in the game. It also has worse ballistic performance than other light machine guns used on British tanks, such as the [[BESA (7.92 mm)|BESA]], [[L3A1 (7.62 mm)|L3A1]] and [[L8A1 (7.62 mm)|L8A1]].
 
The Vickers machine gun has a low rate of fire compared to other tank-mounted light machine guns in the game. It also has worse ballistic performance than other light machine guns used on British tanks, such as the [[BESA (7.92 mm)|BESA]], [[L3A1 (7.62 mm)|L3A1]] and [[L8A1 (7.62 mm)|L8A1]].
  
 
=== Available shells ===
 
=== Available shells ===
<!-- Describe the shells that are available for the cannon and their features and purpose. If it concerns autocannons or machine guns, so write about different ammo belts and what is inside (which types of shells). -->
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<!-- ''Describe the shells that are available for the cannon and their features and purpose. If it concerns autocannons or machine guns, write about different ammo belts and what is inside (which types of shells).'' -->
 
The Vickers machine gun can only be equipped with one ammo belt consisting of one Incendiary Tracer (IT) bullet, followed by two Armour Piercing (AP) bullets. Neither bullet has much penetration (maximum of 10mm), however, the AP bullet performs much better than the IT bullet.
 
The Vickers machine gun can only be equipped with one ammo belt consisting of one Incendiary Tracer (IT) bullet, followed by two Armour Piercing (AP) bullets. Neither bullet has much penetration (maximum of 10mm), however, the AP bullet performs much better than the IT bullet.
  
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! 1,500m
 
! 1,500m
 
|-
 
|-
| IT || 3.5 || 3.3 || 3.2 || 3.0 || 0 || 0  
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| IT || 3.5 || 3.3 || 3.2 || 3.0 || 0 || 0
 
|-
 
|-
| AP || 10 || 9 || 7 || 4 || 1 || 0  
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| AP || 10 || 9 || 7 || 4 || 1 || 0
 
|-
 
|-
 
|}
 
|}
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=== Comparison with analogues ===
 
=== Comparison with analogues ===
<!-- Give a comparative description of cannons/machine guns, that have firepower equal to these type of weapons. -->
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<!-- ''Give a comparative description of cannons/machine guns, that have firepower equal to these type of weapons.'' -->
The Vickers machine gun performs poorly compared to other light machine guns in the game. It has the lowest rate of any tank-mounted light machine gun in the game. Although the AP bullet has the same ballistic performance as other light machine guns used on British tanks, the IT bullet is worse than the tracer bullet found in the belts of other British tanks, giving the weapon worse overall performance.  
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The Vickers machine gun performs poorly compared to other light machine guns in the game. It has the lowest rate of any tank-mounted light machine gun in the game. Although the AP bullet has the same ballistic performance as other light machine guns used on British tanks, the IT bullet is worse than the tracer bullet found in the belts of other British tanks, giving the weapon worse overall performance.
  
== Usage in the battles ==
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== Usage in battles ==
<!-- Describe the cannon/machine gun in the game - its distinctive features, tactics of usage against the main opponents. Please don't write a "guide" - do not impose a single point of view, but give the reader food for thought. -->
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<!-- ''Describe the cannon/machine gun in the game - its distinctive features, tactics of usage against the main opponents. Please don't write a "guide" - do not impose a single point of view, but give the reader food for thought.'' -->
 
Due to the very low penetration of this weapon, it is largely ineffective against enemy armour (although you may be able to penetrate some vehicles with extremely thing armour). The gun is primarily useful for killing exposed crew members in open-topped vehicles, and SPAA, which are fairly common at the low battle ratings this gun is found. The gun can also be used for ranging, as well as marking enemy vehicles and obscuring the view of enemy players (shooting at their gun sight). You can use the gun against aircraft however it does minimal damage, has a low rate of fire and is usually co-axially mounted, making hitting aircraft difficult.
 
Due to the very low penetration of this weapon, it is largely ineffective against enemy armour (although you may be able to penetrate some vehicles with extremely thing armour). The gun is primarily useful for killing exposed crew members in open-topped vehicles, and SPAA, which are fairly common at the low battle ratings this gun is found. The gun can also be used for ranging, as well as marking enemy vehicles and obscuring the view of enemy players (shooting at their gun sight). You can use the gun against aircraft however it does minimal damage, has a low rate of fire and is usually co-axially mounted, making hitting aircraft difficult.
  
 
=== Pros and cons ===
 
=== Pros and cons ===
<!-- Summarise and briefly evaluate the weaponry in terms of its characteristics and combat effectiveness. Mark the pros and cons as a list. -->
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<!-- ''Summarize and briefly evaluate the weaponry in terms of its characteristics and combat effectiveness. Mark pros and cons as a list.'' -->
  
 
'''Pros:'''
 
'''Pros:'''
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* Incendiary Tracer bullet performs worse than the Tracer bullet used by other machine guns
 
* Incendiary Tracer bullet performs worse than the Tracer bullet used by other machine guns
  
== Historical part ==
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== History ==
<!-- Examine the history of the creation and combat usage of this weapon. If the historical reference turns out to be a big one, take it into a separate article and add a link to it by using the "main" template. In the end be sure to include references to sources. -->
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<!-- ''Examine the history of the creation and combat usage of this weapon. If the historical reference turns out to be too big, take it to a separate article, taking a link to an article about the vehicle and adding a block "/ History" (example: <nowiki>https://wiki.warthunder.com/(weapon-name)/History</nowiki>) and add a link to it here using the <code>main</code> template. Be sure to reference text and sources by using <code><nowiki><ref></nowiki></code>, as well as adding them at the end of the article.'' -->
 
The Vickers machine gun (sometimes simply called the "Vickers gun") is a predominantly water-cooled (however,  there are also air-cooled variants) .303 (7.7 mm) British machine gun produced by Vickers Limited. Its heritage dates back to the [[Maxim (7.62 mm)|Maxim Gun]], which was invented by Hiram Maxim in 1884, and was one of the first recoil-operated weapons ever built. After Vickers purchased the Maxim company in 1896, they worked on an improved version of the Maxim gun, reducing it's weight and increasing reliability; creating the Vickers machine gun in 1912. The British Army formally adopted the Vickers gun as its standard machine gun on 26 November 1912. The Vickers gun served through the First World War and second world wars as an infantry gun, as well as being fitted to many tanks and aircraft. It was withdrawn from service with British forces 1968, last seeing operational use was in Aden Emergency in 1963. It was replaced in UK service with the L7 GPMG (seen in game as the [[L8A1 (7.62 mm)|L8A1]], [[L8A2 (7.62 mm)|L8A2]], [[L37A1 (7.62 mm)|L37A1]] and [[L37A2 (7.62 mm)|L37A2]]), a British version of the [[FN MAG 60-40 (7.62 mm)|FN MAG]].
 
The Vickers machine gun (sometimes simply called the "Vickers gun") is a predominantly water-cooled (however,  there are also air-cooled variants) .303 (7.7 mm) British machine gun produced by Vickers Limited. Its heritage dates back to the [[Maxim (7.62 mm)|Maxim Gun]], which was invented by Hiram Maxim in 1884, and was one of the first recoil-operated weapons ever built. After Vickers purchased the Maxim company in 1896, they worked on an improved version of the Maxim gun, reducing it's weight and increasing reliability; creating the Vickers machine gun in 1912. The British Army formally adopted the Vickers gun as its standard machine gun on 26 November 1912. The Vickers gun served through the First World War and second world wars as an infantry gun, as well as being fitted to many tanks and aircraft. It was withdrawn from service with British forces 1968, last seeing operational use was in Aden Emergency in 1963. It was replaced in UK service with the L7 GPMG (seen in game as the [[L8A1 (7.62 mm)|L8A1]], [[L8A2 (7.62 mm)|L8A2]], [[L37A1 (7.62 mm)|L37A1]] and [[L37A2 (7.62 mm)|L37A2]]), a British version of the [[FN MAG 60-40 (7.62 mm)|FN MAG]].
  
During the period before WW1 and WW2 the Vickers machine gun was fitted to a number of tanks, however with the outbreak of WW2 the [[BESA (7.92 mm)]] machine gun became the standard tank mounted weapon of the British Army (hence the Vickers gun is only seen on a few inter-war vehicles in-game).  
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During the period before WW1 and WW2 the Vickers machine gun was fitted to a number of tanks, however with the outbreak of WW2 the [[BESA (7.92 mm)]] machine gun became the standard tank mounted weapon of the British Army (hence the Vickers gun is only seen on a few inter-war vehicles in-game).
  
 
== Media ==
 
== Media ==
 
''An excellent addition to the article would be a video guide, as well as screenshots from the game and photos.''
 
''An excellent addition to the article would be a video guide, as well as screenshots from the game and photos.''
  
== Read also ==
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== See also ==
<!-- Links to the articles on the War Thunder Wiki that you think will be useful for the reader, for example,
+
<!-- ''Links to the articles on the War Thunder Wiki that you think will be useful for the reader, for example:''
 
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* ''reference to the article about the variant of the cannon/machine gun;''
reference to the article about the variant of the cannon/machine gun;
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* ''references to approximate analogues by other nations and research trees.'' -->
references to close analogues by other nations and research trees.
 
ETC.
 
 
 
-->
 
 
 
 
* [[Maxim (7.62 mm)]]
 
* [[Maxim (7.62 mm)]]
  
== Sources ==
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== External links ==
<!-- Paste links to sources and external resources, such as:
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<!-- ''Paste links to sources and external resources, such as:''
 
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* ''topic on the official game forum;''
a topic on the official game forum
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* ''encyclopedia page on weapon;''
a page on the Wikipedia
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* ''other literature.'' -->
a page on aircraft or ground forces encyclopedia
 
other literature
 
-->
 
 
 
 
* [[wikipedia:Vickers_machine_gun|Wikipedia - Vickers machine gun]]
 
* [[wikipedia:Vickers_machine_gun|Wikipedia - Vickers machine gun]]
 +
* [[wikipedia:Maxim_gun|Wikipedia - Maxim Gun]]
  
* [[wikipedia:Maxim_gun|Wikipedia - Maxim Gun]]
 
 
{{Tank machine guns}}
 
{{Tank machine guns}}
  
 
[[Category:Tank machine guns]]
 
[[Category:Tank machine guns]]

Latest revision as of 20:48, 18 March 2019

Vickers (7.7 mm)
Weapon VickersGun 7.7mm.jpg
General characteristics
7.7 mmCalibre
250 roundsBelt capacity
390 shots/minRate of fire
853 - 920 m/sMuzzle velocity
10 mm Maximum penetration

Description

The Vickers machine gun is a water-cooled British .303 machine gun. Dating back to 1912, before the First World War, the Vickers machine gun is an improved version of the Maxim Gun (an early machine gun invented in 1884). In the game, the Vickers machine gun is only found on a few early British Tanks, being replaced with the BESA (7.92 mm) which became the British Army's standard tank-mounted machine gun from the start of World War Two. Due to being only a 7.7 mm machine gun, it, unfortunately, is largely ineffective against all but the most weakly armoured, or open cabin vehicles.

Vehicles equipped with this weapon

The Vickers machine gun was only outfitted on a few inter-war tanks, of which include the following:

General info

The Vickers machine gun has a low rate of fire compared to other tank-mounted light machine guns in the game. It also has worse ballistic performance than other light machine guns used on British tanks, such as the BESA, L3A1 and L8A1.

Available shells

The Vickers machine gun can only be equipped with one ammo belt consisting of one Incendiary Tracer (IT) bullet, followed by two Armour Piercing (AP) bullets. Neither bullet has much penetration (maximum of 10mm), however, the AP bullet performs much better than the IT bullet.

Penetration statistics
Ammunition Penetration in mm @ 90°
10m 100m 500m 1,000m 1,450m 1,500m
IT 3.5 3.3 3.2 3.0 0 0
AP 10 9 7 4 1 0
Shell details
Ammunition Velocity
in m/s
Projectile
Mass in kg
Fuse delay

in m:

Fuse sensitivity

in mm:

Explosive Mass in g
(TNT equivalent):
Normalization At 30°
from horizontal:
Ricochet:
0% 50% 100%
IT 920 0.0091 N/A N/A N/A  ??°  ??°  ??°  ??°
AP 853 0.0108 N/A N/A N/A  ??°  ??°  ??°  ??°

Comparison with analogues

The Vickers machine gun performs poorly compared to other light machine guns in the game. It has the lowest rate of any tank-mounted light machine gun in the game. Although the AP bullet has the same ballistic performance as other light machine guns used on British tanks, the IT bullet is worse than the tracer bullet found in the belts of other British tanks, giving the weapon worse overall performance.

Usage in battles

Due to the very low penetration of this weapon, it is largely ineffective against enemy armour (although you may be able to penetrate some vehicles with extremely thing armour). The gun is primarily useful for killing exposed crew members in open-topped vehicles, and SPAA, which are fairly common at the low battle ratings this gun is found. The gun can also be used for ranging, as well as marking enemy vehicles and obscuring the view of enemy players (shooting at their gun sight). You can use the gun against aircraft however it does minimal damage, has a low rate of fire and is usually co-axially mounted, making hitting aircraft difficult.

Pros and cons

Pros:

  • Gets two AP bullets for everyone (near useless) IT bullet (some guns have a 50/50 split)

Cons:

  • Lowest rate of fire of any low calibre tank machine gun
  • Low penetration
  • Low damage
  • Incendiary Tracer bullet performs worse than the Tracer bullet used by other machine guns

History

The Vickers machine gun (sometimes simply called the "Vickers gun") is a predominantly water-cooled (however, there are also air-cooled variants) .303 (7.7 mm) British machine gun produced by Vickers Limited. Its heritage dates back to the Maxim Gun, which was invented by Hiram Maxim in 1884, and was one of the first recoil-operated weapons ever built. After Vickers purchased the Maxim company in 1896, they worked on an improved version of the Maxim gun, reducing it's weight and increasing reliability; creating the Vickers machine gun in 1912. The British Army formally adopted the Vickers gun as its standard machine gun on 26 November 1912. The Vickers gun served through the First World War and second world wars as an infantry gun, as well as being fitted to many tanks and aircraft. It was withdrawn from service with British forces 1968, last seeing operational use was in Aden Emergency in 1963. It was replaced in UK service with the L7 GPMG (seen in game as the L8A1, L8A2, L37A1 and L37A2), a British version of the FN MAG.

During the period before WW1 and WW2 the Vickers machine gun was fitted to a number of tanks, however with the outbreak of WW2 the BESA (7.92 mm) machine gun became the standard tank mounted weapon of the British Army (hence the Vickers gun is only seen on a few inter-war vehicles in-game).

Media

An excellent addition to the article would be a video guide, as well as screenshots from the game and photos.

See also

External links


Tank machine guns
USA 
7.62 mm  M37 · M60D · M73 · M240 · M1919A4
12.7 mm  M2HB · M80 · M85
Germany 
7.62 mm  MG3A1
7.92 mm  MG13 Dreyse · MG34 · MG37(t) · MG42
USSR 
7.62 mm  DT · PKT · RP-46 · SGMT
12.7 mm  DK · DShK · NSVT
14.5 mm  KPVT
Britain 
7.62 mm  L3A1 · L8A1 · L8A2 · L37A1 · L37A2 · L94A1
7.7 mm  Vickers
7.92 mm  BESA
12.7 mm  L21A1
Japan 
6.5 mm  Type 91
7.62 mm  Type 74
7.7 mm  Type 97
12.7 mm  Type 60 (B)
China 
7.62 mm  Type 86
12.7 mm  QJC88A
Italy 
7.62 mm  Beretta MG42/59 · FN MAG 60-40
8 mm  Breda Mod. 38
France 
7.5 mm  AAT-52 · MAC 31
7.62 mm  AAN-F1