Difference between revisions of "USS Phelps (DD-360)"

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{{Specs-Card
 
{{Specs-Card
 
 
|code=us_destroyer_porter_1944
 
|code=us_destroyer_porter_1944
 
|images={{Specs-Card-Image|GarageImage_{{PAGENAME}}.jpg}}
 
|images={{Specs-Card-Image|GarageImage_{{PAGENAME}}.jpg}}
 
 
|market=USS Phelps (DD-360) (USA)
 
|market=USS Phelps (DD-360) (USA)
 
}}
 
}}
  
 
== Description ==
 
== Description ==
<!-- ''In the first part of the description, cover the history of the ship's creation and military application. In the second part, tell the reader about using this ship in the game. Add a screenshot; if a beginner player has a hard time remembering vehicles by name, a picture will help them identify the ship in question.'' -->
+
<!-- ''In the first part of the description, cover the history of the ship's creation and military application. In the second part, tell the reader about using this ship in the game. Add a screenshot: if a beginner player has a hard time remembering vehicles by name, a picture will help them identify the ship in question.'' -->
[[File:GarageImage_{{PAGENAME}}.jpg|420px|thumb|left]]
 
{{Break}}
 
 
The '''{{Specs|name}}''' is a gift rank {{Specs|rank}} American destroyer {{Battle-rating}}. It was introduced during [[Update 1.95 "Northern Wind"]] as a reward for [[Season: Attack from the Sea]].
 
The '''{{Specs|name}}''' is a gift rank {{Specs|rank}} American destroyer {{Battle-rating}}. It was introduced during [[Update 1.95 "Northern Wind"]] as a reward for [[Season: Attack from the Sea]].
  
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''Phelps'' rounds out its anti-aircraft armament with several 20 mm Oerlikon anti-aircraft guns. The 20 mm Oerlikon cannon was the standard light anti-aircraft gun for several nations, including the United States, and replaced the prior AN-M2 Browning machine gun. This weapon is an effective short-range AA gun, and has great firing angles. The guns can easily destroy any aircraft and torpedo boats who stray to close to ''Phelps''. As well, the guns fire from a drum magazine that will need to be reloaded. Because of the magazine design, the gun will not jam with continuous fire.
 
''Phelps'' rounds out its anti-aircraft armament with several 20 mm Oerlikon anti-aircraft guns. The 20 mm Oerlikon cannon was the standard light anti-aircraft gun for several nations, including the United States, and replaced the prior AN-M2 Browning machine gun. This weapon is an effective short-range AA gun, and has great firing angles. The guns can easily destroy any aircraft and torpedo boats who stray to close to ''Phelps''. As well, the guns fire from a drum magazine that will need to be reloaded. Because of the magazine design, the gun will not jam with continuous fire.
 
=== Torpedo armament ===
 
[[File:Phelps Mk.15 Torpedo.jpg|thumb|Mk.15 torpedo just released, with the full front launcher in the background]]
 
{{main|Mk.15 (533 mm)}}
 
 
''Torpedo launchers are standard equipment on many ships and boats. Torpedoes are a significant means of defeating an opponent. Evaluate the position of the torpedo launchers, discuss the ammunition available, firing specifics such as dead zones, features of the torpedoes themselves, etc. If there is no torpedo armament, remove this section.''
 
 
=== Special armament ===
 
{{Specs-Fleet-Special}}
 
{{main|Mk.6 mortar depth charge}}
 
 
''Depth charges, mines, rocket launchers and missiles are also effective in skilled hands and can take an off-guard opponent by surprise. Evaluate the ammunition of this type of armament and rate its performance in combat. If there are no special armaments, remove this section.''
 
  
 
=== Additional armament ===
 
=== Additional armament ===
 
{{Specs-Fleet-Additional}}
 
{{Specs-Fleet-Additional}}
''Describe the available additional armaments of the ship: depth charges, mines, torpedoes. Talk about their positions, available ammunition and launch features such as dead zones of torpedoes.''
+
<!-- ''Describe the available additional armaments of the ship: depth charges, mines, torpedoes. Talk about their positions, available ammunition and launch features such as dead zones of torpedoes. If there is no additional armament, remove this section.'' -->
 +
[[File:Phelps Mk.15 Torpedo.jpg|thumb|Mk.15 torpedo just released, with the full front launcher in the background]]
 +
{{main|Mk.15 (533 mm)|Mk.6 mortar depth charge}}
  
''If there is no additional armament, remove this section.''
+
''Describe the available additional armaments of the ship: depth charges, mines, torpedoes. Talk about their positions, available ammunition and launch features such as dead zones of torpedoes. If there is no additional armament, remove this section.''
  
 
== Usage in battles ==
 
== Usage in battles ==
 
''Describe the technique of using this ship, the characteristics of her use in a team and tips on strategy. Abstain from writing an entire guide – don't try to provide a single point of view, but give the reader food for thought. Talk about the most dangerous opponents for this vehicle and provide recommendations on fighting them. If necessary, note the specifics of playing with this vehicle in various modes (AB, RB, SB).''
 
''Describe the technique of using this ship, the characteristics of her use in a team and tips on strategy. Abstain from writing an entire guide – don't try to provide a single point of view, but give the reader food for thought. Talk about the most dangerous opponents for this vehicle and provide recommendations on fighting them. If necessary, note the specifics of playing with this vehicle in various modes (AB, RB, SB).''
 
===Modules===
 
{| class="wikitable"
 
! Tier
 
! Seakeeping
 
! colspan="2" |Unsinkability
 
! colspan="3" |Firepower
 
|-
 
| I
 
| Dry-Docking
 
| Tool Set
 
|
 
| 5 inch Common Mk.32
 
| 40 mm HE clips
 
| Anti-Air Armament Targeting
 
|-
 
| II
 
| Rudder Replacement
 
| Fire Protection System
 
| Smokescreen
 
| 5 inch SP Common Mk.46
 
| 40 mm AP clips
 
| Auxiliary Armament Targeting
 
|-
 
| III
 
| Propeller Replacement
 
| Shrapnel Protection
 
| Ventilation
 
| 5 inch AAVT Mk.31
 
| Improved Rangefinder
 
| Primary Armament Targeting
 
|-
 
| IV
 
| Engine Maintenance
 
| New Pumps
 
| Ammo Wetting
 
| Torpedo Mode
 
| Bomb mortar
 
|
 
|-
 
! colspan="7" |This is a premium vehicle: all modifications are unlocked on purchase
 
|-
 
|}
 
  
 
=== Pros and cons ===
 
=== Pros and cons ===
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== Media ==
 
== Media ==
 
<!-- ''Excellent additions to the article would be video guides, screenshots from the game, and photos.'' -->
 
<!-- ''Excellent additions to the article would be video guides, screenshots from the game, and photos.'' -->
<gallery>
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File:USS Phelps.jpg
+
[[File:USS Phelps.jpg|thumb|none]]
</gallery>
 
  
 
== See also ==
 
== See also ==
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* [[wt:en/news/6560-development-uss-phelps-anti-air-symphony-en|USS Phelps: Anti-Air Symphony]]
 
* [[wt:en/news/6560-development-uss-phelps-anti-air-symphony-en|USS Phelps: Anti-Air Symphony]]
* [[wt:en/news/6565-event-world-war-season-attack-from-the-sea-en|World War: season ”Attack from the Sea"]]
+
* [[wt:en/news/6565-event-world-war-season-attack-from-the-sea-en|World War: season "Attack from the Sea"]]
  
 
=== References ===
 
=== References ===
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* Destroyer History Foundation. (2000). USS Phelps, DD 360. Retrieved November 19, 2020, from <nowiki>http://www.destroyerhistory.org/goldplater/ussphelps/</nowiki>
 
* Destroyer History Foundation. (2000). USS Phelps, DD 360. Retrieved November 19, 2020, from <nowiki>http://www.destroyerhistory.org/goldplater/ussphelps/</nowiki>
 
* Willishaw, F. (1996). USS PHELPS (DD-360). Retrieved November 19, 2020, from <nowiki>http://www.navsource.org/archives/05/360.htm</nowiki>
 
* Willishaw, F. (1996). USS PHELPS (DD-360). Retrieved November 19, 2020, from <nowiki>http://www.navsource.org/archives/05/360.htm</nowiki>
 +
 
{{ShipManufacturer Bethlehem Steel}}
 
{{ShipManufacturer Bethlehem Steel}}
 
{{USA destroyers}}
 
{{USA destroyers}}
 
{{USA premium ships}}
 
{{USA premium ships}}

Revision as of 12:46, 15 January 2021

USS Phelps (DD-360)
us_destroyer_porter_1944.png
GarageImage USS Phelps (DD-360).jpg
USS Phelps (DD-360)
AB RB SB
4.3 4.3 4.3
Show in game
MARKET

Description

The Porter class, USS Phelps (DD-360), 1944 is a gift rank III American destroyer with a battle rating of 4.3 (AB/RB/SB). It was introduced during Update 1.95 "Northern Wind" as a reward for Season: Attack from the Sea.

General info

Survivability and armour

Armourfront / side / back
Main fire tower3 / 3 / 3 mm
Hull16 mm (steel)
Superstructure4 mm (steel)
Number of section7
Displacement2 597 t
Crew194 people

Talk about the vehicle's armour. Note the most well-defended and most vulnerable zones, e.g. the ammo magazine. Evaluate the composition of components and assemblies responsible for movement and manoeuvrability. Evaluate the survivability of the primary and secondary armaments separately. Don't forget to mention the size of the crew, which plays an important role in fleet mechanics. Save tips on preserving survivability for the "Usage in battles" section. If necessary, use a graphical template to show the most well-protected or most vulnerable points in the armour.

Mobility

Speedforward / back
AB84 / 35 km/h
RB69 / 29 km/h

Write about the ship's mobility. Evaluate its power and manoeuvrability, rudder rerouting speed, stopping speed at full tilt, with its maximum forward and reverse speed.

Modifications and economy

Repair cost
AB1 700 Sl icon.png
RB2 300 Sl icon.png
Crew training10 000 Sl icon.png
Experts360 000 Sl icon.png
Aces820 Ge icon.png
Research Aces870 000 Rp icon.png
Reward for battleAB / RB / SB
Talisman.png 2 × 180 / 130 / 50 % Sl icon.png
Talisman.png 2 × 160 / 160 / 160 % Rp icon.png
Modifications
Seakeeping Unsinkability Firepower
Mods new ship hull.png
Dry-Docking
Mods new ship rudder.png
Rudder Replacement
Mods new ship screw.png
Propeller Replacement
Mods new ship engine.png
Engine Maintenance
Mods ship tool kit.png
Tool Set
Mods manual ship extinguisher.png
Fire Protection System
Mods engine smoke screen system.png
Smokescreen
Mods ship anti fragmentation protection.png
Shrapnel Protection
Mods ship venting.png
Ventilation
Mods new ship pumps.png
New Pumps
Mods ship ammo wetting.png
Ammo Wetting
Mods tank ammo.png
127mm_usa_mk32_common_sap_ammo_pack
Mods ammo.png
40 mm HE clips
Mods new aa caliber turrets.png
Anti-Air Armament Targeting
Mod arrow 0.png
Mods tank ammo.png
127mm_usa_mk46_special_common_sap_ammo_pack
Mods ammo.png
40 mm AP clips
Mods new aux caliber turrets.png
Auxiliary Armament Targeting
Mod arrow 0.png
Mods he frag proxi fuze ship.png
127mm_usa_mk31_aavt_radio_fuse_ammo_pack
Mods ship rangefinder.png
Improved Rangefinder
Mods new main caliber turrets.png
Primary Armament Targeting
Mods torpedo.png
Torpedo Mode
Mods ship mortar.png
Bomb mortar

Armament

Primary armament

2 х Turret2 x 5 inch/38 Mark 12 Dual Purpose gun
Ammunition720 rounds
Vertical guidance-10° / 85°
Turret5 inch/38 Mark 12 Dual Purpose gun
Ammunition360 rounds
Vertical guidance-15° / 85°
All primary turrets firing broadside, benefiting from a wide angle of fire

Phelps is equipped with five 5"/38 (12.7 cm) Mark 12 guns mounted in two dual and one single dual-purpose turrets - the dual turrets are mounted one fore and one aft while the single turret superfires over the aft dual turret. These guns are extremely effective against surface and air targets alike, and are capable of firing at an obscene 22 rounds per minute while using first-stage ammunition. The weapon also has a very good vertical and horizontal rotation speed, and is capable of engaging aircraft due to its high-angle capability (up to 85 degrees).

Phelps gets access to the standard three shell types - Mk.34 AAC, Mk.46 Common SP, and Mk.31 AAVT. The SP is typically the best pick for heavier-armoured targets such as cruisers, while the AAC shell works better against unarmoured targets due to its large explosive filler. The Mk.31 AAVT is a great option for dealing with air targets due to its proximity fuse - a single direct hit should be enough to destroy an incoming bomber.

Secondary armament

2 х Turret2 x 40 mm Bofors L/60 Mark 1 gun
Ammunition4000 rounds
Belt capacity4 rounds
Fire rate156 shots/min
Turret4 x 40 mm Bofors L/60 Mark 2 gun
Ammunition8000 rounds
Belt capacity4 rounds
Fire rate156 shots/min

Phelps gets access to several 40 mm Bofors guns in dual and quad mounts. These weapons are extremely potent anti-aircraft guns due to their accuracy and punching power. Though these weapons fire slower than the 20 mm Oerlikon or 12.7 mm AN-M2, they more than make up for it due to their hard-hitting 40 mm shells. These guns are capable of shredding aircraft and small boats from ranges of 2.5 km away, though effectiveness will drop off after that range due to the large bullet drop. The guns fire from 4-round clips that reload continuously, meaning that they are capable of continuous fire. However, note that they will eventually jam after firing too long.

Anti-aircraft armament

6 х Turret20 mm/70 Oerlikon Mk.II autocannon
Ammunition1800 rounds
Belt capacity60 rounds
Fire rate450 shots/min

Phelps rounds out its anti-aircraft armament with several 20 mm Oerlikon anti-aircraft guns. The 20 mm Oerlikon cannon was the standard light anti-aircraft gun for several nations, including the United States, and replaced the prior AN-M2 Browning machine gun. This weapon is an effective short-range AA gun, and has great firing angles. The guns can easily destroy any aircraft and torpedo boats who stray to close to Phelps. As well, the guns fire from a drum magazine that will need to be reloaded. Because of the magazine design, the gun will not jam with continuous fire.

Additional armament

Setup 18 x 533 mm steam turbined Mk.15 torpedo
Setup 24 x Mk.6 mortar depth charge
Setup 38 x 533 mm steam turbined Mk.15 torpedo
4 x Mk.6 mortar depth charge
Mk.15 torpedo just released, with the full front launcher in the background

Describe the available additional armaments of the ship: depth charges, mines, torpedoes. Talk about their positions, available ammunition and launch features such as dead zones of torpedoes. If there is no additional armament, remove this section.

Usage in battles

Describe the technique of using this ship, the characteristics of her use in a team and tips on strategy. Abstain from writing an entire guide – don't try to provide a single point of view, but give the reader food for thought. Talk about the most dangerous opponents for this vehicle and provide recommendations on fighting them. If necessary, note the specifics of playing with this vehicle in various modes (AB, RB, SB).

Pros and cons

Summarise and briefly evaluate the vehicle in terms of its characteristics and combat effectiveness. Mark its pros and cons in the bulleted list. Try not to use more than 6 points for each of the characteristics. Avoid using categorical definitions such as "bad", "good" and the like - use substitutions with softer forms such as "inadequate" and "effective".

Pros:

Cons:

History

USS Phelps underway, circa November 1944.

USS Phelps (DD-360) was a destroyer leader of the Porter class. She was one of the most active American destroyers of the Second World War, earning 12 battle stars as the Flagship of Destroyer Squadron 1. Following her commissioning in 1936, she served in peacetime duties with the Pacific fleet, and was present at the Pearl Harbour Attack where she shot down an enemy plane. She then participated in the Battle of the Coral Sea, where she scuttled the abandoned carrier Lexington with five torpedoes. She served as an escort during the Battle of Midway, participated in the Marshall Islands campaign and spent the last part of the war as a convoy escort in the Atlantic. She was decommissioned and scrapped by 1947.[1]

Design and construction

The Phelps, named after Rear Admiral Thomas Stowell Phelps, was one of eight Porter-class destroyers used by the US Navy. The ships displaced 1,850 tons, exactly matching the 1,850-ton destroyer weight limitation of the London Naval Treaty. However, she typically displaced over 2,000 tons on combat missions and up to 2,663 tons full load. As a destroyer-leader, the Phelps carried eight 5-inch (127 mm) single-purpose guns on four twin turrets;[2] she was later refitted to carry two 5-inch dual-purpose twin turrets and a single five-inch DP turret at the rear. Her anti-aircraft armament was initially sparse, but was upgraded through the course of the war. Phelps also carried eight 533 mm torpedo tubes in two quad-mounts. She could make a top speed of 37 knots (69 km/h) and had a crew complement of 276.[2]

The Phelps was laid down on January 2nd 1934, and was launched on July 18th 1935. Following the completion of construction, she was commissioned on February 26th 1936.[1][2]

Operational history

After her commissioning, the Phelps escorted the cruisers Indianapolis and Chester with President Franklin D. Roosevelt to the Inter-American peace conference in Buenos Aires. She was then headquartered in the Pacific as the flagship of the First Destroyer Squadron. She was present at the Pearl Harbour attack and claimed one aircraft shot down. She was later assigned to escort Task Force 11, with the aircraft carrier Lexington, at the Battle of the Coral Sea. She also performed the less fortunate duty of finishing off the crippled Lexington using torpedoes after the carrier was hit by numerous Japanese bombs.[1][2]

Phelps served as an escort for the American carrier force at the Battle of Midway, where she took no damage. She participated in the landings at Guadalcanal and the ones at Attu, Alaska, where she provided gunfire support to invasion troops. She returned to the southern Pacific to serve as a gunship at the Marshall Islands campaign, where she bombarded Kwajalein and Eniwetok.[1] In June of 1944, she was part of the bombardment force at Saipan, shelling the island in preparation for American landings. In late 1944, she steamed through the Panama canal and served her final duty as a convoy escort in the Atlantic; she sailed three times with convoys bound for the Mediterranean. Following the War's end, she was decommissioned, and was scrapped in 1947. Phelps received 12 battle stars for her service during the war.[1][2]

Media

USS Phelps.jpg

See also

Links to articles on the War Thunder Wiki that you think will be useful for the reader, for example:

  • reference to the series of the ship;
  • links to approximate analogues of other nations and research trees.

External links

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 Destroyer History Foundation. (2000)
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 Willishaw, F. (1996)

Works Cited

  • Destroyer History Foundation. (2000). USS Phelps, DD 360. Retrieved November 19, 2020, from http://www.destroyerhistory.org/goldplater/ussphelps/
  • Willishaw, F. (1996). USS PHELPS (DD-360). Retrieved November 19, 2020, from http://www.navsource.org/archives/05/360.htm


Bethlehem Steel Corporation
Destroyers 
Gun Destroyers (DD)  USS Phelps (DD-360) · USS Moffett (DD-362) · USS Cowell (DD-547)
Cruisers 
Cruiser, Light (CL)  USS Raleigh (CL-7)
Cruiser, Armored (CA)  USS Northampton (CA-26) · USS Portland (CA-33)

USA destroyers
Clemson-class  USS Welborn (DD-195) · Clemson (DD-213) · Clemson (DD-336)
Farragut-class  Farragut (DD-355)
Fletcher-class  Fletcher (DD-445) · USS Bennion (DD-662) · USS Cowell (DD-547)
Porter-class  Porter (DD-356) · USS Phelps (DD-360) · USS Moffett (DD-362)
Somers-class  Somers (DD-381)
Allan M. Sumner-class  Sumner (DD-692)

USA premium ships
Motor torpedo boats  58 ft PT-3 · 94 ft PT-811 · Elco 80 ft PT-109 · Elco 80 ft PT-556
Sub-chasers  165 ft PC-466 Carmi
Destroyers  USS Welborn (DD-195) · USS Bennion (DD-662) · USS Cowell (DD-547) · USS Moffett (DD-362) · USS Phelps (DD-360)
Light cruisers  USS Helena (CL-50)