Type 93 Model 3
The Type 93 Model 3 torpedo is one of the best ship-launched torpedoes in the game, with their long 15 km range, fast 91 km/h top speed, and massive 998.4 kg TNT equivalent explosive charge. Carried by certain destroyers in late war configurations, these effective weapons allow them to remain a threat to targets where the main battery is ineffective.
Vehicles equipped with this weapon
Tell us about the tactical and technical characteristics of the torpedo.
The Type 93 Model 3 (610 mm) carries the most powerful warhead of any torpedo in the game with 998.4 kg TNT equivalence. Even a single hit by this powerful torpedo is enough to sink even the most armoured targets.
Comparison with analogues
The other variant of the Type 93 torpedo is the Type 93 Model 1, Mod 2. Although the Type 93 Model 3 has a shorter range by 5 km, it carries a warhead more than 50% greater than that of the Type 93 Model 1, mod 2. The only other torpedo that comes close to the Type 93 Model 3 in terms of explosive power is the 21-inch Mk.16. Even then, the warhead of the Mk.16 is over 80 kg smaller at 915.2 kg TNT equivalence, and its range is much smaller at 6.4 km.
Compared with other common torpedoes used on destroyers and cruisers (Mk.15, G7a, G7E (mod.T5a), 53-38, 53-39, Mark V, and Mark IX), while some can match or even surpass the Type 93 Model 3, mod 2 in speed, none come close to combining that with long range and a large explosive charge.
Usage in battles
One useful feature of the Type 93 Model 3 torpedo is that on all ships which carry it, extra torpedoes are stored on the ship which allows the torpedo launchers to be reloaded in battle, usually enough for one full reload of the torpedo launchers. While limiting the number of torpedoes the ship can send at once, this feature can be very useful, allowing these ships to carry a much larger amount of torpedoes than other ships. This is particularly useful in Realistic Battles as a single ship can launch multiple salvos of torpedoes without having to visit a capture point to reload. In Arcade Battles, this will allow them to have a faster rate of fire for torpedoes, since the torpedoes will replenish faster than the standard Arcade reload, allowing multiple waves of torpedoes to be launched at a quick pace.
The Type 93 Model 3 is a very useful weapon in the Encounter game mode, as their long-range and fast speed will allow them to strike at the enemy convoy immediately from spawn. They can also be used against players by firing a large spread in an area where many ships are likely to pass through, such as a narrow pass. They can catch an enemy ship off-guard at a distance where most other torpedoes will not be able to reach and can effectively shut down sections of the map where they are launched.
Pros and cons
- Carries the most powerful warheads of any torpedo
- One of the fastest torpedoes in the game
- Very long-range, around 15 km
- Ships that carry Type 93 often carry a large amount
- Ships that carry Type 93 must reload in order to access entire load
Without the required number of capital warships, nor the industry to produce them, to match the United States in the Pacific, Japan would not be able to win a prolonged gunfight with as there would always be more US ships than Japanese. To combat this disadvantage, the Imperial Japanese Navy developed a strategy in which series of mass torpedo attacks would weaken the US fleet ahead of a major decisive battle. For this, a long-range, stealthy torpedo would be needed. Both the British Royal Navy and the IJN had experimented with oxygen-driven torpedoes in the past; however, after casualties from premature explosion, development halted. It was in the wake of the new battleship HMS Rodney, which carried oxygen torpedoes, that interest renewed in Japan. Taking inspiration from HMS Rodney's torpedoes, development began in 1928 for a long-range, wakeless oxygen torpedo.
The resulting torpedo was the Type 93 torpedo, referred to as Sanso Gyorai (酸素魚雷, "oxygen torpedo"). The Type 93 torpedo had a diameter of 610 mm (24 inches), was 9 meters (29 feet, 6 inches) long, weighed 2700 kg, and was rather large compared to its contemporaries. Many torpedoes of the time used combustion engines with compressed air oxidizers for propulsion. In contrast, the Type 93 torpedo utilized pure, compressed oxygen as the oxidizer. Air is composed of roughly 20% oxygen and 78% nitrogen, the latter of which was a waste product that manifested as long bubble trails. Using pure oxygen allowed the Type 93 torpedo to effectively quintuple its fuel while also eliminating the nitrogen byproduct. This greatly reduced the torpedo's bubble trail and left it virtually wakeless. The use of oxygen allowed the Type 93 torpedo to carry a large explosive charge without sacrificing fast speeds and long-range.
However, it was not without its drawbacks; the torpedo was prone early detonation, so a secondary compressed air tank was used at launch, switching to the oxygen tank once the torpedo was a safe distance away from the launching ship. The Type 93 torpedo was also more susceptible to shrapnel and shock-induced detonation, which lead to the loss of a number of Japanese warships.
The Type 93 torpedo entered service in 1935. Japanese light forces would use the Type 93 in night attacks against Allied shipping, where the stealthy torpedo could find its target before the enemy was even aware that there were torpedoes in the water. This, combined with the extreme secrecy of the torpedo, resulted in the loss of many Allied ships. After the war, the Type 93 torpedo was dubbed "Long Lance" in the west.
An excellent addition to the article would be a video guide, as well as screenshots from the game and photos.
Paste links to sources and external resources, such as:
- topic on the official game forum;
- encyclopedia page on the weapon;
- other literature.
|533 mm||Mk.8 · Mk.8-3 C/D · Mk.15 · Mk.16|
|569 mm||Mk.13 · Mk.13-1 * · Mk.13-1 Case *|
|450 mm||LT 1A/1 (450 mm) · F5W *|
|533 mm||G7a · G7e (mod. T5a) · Mark 35 · Seal DM2A1|
|450 mm||45-36NU · 45-36AN * · 45-36MAN *|
|533 mm||53-38 · 53-39 · 53-56 · SET-65|
|450 mm||Mark XII ** · Mark XV **|
|533 mm||Mk.V · Mk.VIII · Mk.IX|
|324 mm||Mark 46|
|450 mm||Type 2 · Type 44 No.2 · Type 91 Model 2 * · Type 91 Model 3 *|
|533 mm||Type 6 · Type 89|
|610 mm||Type 8 No.2 · Type 90 · Type 93 Model 1, Mod 2 · Type 93 Model 3|
|450 mm||F200/450 * · SI 170 · Si 200|
|533 mm||S.I.270 · S.I. 250/533,4X7,5 Tipo A · S.I. 270/533,4X7,2 Tipo I · S.I. 270/533,4X7,2 Tipo M|
|450 mm||m/38* · m/41*|
| * = Aerial torpedo|
** = Aerial and ship-launched torpedo