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GarageImage Tu-1.jpg
StoreImage Tu-1 001.jpg
StoreImage Tu-1 003.jpg
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While working on the Tu-2 bomber, Tupolev was inspired to design a multipurpose aircraft capable of intercepting, bomber escort, and ground attack. First, a Tu-2 was modified to fit this task, and the military was interested enough to authorize the development of the new aircraft as a heavy fighter. Even when the war broke, the development continued, although this was slowed due to the Tu-2 becoming a priority. The aircraft was specially designed for interception and ground attack, featuring a radar in the nose, two 45 mm NS-45 guns installed in the front of the bomb bay, and two 23 mm NS-23 guns in the wings. With a crew of three, one pilot and two defensive gunners, the entire back of the aircraft was covered, both above and below the fuselage. While the tests in 1947 for the aircraft were successful, jet-powered aircraft started to be more and more common, and thus the project was scrapped.

It was introduced in Update "Direct Hit". The Tu-1 features a good number of advantages for the ground attack role. It has a very powerful armament and a good top speed; the four cannons are more than enough to deal with both ground and air targets, although the 45 mm cannons don't have the accuracy or rate of fire to be effective in air combat. To deal with ground targets, the set of three 1,000 lb bombs are excellent to deal with large quantities of enemies. One of these bombs is usually enough to destroy all targets in a capture point. For naval battles, the Tu-1 is also able to two 450 mm torpedoes that, while not the strongest, are capable enough to destroy light cruisers and destroyers. It should be noted that as a heavy fighter the acceleration is mediocre, and you should avoid dogfights as much as possible.

General info

Flight performance

Max speed
at 7 150 m687 km/h
Turn time29 s
Max altitude11 500 m
Engine2 х Klimov M-43V
Cooling systemAir
Take-off weight14 t

The Tupolev Tu-1 has a high top speed. However, its acceleration is noticeably slow as it is a heavy aircraft and it is degraded even further by the drag of bombs carried externally.

Characteristics Max Speed
(km/h at 7,150 m)
Max altitude
Turn time
Rate of climb
Take-off run
Stock 654 637 11500 30.4 31.8 8.3 8.3 480
Upgraded 726 687 27.6 29.0 15.8 11.5


Combat flaps Take-off flaps Landing flaps Air brakes Arrestor gear
Wings (km/h) Gear (km/h) Flaps (km/h) Max Static G
Combat Take-off Landing + -
900 390 437 380 310 ~8 ~4

The high rip speed of combat flaps allows for increased turning ability during engagements, giving you the opportunity to get a few shots in.

Optimal velocities (km/h)
Ailerons Rudder Elevators Radiator
< 340 < 380 < 500 > ___

Survivability and armour

Crew3 people
Speed of destruction
Structural0 km/h
Gear390 km/h
Armour plates
  • 65 mm armoured glass in front of and behind the pilot
  • 12 mm steel on the pilot's seat
  • 10 mm of steel behind the radar
  • 65 mm armoured glass behind the radar
  • 5 mm steel beneath the rear gunner
  • 12 mm of steel in front of the dorsal gunner
  • 12 mm of steel in front of the ventral gunner

All this armour and a good defensive armament makes for a pretty survivable aircraft. This plane also gets self-sealing fuel tanks, which helps limiting fire damage.

Modifications and economy

Repair cost
AB1 779 Sl icon.png
RB2 655 Sl icon.png
SB5 037 Sl icon.png
Crew training10 000 Sl icon.png
Experts320 000 Sl icon.png
Aces1 100 Ge icon.png
Research Aces1 050 000 Rp icon.png
Reward for battleAB / RB / SB
Talisman.png 2 × 110 / 190 / 600 % Sl icon.png
Talisman.png 2 × 172 / 172 / 172 % Rp icon.png
Flight performance Survivability Weaponry
Mods aerodinamic fuse.png
Fuselage repair
Mods radiator.png
Mods armor frame.png
Mods compressor.png
Mods aerodinamic wing.png
Wings repair
Mods new engine.png
Mods armor cover.png
Mods metanol.png
Engine injection
Mods ammo.png
Mod arrow 0.png
Mods ammo.png
Mod arrow 1.png
Mods weapon.png
Mods pilon bomb.png
Mod arrow 1.png
Mods ammo.png
Mod arrow 0.png
Mods weapon.png
Mods turret gun.png
Mods pilon torpedo.png


Offensive armament

The Tu-1 is armed with:

  • 2 x 45 mm NS-45 cannons, chin-mounted (50 rpg = 100 total)
  • 2 x 23 mm NS-23 cannons, wing-mounted (130 rpg = 260 total)

Suspended armament

The Tu-1 can be outfitted with the following ordnance:

  • Without load
  • 6 x 250 kg FAB-250M-44 bombs (1,500 kg total)
  • 3 x 500 kg FAB-500M-44 bombs (1,500 kg total)
  • 3 x 1,000 kg FAB-1000M-44 bombs (3,000 kg total)
  • 2 x 450 mm 45-36NU torpedoes

Defensive armament

Main article: Berezin UB (12.7 mm)

The Tu-1 is defended by:

  • 1 x 12.7 mm Berezin UB machine gun, dorsal turret (250 rpg)
  • 1 x 12.7 mm Berezin UB machine gun, ventral turret (350 rpg)

The defensive guns have limited coverage, so if an enemy aircraft comes from above, you will have a hard time defending yourself.

Usage in battles

In RB, the aircraft is given a strike fighter spawn, meaning it does not have as much room to dive and gain speed as a bomber. The Tu-1 is capable of destroying enemy fighters in head-on engagements or unsuspecting attackers, thanks to its 23 mm and 45 mm cannons. For usage in combined forces, the Tu-1 makes for a very potent attacker, carrying three 1,000 kg bombs as well as the pair of 45 mm cannons having the option to fire API-T rounds, which can knock out all but the heaviest tanks at its BR from the tops and sides.

Manual Engine Control

MEC elements
Mixer Pitch Radiator Supercharger Turbocharger
Oil Water Type
Controllable Controllable
Not auto controlled
Not auto controlled
Auto control available
Separate Not controllable
1 gear
Not controllable

Pros and cons


  • 2 powerful 45 mm cannons
  • Great payload options with up to 3 tons of bombs
  • 2 torpedoes in naval battles can sink battleships
  • Has access to a target detection radar


  • Targeting radar is next to useless outside of simulator battles
  • Weak against enemies from above
  • Heavy weight



Back in the pre-war period, while working on the Tu-2 front-line bomber, the Tupolev design team had the idea of ​​creating a multipurpose aircraft on its basis that could perform a wider range of tasks, including escorting bombers at high altitudes and intercepting enemy aircraft. The first tests of the Tu-2 convinced the military authorities to initiate development for the role of a heavy fighter. However, the outbreak of the war forced the designers to focus on the modifications of the Tu-2 bomber series. Nonetheless, work on the version of the heavy fighter did not stop, moreover, one of the key components of the new aircraft was to become a radar, which would allow the location of targets at distances of up to 8 km and at any time of the day. Andrey Tupolev personally attended lectures on aviation radars, after which he enthusiastically started adapting the latest developments on his aircraft. In the meantime, work continued on enhancing the combat and flight characteristics of the aircraft. The armament was significantly improved compared to the original concepts - two 45-mm NS-45 guns were installed in the front of the bomb bay, supported by 2x 23-mm guns in the wings. The defensive armament of the aircraft was represented by two 12.7mm UBT machine guns. After experiments with the power-plant, the choice fell on the M-43V engines with a four-blade propeller. The finished prototype made her maiden flight only in the spring of 1947. Despite the good test results, the project of the Tupolev heavy fighter was not continued. The era of jet aircraft was approaching.



See also

External links

Tupolev Design Bureau (Ту́полев Опытное конструкторское бюро)
Bombers  TB-3M-17-32 · SB 2M-100 · SB 2M-103 MV-3 · SB 2M-103 · SB 2M-103U · SB 2M-103U MV-3 · SB 2M-105
  Tu-2 · Tu-2S · Tu-2S-44 · Tu-2S-59 · Tu-4
Arkhangelsky Bomber  Ar-2*
Strike Aircraft  Tu-1
Jet Bomber  Tu-14T
Export  ␗SB 2M-103U · ␗Tu-2S-44 · ␗Tu-4
  * While Andrei Tupolev was imprisoned, Alexander Arkhangelsky, second in command at Tupolev OKB was able to append his name to the final production series of the SB bomber.

USSR strike aircraft
IL-2  IL-2 (1941) · IL-2 (1942) · IL-2M (1943) · IL-2M type 3 · IL-2M "Avenger" · IL-2-37 · IL-2 M-82
IL-8  IL-8 (1944)
IL-10  IL-10 · IL-10 (1946)
Pe-3  Pe-3 (e) · Pe-3 · Pe-3bis
Su-2  BB-1 · Su-2 MV-5 · Su-2 TSS-1 · Su-2 (M-82)
Su-6  Su-6 · Su-6 (AM-42) · Su-6 (M-71F)
Su-8  Su-8
Tandem MAI  Tandem MAI
Tu-1  Tu-1
Yak-2  Yak-2 KABB

USSR premium aircraft
Fighters  Krasnolutsky's I-15bis · I-16 type 28 · Zhukovsky's I-153-M62 · I-153P · I-180S · I-301 · ITP (M-1)
  LaGG-3-4 · LaGG-3-23 · LaGG-3-34 · Dolgushin's La-7 · La-11
  Eremin's Yak-3(e) · Yak-3 (VK-107) · Yak-3T · Golovachev's Yak-9M
  ▂P-39K-1 · ▂Pokryshkin's P-39N-0 · ▂P-39Q-15 · ▂P-40E-1 · ▂P-47D-27 · ▂P-63A-5 · ▂P-63A-10 · ▂P-63C-5
  ▂Hurricane Mk IIB · ▂Spitfire Mk IXc · ▂Fw 190 D-9
Twin-engine fighters  I-29
Jet fighters  Su-11 · MiG-15bis ISH · MiG-17AS · MiG-21S (R-13-300) · MiG-23ML
Strike aircraft  IL-2M "Avenger" · IL-2 M-82 · IL-8 (1944) · Su-6 · Tandem MAI · TIS MA · Su-8 · Tu-1
  Yak-38 · Su-7BMK · Su-25K · Su-39
Bombers  Po-2M · Be-6 · MBR-2-M-34 · Pe-2-205 · TB-3M-17-32
  ▂PBY-5A Catalina · ▂Hampden TB Mk I · ▂A-20G-30 · ▂B-25J-30