Difference between revisions of "T-80U"

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{{Specs-Card|code=ussr_t_80u}}
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{{Specs-Card
 +
|code=ussr_t_80u
 +
|images={{Specs-Card-Image|GarageImage_{{PAGENAME}}.jpg|T-80U WebsiteImage 1.jpg|T-80U WebsiteImage 2.jpg}}
 +
}}
  
 
== Description ==
 
== Description ==
<!--''In the description, the first part should be about the history of the creation and combat usage of the vehicle, as well as its key features. In the second part, tell the reader about the ground vehicle in the game. Insert a screenshot of the vehicle, so that if the novice player does not remember the vehicle by name, he will immediately understand what kind of vehicle the article is talking about.''-->
+
<!-- ''In the description, the first part should be about the history of the creation and combat usage of the vehicle, as well as its key features. In the second part, tell the reader about the ground vehicle in the game. Insert a screenshot of the vehicle, so that if the novice player does not remember the vehicle by name, he will immediately understand what kind of vehicle the article is talking about.'' -->
[[File:GarageImage_{{PAGENAME}}.jpg|420px|thumb|left]]
+
The '''{{Specs|name}}''' is a rank {{Specs|rank}} Soviet medium tank {{Battle-rating}}. It was introduced in [[Update 1.87 "Locked On"]].
{{break}}
 
The '''{{Specs|name}}''' is a rank {{Specs|rank}} Soviet medium tank {{Battle-rating}}. It was introduced in [[Update 1.87 "Locked On"]].
 
  
 
== General info ==
 
== General info ==
 
=== Survivability and armour ===
 
=== Survivability and armour ===
<!--Describe armour protection. Note the most well protected and key weak areas. Appreciate the layout of modules as well as the number and location of crew members. Is the level of armour protection sufficient, is the placement of modules helpful for survival in combat?
+
{{Specs-Tank-Armour}}
 +
<!-- ''Describe armour protection. Note the most well protected and key weak areas. Appreciate the layout of modules as well as the number and location of crew members. Is the level of armour protection sufficient, is the placement of modules helpful for survival in combat? If necessary use a visual template to indicate the most secure and weak zones of the armour.'' -->
 +
The armour protection of the {{PAGENAME}} is exceptional, especially if the incoming round hits one of the CONTACT-5 ERA plates. The strongest parts of the tank are the turret front and a majority of the upper front plate. It does, however, have some weaker areas, the most important being the driver's hatch, the immediate areas of the turret surrounding the gun and its breech, and its lower frontal plate. These weak spots are however pretty small targets at range, and thus by hiding them properly, the risk of being hit can be minimized. Owing to its very low profile, a hull-down T-80U is a small target in itself; the weaker parts of its armour are even smaller.
  
If necessary use a visual template to indicate the most secure and weak zones of the armour.-->[[File:T-80U Protection Density Visualisation.png|thumb|T-80U [[Protection Density Visualisation]]]]
+
Fuel tanks on either side of the driver can soak up some shrapnel and add to the overall survivability. However, as with all Russian auto-loaded MBTs, there are only three crew members so a well-placed shot is capable of causing a crew knock-out. It's also worth noting that the placement of the ammo rack, below the turret in a carousel-style setup, leaves the T-80U particularly vulnerable to side shots causing ammunition detonation. The protection of the T-80U is very similar to the T-64B in terms of the size and placement of the weak areas. The sides of your tank should always be protected, and when engaging an enemy, your front armour should always be aligned directly towards him to reduce the risks of a shot penetrating your weaker side. The tank does, however, have some CONTACT-5 ERA on its upper front skirts, meaning that you have some extra protection against kinetic penetrators, and a lot against chemical shells, until the ERA bricks are detonated (leaving the area vulnerable for another hit).
The armour protection of the {{PAGENAME}} is exceptional, especially if the incoming round hits one of the Kontakt-5 ERA plates. The strongest parts of the tank are the turret front and a majority of the upper front plate. It does, however, have some weaker areas, the most important being the driver's hatch, the immediate areas of the turret surrounding the gun and its breach, and its lower frontal plate. These weak spots are however pretty small targets at range, and thus by hiding them properly, the risk of being hit can be minimized. Owing to its very low profile, a hull-down T-80U is a small target in itself; the weaker parts of its armour are even smaller.  
 
  
Fuel tanks on either side of the driver can soak up some shrapnel and add to the overall survivability. However, as with all Russian auto-loaded MBTs, there are only three crew members so a well-placed shot is capable of causing a crew knock-out. It's also worth noting that the placement of the ammo rack, below the turret in a carousel-style setup, leaves the T-80U particularly vulnerable to side shots causing ammunition detonation. The protection of the T-80U is very similar to the T-64B in terms of the size and placement of the weak areas. The sides of your tank should always be protected, and when engaging an enemy, your front armour should always be aligned directly towards him to reduce the risks of a shot penetrating your weaker side. The tank does, however, have some Kontakt-5 ERA on its upper front skirts, meaning that you have some extra protection against kinetic penetrators, and a lot against chemical shells, until the ERA bricks are detonated (leaving the area vulnerable for another hit).
+
As mentioned above, the T-80U also benefits from the typical low silhouette Russian tankers will be accustomed to, with the vehicle being significantly smaller than its competitors. This allows the T-80U to be hidden behind small terrain deformities which other MBTs would otherwise be visible. It's also harder for an enemy tank commander to immediately tell which area is the most vulnerable.
 
 
Like mentioned above, the T-80U also benefits from the typical low silhouette Russian tankers will be accustomed to, with the vehicle being significantly smaller than its competitors. This allows the T-80U to be hidden behind small terrain deformities which other MBTs would otherwise be visible. It's also harder for an enemy tank commander to immediately tell which area is the most vulnerable.
 
  
 
=== Mobility ===
 
=== Mobility ===
 +
{{Specs-Tank-Mobility}}
 
<!-- ''Write about the mobility of the ground vehicle. Estimate the specific power and manoeuvrability, as well as the maximum speed forwards and backwards.'' -->
 
<!-- ''Write about the mobility of the ground vehicle. Estimate the specific power and manoeuvrability, as well as the maximum speed forwards and backwards.'' -->
  
{{tankMobility|abMinHp= 1937|rbMinHp= 1106}}
+
{{tankMobility|abMinHp=1,937|rbMinHp=1,106}}
  
 
The mobility of the {{PAGENAME}} is actually much better than that of the [[T-80B]], despite the U model weighing three tons more. This is thanks to the improved engine mounted in the{{PAGENAME}} which has a stock engine power of 1,106 hp, going up to 1,250 hp once the appropriate modules have been researched. It has a maximum speed of 69 km/h (43 mph) forward and -9.7 km/h (-6 mph) in reverse.  The one downside is the traverse in neutral, taking around 19 seconds for a full 360° spin, but this can be greatly reduced if the tank is already in at least in 3rd gear.
 
The mobility of the {{PAGENAME}} is actually much better than that of the [[T-80B]], despite the U model weighing three tons more. This is thanks to the improved engine mounted in the{{PAGENAME}} which has a stock engine power of 1,106 hp, going up to 1,250 hp once the appropriate modules have been researched. It has a maximum speed of 69 km/h (43 mph) forward and -9.7 km/h (-6 mph) in reverse.  The one downside is the traverse in neutral, taking around 19 seconds for a full 360° spin, but this can be greatly reduced if the tank is already in at least in 3rd gear.
  
 
As with most Russian MBTs, the reverse speed (-9.7 km/h (-6 mph)) does leave the tank vulnerable in situations where a fast retreat would be preferable. The commander should always be aware of his immediate surroundings and have a plan to get out of the area in case of a debilitating hit.
 
As with most Russian MBTs, the reverse speed (-9.7 km/h (-6 mph)) does leave the tank vulnerable in situations where a fast retreat would be preferable. The commander should always be aware of his immediate surroundings and have a plan to get out of the area in case of a debilitating hit.
 +
 +
=== Modifications and economy ===
 +
{{Specs-Economy}}
  
 
== Armaments ==
 
== Armaments ==
 +
{{Specs-Tank-Armaments}}
 
=== Main armament ===
 
=== Main armament ===
<!--''Give the reader information about the characteristics of the main gun. Assess its effectiveness in a battle based on the reloading speed, ballistics and the power of shells. Do not forget about the flexibility of the fire, that is how quickly the cannon can be aimed at the target, open fire on it and aim at another enemy. Add a link to the main article on the gun: <code><nowiki>{{main|Name of the weapon}}</nowiki></code>. Describe in general terms the ammunition available for the main gun. Give advice on how to use them and how to fill the ammunition storage.''-->
+
{{Specs-Tank-Weapon|1}}
 +
<!-- ''Give the reader information about the characteristics of the main gun. Assess its effectiveness in a battle based on the reloading speed, ballistics and the power of shells. Do not forget about the flexibility of the fire, that is how quickly the cannon can be aimed at the target, open fire on it and aim at another enemy. Add a link to the main article on the gun: <code><nowiki>{{main|Name of the weapon}}</nowiki></code>. Describe in general terms the ammunition available for the main gun. Give advice on how to use them and how to fill the ammunition storage.'' -->
 +
[[File:T-80U No.864 in Vietnam.jpg|400px|thumb|right|'''{{PAGENAME}}''' No.864 engaged in combat in Vietnam]]
 
{{main|2A46M-1 (125 mm)}}
 
{{main|2A46M-1 (125 mm)}}
  
Line 35: Line 42:
  
 
As with the T-80B and T-64B, the T-80U can launch missiles out of its gun. Unlike the previous two vehicles though, it gets the upgraded 9M119 which has 700 mm of penetration compared to the previous ATGM's 650 mm penetration. These ATGM's can prove useful for shooting over hills to hit a hiding enemy or to engage helicopters or low-flying aircraft.
 
As with the T-80B and T-64B, the T-80U can launch missiles out of its gun. Unlike the previous two vehicles though, it gets the upgraded 9M119 which has 700 mm of penetration compared to the previous ATGM's 650 mm penetration. These ATGM's can prove useful for shooting over hills to hit a hiding enemy or to engage helicopters or low-flying aircraft.
[[File:T-80U No.864 in Vietnam.jpg|500px|thumb|right|'''{{PAGENAME}}''' No.864 engaged in combat in Vietnam]]
 
  
{| class="wikitable" style="text-align:center"
+
{| class="wikitable" style="text-align:center" width="100%"
|-
 
! colspan="6" | [[2A46M-1 (125 mm)|125 mm 2A46M-1]]
 
|-
 
! colspan="3" rowspan="1" style="width:5em" |Capacity
 
! rowspan="1" | Vertical <br> guidance
 
! rowspan="1" | Horizontal <br> guidance
 
! rowspan="1" | Stabilizer
 
|-
 
| colspan="3" |45|| -6°/+13°||±180°||Two-plane
 
|-
 
! colspan="6" | Turret rotation speed (°/s)
 
|-
 
! style="width:4em" |Mode
 
! style="width:4em" |Stock
 
! style="width:4em" |Upgraded
 
! style="width:4em" |Prior + Full crew
 
! style="width:4em" |Prior + Expert qualif.
 
! style="width:4em" |Prior + Ace qualif.
 
|-
 
|''Arcade''||22.8 ||26.9||__.__||__.__ || __.__
 
 
|-
 
|-
|''Realistic''|| 14.3 |14.3||16.8||__.__|| __.__ ||__.__
+
! colspan="5" | [[2A46M-1 (125 mm)|125 mm 2A46M-1]] || colspan="5" | Turret rotation speed (°/s) || colspan="4" | Reloading rate (seconds)
 
|-
 
|-
! colspan="4" | Reloading rate (seconds)
+
! Mode !! Capacity !! Vertical !! Horizontal !! Stabilizer
 +
! Stock !! Upgraded !! Full !! Expert !! Aced
 +
! Stock !! Full !! Expert !! Aced
 
|-
 
|-
! colspan="1" style="width:4em" |Stock
+
! ''Arcade''
! colspan="1" style="width:4em" |Prior + Full crew
+
| rowspan="2" | 45 || rowspan="2" | -5°/+15° || rowspan="2" | ±180° || rowspan="2" | Two-plane || 22.8 || 31.6 || 38.4 || 42.5 || 45.2 || rowspan="2" | 6.50 || rowspan="2" | 6.50 || rowspan="2" | 6.50 || rowspan="2" | 6.50
! colspan="1" style="width:4em" |Prior + Expert qualif.
 
! colspan="1" style="width:4em" |Prior + Ace qualif.
 
 
|-
 
|-
|6.5||6.5||6.5||6.5
+
! ''Realistic''
 +
| 14.3 || 16.8 || 20.4 || 22.6 || 24.0
 
|-
 
|-
 
|}
 
|}
  
===== Ammunition =====
+
==== Ammunition ====
 
{| class="wikitable sortable" style="text-align:center" width="100%"
 
{| class="wikitable sortable" style="text-align:center" width="100%"
! colspan="8" |Penetration statistics
+
! colspan="8" | Penetration statistics
 
|-
 
|-
! rowspan="2" |Ammunition
+
! rowspan="2" data-sort-type="text" | Ammunition
! rowspan="2" |Type of 
+
! rowspan="2" | Type of<br>warhead
warhead
+
! colspan="6" | '''Penetration @ 0° Angle of Attack (mm)'''
! colspan="6" |'''Penetration''' ''in mm'' '''@ 0° Angle of Attack'''
 
 
|-
 
|-
!10m
+
! 10 m !! 100 m !! 500 m !! 1,000 m !! 1,500 m !! 2,000 m
!100m
 
!500m
 
!1000m
 
!1500m
 
!2000m
 
 
|-
 
|-
|3BM22||APFSDS||425||420||415||405||392||380
+
| 3BK18M || HEATFS || 550 || 550 || 550 || 550 || 550 || 550
 
|-
 
|-
|3BM42||APFSDS||479||477||470||462||453||445
+
| 3OF26 || HE || 42 || 42 || 42 || 42 || 42 || 42
 
|-
 
|-
|3BK18M||HEATFS||550||550||550||550||550||550
+
| 3BM22 || APFSDS || 425 || 420 || 415 || 405 || 393 || 380
 
|-
 
|-
|3OF26||HE||47||47||47||47||47||47
+
| 9M119 || ATGM || 700 || 700 || 700 || 700 || 700 || 700
 
|-
 
|-
|9M119||ATGM||650||650||650||650||650||650
+
| 3BM42 || APFSDS || 479 || 477 || 470 || 462 || 453 || 445
 
|-
 
|-
 
|}
 
|}
 
 
{| class="wikitable sortable" style="text-align:center" width="100%"
 
{| class="wikitable sortable" style="text-align:center" width="100%"
! colspan="11" |Shell details
+
! colspan="10" | Shell details
 
|-
 
|-
! rowspan="2" |Ammunition
+
! rowspan="2" data-sort-type="text" | Ammunition
! rowspan="2" |Type of <br>warhead
+
! rowspan="2" | Type of<br>warhead
! rowspan="2" |Velocity<br>in m/s
+
! rowspan="2" | Velocity<br>(m/s)
! rowspan="2" |Projectile<br>Mass in kg
+
! rowspan="2" | Projectile<br>Mass (kg)
! rowspan="2" |''Fuse delay''<br>''in m:''
+
! rowspan="2" | Fuse delay<br>(m)
! rowspan="2" |''Fuse sensitivity''<br>''in mm:''
+
! rowspan="2" | Fuse sensitivity<br>(mm)
! rowspan="2" |''Explosive Mass in g(TNT equivalent):''
+
! rowspan="2" | Explosive Mass<br>(TNT equivalent) (g)
! rowspan="2" |''Normalization At 30° from horizontal:''
+
! colspan="3" | Ricochet
! colspan="3" |''Ricochet:''
 
 
|-
 
|-
!0%
+
! 0% !! 50% !! 100%
!50%
 
!100%
 
 
|-
 
|-
|3BM22||APFSDS||1,760||4.83||N/A||N/A||N/A||°||76°||77°||78°
+
| 3BK18M || HEATFS || 905 || 19 || 0.05 || 0.1 || 2,790 || 65° || 72° || 77°
 
|-
 
|-
|3BM42||APFSDS||1,700||4.85||N/A||N/A||N/A||°||78°||80°||81°
+
| 3OF26 || HE || 850 || 23 || 0 || 0.1 || 5,240 || 79° || 80° || 81°
 
|-
 
|-
|3BK18M||HEATFS||905||19||0.0||0.1||2,790||°||65°||72°||75°
+
| 3BM22 || APFSDS || 1,760 || 4.83 || N/A || N/A || N/A || 76° || 77° || 80°
 
|-
 
|-
|3OF26||HE||850||23||0.1||0.5||5,780||+0°||79°||80°||81°
+
| 9M119 || ATGM || 400 || 23.3 || 0.05 || 0.1 || 5,540 || 80° || 82° || 90°
 +
|-
 +
| 3BM42 || APFSDS || 1,700 || 4.85 || N/A || N/A || N/A || 78° || 80° || 81°
 
|-
 
|-
|9M112||ATGM||400||27.5||0.0||0.01||3,600||+0°||80°||82°||90°
 
 
|}
 
|}
  
===== [[Ammo racks|Ammo racks]] =====
+
==== [[Ammo racks]] ====
{| class="wikitable sortable" style="text-align:center"
+
<!-- '''Last updated:''' -->
 +
{| class="wikitable" style="text-align:center"
 
|-
 
|-
! class="wikitable unsortable" |Full<br /> ammo
+
! Full<br>ammo
! class="wikitable unsortable" |1st<br /> rack empty
+
! Ammo<br>Part
! class="wikitable unsortable" |2nd<br /> rack empty
+
! 1st<br>rack empty
! class="wikitable unsortable" |3rd<br /> rack empty
+
! 2nd<br>rack empty
! class="wikitable unsortable" |Visual<br /> discrepancy
+
! 3rd<br>rack empty
 +
! 4th<br>rack empty
 +
! 5th<br>rack empty
 +
! 6th<br>rack empty
 +
! 7th<br>rack empty
 +
! 8th<br>rack empty
 +
! 9th<br>rack empty
 +
! 10th<br>rack empty*
 +
! Visual<br>discrepancy
 
|-
 
|-
|| '''45''' || 28&nbsp;''(+1)'' ||6||10|| style="text-align:center" | No
+
| '''45''' || style="text-align:right" | ''Projectiles''<br />''Propellants'' || 45&nbsp;''(+0)''<br />45&nbsp;''(+0)'' || 44&nbsp;''(+1)''<br />44&nbsp;''(+1)'' || 43&nbsp;''(+2)''<br />43&nbsp;''(+2)'' || 38&nbsp;''(+7)''<br />41&nbsp;''(+4)'' || 37&nbsp;''(+8)''<br />39&nbsp;''(+6)'' || 34&nbsp;''(+11)''<br />38&nbsp;''(+7)'' || 31&nbsp;''(+14)''<br />37&nbsp;''(+8)'' || 30&nbsp;''(+15)''<br />30&nbsp;''(+15)'' || 29&nbsp;''(+16)''<br />29&nbsp;''(+16)'' || 1&nbsp;''(+44)''<br />1&nbsp;''(+44)'' || No
 
|-
 
|-
 
|}
 
|}
 +
[[File:Ammoracks_{{PAGENAME}}.png|right|thumbnail|x250px|Ammo racks of the {{PAGENAME}}.]]
 +
The T-80U main ammo rack consists of a mechanized carousel at the bottom of the turret. Such ammo stowage carries 28 propellants and projectiles.
  
Only First Stage: 28-20
+
Notes:
 +
* The 10th Rack is the carousel at the bottom of the turret; it serves as First-Stage ammo stowage.
  
 
==== Optics and night vision ====
 
==== Optics and night vision ====
Line 180: Line 170:
 
! Location / Notes
 
! Location / Notes
 
|-
 
|-
| 1,400 m || 8.2° || Searchlight mounted on turret front, just right of the gun. Light moves up and down with main gun.  
+
| 1,400 m || 8.2° || Searchlight mounted on turret front, just right of the gun. Light moves up and down with main gun.
 
|-
 
|-
 
|}
 
|}
  
 
=== Machine guns ===
 
=== Machine guns ===
<!--''Offensive and anti-aircraft machine guns not only allow you to fight some aircraft, but also are effective against lightly armoured vehicles. Evaluate machine guns and give recommendations on its use.''-->
+
{{Specs-Tank-Weapon|2}}
 +
{{Specs-Tank-Weapon|3}}
 +
<!-- ''Offensive and anti-aircraft machine guns not only allow you to fight some aircraft but also are effective against lightly armoured vehicles. Evaluate machine guns and give recommendations on its use.'' -->
 
{{main|NSVT (12.7 mm)|PKT (7.62 mm)}}
 
{{main|NSVT (12.7 mm)|PKT (7.62 mm)}}
  
{| class="wikitable"
+
{| class="wikitable" style="text-align:center" width="50%"
! colspan="7" |[[NSVT (12.7 mm)|12.7 mm NSVT]]
+
|-
 +
! colspan="5" | [[NSVT (12.7 mm)|12.7 mm NSVT]]
 
|-
 
|-
! colspan="7" |''Pintle mount''
+
! Mount !! Capacity (Belt) !! Fire rate !! Vertical !! Horizontal
 
|-
 
|-
! colspan="4" rowspan="1" |Capacity (Belt capacity)
+
| Pintle || 300 (150) || 700 || -5°/+60° || ±180°
! rowspan="1" |Fire rate <br> (shots/minute)
 
! rowspan="1" |Vertical <br> guidance
 
! rowspan="1" |Horizontal <br> guidance
 
 
|-
 
|-
| colspan="4" | 300 (150) || 700 || -10°/+60° || ±180°
 
 
|}
 
|}
{| class="wikitable"
+
{| class="wikitable" style="text-align:center" width="50%"
! colspan="7" |[[PKT (7.62 mm)|7.62 mm PKT]]
 
 
|-
 
|-
! colspan="7" |''Coaxial mount''
+
! colspan="5" | [[PKT (7.62 mm)|7.62 mm PKT]]
 
|-
 
|-
! colspan="4" rowspan="1" |Capacity (Belt capacity)
+
! Mount !! Capacity (Belt) !! Fire rate !! Vertical !! Horizontal
! rowspan="1" |Fire rate <br> (shots/minute)
+
|-
! rowspan="1" |Vertical <br> guidance
+
| Coaxial || 1,250 (250) || 700 || N/A || N/A
! rowspan="1" |Horizontal <br> guidance
 
 
|-
 
|-
| colspan="4" |1,250 (250) || 700 || N/A || N/A
 
 
|}
 
|}
  
 
== Usage in battles ==
 
== Usage in battles ==
<!--Describe the tactics of playing in the vehicle, the features of using vehicles in the team and advice on tactics. Refrain from creating a "guide" - do not impose a single point of view but instead give the reader food for thought. Describe the most dangerous enemies and give recommendations on fighting them. If necessary, note the specifics of the game in different modes (AB, RB, SB).-->
+
<!-- ''Describe the tactics of playing in the vehicle, the features of using vehicles in the team and advice on tactics. Refrain from creating a "guide" - do not impose a single point of view but instead give the reader food for thought. Describe the most dangerous enemies and give recommendations on fighting them. If necessary, note the specifics of the game in different modes (AB, RB, SB).'' -->
 
 
Learning to use terrain to hide the lower front plate and hull if possible is key to surviving. Like any other tank at the top rank, do not let enemies see your side armour. This is especially true for the T-64/T-80 line since their ammo is stored vertically and makes it very easy to hit. Since the Russian MBTs are relatively small, you can also use teammates as cover.
 
  
The {{PAGENAME}} is a fantastic sniper due to the great penetration and small turret, so that is also a viable option as long as you keep your eyes open on your flanks. The most dangerous enemy to the {{PAGENAME}} are helicopters, although the Kontakt-5 will usually protect against one missile. However, it is still ERA, and will be blown off after it is detonated. Since the interior of the tank is so compact, this makes it easy for good pilots to knock you out in 2-3 rapid missile shots. To avoid helicopters, stay close to buildings or hide next to trees/large bushes and wait for an anti-air vehicle or plane to take it out. Another option is to use the ATGM or range finder to shoot down the enemy yourself.
+
Learning to use terrain to hide the lower front plate and hull if possible is key to surviving. Like any other tank at the top rank, do not let enemies see your side armour. This is especially true for the T-64/T-80 line since their ammo is stored vertically and makes it very easy to hit. Since the Russian MBTs are relatively small, you can also use teammates as cover.
  
=== Modules ===
+
The {{PAGENAME}} is a fantastic sniper due to the great penetration and small turret, so that is also a viable option as long as you keep your eyes open on your flanks. The most dangerous enemy to the {{PAGENAME}} are helicopters, although the CONTACT-5 will usually protect against one missile. However, it is still ERA, and will be blown off after it is detonated. Since the interior of the tank is so compact, this makes it easy for good pilots to knock you out in 2-3 rapid missile shots. To avoid helicopters, stay close to buildings or hide next to trees/large bushes and wait for an anti-air vehicle or plane to take it out. Another option is to use the ATGM or range finder to shoot down the enemy yourself.
{| class="wikitable"
 
! Tier
 
! colspan="2" | Mobility
 
! colspan="2" | Protection
 
! colspan="2" | Firepower
 
|-
 
| I
 
| Tracks
 
|
 
| Parts
 
|
 
| Horizontal Drive
 
| 3BK18M
 
|-
 
| II
 
| Suspension
 
| Brake System
 
| FPE
 
| Smoke grenade
 
| Adjustment of Fire
 
| Laser rangefinder
 
|-
 
| III
 
| Filters
 
|
 
| NVD
 
| Crew Replenishment
 
| Elevation Mechanism
 
| 9M119
 
|-
 
| IV
 
| Transmission
 
| Engine
 
| NVD upgrade
 
|
 
| Artillery Support
 
| 3BM42
 
|-
 
|}
 
  
 
=== Pros and cons ===
 
=== Pros and cons ===
<!--Summarise and briefly evaluate the vehicle in terms of its characteristics and combat effectiveness. Mark its pros and cons in a bulleted list. Try not to use more than 6 points for each of the characteristics. Avoid using categorical definitions such as "bad", "good" and the like - use substitutions with softer forms such as "inadequate" and "effective".-->
+
<!-- ''Summarise and briefly evaluate the vehicle in terms of its characteristics and combat effectiveness. Mark its pros and cons in a bulleted list. Try not to use more than 6 points for each of the characteristics. Avoid using categorical definitions such as "bad", "good" and the like - use substitutions with softer forms such as "inadequate" and "effective".'' -->
  
 
'''Pros:'''
 
'''Pros:'''
  
* Effective armour, especially against chemical munitions. The Kontakt-5 ERA mounted to the tank's frontal arc and its turret means that even helicopter-launched ATGMs may fail to penetrate
+
* Effective armour, especially against chemical munitions. The CONTACT-5 ERA mounted to the tank's frontal arc and its turret means that even helicopter-launched ATGMs may fail to penetrate
 
* Good stock ammunition, very good 3BM42 unlockable. Has access to 3OF26 HE-Frag-FS ammunition which does short work of enemy MBTs if the shell detonates above the turret roof or frontal deck
 
* Good stock ammunition, very good 3BM42 unlockable. Has access to 3OF26 HE-Frag-FS ammunition which does short work of enemy MBTs if the shell detonates above the turret roof or frontal deck
 
* Nimble tank for its size and tonnage - a fully upgraded T-80U is much more responsive than the T-80B. It still isn't as quick as a Leopard, however, and its reverse speed is punishing along with the lack of neutral steering
 
* Nimble tank for its size and tonnage - a fully upgraded T-80U is much more responsive than the T-80B. It still isn't as quick as a Leopard, however, and its reverse speed is punishing along with the lack of neutral steering
Line 279: Line 224:
 
* Rather easy to hit weak spots at closer ranges - some of them possibly leading to a one-hit knockout
 
* Rather easy to hit weak spots at closer ranges - some of them possibly leading to a one-hit knockout
 
* Poor survivability from side shots due to the massive ammunition carousel mounted in the centre of the hull
 
* Poor survivability from side shots due to the massive ammunition carousel mounted in the centre of the hull
 +
* Any shell penetrating the hull will most likely set off the ammunition, instantly destroying the vehicle
 
* Relatively low reverse speed, hard to retreat from a threatening situation
 
* Relatively low reverse speed, hard to retreat from a threatening situation
 
* The cramped interior, with the crew placed tightly together, means that the tank is easily disabled if a shot penetrates
 
* The cramped interior, with the crew placed tightly together, means that the tank is easily disabled if a shot penetrates
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== History ==
 
== History ==
<!--''Describe the history of the creation and combat usage of the ground vehicle in more detail than in the introduction. If the historical reference turns out to be too big, take it to a separate article, taking a link to the article about the vehicle and adding a block "/ History" (example: <nowiki>https://wiki.warthunder.com/(Vehicle-name)/History</nowiki>) and add a link to it here using the <code>main</code> template. Be sure to reference text and sources by using <code><nowiki><ref></nowiki></code>, as well as adding them at the end of the article. This section may also include the vehicle's devblog entry (if applicable) and the ingame encyclopedia description (under <code><nowiki>=== Encyclopedia Info ===</nowiki></code>, also if applicable).''-->
+
<!-- ''Describe the history of the creation and combat usage of the vehicle in more detail than in the introduction. If the historical reference turns out to be too long, take it to a separate article, taking a link to the article about the vehicle and adding a block "/History" (example: <nowiki>https://wiki.warthunder.com/(Vehicle-name)/History</nowiki>) and add a link to it here using the <code>main</code> template. Be sure to reference text and sources by using <code><nowiki><ref></ref></nowiki></code>, as well as adding them at the end of the article with <code><nowiki><references /></nowiki></code>. This section may also include the vehicle's dev blog entry (if applicable) and the in-game encyclopedia description (under <code><nowiki>=== In-game description ===</nowiki></code>, also if applicable).'' -->
Work on improving the existing T-80 MBT begun as early as the mid-1970s with the design bureau in Leningrad. Here, developers were responsible for the production of the T-80 and started working on a joint project to further enhance the T-80’s capabilities.
+
Work on improving the existing T-80 MBT begun as early as the mid-1970s with the design bureau in Leningrad. Here, developers were responsible for the production of the T-80 and started working on a joint project to further enhance the T-80's capabilities.
  
 
In the early 1980s, the first prototypes were being built and after extensive testing and design tweaking, the new tank was considered ready for production. The resultant tank was accepted by the Soviet military under the designation T-80U.
 
In the early 1980s, the first prototypes were being built and after extensive testing and design tweaking, the new tank was considered ready for production. The resultant tank was accepted by the Soviet military under the designation T-80U.
Line 292: Line 238:
 
The T-80U received turret and upper frontal enhancements as part of its new construction along with being equipped with a second generation ERA protection system known as Kontakt-5. In contrast to the previous generation of dynamic protection, Kontakt-5 increased the tank's protection against HEAT ''and'' armour-piercing shells. The modifications also affected the armament of the tank - the T-80U is equipped with a new 1A45 fire control system and Reflex ICBM, which used more advanced 9M119 guided missiles. Subsequently, the tank was equipped with a new, more powerful GTD-1250 gas turbine engine which helped compensate for the increased weight of the vehicle and improved its dynamics.
 
The T-80U received turret and upper frontal enhancements as part of its new construction along with being equipped with a second generation ERA protection system known as Kontakt-5. In contrast to the previous generation of dynamic protection, Kontakt-5 increased the tank's protection against HEAT ''and'' armour-piercing shells. The modifications also affected the armament of the tank - the T-80U is equipped with a new 1A45 fire control system and Reflex ICBM, which used more advanced 9M119 guided missiles. Subsequently, the tank was equipped with a new, more powerful GTD-1250 gas turbine engine which helped compensate for the increased weight of the vehicle and improved its dynamics.
  
The T-80U had been factory produced in Leningrad in 1987, but in 1989, its production was moved to Omsk. Work on upgrading the T-80 was carried out in Kharkov, but there, they constructed their own vehicle equipped with a diesel engine, which was designated ‘T-80UD’. The latter would evolve into further developed Ukrainian derivatives of the T-80.
+
The T-80U had been factory produced in Leningrad in 1987, but in 1989, its production was moved to Omsk. Work on upgrading the T-80 was carried out in Kharkov, but there, they constructed their own vehicle equipped with a diesel engine, which was designated 'T-80UD'. The latter would evolve into further developed Ukrainian derivatives of the T-80.
  
T-80Us served with the Soviet military until the collapse of the Soviet Union in the late 1980s and have since continued serving with the Union’s successor states to this day. The vehicle also saw service abroad with some other countries as well, primarily with South Korea and Cyprus. Overall, around 700 T-80Us have been produced since 1985, but this vehicle has yet to be put into any actual combat situations.
+
T-80Us served with the Soviet military until the collapse of the Soviet Union in the late 1980s and have since continued serving with the Union's successor states to this day. The vehicle also saw service abroad with some other countries as well, primarily with South Korea and Cyprus. Overall, around 700 T-80Us have been produced since 1985, but this vehicle has yet to be put into any actual combat situations.
  
 
''- From [[wt:en/news/6051-development-t-80u-making-contact-en|Devblog]]''
 
''- From [[wt:en/news/6051-development-t-80u-making-contact-en|Devblog]]''
  
 
== Media ==
 
== Media ==
<!--''Excellent additions to the article would be video guides, screenshots from the game, and photos.''-->
+
<!-- ''Excellent additions to the article would be video guides, screenshots from the game, and photos.'' -->
{{Youtube-gallery|3BbIiDovPPk|'''The Shooting Range #139''' - ''Metal Beasts'' section at 00:35 discusses the T-80U.}}
+
 
 +
;Skins
 +
* [https://live.warthunder.com/feed/camouflages/?vehicleCountry=ussr&vehicleType=tank&vehicleClass=medium_tank&vehicle=ussr_t_80u Skins and camouflages for the {{PAGENAME}} from live.warthunder.com.]
 +
 
 +
;Videos
 +
{{Youtube-gallery|3BbIiDovPPk|'''The Shooting Range #139''' - ''Metal Beasts'' section at 00:35 discusses the {{PAGENAME}}.|p6cWlyUnJQA|'''Top 7 off-road beasts'''  discusses the {{PAGENAME}} at 2:04  - ''War Thunder Official Channel''}}
 +
 
 
== See also ==
 
== See also ==
 
''Links to the articles on the War Thunder Wiki that you think will be useful for the reader, for example:''
 
''Links to the articles on the War Thunder Wiki that you think will be useful for the reader, for example:''
Line 308: Line 260:
  
 
== External links ==
 
== External links ==
<!--''Paste links to sources and external resources, such as:''
+
<!-- ''Paste links to sources and external resources, such as:''
 
* ''topic on the official game forum;''
 
* ''topic on the official game forum;''
 
* ''encyclopedia page on the tank;''
 
* ''encyclopedia page on the tank;''
* ''other literature.''-->
+
* ''other literature.'' -->
  
 
* [[wt:en/news/6051-development-t-80u-making-contact-en|[Devblog<nowiki>]</nowiki> T-80U: Making Contact]]
 
* [[wt:en/news/6051-development-t-80u-making-contact-en|[Devblog<nowiki>]</nowiki> T-80U: Making Contact]]

Latest revision as of 15:48, 11 April 2021

RANK 4 FRANCE
Somua SM PACK
T-80U
ussr_t_80u.png
GarageImage T-80U.jpg
T-80U WebsiteImage 1.jpg
T-80U WebsiteImage 2.jpg
T-80U
AB RB SB
10.3 10.3 10.3
Class:
Research:390 000 Specs-Card-Exp.png
Purchase:1 020 000 Specs-Card-Lion.png
Show in game

Description

The T-80U is a rank VII Soviet medium tank with a battle rating of 10.3 (AB/RB/SB). It was introduced in Update 1.87 "Locked On".

General info

Survivability and armour

ERA
Effective action against the cumulative ammunition
Composite armour
Balanced protection against all types of ammunition
Smoke grenades
Creation of a smoke screen in front of the vehicle
ESS
Creation of a smoke screen in the direction of movement of the vehicle
Armourfront / side / back
Hull105 / 80 / 50
Turret180 / 160 / 65
Crew3 people
Visibility79 %

The armour protection of the T-80U is exceptional, especially if the incoming round hits one of the CONTACT-5 ERA plates. The strongest parts of the tank are the turret front and a majority of the upper front plate. It does, however, have some weaker areas, the most important being the driver's hatch, the immediate areas of the turret surrounding the gun and its breech, and its lower frontal plate. These weak spots are however pretty small targets at range, and thus by hiding them properly, the risk of being hit can be minimized. Owing to its very low profile, a hull-down T-80U is a small target in itself; the weaker parts of its armour are even smaller.

Fuel tanks on either side of the driver can soak up some shrapnel and add to the overall survivability. However, as with all Russian auto-loaded MBTs, there are only three crew members so a well-placed shot is capable of causing a crew knock-out. It's also worth noting that the placement of the ammo rack, below the turret in a carousel-style setup, leaves the T-80U particularly vulnerable to side shots causing ammunition detonation. The protection of the T-80U is very similar to the T-64B in terms of the size and placement of the weak areas. The sides of your tank should always be protected, and when engaging an enemy, your front armour should always be aligned directly towards him to reduce the risks of a shot penetrating your weaker side. The tank does, however, have some CONTACT-5 ERA on its upper front skirts, meaning that you have some extra protection against kinetic penetrators, and a lot against chemical shells, until the ERA bricks are detonated (leaving the area vulnerable for another hit).

As mentioned above, the T-80U also benefits from the typical low silhouette Russian tankers will be accustomed to, with the vehicle being significantly smaller than its competitors. This allows the T-80U to be hidden behind small terrain deformities which other MBTs would otherwise be visible. It's also harder for an enemy tank commander to immediately tell which area is the most vulnerable.

Mobility

Speedforward / back
AB78 / 13 km/h
RB and SB70 / 11 km/h
Number of gears9 forward
1 back
Weight46.0 t
Engine power
AB2 385 hp
RB and SB1 250 hp
Power-to-weight ratio
AB51.8 hp/t
RB and SB27.2 hp/t
Game Mode Max Speed (km/h) Weight (tons) Engine power (horsepower) Power-to-weight ratio (hp/ton)
Forward Reverse Stock Upgraded Stock Upgraded
Arcade 78 13 46 1,937 2385 42.11 51.85
Realistic 70 11 1,106 1250 24.04 27.17

The mobility of the T-80U is actually much better than that of the T-80B, despite the U model weighing three tons more. This is thanks to the improved engine mounted in theT-80U which has a stock engine power of 1,106 hp, going up to 1,250 hp once the appropriate modules have been researched. It has a maximum speed of 69 km/h (43 mph) forward and -9.7 km/h (-6 mph) in reverse. The one downside is the traverse in neutral, taking around 19 seconds for a full 360° spin, but this can be greatly reduced if the tank is already in at least in 3rd gear.

As with most Russian MBTs, the reverse speed (-9.7 km/h (-6 mph)) does leave the tank vulnerable in situations where a fast retreat would be preferable. The commander should always be aware of his immediate surroundings and have a plan to get out of the area in case of a debilitating hit.

Modifications and economy

Repair costBasic → Reference
AB2 920 → 4 855 Sl icon.png
RB7 000 → 11 640 Sl icon.png
SB8 500 → 14 135 Sl icon.png
Total cost of modifications470 200 Rp icon.png
444 000 Sl icon.png
Talisman cost2 800 Ge icon.png
Crew training290 000 Sl icon.png
Experts1 020 000 Sl icon.png
Aces2 100 Ge icon.png
Research Aces1 080 000 Rp icon.png
Reward for battleAB / RB / SB
110 / 130 / 160 % Sl icon.png
232 / 232 / 232 % Rp icon.png
Modifications
Mobility Protection Firepower
Mods new tank traks.png
Tracks
Research:
25 000 Rp icon.png
Cost:
22 000 Sl icon.png
390 Ge icon.png
Mods new tank suspension.png
Suspension
Research:
19 000 Rp icon.png
Cost:
17 000 Sl icon.png
300 Ge icon.png
Mods new tank break.png
Brake System
Research:
19 000 Rp icon.png
Cost:
17 000 Sl icon.png
300 Ge icon.png
Mods new tank filter.png
Filters
Research:
25 000 Rp icon.png
Cost:
22 000 Sl icon.png
390 Ge icon.png
Mods new tank transmission.png
Transmission
Research:
27 000 Rp icon.png
Cost:
24 000 Sl icon.png
430 Ge icon.png
Mods new tank engine.png
Engine
Research:
27 000 Rp icon.png
Cost:
24 000 Sl icon.png
430 Ge icon.png
Mods tank tool kit.png
Parts
Research:
7 500 Rp icon.png
Cost:
22 000 Sl icon.png
390 Ge icon.png
Mods extinguisher.png
FPE
Research:
5 700 Rp icon.png
Cost:
17 000 Sl icon.png
300 Ge icon.png
Mods smoke screen.png
Smoke grenade
Research:
19 000 Rp icon.png
Cost:
17 000 Sl icon.png
300 Ge icon.png
Mods night vision device.png
NVD
Research:
25 000 Rp icon.png
Cost:
22 000 Sl icon.png
390 Ge icon.png
Mod arrow 0.png
Mods tank reinforcement ussr.png
Crew Replenishment
Research:
25 000 Rp icon.png
Cost:
22 000 Sl icon.png
390 Ge icon.png
Mods thermal sight.png
NVD upgrade
Research:
27 000 Rp icon.png
Cost:
24 000 Sl icon.png
430 Ge icon.png
Mods engine smoke screen system.png
ESS
Research:
27 000 Rp icon.png
Cost:
24 000 Sl icon.png
430 Ge icon.png
Mods new tank horizontal aiming.png
Horizontal Drive
Research:
25 000 Rp icon.png
Cost:
22 000 Sl icon.png
390 Ge icon.png
Mods tank ammo.png
125mm_ussr_APDS_FS_ammo_pack
Research:
25 000 Rp icon.png
Cost:
22 000 Sl icon.png
390 Ge icon.png
Mods tank cannon.png
Adjustment of Fire
Research:
19 000 Rp icon.png
Cost:
17 000 Sl icon.png
300 Ge icon.png
Mods tank laser rangefinder.png
Laser rangefinder
Research:
19 000 Rp icon.png
Cost:
17 000 Sl icon.png
300 Ge icon.png
Mods new tank vertical aiming.png
Elevation Mechanism
Research:
25 000 Rp icon.png
Cost:
22 000 Sl icon.png
390 Ge icon.png
Mods tank ammo.png
125mm_ussr_ATGM_ammo_pack
Research:
25 000 Rp icon.png
Cost:
22 000 Sl icon.png
390 Ge icon.png
Mods art support.png
Artillery Support
Research:
27 000 Rp icon.png
Cost:
24 000 Sl icon.png
430 Ge icon.png
Mods tank ammo.png
125mm_ussr_3BM42_APDS_FS_ammo_pack
Research:
27 000 Rp icon.png
Cost:
24 000 Sl icon.png
430 Ge icon.png

Armaments

Laser rangefinder
Reduces the error and increases the maximum measurable distance of the rangefinder
Night vision device
Improves visibility by enhancing natural light or active illumination.
Thermal imager
Allows to see thermal radiation in the infrared range day and night

Main armament

Two-plane stabilizer
Reduces the swing of the gun in two planes while moving
Autoloader
Automatically feeds projectiles into the breech. The speed does not depend on the skills of the loader
Ammunition45 rounds
First-order28 rounds
Reload6.5 s
Vertical guidance-5° / 15°
T-80U No.864 engaged in combat in Vietnam
Main article: 2A46M-1 (125 mm)

The T-80U is armed with the same 125 mm cannon found in the T-80B, with its 3BM42 "Mango" round proving competitive against other Rank VII offerings. As with previous vehicles of the family, the main gun is auto-loaded, so the loss of a crew member does not affect the loading times and the 6.5-second loading speed is competitive when compared to the 120 mm guns on the Leopard 2A5 and M1A1 Abrams. One notable perk of the auto-loader mechanism is that the gun will be reloaded even if the gunner is knocked out, if you're fighting a fire, or repairing. It does however also come with the drawbacks of a reload time that cannot be improved, the large ammo carousel concentric with the turret, and the chance of a single penetrating shot detonating the ammo racks. Another thing to note, since update 1.97 if the tanks battery runs out of power, the autoloader will not function and the cannon will need to be manually loaded, which is a much slower process.

As with the T-80B and T-64B, the T-80U can launch missiles out of its gun. Unlike the previous two vehicles though, it gets the upgraded 9M119 which has 700 mm of penetration compared to the previous ATGM's 650 mm penetration. These ATGM's can prove useful for shooting over hills to hit a hiding enemy or to engage helicopters or low-flying aircraft.

125 mm 2A46M-1 Turret rotation speed (°/s) Reloading rate (seconds)
Mode Capacity Vertical Horizontal Stabilizer Stock Upgraded Full Expert Aced Stock Full Expert Aced
Arcade 45 -5°/+15° ±180° Two-plane 22.8 31.6 38.4 42.5 45.2 6.50 6.50 6.50 6.50
Realistic 14.3 16.8 20.4 22.6 24.0

Ammunition

Penetration statistics
Ammunition Type of
warhead
Penetration @ 0° Angle of Attack (mm)
10 m 100 m 500 m 1,000 m 1,500 m 2,000 m
3BK18M HEATFS 550 550 550 550 550 550
3OF26 HE 42 42 42 42 42 42
3BM22 APFSDS 425 420 415 405 393 380
9M119 ATGM 700 700 700 700 700 700
3BM42 APFSDS 479 477 470 462 453 445
Shell details
Ammunition Type of
warhead
Velocity
(m/s)
Projectile
Mass (kg)
Fuse delay
(m)
Fuse sensitivity
(mm)
Explosive Mass
(TNT equivalent) (g)
Ricochet
0% 50% 100%
3BK18M HEATFS 905 19 0.05 0.1 2,790 65° 72° 77°
3OF26 HE 850 23 0 0.1 5,240 79° 80° 81°
3BM22 APFSDS 1,760 4.83 N/A N/A N/A 76° 77° 80°
9M119 ATGM 400 23.3 0.05 0.1 5,540 80° 82° 90°
3BM42 APFSDS 1,700 4.85 N/A N/A N/A 78° 80° 81°

Ammo racks

Full
ammo
Ammo
Part
1st
rack empty
2nd
rack empty
3rd
rack empty
4th
rack empty
5th
rack empty
6th
rack empty
7th
rack empty
8th
rack empty
9th
rack empty
10th
rack empty*
Visual
discrepancy
45 Projectiles
Propellants
45 (+0)
45 (+0)
44 (+1)
44 (+1)
43 (+2)
43 (+2)
38 (+7)
41 (+4)
37 (+8)
39 (+6)
34 (+11)
38 (+7)
31 (+14)
37 (+8)
30 (+15)
30 (+15)
29 (+16)
29 (+16)
(+44)
(+44)
No
Ammo racks of the T-80U.

The T-80U main ammo rack consists of a mechanized carousel at the bottom of the turret. Such ammo stowage carries 28 propellants and projectiles.

Notes:

  • The 10th Rack is the carousel at the bottom of the turret; it serves as First-Stage ammo stowage.

Optics and night vision

The T-80U has two night vision modifications. The first modification "NVD" is unlocked at tier 3 and grants access to an image intensifier for each crew member. The second modification "NVD Upgrade" is unlocked at tier 4 and replaces the gunner's image intensifier with a thermal imager.

T-80U Optics
Type of optic Magnification Night Vision Devices
Image Intensifier Thermal Imager
Resolution
Notes
Resolution Light Mult Noise Level
Gunner's Sight X2.7 - X12 1600 x 1200 9.0 High 500 x 300 Thermal imager unlocked by "NVD Upgrade" mod (tier 4), replaces image intensifier.
Commander's View X6 1600 x 1200 9.0 High Not Fitted Image intensifier unlocked by "NVD" mod (tier 3)
Driver's View X1 1600 x 1200 5.0 High Not Fitted Image intensifier unlocked by "NVD" mod (tier 3)
T-80U IR Searchlight
Max Range Beam Width Location / Notes
1,400 m 8.2° Searchlight mounted on turret front, just right of the gun. Light moves up and down with main gun.

Machine guns

Ammunition300 rounds
Belt capacity150 rounds
Reload5.0 s
Fire rate700 shots/min
Vertical guidance-5° / 60°
Ammunition1 250 rounds
Belt capacity250 rounds
Reload8.0 s
Fire rate700 shots/min
12.7 mm NSVT
Mount Capacity (Belt) Fire rate Vertical Horizontal
Pintle 300 (150) 700 -5°/+60° ±180°
7.62 mm PKT
Mount Capacity (Belt) Fire rate Vertical Horizontal
Coaxial 1,250 (250) 700 N/A N/A

Usage in battles

Learning to use terrain to hide the lower front plate and hull if possible is key to surviving. Like any other tank at the top rank, do not let enemies see your side armour. This is especially true for the T-64/T-80 line since their ammo is stored vertically and makes it very easy to hit. Since the Russian MBTs are relatively small, you can also use teammates as cover.

The T-80U is a fantastic sniper due to the great penetration and small turret, so that is also a viable option as long as you keep your eyes open on your flanks. The most dangerous enemy to the T-80U are helicopters, although the CONTACT-5 will usually protect against one missile. However, it is still ERA, and will be blown off after it is detonated. Since the interior of the tank is so compact, this makes it easy for good pilots to knock you out in 2-3 rapid missile shots. To avoid helicopters, stay close to buildings or hide next to trees/large bushes and wait for an anti-air vehicle or plane to take it out. Another option is to use the ATGM or range finder to shoot down the enemy yourself.

Pros and cons

Pros:

  • Effective armour, especially against chemical munitions. The CONTACT-5 ERA mounted to the tank's frontal arc and its turret means that even helicopter-launched ATGMs may fail to penetrate
  • Good stock ammunition, very good 3BM42 unlockable. Has access to 3OF26 HE-Frag-FS ammunition which does short work of enemy MBTs if the shell detonates above the turret roof or frontal deck
  • Nimble tank for its size and tonnage - a fully upgraded T-80U is much more responsive than the T-80B. It still isn't as quick as a Leopard, however, and its reverse speed is punishing along with the lack of neutral steering
  • Low silhouette - if you can find a sufficiently flat area behind a hilltop or a wide enough ditch, a hull-down T-80U is hard to spot and harder to hit
  • Its autoloader, as with the other tanks in the T-64, -72 and -80 lines, ensures that ammunition will be loaded even when replacing crew, repairing, or extinguishing a fire!
  • Accurate gun, and its muzzle velocity combined with the laser rangefinder permits easy long-range shots with little lead required to hit moving targets
  • Gun-launched anti-tank guided missiles can be used as multipurpose munitions for tanks and helicopters alike
  • Great turret protection

Cons:

  • Rather easy to hit weak spots at closer ranges - some of them possibly leading to a one-hit knockout
  • Poor survivability from side shots due to the massive ammunition carousel mounted in the centre of the hull
  • Any shell penetrating the hull will most likely set off the ammunition, instantly destroying the vehicle
  • Relatively low reverse speed, hard to retreat from a threatening situation
  • The cramped interior, with the crew placed tightly together, means that the tank is easily disabled if a shot penetrates
  • ...and the spare ammunition not carried in the autoloader is distributed around the hull and turret - meaning a penetrating shot might ignite a round carried as a spare, setting off the carousel
  • Poor gun depression of -5° due to the low turret height. This makes it difficult to shoot over hills and other obstacles, especially on maps with rough terrain

History

Work on improving the existing T-80 MBT begun as early as the mid-1970s with the design bureau in Leningrad. Here, developers were responsible for the production of the T-80 and started working on a joint project to further enhance the T-80's capabilities.

In the early 1980s, the first prototypes were being built and after extensive testing and design tweaking, the new tank was considered ready for production. The resultant tank was accepted by the Soviet military under the designation T-80U.

The T-80U received turret and upper frontal enhancements as part of its new construction along with being equipped with a second generation ERA protection system known as Kontakt-5. In contrast to the previous generation of dynamic protection, Kontakt-5 increased the tank's protection against HEAT and armour-piercing shells. The modifications also affected the armament of the tank - the T-80U is equipped with a new 1A45 fire control system and Reflex ICBM, which used more advanced 9M119 guided missiles. Subsequently, the tank was equipped with a new, more powerful GTD-1250 gas turbine engine which helped compensate for the increased weight of the vehicle and improved its dynamics.

The T-80U had been factory produced in Leningrad in 1987, but in 1989, its production was moved to Omsk. Work on upgrading the T-80 was carried out in Kharkov, but there, they constructed their own vehicle equipped with a diesel engine, which was designated 'T-80UD'. The latter would evolve into further developed Ukrainian derivatives of the T-80.

T-80Us served with the Soviet military until the collapse of the Soviet Union in the late 1980s and have since continued serving with the Union's successor states to this day. The vehicle also saw service abroad with some other countries as well, primarily with South Korea and Cyprus. Overall, around 700 T-80Us have been produced since 1985, but this vehicle has yet to be put into any actual combat situations.

- From Devblog

Media

Skins
Videos

See also

Links to the articles on the War Thunder Wiki that you think will be useful for the reader, for example:

  • reference to the series of the vehicles;
  • links to approximate analogues of other nations and research trees.

External links


USSR medium tanks
T-28  T-28 · T-28E · T-28 (1938)
T-34-76  T-34 (Prototype) · T-34 (1940) · T-34 (1941) · T-34 (1st Gv.T.Br.) · T-34 (1942) · T-34E STZ · T-34E
T-34-57  T-34-57 · T-34-57 (1943)
T-34-85  T-34-85 (D-5T) · T-34-85 · T-34-85E
T-34-100  T-34-100
T-44  T-44 · T-44-100 · T-44-122
T-54  T-54 (1947) · T-54 (1949) · T-54 (1951)
T-55  T-55A · T-55AM-1
T-62  T-62 · T-62M-1
T-64  T-64A (1971) · T-64B
T-72  T-72A · T-72AV (TURMS-T) · T-72B · T-72B (1989) · T-72B3
T-80  T-80B · T-80U
T-90  Т-90А
Trophies/Lend-Lease  ▂T-III · ▂T-V · ▂M3 Medium · ▂M4A2 · ▂МК-IX "Valentine"