The T-60 is a rank I Soviet light tank with a battle rating of 1.0 (AB/RB/SB). It was introduced during the Closed Beta Test for Ground Forces before Update 1.41. One of the less appealing Soviet vehicle due to its weaponry and layout, but can still perform if utilized correctly and its faults are accounted for.
Survivability and armour
- Rolled homogeneous armour
|Hull|| 35 mm (21°) Driver's plate
15 mm (72°) Front glacis
35 mm (25°) Lower glacis
|15 mm|| 10 mm (71°) Top
25 mm (27°) Bottom
|Turret|| 25 mm (25-27°) Turret front
20 mm Gun mantlet
|25 mm (24-26°)||25 mm (24°)||10 mm|
- Belly armour is 10 mm thick.
- Suspension wheels are 10 mm thick while tracks are 15 mm thick.
Write about the mobility of the ground vehicle. Estimate the specific power and manoeuvrability as well as the maximum speed forwards and backwards.
Usage in battles
The T-60 is a fine little tank that excels in very particular situations; namely holding corners, flanking, and acting as a close range SPAA. This tank should never be used for long-range shooting or in pushes against an enemy head-on, one should always try to use its speed and manoeuvrability to gain an advantage before attacking. In a SPAA role, the long reload time for this tank's main weapon can be a severe disadvantage. This means that one should use controlled bursts when attacking aeroplanes, making all shots count, and only picking large slow moving targets when at the range. The presence of a co-axial machine gun, however, not only adds to the firing density but allows for the tank to fire whilst the cannon is reloading. This machine gun has no utility against armoured targets. In this role, the T-60 is the only SPAA in this rank that does not have to fear 7.7 mm rounds (although 12.7 mm rounds can be very deadly - the M2A2 is a very dangerous opponent, for instance). This means that T-60 pilots can be confident that they can survive being strafed by most fighter aircraft. In RB this tank serves as a perfectly capable replacement for the 4M GAZ-AAA. In conclusion, the T-60 is a versatile tank of good effectiveness that is a constant presence of any Rank I ground forces game. Its gun gives it easy penetration at the sides and some fronts of low-rank tanks.
This is a very versatile tank and that is its greatest strength. Its greatest weakness is it's horrible all around armour, always remember that you will probably not survive a single hit from an AT gun, and as such stay hidden and behind cover. In order to accomplish this use, this tanks great manoeuvrability to your advantage and try to hug cover and move in depressions of the landscape. When using this tank always attack from an unexpected angle then shot your entire belt and afterwards always re-position after an attack. A great strength of this tank is that at any point it can go from flanking an enemy tank to acting as a front line SPAA, and in many games this amazing ability that can save you and your comrades from certain death at the hands of an enemy bomber or attack plane.
Pros and cons
- Sloped frontal armour
- Fast-firing gun, that can even harm aircraft due to calibre and rate of fire
- Good manoeuvrability
- Belts have a high ammunition count per belt
- Can act as a decent front line SPAA
- Low profile
- Often not regarded as a high priority target
- Co-axial MG
- Poor armour
- Very cramped interior
- Only 2 crew so you can't lose anyone
- Long reload time
- Very slow at climbing hills
- Retains speed bad
- Poor penetration values
- Poor post-penetration damage
In 1938, a task to create an amphibious and non-amphibious scout tank was given to Nicholas Astrov's design team at Moscow Factory No. 37. The result was the T-30A and T-30B prototypes, with the A model being amphibious. The T-30A went on to become the T-40 amphibious scout tank, while the T-30B went on to become the T-60 scout tank. Production started on July 1941, one month after the German invasion in Operation Barbarossa.
Originally with a 12.7 mm machine gun, the T-60 was up-gunned with a 20 mm TNSh cannon, which was derived from an aircraft cannon. The gun could penetrate 15 mm of armour at a 500 meters range, which proved very inadequate against the Germans Panzer IIIs and Panzer IVs, which had a maximum of 50 mm of armour on the front. Not only that, the scout tank had poor mobility on cross-country terrain and had a maximum armour of only 20 mm thick. Despite that, the T-60 was easily produced and 6,292 of these tanks were produced between 1941 and 1942.
The low gun performance urged for an attempt to upgrade the tank with a 37 mm ZIS-19 cannon or the standard 45mm tank gun. Both of these projects were proven impossible. The T-60 served as a light tank up until the better T-70 light tank was chosen as the new standard Soviet light tank in 1942, which had better armour and gun.
The T-60 went on in armour developmental projects for the Soviet forces, such as the designing of the T-90 anti-aircraft vehicle. But perhaps the most unique project that it played in was the Antonov A-40, which was the Soviet's attempt on a "flying tank". The A-40 was a glider design that has wings attached to a lightened T-60 (removing its armament, ammunition, some accessories, and most of the fuel). On September 2, 1942, in a test, the prototype was towed by a TB-3 Bomber into the air. When released, the A-40 reportedly glided smoothly on its descent, despite the drag it put on the TB-3 plane. The A-40 landed safely and was able to drive back to the testing site after detaching the wings. The project was then abandoned due to the lack of enough aircraft with the power to tow the A-40 at 160 kilometres per hour speed.
The T-60 also were used by the Romanians when they captured 34 of them and modified them into the TACAM T-60 and Mareşal M05, both tank destroyers. All examples of these vehicles were confiscated by the Soviets after Romania switched to the Allies.
"The T-60 light tank was developed in August, 1941 at Moscow Factory #37 under the management of N.A. Astrov. In September, 1941 the T-60 was accepted into the arsenal of the Red Army and was released serially in several automobile factories. The T-60 was produced until February, 1943, when it was replaced on assembly lines by the more powerful T-70 light tank. A total of 5,920 T-60s were produced, 1,366 of them in 1941. Most of them were built at the Gorky Factory.
Large numbers of T-60 tanks were used in battles from 1941 to 1943, starting with the Battle of Moscow and ending with the elimination of the Leningrad blockade in January, 1944. The T-60 was used actively throughout the Battle of Stalingrad and the Kharkov Operation. Due to significant losses, the T-60 was gradually removed from the front lines in late 1942."
An excellent addition to the article will be video guides, as well as screenshots from the game and photos.
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|USSR light tanks|
|T-26||T-26 · T-26 (1st Gv.T.Br.) · T-26E · T-26-4|
|BT||BT-5 · RBT-5 · BT-7 · BT-7 TD · BT-7 (F-32) · BT-7M|
|BMP||BMP-1 · BMP-2 · BMP-2M · BMP-3|
|Other||T-50 · T-60 · T-70 · T-80 · T-126|
|BA-11 · PT-76B · Object 685 · Object 906|