T-34 1941

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Arcade Realistic Simulator

Arcade Realistic Simulator

Arcade Realistic Simulator

General info

The T-34 Mod. 1941 in the garage.

The T-34 1941 is a Rank II Soviet medium tank with a battle rating of 3.7. It was introduced in during the Closed Beta Test for Ground Forces before Update 1.41. The T-34 1941 improved over the 1940 variant with an improved armament, the F-34, which allowed for a better penetration characteristics against enemy tanks.

The main purpose, usage and tactics recommendations

General play style

This tank is a result of the designers noticing the deficiencies of the L-11 and against Stalin’s wishes installing an F-34. The reason for the resistance to the new cannon was a fear that its installation would have a negative impact on production, and at the time the Soviet Union needed every single T-34 that could be produced. However, after an initial batch of the tanks with the F-34, the advantages became apparent and it was decided that all new T-34’s would be armed with this cannon.

This tank will feel the same as the T-34 L11 in many ways. This tank features great speed and agility combined with a good turret traverse and reload speed. While its armour is capable of bouncing shots. This tank is best employed in flanking maneuvers, which focus on using the speed of this vehicle to catch players off-guard. The good all-around sloped armour helps this tank make it safely through the flanks at high speed even if noticed, as poorly aimed enemy shells are often deflected. Armour protection from the front in general is quite good especially if angled properly; however it features many weak spots that can be easily exploited such as the machinegun port.

It receives many improvements, while not loosing in anything. The proper use of the mobility of this tank is the greatest factor to its successful use. The gun on this tank feels more suited to a tank of this mobility than its predecessor, with much more first shot kill potential, its reload speed allowing for a fast follow up shot before you run to cover. This tank is a great all around tank with the ability to quickly exploit weaknesses in the enemy lines as well as the ability to make a hole in the enemy lines through sheer firepower.

Compared to mod. 1940, its main feature is the better 76 mm F-34 gun, which has better penetration, access to new improved BR-350B ammo, and improved rate of fire. Gun mantlet is also a bit thicker, and covers larger part of the turret front.

Vehicle characteristics

Tactics

Specific enemies worth noting

Counter-tactics

Pros and cons

Pros:

  • Gun has good penetration and causes a lot of damage (Will cripple or one-shot enemy tanks regularly)
  • Good rate of fire
  • Good all-around armour
  • Good mobility

Cons:

  • Many weak spots on front of hull and turret
  • Large target
  • Below average gun depression
  • Getting hit in gun mantle usually KOs turret crew.

Specifications

Arcade Realistic Simulator

Arcade Realistic Simulator

Arcade Realistic Simulator

Armaments

1 x 76 mm F-34 cannon (77 Rounds)
1 x 7.62 mm DT machine gun (2,898 Rounds)

Main Armament

1 x 76 mm F-34 cannon
  • Ammunition Capacity: 77 Shells
  • Gun Depression: -5°
  • Gun Elevation: 28°
  • Turret Rotation Speed: 14.9°/s (Stock), 20.6°/s (Upgraded), __._°/s (Prior + Full Crew), __._°/s (Prior + Expert Qualif.), __._°/s (Prior + Ace Qualif.)
  • Reloading Rate: 9.0s (Stock), __._s (Full Crew), __._s (Prior + Expert Qualif.), __._s (Prior + Ace Qualif.)
1 x 76 mm F-34 cannon
  • Ammunition Capacity: 77 Shells
  • Gun Depression: -5°
  • Gun Elevation: 28°
  • Turret Rotation Speed: 14.9°/s (Stock), 20.6°/s (Upgraded), __._°/s (Prior + Full Crew), __._°/s (Prior + Expert Qualif.), __._°/s (Prior + Ace Qualif.)
  • Reloading Rate: 9.0s (Stock), __._s (Full Crew), __._s (Prior + Expert Qualif.), __._s (Prior + Ace Qualif.)
1 x 76 mm F-34 cannon
  • Ammunition Capacity: 77 Shells
  • Gun Depression: -5°
  • Gun Elevation: 28°
  • Turret Rotation Speed: 14.9°/s (Stock), 20.6°/s (Upgraded), __._°/s (Prior + Full Crew), __._°/s (Prior + Expert Qualif.), __._°/s (Prior + Ace Qualif.)
  • Reloading Rate: 9.0s (Stock), __._s (Full Crew), __._s (Prior + Expert Qualif.), __._s (Prior + Ace Qualif.)
Ammunition
Ammunition Penetration in mm @ 0° Angle of Attack Type of
warhead
Velocity
in m/s
Projectile
Mass in kg
Fuse delay in m: Fuse sensitivity in mm: Explosive Mass in
TNT equivalent
in g:
Normalization At 30° from horizontal: Ricochet:
10m 100m 500m 1000m 1500m 2000m 0% 50% 100%
BR-350A 80 78 71 63 56 50 APHEBC 665 6.3 0.15 10.0 150 +4° 48° 63° 71°
OF-350M 9 9 9 9 9 9 HE 680 6.2 0.05 0.1 621 +0° 79° 80° 81°
SH-354T 37 35 29 25 20 17 Shrapnel 680 6.2 0.5 8.0 85 +0° 62° 69° 73°
BR-350SP 105 104 85 69 57 46 APBC 680 6.8 N/A N/A N/A +4° 48° 63° 71°
BR-350B 98 95 87 77 68 60 APHEBC 680 6.3 0.9 15 108.8 +4° 48° 63° 71°
Ammunition Type of
warhead
Velocity
in m/s
Projectile
Mass in kg
Screen radius
in m
Screen time
in s
Screen hold time
in s:
Explosive Mass in
TNT equivalent
in g:
D-350A Smoke 680 6.5 13 5 20 50
Ammo racks
Ammo racks of T-34 1940.
Full
ammo
1st
rack empty
2nd
rack empty
3rd
rack empty
4th
rack empty
Recommendations Visual
discrepancy
77 75 (+2) 72 (+5) 69 (+8) (+76) Turret empty: 69 (+8) no

Secondary armament

  • 1 x 7.62 mm DT machine gun (coaxial)

Crew

  • Commander/Gunner
  • Loader
  • Driver
  • Assistant Driver

Total: 4 Crew members

Armour

Armour type:

  • Rolled homogeneous armour
  • Cast homogeneous armour (Driver's port, Machine gun port)
Armour Front (Slope angle) Sides (Slope angle) Rear Roof
Hull 45 mm (60°) Front Glacis
45 mm (53°) Lower Glacis
45 mm (61°) Driver's Port
45 mm (28-77°) Machine Gun Port
40 mm (40°) Top Hull
45 mm (0°) Lower hull
40 mm (47°) Top
40 mm (46°) Bottom
20 mm
Turret 45 mm (3-81°) Turret front
45 mm (5-74°) Gun mantlet
45 mm (29-31°) 45 mm (30°) 15 mm

Notes:

  • Suspensions wheels and tracks are 20 mm thick.

Engine & mobility

Weight: 28.3 ton

Max Speed: 54 km/h
Stock

  • Engine Power: 775 hp @ 1800 rpm
  • Power-to-Weight Ratio: 27.38 hp/ton
  • Maximum Inclination: 34°

Upgraded

  • Engine Power: 954 hp @ 1800 rpm
  • Power-to-Weight Ratio: 33.71 hp/ton
  • Maximum Inclination: 43°
Weight: 28.3 ton

Max Speed: 49 km/h
Stock

  • Engine Power: 442 hp @ 1800 rpm
  • Power-to-Weight Ratio: 15.62 hp/ton
  • Maximum Inclination: 38°

Upgraded

  • Engine Power: 500 hp @ 1800 rpm
  • Power-to-Weight Ratio: 17.67 hp/ton
  • Maximum Inclination: 41°
Weight: 28.3 ton

Max Speed: 49 km/h
Stock

  • Engine Power: 442 hp @ 1800 rpm
  • Power-to-Weight Ratio: 15.62 hp/ton
  • Maximum Inclination: 38°

Upgraded

  • Engine Power: 500 hp @ 1800 rpm
  • Power-to-Weight Ratio: 17.67 hp/ton
  • Maximum Inclination: 41°

Modules and improvements

Tier Mobility Protection Firepower
I Tracks Parts Horizontal drive, BR-350SP
II Suspension, Brake system FPE Adjustment of fire, BR-350B (MD-8 fuse)
III Filters Crew replenishment Elevation mechanism
IV Transmission, Engine Add-on armor Artillery support, D-350A

History of creation and combat usage

Development

By 1939, the most numerous tank models in the Red Army were the T-26 and the BT-series light tanks. Though adequate on the days they were introduced, they are now outdated by this time due to the changing technology in anti-tank warfare. Back in 1937, a new tank project was already taking place under engineer Mikhail Koshkin, who was assigned to lead a design team at the Kharkiv Locomotive Factory (KhPZ) for a replacement for the BT light tanks as a new "cavalry tank" to engage in maneuver warfare. The first prototype was designated the A-20 with 20 mm of armour, a 45 mm gun, and a diesel engine in a V-12 configuration. The Christie suspension is taken from the BT, even the conversion to drive track-less on roads. But gradually, the new track designs available made this conversion redundant and was excluded in further models. The A-20 also showed the effective research done into sloping armour on previous prototype designs, utilizing an all-round sloping armour on the design.

It was during this design process that the Russo-Japanese border wars took place and showed the deficiency of the T-26 and BT models. Koshkin then appealed for the initiation of a much better tank concept, the "universal tank" to completely replace the T-26 and BT tanks. The second prototype was the A-32 and has an increased 32 mm of frontal armour with a 76.2 mm L-10 gun. The heavier prototype was still just as mobile as the A-20, and further development into the design increased the frontal armour thickness to 45 mm thick and a newer 76.2 mm L-11 gun attached instead. This model was approved for production and designated the T-34 after the year 1934, when Koshkin believed was when he formulated the idea for the T-34. Koshkin, however, never saw his tanks in action as he succumbed to pneumonia in September 1940 after trials with the T-34 in the cold winter. Thus, the drivetrain developer Alexander Morozov was appointed as the next Chief Designer. The T-34 tank would go on to become the most produced World War II tank, with 84,070 tanks produced in the production span between 1940 to 1958.

Design

The T-34 took all of the Soviet's experiences with tanks and incorporated into the design. The tank had great sloping armour, a powerful engine, wide tracks, and a large gun. At its introduction, the armour of the T-34 was one of the best in the world, by sloping the 45 mm thick armour plate by 60 degrees, the effective thickness was now 90 mm thick. The armour was welded into place instead of riveted as rivets tend to "spall" and cause damage inside the tank even if the armour was not penetrated. The 76.2 mm gun was a major advantage compared to those on its adversaries, as it could be used as a multi-purpose weapon against infantry and tanks, unlike the Germans who had tanks split for two different roles such as the Panzer III for anti-tank and the Panzer IV for infantry support. The engine, a Model V-2-34 V12 diesel engine, was adequately powerful for the Christie suspension tank design and allowed the T-34 to reach a maximum of 53 km/h (33 mph). The powerful engine, added with the wide tracks that gave it lower ground pressure, allowed the T-34 to travel across cross-country terrain with relative freedom without risk of bogging down.

However, the T-34 is not without its fault and its quality is very questionable in some cases. Two T-34 1941 models were sent to United States in late 1942 for evaluations. The evaluations found the armour quality to be rather insufficient, with improper welding in places that can allow leaks and improper alloys that made armour weaker in some places than others, the T-34 cast turret was even found to use softer armour than the hull that render it vulnerable to even 37 mm shells. The gun sights for the 76.2 mm cannon was also quite poor in comparison to the Axis and other Allies. The tank reliability was also troubled by various mechanical issues, especially in the earlier models. Low quality air filters and insufficient air flow could impede the engine capabilities and the turret drive had poor reliability that could easily jam up. The vision devices was also poor, the crew are unable to see outside the tank with enough situational awareness, even the tank commander couldn't see well out of the tank. Also, the lack of radios on the first few years of T-34s forced the tank commanders to communicate via flags, with only company commanders tanks fitted with the radios. Ergonomics inside the tanks was unsatisfactory and was very cramped inside, with no turret basket the loader has to struggle when the turret rotates and accessing ammunition on the floor boxes makes it a hard and dangerous job for the loader. The commander's hatch on the turret was also one-piece, making even a "heads-up" view for the commander impossible on these large one-piece hatches. Finally, the two-person turret suffered from not only a very cramped compartment, but an overworked commander who has to act as a gunner as well.

T-34 Mod. 1941

The T-34 Mod. 1941 was the main T-34 variant used in 1941 and the second in the T-34/76 series, which is when it entered production. From the Model 1940, the Model 1941 has the newer F-34 76.2 mm gun, plus thicker armour. Otherwise, it was identical to the Model 1940, with a welded/cast two-man turret with a single large hatch on top for the loader and commander. The T-34 production has parts such as the engine, gun, and electricals assembled in different factories, then sent to the KhPZ, Stalingrad Tractor Factory (STZ), or the Krasnoye Sormovo Factory for assembling onto the tank. However, it was at this time that the German invaded the Soviet Union in Operation Barbarossa, this forced the factories to be moved all the way to the Ural Mountains to escape the ranges of German conquest and their bombers. Though it is unknown just how many of this model was made, it became part of the 35,120 T-34/76 models created in its production life.

Combat usage

Operation Barbarossa in June 22, 1941, was also the first time the T-34 saw combat action. The surprise appearance of the T-34 thoroughly shocked the German forces. Friedrich von Mellenthin written in his book Panzer Battles that the Germans "had nothing comparable". The T-34 was impervious to the standard German anti-tank weaponry at the time and they were able to cause much chaos in German lines before being knocked out by either 105 mm howitzers or 88 mm FlaK cannons. In the first stages of Operation Barbarossa, the Soviet union had 967 T-34s in inventory at the time, which they use in five mechanized corps out of the 29 available. One famous encounter with the T-34 was that it managed to crush a 37 mm Pak 36 under its treads, destroy two Panzer IIs, continue on for 14 kilometers causing many casualties before being taken out.

Despite that, the Soviets still suffered major losses in armoured forces in the opening stages of Operation Barbarossa due to a few factors. One is the still unreliable mechanical system in the tank and so many were lost to mechanical issues, another was the lack of wide-scale cooperation between units due to the lack of radios in the tank, causing an inability to respond to changing situations or inform the tank units about targets. The only way tanks in smaller units could communicate with each other is by flags, which requires eye sight and are easily misinterpreted. Crew training was also very insufficient, which added to the lack of coordination between tank units, many tank crew members were only given up to 72 hours of training before being sent to the front. Losses against German gun fire were actually slim in relative to these other problems.

Nevertheless, the T-34 1941 variant saw the majority of the action in 1941 and continued to prove a major headache to the German forces wherever they show up. This continued up until the next year, where improved variants of the T-34 were introduced as the Model 1942 and 1943. Even then, the Model 1941 variant continued to see action in various battles in the next few months due to large quantities available. All these T-34/76 models continued the fight against Germany in major conflicts for the remainder of the first half of World War II.

Ingame description

@var:description

Screenshots and fan art

Skins and camouflages for the _____ from live.warthunder.com.

Additional information (links)

References


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ussr_t_34_1941.png

Icon-country-sov.png T-34 1941
Nation USSR
Type Medium tank
Rank 2
Battle Rating
3.7
3.7
3.7

   Metric✓       Imperial   

   Metric       Imperial✓   

Characteristics
Weight
28,300 kg
62,391 lb
Number of Crew 4
Hull armour thickness
45/40/40/20 mm
1.77/1.57/1.57/0.79 inches
Statistics
Engine power (stock)
775 hp
442 hp
442 hp
Engine power (upgraded)
954 hp
500 hp
500 hp
HP/ton ratio (stock)
27.38
27.82
15.62
15.87
15.62
15.87
HP/ton ratio (Upgraded)
33.71
34.25
17.67
17.95
17.67
17.95
Max speed
54 km/h
34 mph
49 km/h
30 mph
49 km/h
30 mph
Main Weapon
1 x 76 mm F-34 Cannon
Ammo stowage 77 rounds
Vertical guidance -5°/28°
Secondary Weapon
1 x 7.62 mm DT Machine gun
Ammo stowage 2,898 rounds
Mount Coaxial
Economy
Required RP 9,200 RP
Vehicle cost 22,000 SL
Crew training cost 6,300 SL
Max repair cost*
640 SL
870 SL
970 SL
Free repair time (Stock)
1h 57m
3h 55m
3h 55m
Free repair time (Upgraded)
39m
1h 18m
1h 18m
Warning: this sidebar is a WIP and can be incorrect. Last updated 1.77.1.40.