T-34 (1943) (China)

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This page is about the Chinese medium tank T-34 (1943) (China). For other variants, see T-34 (Family).
␗T-34 (1943)
cn_t_34_1942.png
GarageImage T-34 (1943) (China).jpg
␗T-34 (1943)
AB RB SB
3.7 3.7 3.7
Class:
Research:14 000 Specs-Card-Exp.png
Purchase:55 000 Specs-Card-Lion.png
Show in game

Description

The ␗T-34 (1943) is a rank II Chinese medium tank with a battle rating of 3.7 (AB/RB/SB). It was introduced in Update 1.91 "Night Vision".

General info

Survivability and armour

Armourfront / side / back
Hull45 / 45 / 45
Turret53 / 53 / 53
Crew4 people
Visibility83 %

Armour type:

  • Rolled homogeneous armour (Hull, Turret roof)
  • Cast homogeneous armour (Turret, Driver's hatch, Machine gun mount)
Armour Front Sides Rear Roof
Hull 45 mm (61°) Front glacis
99 mm (5-35°) Welded glacis joint
45 mm (52°) Lower glacis
60 mm (1-73°) Machine gun ball mount
75 mm (60°) Driver's hatch
40 mm (40°) Top
45 mm (0°) Lower
40 mm (47-49°) Top
40 mm (47°) Bottom
16 mm
Turret 53 mm (3-58°) Turret front
45 mm (2-78°) Gun mantlet
53 mm (21-22°) 53 mm (18-20°) 15 mm

Notes:

  • Suspensions wheels and tracks are 20 mm thick.

Hull armour

The 1943 model has a very similar hull armour profile to the 1941 model, relying on angling instead of sheer thickness for protection. There are two key differences: the machine gun ball mount has an increased thickness of 60 mm of armour (compared to 45 mm on earlier models), as does the driver's hatch (75 mm, compared to 45 mm on earlier models). The weak spots created by the driver's optics on earlier models have also been removed. The driver's hatch has the thickest armour on any part of the T-34 and can be quite resilient to enemy fire if hit.

It should be noted that due to the relatively thin plate thickness used (40–45 mm), the T-34's hull is vulnerable can be vulnerable to overmatching from 75 mm and larger guns.T

Turret armour

The new hexagonal turret features thicker armour than on the 1941 model. However, there are a few caveats:

  • The angling is noticeably worse, and there are some relatively flat spots on the front that can be vulnerable to penetrations from even relatively weak guns at close ranges.
  • The turret front, side, and rear armour is made of cast armour instead of rolled plate, which is slightly weaker.

Overall, the turret armour is not a significant improvement over the earlier models and is in some ways weaker.

Module/crew layout

The bulk of the T-34's main gun ammunition is carried low in the hull, making it relatively hard to detonate the ammunition of a T-34, especially if it is carrying a reduced ammunition load. However, the T-34's hull sides are spanned by relatively large fuel tanks; thus, side penetrations can cause the diesel fuel to catch fire.

The crew are seated in a quite compact manner inside the tank, and successful penetrations are likely to disable multiple crew members at once.

Mobility

Speedforward / back
AB55 / 8 km/h
RB and SB49 / 7 km/h
Number of gears4 forward
1 back
Weight30.0 t
Engine power
AB954 hp
RB and SB500 hp
Power-to-weight ratio
AB31.8 hp/t
RB and SB16.7 hp/t
Game Mode Max Speed (km/h) Weight (tons) Engine power (horsepower) Power-to-weight ratio (hp/ton)
Forward Reverse Stock AoA Stock Upgraded Stock Upgraded
Arcade 55 8 29.8 0.25 775 954 26.05 31.8
Realistic 49 7 442 500 14.86 16.67

Modifications and economy

Repair costBasic → Reference
AB1 480 → 2 032 Sl icon.png
RB1 710 → 2 347 Sl icon.png
SB1 940 → 2 663 Sl icon.png
Total cost of modifications13 840 Rp icon.png
33 100 Sl icon.png
Talisman cost860 Ge icon.png
Crew training16 000 Sl icon.png
Experts55 000 Sl icon.png
Aces270 Ge icon.png
Research Aces250 000 Rp icon.png
Reward for battleAB / RB / SB
60 / 90 / 120 % Sl icon.png
130 / 130 / 130 % Rp icon.png
Modifications
Mobility Protection Firepower
Mods new tank traks.png
Tracks
Research:
690 Rp icon.png
Cost:
1 600 Sl icon.png
110 Ge icon.png
Mods new tank suspension.png
Suspension
Research:
620 Rp icon.png
Cost:
1 500 Sl icon.png
100 Ge icon.png
Mods new tank break.png
Brake System
Research:
620 Rp icon.png
Cost:
1 500 Sl icon.png
100 Ge icon.png
Mods new tank filter.png
Filters
Research:
870 Rp icon.png
Cost:
2 100 Sl icon.png
140 Ge icon.png
Mods new tank transmission.png
Transmission
Research:
750 Rp icon.png
Cost:
1 800 Sl icon.png
120 Ge icon.png
Mods new tank engine.png
Engine
Research:
750 Rp icon.png
Cost:
1 800 Sl icon.png
120 Ge icon.png
Mods tank tool kit.png
Parts
Research:
690 Rp icon.png
Cost:
1 600 Sl icon.png
110 Ge icon.png
Mods extinguisher.png
FPE
Research:
620 Rp icon.png
Cost:
1 500 Sl icon.png
100 Ge icon.png
Mods tank reinforcement cn.png
Crew Replenishment
Research:
870 Rp icon.png
Cost:
2 100 Sl icon.png
140 Ge icon.png
Mods tank additional armor.png
Add-on Armor
Research:
750 Rp icon.png
Cost:
1 800 Sl icon.png
120 Ge icon.png
Mods new tank horizontal aiming.png
Horizontal Drive
Research:
690 Rp icon.png
Cost:
1 600 Sl icon.png
110 Ge icon.png
Mods tank ammo.png
76mm_AP_1942_ammo_pack
Research:
690 Rp icon.png
Cost:
1 600 Sl icon.png
110 Ge icon.png
Mods tank cannon.png
Adjustment of Fire
Research:
620 Rp icon.png
Cost:
1 500 Sl icon.png
100 Ge icon.png
Mods tank ammo.png
76mm_AP_1941_ammo_pack
Research:
620 Rp icon.png
Cost:
1 500 Sl icon.png
100 Ge icon.png
Mods new tank vertical aiming.png
Elevation Mechanism
Research:
870 Rp icon.png
Cost:
2 100 Sl icon.png
140 Ge icon.png
Mods tank ammo.png
76mm_APCR_1943_ammo_pack
Research:
870 Rp icon.png
Cost:
2 100 Sl icon.png
140 Ge icon.png
Mods art support.png
Artillery Support
Research:
750 Rp icon.png
Cost:
1 800 Sl icon.png
120 Ge icon.png
Mods tank ammo.png
76mm_HEAT_1944_ammo_pack
Research:
750 Rp icon.png
Cost:
1 800 Sl icon.png
120 Ge icon.png
Mods tank ammo.png
76mm_ussr_Smoke_ammo_pack
Research:
750 Rp icon.png
Cost:
1 800 Sl icon.png
120 Ge icon.png

Armaments

Main armament

Ammunition100 rounds
Reloadbasic crew → aces
8.4 → 6.5 s
Vertical guidance-5° / 30°
Main article: F-34 (76 mm)
76 mm F-34 Turret rotation speed (°/s) Reloading rate (seconds)
Mode Capacity Vertical Horizontal Stabilizer Stock Upgraded Full Expert Aced Stock Full Expert Aced
Arcade 100 -5°/+30° ±180° N/A 23.80 32.94 40.00 44.24 47.06 8.45 7.48 6.89 6.50
Realistic 14.88 17.50 21.25 23.50 25.00

Ammunition

  • BR-350A (MD-5 fuze): APHEBC; high explosive mass will one-shot any tank that is penetrates, however penetration is mediocre
  • BR-350B (MD-8 fuze): APHEBC; increased penetration at the cost of slightly less explosive mass
  • BR-350SP: APBC; a solid shot that is somewhat more lethal than APCR, but with less penetration.
  • BR-350P: APCR; best penetrating shell, at the cost of no post-pen damage
  • BP-350A: HEAT; best penetration beyond 1,000 m, but the T-34s generally do not fare well in long-range duels.
  • OF-350M: HE; useful for breaking the hulls of lightly armoured/unarmoured vehicles.
  • Sh-354T: Shrapnel; useful against vehicles that are resistant to the HE shell but too thinly armoured to trigger the fuzes of APHE shells.
Penetration statistics
Ammunition Type of
warhead
Penetration @ 0° Angle of Attack (mm)
10 m 100 m 500 m 1,000 m 1,500 m 2,000 m
BR-350A (MD-5 fuze) APHEBC 87 85 76 67 59 52
BR-350B (MD-8 fuze) APHEBC 94 92 83 73 65 57
BR-350SP APBC 102 100 91 81 72 64
BR-350P APCR 125 119 92 68 50 36
BP-350A HEAT 80 80 80 80 80 80
OF-350M HE 10 10 10 10 10 10
Sh-354T Shrapnel 37 35 29 25 20 17
Shell details
Ammunition Type of
warhead
Velocity
(m/s)
Projectile
Mass (kg)
Fuse delay
(m)
Fuse sensitivity
(mm)
Explosive Mass
(TNT equivalent) (g)
Ricochet
0% 50% 100%
BR-350A (MD-5 fuze) APHEBC 662 6.3 1.2 14.0 150 48° 63° 71°
BR-350B (MD-8 fuze) APHEBC 655 6.3 0.9 14.0 98.6 48° 63° 71°
BR-350SP APBC 655 6.78 N/A N/A N/A 48° 63° 71°
BR-350P APCR 950 3.02 N/A N/A N/A 66° 70° 72°
BP-350A HEAT 355 5.3 N/A 0.1 959 62° 69° 73°
OF-350M HE 680 6.2 0.05 0.1 621 79° 80° 81°
Sh-354T Shrapnel 680 6.2 0.5 8.0 85 62° 69° 73°
Smoke shell characteristics
Ammunition Velocity
(m/s)
Projectile
Mass (kg)
Screen radius
(m)
Screen deploy time
(s)
Screen hold time
(s)
Explosive Mass
(TNT equivalent) (g)
D-350A 680 6.45 13 5 20 50

Ammo racks

Ammo racks of the T-34 (1943) (China)
Full
ammo
1st
rack empty
2nd
rack empty
3rd
rack empty
4th
rack empty
5th
rack empty
6th
rack empty
7th
rack empty
Visual
discrepancy
100 97 (+3) 77 (+23) 73 (+27) 69 (+31) 49 (+51) 25 (+75) (+99) No

Notes:

  • As they are modeled by sets of 2, shells disappear from the rack only after you fire both shells in the set.
  • Taking 69 (+31) rounds will leave only the ammunition racks at the bottom of the hull, decreasing the risk of ammunition detonation if penetrated.

Machine guns

Ammunition1 890 rounds
Belt capacity63 rounds
Reloadbasic crew → aces
10.4 → 8.0 s
Fire rate600 shots/min
Main article: DT (7.62 mm)

The T-34 (1943) is armed with a DT (7.62mm) machine gun. Nothing out of the ordinary, it is only useful for gunning down unarmoured AAA vehicles.

7.62 mm DT
Mount Capacity
(Belt capacity)
Rate of fire
(shots/minute)
Vertical
guidance
Horizontal
guidance
Coaxial 1,890 (63) 600 N/A N/A

Usage in battles

Like the previous T-34 models, the 1943 model excels at close to medium range fighting, utilizing its outstanding mobility for a medium tank to rapidly close the distance and relocate to attack from unexpected directions. The sloped hull armour has a good chance of ricocheting hastily aimed shots and helps increase the odds of the T-34 surviving when moving in to engage. The lethal BR-350B APHEBC round complements this playstyle, having about enough penetration to deal with the flanks of most enemies likely to be encountered; a single penetrating hit is usually fatal for the target. In close combat, the fast turret traverses and quick reload allow the T-34 to respond quickly towards changing situations, usually helping to ensure it will be the first to get its gun on the target.

Conversely, the T-34 fares poorly in long-range combat; both the BR-350B APHEBC and BR-350P APCR rounds have poor penetration at long ranges, and the BP-350A HEAT round is quite underwhelming as well.

Against the T-34 (1943)

Light tank/SPAA: lower tier light tanks/SPAA (eg. M5A1) will find the waves of T-34 hard to counter. If your penetration is above ~65 mm, target the turret ring as it is only 53 mm. Avoid shooting at the sloped hull armour at all sides as it is very likely to bounce small calibre shells. If the T-34 does not know your presence and is exposing its side to you, target the vertical hull side between the mudgard and the roadwheels, it is only 45 mm and a shot there can disable both turret crew and drivers. These are the only weakspots if your penetration is low, even the rear of a T-34 is heavily sloped.

Medium tank: perhaps the most common medium tanks used around this BR is the M4 series with short 75 mm cannons. When the T-34 is not angling, you can punch straight through the upper front plate and one-shot it, but do avoid the MG port and driver's hatch as they very much like to absorb shells. The turret ring is also a weakspot. The turret/gun mantlet, however, will be quite tricky to penetrate especially if the T-34 is at a distance or hull down. On the spherical gun mantlet there are small sections where the curve becomes almost vertical, making them a weakspot, but your shell is likely to impact the huge bulge joining the mantlet and the gun barrel before hitting where you aim at. That is the housing for the hydraulic recoil cylinders, if you target that specifically you can disable its gun breech. There are also small corners of the turret around the gun mantlet, but they are spread out and tiny, therefore harder to hit. For an angling T-34, if their angle is a bit too much and too much side profile is exposed, fire at the lower, vertical side between the road wheels and the upper mudgard.

Heavy tank/tank destroyer: it is fairly easy to destroy a T-34 in a well-protected tank or a tank hunter. Heavy tanks such as Pz.Kpfw. Churchill and KV-IB will not have a hard time as they are tough enough to easily take some hits from the short 76 mm F-34 of the T-34. Still, target the hull where the T-34 is not angling, or the turret ring. Tank destroyers like the M10 will find it even easier to pierce through the armour of a T-34, but play carefully since tank destroyers are not well armoured.

Common opponents

  • Medium Tank M4, M4A2, M4A4 (American, France/Italy): The T-34's 76 mm gun cannot penetrate the welded hull M4s reliably from the front, while the 75 mm gun on the M4s can penetrate the T-34's turret and disable or cripple it. They do have very weak lower side hull armour (only 38 mm) that can be overmatched by the 76 mm APHEBC round if exposed, and the flat areas on the turret can also be penetrated fairly reliably if they can be hit. Generally avoid head-on engagements, especially if they are hull-down.
  • Medium Tank M4A1, Sherman II (American/French, British): Similar to the M4/M4A2, except that the cast hull is weaker than the welded hull on the M4/M4A2, and can be penetrated frontally. Otherwise, the same advice applies.
  • Pz.Kpfw. IV Ausf. F2, G, H, J (German): The Ausf. F2 variant is the first Panzer IV to mount a long-barreled 75 mm gun. This gun is one of the most lethal mounted on any tank within the T-34's BR range, and it is easily capable of penetrating the T-34 at most ranges. The Ausf. F2 has very weak armour, however, and is something of a glass cannon. The Ausf. G, H, and J have up-armoured hulls that are quite difficult to penetrate, but their turrets are as weak as the one on the F2. The Ausf. J, in particular, has manual turret traverse and is very vulnerable to being flanked. Avoid long-range duels with them.
  • Chi-Nu II (Japanese): Essentially the Japanese counterpart to the German Panzer IV Ausf. F2.
  • Churchill III, Churchill(e) (British, German): The 6-pounder gun on the Churchill will be hard-pressed to penetrate the sloped T-34 hull, but it can easily penetrate the turret and disable the turret crew. It is difficult to penetrate the frontal armour of the Churchill at long ranges. However, it is a slow, cumbersome heavy tank, and is easy to outflank and dispatch with shots to the side armour.
  • Churchill VII (British): The Churchill VII is virtually immune to the T-34 from the front, while its 75 mm gun can penetrate the T-34's turret fairly easily. Even from the side, it has 95 mm of armour that cannot be penetrated by the BR-350B APHEBC round except at very close range, and even slight angling will render it all but immune. It is even slower than the Churchill III, however, and thus easy to avoid and outflank.

Pros and cons

Pros:

  • Excellent post-penetration effect with the BR-350B, easily one-shotting most tanks it sees, for example Pz.IV F2, M4, Chi-Nu
  • The BR-350P APCR can effectively penetrate heavily armoured targets (eg. Churchill III) at close range at the cost of post-pen damage
  • Very fast turret traverse, good for urban combat
  • Sloped hull armour provides good protection against small calibre / low-penetration shells (eg. 75mm M3, 50mm KwK39), and even large calibre guns when angled correctly
  • Nearly impossible to damage the transmission and immobilize it from the front
  • 49 km/h top speed allows it to change position quickly and outrun lots of other medium tanks

Cons:

  • -5 degrees gun depression is below average, making it ineffective to combat in hills comparing to the M4 with -10 degrees depression
  • BR-350A & BR-350B both lack the penetration against more heavily armoured foes like the Churchills
  • Relatively slow reload compared to similar tanks
  • The 4 crew members are very close together making it easily one-shotted by common guns like the German 76mm, US 75mm, etc when penetrated from the front / side hull, or even the turret.
  • Large fuel tanks scattered at the sides of the hull, tend to catch fire if being hit
  • Awkward to place bushes on upper front hull due to the obstruction of MG port and driver's optics

History

For a full history of the development of the T-34 (1943), it is best to reference the article on the Soviet T-34 (1942) as this almost is identical. In Soviet official documents, little difference was made between the T-34 Model 1942 (German designation T-34/76C) and the T-34 Model 1943 (German designations T-34/76D, E and F); most of the differences between the models was due to them being produced at different facilities.

Despite its position in the Chinese tech tree, it has to be noted that the T-34 (1943) is not, in fact, a Chinese vehicle. All currently available sources indicate that the PLA never operated the F-34 armed version of the T-34, and the best available documents, compiled by Dr. Martin Andrew, indicate that 1837 T-34s were delivered by the Soviets to the PLA between 1950 and 1954, all of which were the T-34-85 variant.

It is thought that the PLA indeed obtained a small number of F-34 armed T-34 tanks for training purposes, likely left by the Soviets when they withdrew from China in 1955. Some are still kept as exhibits in the Harbin Tank Academy.

However, the T-34 (1943) did see service in North Korea, with deliveries starting in 1949. Following the proclamation of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea on September 9th 1948, North Korea's first armoured unit, the 105th Armored Battalion was established in October of 1948, increasing to regimental strength in May of 1949 before being rebaptised as the 105th Armored Brigade prior to the outbreak of the Korean War in 1950. Due to the lack of official North Korean sources on the subject, it is unclear how many T-34 (1943) saw service with the DPRK; evidence does exist that a number of them were committed to the original June 1950 assault on South Korea, with a number of knocked-out short-barrelled T-34s being photographed on the battlefield.

The nature of combat in Korea meant that tank losses were high for the DPRK, and out of 120 tanks reported on strength in June of 1950, nearly all had been lost by December that year. Replacements were delivered by the Soviet Union, all of these later deliveries covering the T-34-85 variant.

Following the end of the Korean War, a reconstruction program was started to bring the DPRK's army back to strength, with additional deliveries of T-34s arriving from the Soviet Union. Again the lack of reliable North Korean sources makes it impossible to work out what was delivered, but sources indicate that despite the delivery of T-34-85s, which remained the mainstay of the North Korean Army until it first received T-54/55s and Type 59 tanks in 1967, a number of older T-34-76s remained in service, either being rebuilds of recovered vehicles or, more likely, new deliveries from their Soviet allies. Most tellingly, a widely circulated still from a late 1960s North Korean propaganda film shows military manoeuvres involving at least two T-34-76s, both showing signs of modernisation such as T-34-85-type saddle fuel tanks and starfish roadwheels (first introduced 1969). As such, it can be surmised that at least some T-34 (1943)s remained in North Korean service into the 1970s in some sort of reserve or training capacity.

Media

Excellent additions to the article would be video guides, screenshots from the game, and photos.

See also

Links to the articles on the War Thunder Wiki that you think will be useful for the reader, for example:

  • reference to the series of the vehicles;
  • links to approximate analogues of other nations and research trees.

External links

Paste links to sources and external resources, such as:

  • topic on the official game forum;
  • encyclopedia page on the tank;
  • other literature.


China medium tanks
  Type 59 · ZTZ59D1 · Type 69 · T-69 II G · ZTZ96 · ZTZ96A · ZTZ99
American  ␗M4A4 · M4A4 (1st PTG) · ␗M4A1 (75) W · ␗M48A1 · M60A3 TTS · CM11
Soviet  ␗T-34 (1943) · ␗Т-34-85 (S-53) · Т-34-85 Gai · T-34-85 No.215 · Т-62 №545
Japanese  ␗Chi-Ha · ␗Chi-Ha Kai