Difference between revisions of "ShKAS (7.62 mm)"

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{{DISPLAYTITLE:ShKAS (7.62 mm)}}
 
{{DISPLAYTITLE:ShKAS (7.62 mm)}}
 
== Description ==
 
<!--''Write an introduction to the article in 2-3 small paragraphs. Briefly tell us about the history of the development and combat using the weaponry and also about its features. Compile a list of air, ground, or naval vehicles that feature this weapon system in the game.''-->
 
 
 
<div class="ttx">
 
<div class="ttx">
 
   <div class="ttx-image">[[File:ShKAS_sideview.jpg]]
 
   <div class="ttx-image">[[File:ShKAS_sideview.jpg]]
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</div>
 
</div>
 
</div>
 
</div>
 +
 +
== Description ==
 +
<!--''Write an introduction to the article in 2-3 small paragraphs. Briefly tell us about the history of the development and combat using the weaponry and also about its features. Compile a list of air, ground, or naval vehicles that feature this weapon system in the game.''-->
  
 
[[File:ShKAS_Su-2_M-82_turret.jpg|520px|thumb|left|Side view of an '''{{PAGENAME}}''' machine gun in the defensive turret of an [[Su-2 (M-82)]].]]
 
[[File:ShKAS_Su-2_M-82_turret.jpg|520px|thumb|left|Side view of an '''{{PAGENAME}}''' machine gun in the defensive turret of an [[Su-2 (M-82)]].]]
 
{{Break}}
 
{{Break}}
 
The '''{{PAGENAME}}''' ('''Sh'''pitalny-'''K'''omaritski '''A'''viatsionny '''S'''korostrelny or ''Shipitalny-Komaritski rapid-fire for aircraft'' – Russian: '''ШКАС''' - '''Ш'''питального-'''К'''омарицкого '''А'''виационный '''С'''корострельный) is a 7.62 mm caliber machine gun which was first produced in 1933 for usage in Soviet aircraft which saw action all the way through World War II in many of the fighters, attackers and bombers of the day. The ShKAS is a single chamber, gas-operated revolver-type machine gun in which a firing pin strikes the primer of the bullet in the chamber to fire the round.
 
The '''{{PAGENAME}}''' ('''Sh'''pitalny-'''K'''omaritski '''A'''viatsionny '''S'''korostrelny or ''Shipitalny-Komaritski rapid-fire for aircraft'' – Russian: '''ШКАС''' - '''Ш'''питального-'''К'''омарицкого '''А'''виационный '''С'''корострельный) is a 7.62 mm caliber machine gun which was first produced in 1933 for usage in Soviet aircraft which saw action all the way through World War II in many of the fighters, attackers and bombers of the day. The ShKAS is a single chamber, gas-operated revolver-type machine gun in which a firing pin strikes the primer of the bullet in the chamber to fire the round.
 
 
  
 
=== Vehicles equipped with this weapon ===
 
=== Vehicles equipped with this weapon ===
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<!--''Tell us about the tactical and technical characteristics of the cannon or machine gun.''-->
 
<!--''Tell us about the tactical and technical characteristics of the cannon or machine gun.''-->
 
[[File:ShKAS_feed_system_operation.png|350px|thumb|right|A diagram of the operation of the '''{{PAGENAME}}''' machine gun with identification of parts.]]
 
[[File:ShKAS_feed_system_operation.png|350px|thumb|right|A diagram of the operation of the '''{{PAGENAME}}''' machine gun with identification of parts.]]
The designers Boris Shpitalniy and Irinarkh Komaritsky departed from traditional methods of feeding belt linked ammunition into the ShKAS and utilised a feed design nicknamed “bird-cage” or “squirrel-cage”<ref>[Ian V. Hogg (1978). The illustrated encyclopaedia of firearms. New Burlington Books. p. 279. ISBN 978-0-906286-41-8]</ref>. Even declassified documents regarding the United State’s evaluation of the feed system stated, ''“…an interesting departure was made from the heretofore orthodox practice of feeding ammunition to a gun of this caliber [sic].”'' <ref>[Chinn, George M. The Machine Gun, Vol II, Part VII. US Department of the Navy, 1952, p. 78-79]</ref>
+
The designers Boris Shpitalniy and Irinarkh Komaritsky departed from traditional methods of feeding belt linked ammunition into the ShKAS and utilised a feed design nicknamed “bird-cage” or “squirrel-cage”.<ref name="Hogg"></ref>  Even declassified documents regarding the United State’s evaluation of the feed system stated, ''“…an interesting departure was made from the heretofore orthodox practice of feeding ammunition to a gun of this caliber [sic].”'' <ref name="Chinn"></ref>
  
 
The ammunition belt enters the feed cage forward of the firing chamber. When the gun is fired, a gas piston actuates an arm connected to the cylindrical feed cage, rotating it one position to introduce the new bullet. As the feed cage (holding ten rounds) rotates a helical groove and guides the bullets rearward.  Through this process of working the bullets rearwards, they are automatically delinked from the metal disintegrating link belt.  The rounds make it to the final position at the bottom of the drum where they are then chambered into the receiver, ready to be fired.   
 
The ammunition belt enters the feed cage forward of the firing chamber. When the gun is fired, a gas piston actuates an arm connected to the cylindrical feed cage, rotating it one position to introduce the new bullet. As the feed cage (holding ten rounds) rotates a helical groove and guides the bullets rearward.  Through this process of working the bullets rearwards, they are automatically delinked from the metal disintegrating link belt.  The rounds make it to the final position at the bottom of the drum where they are then chambered into the receiver, ready to be fired.   
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{{Quote
 
{{Quote
|The ShKAS machine gun had a high rate of fire but it also had 48 ways of jamming. Some of them could be fixed immediately, some could not. And 1,800 rounds a minute was an insanely high rate of fire. If you pulled the trigger too long, the ShKAS would fire all its ammo in one go and that would be it!!<ref>[Drabkin, Artem. The Red Air Force at War: Barbarossa and the Retreat to Moscow – Recollections of Fighter Pilots on the Eastern Front. Barnsley, South Yorkshire, UK: Pen & Sword Military, 2007. ISBN 1-84415-563-3]</ref>
+
|The ShKAS machine gun had a high rate of fire but it also had 48 ways of jamming. Some of them could be fixed immediately, some could not. And 1,800 rounds a minute was an insanely high rate of fire. If you pulled the trigger too long, the ShKAS would fire all its ammo in one go and that would be it!!<ref name="Drabkin"></ref>
 
|Viktor M. Sinaisky - Soviet machine gun technician
 
|Viktor M. Sinaisky - Soviet machine gun technician
 
}}
 
}}
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=== Comparison with analogues ===
 
=== Comparison with analogues ===
 
<!--''Give a comparative description of cannons/machine guns, that have firepower equal to these type of weapons.''-->
 
<!--''Give a comparative description of cannons/machine guns, that have firepower equal to these type of weapons.''-->
* Vickers F (7.7 mm)
+
{| class="wikitable"
* [[Darne 1933 (7.5 mm)]]
+
!colspan = "7"| Comparable machine guns to {{PAGENAME}}
* [[Browning (7.62 mm)|Browning M1919 (7.62 mm)]]
+
|-
* ShVAK (12.7 mm)
+
!colspan = "1"|
* [[Browning M2 (12.7 mm)|Browning AN/M2 (12.7 mm)]]
+
!colspan = "1"| Name
* [[MG 17 (7.92 mm)]]
+
!colspan = "1"| Year of Creation
* [[MAC 1934 (7.5 mm)]]
+
!colspan = "1"| Mass
 +
!colspan = "1"| Rounds Per Minute
 +
!colspan = "1"| Ammunition
 +
!colspan = "1"| {{Annotation|Feed Type|Denotes whether belt, drum or magazine fed ammunition}}
 +
|-
 +
| ▃
 +
| [[Browning (7.62 mm)]]
 +
| style="text-align:center;"|1919
 +
| 14 kg
 +
| style="text-align:center;"|600 RPM
 +
| 7.62 x 63 mm
 +
| style="text-align:center;"| Belt
 +
|-
 +
| ▅
 +
| [[Type 92 navy (7.7 mm)]]
 +
| style="text-align:center;"|1932
 +
| 8 kg
 +
| style="text-align:center;"|600 RPM
 +
| 7.7 x 56 mm R
 +
| style="text-align:center;"| Drum
 +
|-
 +
| ▄
 +
| [[Darne 1933 (7.5 mm)]]
 +
| style="text-align:center;"|1916
 +
| 8.4 kg
 +
| style="text-align:center;"|1,100 RPM
 +
| 7.5 x 54 mm MAS
 +
| style="text-align:center;"| Belt
 +
|-
 +
| ▄
 +
| [[Breda-SAFAT_da_7.7_mm_(7.7_mm)|Breda-SAFAT (7.7 mm)]]
 +
| style="text-align:center;"|1935
 +
| 12.5 kg
 +
| style="text-align:center;"|850 RPM
 +
| 7.7 x 56 mm R
 +
| style="text-align:center;"| Belt
 +
|-
 +
| ▀
 +
| [[MG 17 (7.92 mm)]]
 +
| style="text-align:center;"|1934
 +
| 10.2 kg
 +
| style="text-align:center;"|1,150 RPM
 +
| 7.92 x 57 mm
 +
| style="text-align:center;"| Belt
 +
|-
 +
| ▄
 +
| [[MAC 1934 (7.5 mm)]]
 +
| style="text-align:center;"|1934
 +
| 10.7 kg
 +
| style="text-align:center;"|1,450 RPM
 +
| 7.5 x 54 mm MAS
 +
| style="text-align:center;"|Belt/Magazine
 +
|-
 +
|}
  
 
== Usage in battles ==
 
== Usage in battles ==
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== Media ==
 
== Media ==
''An excellent addition to the article would be a video guide, as well as screenshots from the game and photos.''
+
<!--''An excellent addition to the article would be a video guide, as well as screenshots from the game and photos.''-->
 +
* [https://www.nicovideo.jp/watch/sm16506079 ShKAS Machine Gun - Video Documentary (Russian with Japanese subtitles; length = 6:18)]
  
 
== See also ==
 
== See also ==
Line 122: Line 173:
 
* ''encyclopedia page on the weapon;''
 
* ''encyclopedia page on the weapon;''
 
* ''other literature.''
 
* ''other literature.''
 +
 +
== References ==
 +
<references>
 +
<ref name="Hogg">Hogg, I. V. (1991). The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Firearms. Secausus, NJ: Chartwell Books. ISBN:978-0-906286-41-8 p. 279.</ref>
 +
<ref name="Chinn">Chinn, G. M. (1952). The Machine Gun (7th ed., Vol. 2). Washington D.C: U.S. Department of the Navy. p. 78-79.</ref>
 +
<ref name="Drabkin>Drabkin, A. (2007). Red air force at war Barbarossa and the retreat to Moscow - recollections o. Barnsley, South Yorkshire, U.K.: Pen & Sword Books. ISBN:1-84415-563-3.</ref>
 +
</references>
  
 
{{Aircraft machine guns}}
 
{{Aircraft machine guns}}
  
 
[[Category:Aircraft machine guns]]
 
[[Category:Aircraft machine guns]]

Revision as of 01:05, 4 May 2019

ShKAS sideview.jpg
ShKAS machine gun
Aircraft revolver machine gunType
Soviet Union CountryIcon SUN.pngCountry of origin
Production History
Boris ShpitalniyDesigner
Irinarkh Komaritsky
1933 - 1945Produced
Specifications
10.5 kg (23.1 lb)Gun mass (turret)
9.8 kg (21.6 lb)Gun mass (wing)
Other Information
7.62 mmCalibre
Gas with rotary feeding mechanismAction
1,800 RPMRate of fire
825 m/s (2,710 ft/s)Muzzle velocity
Belt-fed with metal disintegrating linksFeed System
400 m (1,312 ft)Effective distance
2,000 m (6,561.7 ft)Maximum distance

Description

Side view of an ShKAS (7.62 mm) machine gun in the defensive turret of an Su-2 (M-82).


The ShKAS (7.62 mm) (Shpitalny-Komaritski Aviatsionny Skorostrelny or Shipitalny-Komaritski rapid-fire for aircraft – Russian: ШКАС - Шпитального-Комарицкого Авиационный Скорострельный) is a 7.62 mm caliber machine gun which was first produced in 1933 for usage in Soviet aircraft which saw action all the way through World War II in many of the fighters, attackers and bombers of the day. The ShKAS is a single chamber, gas-operated revolver-type machine gun in which a firing pin strikes the primer of the bullet in the chamber to fire the round.

Vehicles equipped with this weapon

Vehicles equipped with this weapon
Fighters 
I-153  I-153 M-62 Chaika · Zhukovsky's I-153-M62
I-16  I-16 type 5 Ishak · I-16 type 10 Ishak · I-16 type 18 Ishak · I-16 type 24 Ishak · I-16 type 27 Ishak · I-16 type 28 Ishak
LaGG  LaGG-3-4 · I-301
MiG-3  MiG-3-15 · MiG-3-15 (BK)
Yak  Yak-1
Twin-engine fighters  I-29 · Pe-3bis (Defensive) · Pe-3 Early
Attackers 
IL-2  IL-2 (1941) · IL-2 (1942) · ▀IL-2 (1942) · IL-2-37 · IL-2M type 3 · IL-2M "Avenger" · IL-2M (1943)
Su-2  Su-2 (M-82) · Su-2 MV-5 · Su-2 TSS-1
Su-6  Su-6 (AM-42) · Su-6 (M-71F)
Other  BB-1 · IL-10 · Tandem MAI · Yak-2 KABB
Bombers 
Pe-2  Pe-2-1 Peshka  · Pe-2-31 Peshka · Pe-2-83 Peshka · Pe-2-110 Peshka · Pe-2-205 Peshka · Pe-2-359 Peshka
SB-2  SB 2M-100 (Defensive) · SB 2M-103 MV-3 (Defensive) · SB 2M-103 (Defensive) · SB 2M-103U (Defensive) · SB 2M-103U MV-3 (Defensive) · SB 2M-105 (Defensive)
Yer-2  Yer-2 (M-105) (Defensive) · Yer-2 (M-105) TAT-BT (Defensive) · Yer-2 (M-105R) LU-MV-2B (Defensive) · Yer-2 (M-105R) TAT-BT (Defensive)
Other  Ar-2 (Defensive) · DB-3B (Defensive) · IL-4 (Defensive) · MBR-2-M-34 (Defensive) · Pe-8 (Defensive) · Po-2 Night Witch (Defensive) · Yak-4

General info

A diagram of the operation of the ShKAS (7.62 mm) machine gun with identification of parts.

The designers Boris Shpitalniy and Irinarkh Komaritsky departed from traditional methods of feeding belt linked ammunition into the ShKAS and utilised a feed design nicknamed “bird-cage” or “squirrel-cage”.[1] Even declassified documents regarding the United State’s evaluation of the feed system stated, “…an interesting departure was made from the heretofore orthodox practice of feeding ammunition to a gun of this caliber [sic].” [2]

The ammunition belt enters the feed cage forward of the firing chamber. When the gun is fired, a gas piston actuates an arm connected to the cylindrical feed cage, rotating it one position to introduce the new bullet. As the feed cage (holding ten rounds) rotates a helical groove and guides the bullets rearward. Through this process of working the bullets rearwards, they are automatically delinked from the metal disintegrating link belt. The rounds make it to the final position at the bottom of the drum where they are then chambered into the receiver, ready to be fired.

One of the benefits of this feed system is during the camming of the rounds; there is relatively no drag on the ammunition allowing the gun to be fired at high rates of speed; however, prolonged actuation can provoke these guns to jam. Rates of fire could be regulated through changing of the holes in the gas regulator, three different hole sizes going from largest to smallest would slow down the rate of fire to a more moderate rate.

Quote icon.png

The ShKAS machine gun had a high rate of fire but it also had 48 ways of jamming. Some of them could be fixed immediately, some could not. And 1,800 rounds a minute was an insanely high rate of fire. If you pulled the trigger too long, the ShKAS would fire all its ammo in one go and that would be it!![3]

— Viktor M. Sinaisky - Soviet machine gun technician

Available shells

  • Default (T/Ball/Ball/AP-I/AI)
  • Universal (AP-I/AI/API-T)
  • Tracers (AP-I/API-T)
  • Stealth (AP-I/AP-I/AP-I/AI)

Comparison with analogues

Comparable machine guns to ShKAS (7.62 mm)
Name Year of Creation Mass Rounds Per Minute Ammunition Feed Type
Browning (7.62 mm) 1919 14 kg 600 RPM 7.62 x 63 mm Belt
Type 92 navy (7.7 mm) 1932 8 kg 600 RPM 7.7 x 56 mm R Drum
Darne 1933 (7.5 mm) 1916 8.4 kg 1,100 RPM 7.5 x 54 mm MAS Belt
Breda-SAFAT (7.7 mm) 1935 12.5 kg 850 RPM 7.7 x 56 mm R Belt
MG 17 (7.92 mm) 1934 10.2 kg 1,150 RPM 7.92 x 57 mm Belt
MAC 1934 (7.5 mm) 1934 10.7 kg 1,450 RPM 7.5 x 54 mm MAS Belt/Magazine

Usage in battles

Describe the cannon/machine gun in the game - its distinctive features, tactics of usage against the main opponents. Please don't write a "guide" - do not impose a single point of view, but give the reader food for thought.

Pros and cons

Pros:

  • The fastest firing rifle-calibre machine gun in WWII
  • Every belt is extremely effective at causing fires on enemy aircraft (tracers and stealth are the most effective)
  • Incredibly easy to knock out gunners and pilots on enemy aircraft (or exposed crew members on ground and naval forces)
  • If fired in short bursts, most aircraft can make a belt last an entire game in realistic battle

Cons:

  • Can easily jam. It is recommended to fire in bursts lasting no longer than one second

History

Examine the history of the creation and combat usage of this weapon. If the historical reference turns out to be too big, take it to a separate article, taking a link to an article about the vehicle and adding a block "/ History" (example: https://wiki.warthunder.com/(weapon-name)/History) and add a link to it here using the main template. Be sure to reference text and sources by using <ref>, as well as adding them at the end of the article.

Media

See also

Links to the articles on the War Thunder Wiki that you think will be useful for the reader, for example:

  • reference to the article about the variant of the cannon/machine gun;
  • references to approximate analogues by other nations and research trees.

External links

Paste links to sources and external resources, such as:

  • topic on the official game forum;
  • encyclopedia page on the weapon;
  • other literature.

References

  1. Hogg, I. V. (1991). The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Firearms. Secausus, NJ: Chartwell Books. ISBN:978-0-906286-41-8 p. 279.
  2. Chinn, G. M. (1952). The Machine Gun (7th ed., Vol. 2). Washington D.C: U.S. Department of the Navy. p. 78-79.
  3. Drabkin, A. (2007). Red air force at war Barbarossa and the retreat to Moscow - recollections o. Barnsley, South Yorkshire, U.K.: Pen & Sword Books. ISBN:1-84415-563-3.


Aircraft machine guns
USA 
7.62 mm  Browning · M134 Minigun
12.7 mm  Browning M2 · Browning M3
Germany 
7.62 mm  MG 3
7.92 mm  MG 15 · MG 17 · MG 81
12.7 mm  FN M3P
13.0 mm  MG 131
USSR 
7.62 mm  DA · PV-1 · ShKAS
12.7 mm  Berezin UB · A-12.7 · YaK-B
Britain 
7.7 mm  Lewis · Vickers E · Vickers K · Browning .303
Japan 
Army 
7.7 mm  Te-1 · Type 89 · Type 89 special
7.92 mm  Type 98
12.7 mm  Ho-103 · Ho-104
Navy 
7.7 mm  Type 92 · Type 97
13.0 mm  Type 2
13.2 mm  Type 3
Italy 
7.7 mm  Breda-SAFAT (7.7 mm)
7.92 mm  FN Browning
12.7 mm  Breda-SAFAT (12.7 mm) · Scotti M1933
France 
7.5 mm  Mle 33 · Darne 1933 · Mle 1923 · FN Browning Mle 38 · MAC 1934
7.62 mm  PKA
Sweden 
8 mm  Ksp m/22
12.7 mm  LKk/42