Difference between revisions of "SRAAM"

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   <div class="ttx-table-line"><span class="ttx-value">3.7 Seconds</span><span class="ttx-name">{{Annotation|Max flight time|Maximum time the missile can be in flight before it self-destructs}}</span></div>
 
   <div class="ttx-table-line"><span class="ttx-value">3.7 Seconds</span><span class="ttx-name">{{Annotation|Max flight time|Maximum time the missile can be in flight before it self-destructs}}</span></div>
 
   <div class="ttx-table-line"><span class="ttx-value">3,000 m</span><span class="ttx-name">{{Annotation|Max flight distance|Maximum distance missile can travel before it self-destructs (Note: this is not equal to the distance between you and the your target)}}</span></div>
 
   <div class="ttx-table-line"><span class="ttx-value">3,000 m</span><span class="ttx-name">{{Annotation|Max flight distance|Maximum distance missile can travel before it self-destructs (Note: this is not equal to the distance between you and the your target)}}</span></div>
   <div class="ttx-table-line"><span class="ttx-value">~1,000 m</span><span class="ttx-name">{{Annotation|Maximum effective range|The maximum recommended range between you and your target when you fire the missile}}</span></div>
+
   <div class="ttx-table-line"><span class="ttx-value">~1,000 m</span><span class="ttx-name">{{Annotation|Recommended max range|The maximum recommended range between you and your target when you fire the missile}}</span></div>
<div class="ttx-table-line ttx-table-head">IR Seeker</div>
+
  <div class="ttx-table-line ttx-table-head">IR Seeker</div>
 
   <div class="ttx-table-line"><span class="ttx-value">4,000 m</span><span class="ttx-name">Max lock range in rear-aspect</span></div>
 
   <div class="ttx-table-line"><span class="ttx-value">4,000 m</span><span class="ttx-name">Max lock range in rear-aspect</span></div>
 
   <!--<div class="ttx-table-line"><span class="ttx-value"> ??? </span><span class="ttx-name">Max lock range in all-aspect</span></div>-->
 
   <!--<div class="ttx-table-line"><span class="ttx-value"> ??? </span><span class="ttx-name">Max lock range in all-aspect</span></div>-->
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== Description ==
 
== Description ==
''Write an introduction to the article in 2-3 small paragraphs. Briefly tell us about the history of the development and combat using the weaponry and also about its features. Compile a list of air, ground, or naval vehicles that feature this weapon system in the game.''
+
<!--''Write an introduction to the article in 2-3 small paragraphs. Briefly tell us about the history of the development and combat using the weaponry and also about its features. Compile a list of air, ground, or naval vehicles that feature this weapon system in the game.''-->
 +
 
 +
The '''SRAAM''', or '''Short Range Air-to-Air Missile''' is a British [[Air-to-air_missiles#Infrared_homing_.28heat-seeking.29_missiles|Infrared homing air-to-air missile]], it was introduced in [[Update 1.89 "Imperial Navy"]], along with the Hunter F.6 (the only aircraft which carries it). As the name suggests the SRAAM has a short range compared to other missiles, however this is made up for by it being by far the most manoeuvrable and hardest to avoid air-to-air missile carried by any fixed wing aircraft in the game.
  
 
=== Vehicles equipped with this weapon ===
 
=== Vehicles equipped with this weapon ===
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== General info ==
 
== General info ==
''Tell us about the tactical and technical characteristics of the bomb.''
+
<!--''Tell us about the tactical and technical characteristics of the bomb.''-->
 +
The SRAAM is a highly manoeuvrable infrared homing air-to-air missile. The missile's use of thrust vectoring, and a very wide field of view IR seeker, means that it can track targets incredibly well compared to other air-to-air missiles. The missiles have an uncaged seeker with a very wide field of view, which makes maintaining locks on targets much easier. The uncaged seeker also means that once the missile has been locked you can turn the plane and "lead" the missiles, as if you would an aircraft's guns, making them much more likely to hit.
 +
 
 +
The SRAAMs are carried in launch tubes, mounted in pairs under the wings.
  
 
=== Effective damage ===
 
=== Effective damage ===
''Describe the type of damage produced by this type of bomb (high explosive, splash damage, etc)''
+
<!--''Describe the type of damage produced by this type of bomb (high explosive, splash damage, etc)''-->
 +
The SRAAM has a relatively small warhead consisting of 4 kg of TNT with a 5 m proximity fuse. Most of the time this is adequate to outright destroy an enemy aircraft, however depending on the location of the missile when it explodes it is possible the target will only receive varying amount of damage. While it is not uncommon for the enemy aircraft to eventually crash due to the damage they receive, some can make it back to the airfield or even continue fighting.
  
 
=== Comparison with analogues ===
 
=== Comparison with analogues ===
''Give a comparative description of bombs that have firepower equal to these type of weapons.''
+
<!--''Give a comparative description of bombs that have firepower equal to these type of weapons.''-->
 +
The main standout feature of the SRAAM, which sets it apart from all other infrared homing missiles (carried by fixed wing aircraft at least) is its astonishingly good manoeuvrability. The SRAAM can pull a maximum overload of 20 G, the joint highest value along with the [[AIM-9L]], and double that of the next best missiles found on fixed wing aircraft (the [[AIM-9D]] and [[AIM-9E]]). Despite having the same maximum overload the SRAAM is still capable of out-manoeuvring the AIM-9L, owing to its thrust vectoring system. The SRAAM also powers up its IR seeker faster than other missiles (taking 3 seconds while most others take closer to 5); and can keep its seeker active for longer at 20 seconds (Sidewinders can do it for 10 seconds, and most Russian missiles 15 seconds).
 +
 
 +
The drawback of the SRAAM however is its short range, it is largely ineffective at ranges greater than 1 km; by comparison other missiles such as the [[AIM-9E]] can hit targets from well over 2 km in a good situation. The SRAAM also has lower explosive mass than other missiles, at 4 kg of TNT. By comparison the AIM-9B, D and E have 4.5 kg, the [[R-13M]] has 5.5 kg, and the [[R-3S]] has 11 kg.
  
 
== Usage in battles ==
 
== Usage in battles ==
''Describe situations when you would utilize this bomb in-game (vehicle, pillbox, base, etc)''
+
<!--''Describe situations when you would utilize this bomb in-game (vehicle, pillbox, base, etc)''-->
 +
The SRAAMs are one of the most forgiving air-to-air missiles in the game because of their superb manoeuvrability; however, there are still things you need to learn and practice in order to use them to their full potential. The first thing you need to learn when using the SRAAMs is their range; as a general rule, to start with you should not fire the missiles when you are more than 1 km from the target. SRAAMs have a very short range and generally firing them from further away will result in the missile exploding before it reaches the target. If you have a significant speed advantage over your target you can push the firing range up to around 1.2 km, but ultimately you have to learn to tell from experience when you can fire from in excess of 1 km.
 +
 
 +
Just because you shouldn't fire the missile from outside 1 km does not mean that you shouldn’t try to lock on to targets from outside 1 km. The SRAAM can lock on to targets up to 4 km away; you should be trying to obtain a lock once you are within about 2.5 km of your target; it is also possible to lock on to aircraft when approaching them from almost 90 degrees (directly to their side), under ideal conditions. Once the seeker is active, it will stay active for 20 seconds, giving you plenty of time to close the distance. Once you have a lock the seeker will be able to maintain the lock so long as the target is still somewhere within the outer ring on your screen. Once you have closed the distance to within 1km, if the target is turning (or you are approaching from an angle) then you will want to "lead" the missile, in the same manner you would lead your guns if you were using them to attack. This will make the missiles much more like to hit, as they will not have to try to do a sharp turn immediately after leaving the tube.
 +
 
 +
If an enemy gets on your tail then activate the missile seeker and force an overshoot, as they pass you attempt to get a lock on and fire the missile as soon as possible; this will often result in a kill.
 +
 
 +
=== Counter tactics ===
 +
The old adage "prevention is better than cure" is certainly true when trying to dodge SRAAMs. Once an SRAAM is on its way to you it is going to be very hard to avoid (baring a mistake on the part of the person who fired it), therefore it is always best to take preventative action when facing aircraft armed with SRAAMs. As is always good practice, the first step to countering SRAAMs is to maintain good situational awareness, if the first time you are aware of an SRAAM is when you get the missile warning at the top of your screen (AB & RB), you are usually as good as dead. To avoid an SRAAM most of the work you do will have to take place before the missile is launched.
 +
 
 +
To start with you need to keep an eye out for [[Hunter F.6]]'s (the only aircraft currently capable of carrying SRAAMs); you need to identify any of them lining up for an attack run as soon as possible and take action accordingly. The main drawback of the SRAAM is its short range, missiles fired much outside of 1 km have a significantly reduced chance of hitting their target, and by the time you get to more than 1.2 km hitting a target is exceedingly rare (unless the attacker has a significant speed advantage over you). With this in mind your best tactic is to keep your distance from the enemy aircraft, if you are in a supersonic aircraft this should be relatively easy, however for other subsonic aircraft this can be difficult. If simply outrunning your attacker is not possible then your options are limited, but still there.
 +
 
 +
Like all heat-seeking missiles, the SRAAM will lock onto the sun if it's IR seeker passes to close to it. If you see a SRAAM armed hunter on your tail then flying towards the sun (not necessarily directly at it, but within 10 or so degrees of it) will prevent the enemy obtaining a lock on you; obviously this is often not possible in game, but can certainly buy you time in some situations.
 +
 
 +
Another key thing to note is that despite its incredibly manoeuvrability the SRAAM is not an all-aspect missile, so can only keep track of you from behind. Hunter pilots will often fly in from angles up to 90+ degrees from the side of you and turn into you until they achieve a lock (the SRAAM can lock on to a target from quite extreme angles); once a lock is achieved they will turn hard into you to "lead" the missile before firing it. If you see a hunter moving in for this manoeuvre your best hope is to turn hard in the same direction they are. The effects of this are twofold, you will direct your engine exhaust (your main source of infrared light) away from the missile reducing its chance of tracking you, and will rapidly close the distance between you and your attacker, often creating a turn too tight for even the SRAAM to pull.
 +
 
 +
If the missile is already on its way to you, and you are not already doing something about it, then you are usually going to end up back in the hangar within the next few seconds; however there are some last ditch attempts you can try (although don't expect them to work every time, or even most the time). If the missile was fired from around 1 km away then by turning one way, then hard the other once the SRAAM begins to turn you can sometimes throw it off or keep it flying long enough that it exceeds its maximum flight time (3.7 seconds) and explodes. If however the missile was fired from closer range you will have to just try to dodge it and hope for the best. Usually the best way to dodge the SRAAM is to pull into a sort of barrel roll, or otherwise carry out a manoeuvre, which involves rolling the aircraft; SRAAMs generally find it much harder to follow you through these manoeuvres than through a simple turn.
 +
 
 +
If you overshoot a target, carrying SRAAMs then pull hard up immediately; if you carry on straight, or go below the target you are just asking to get an SRAAM fired at you. Likewise if you pull away to the side then your opponent will find it much easier to turn after you and get a lock than if you pull into the vertical.
  
 
=== Pros and cons ===
 
=== Pros and cons ===
''Summarize and briefly evaluate the weaponry in terms of its characteristics and combat effectiveness. Mark pros and cons as a list.''
+
<!--''Summarize and briefly evaluate the weaponry in terms of its characteristics and combat effectiveness. Mark pros and cons as a list.''-->
 
 
 
'''Pros:'''
 
'''Pros:'''
*
+
* Incredibly good manoeuvrability make it extremely hard for enemy aircraft to dodge.
 +
* Has the joint highest maximum overload of any missile in the game (shared with the [[AIM-9L]] at 20 G)
 +
* One of the best tracking missiles in the game, rarely loses its target (compared to other missiles
 +
* Has an uncaged seeker with an extremely wide field of view, allowing you to "lead" the missiles very well
 +
* IR seeker powers up quickly and can stay active for a long time
 +
* Faster than some other missiles
  
 
'''Cons:'''
 
'''Cons:'''
*
+
* Very short range, missiles fired outside of 1 km are unlikely to hit unless you have a notable speed advantage over your opponent.
 +
* Relatively small explosive mass means hits are not always fatal (at least immediately)
  
 
== History ==
 
== History ==
''Describe the history of the creation and combat usage of the weapon in more detail than in the introduction. If the historical reference turns out to be too long, take it to a separate article, taking a link to the article about the weapon and adding a block "/ History" (example: <nowiki>https://wiki.warthunder.com/(Weapon-name)/History</nowiki>) and add a link to it here using the <code>main</code> template. Be sure to reference text and sources by using <code><nowiki><ref></ref></nowiki></code>, as well as adding them at the end of the article with <code><nowiki><references /></nowiki></code>.''
+
<!--''Describe the history of the creation and combat usage of the weapon in more detail than in the introduction. If the historical reference turns out to be too long, take it to a separate article, taking a link to the article about the weapon and adding a block "/ History" (example: <nowiki>https://wiki.warthunder.com/(Weapon-name)/History</nowiki>) and add a link to it here using the <code>main</code> template. Be sure to reference text and sources by using <code><nowiki><ref></ref></nowiki></code>, as well as adding them at the end of the article with <code><nowiki><references /></nowiki></code>.''-->
 +
Following the widespread use of early air-to-air missiles in the Vietnam War, it became apparent that such weapon systems had major limitations. They would frequently lose targets due to their IR seekers having a narrow field of view, or the missile not being manoeuvrable enough to keep on the tail of the target. In 1968, a team of engineers working at Hawker Siddeley Dynamics (the missiles division of Hawker Siddeley) began work on a new short-range air-to-air missile to address these shortcomings; the company funded the project as a private venture under the name "Taildog". The missile was to have an IR seeker with a wide field of view, capable of keeping track of targets under all conditions, and would have to be extremely manoeuvrable.
 +
 
 +
The Taildog missile would be 2 m long and make use of thrust vectoring to give it excellent manoeuvrability. In 1970, the Ministry of Defence (MoD) decided that a new air-to-air missile with better manoeuvrability than the other missiles that were in service at the time was required. Hawker Siddeley Dynamics adapted their Taildog missile design to meet the new requirements and after evaluation, they were award the contract in 1972. Work on the programme continued under the name of Short Range Air-to-Air Missile or SRAAM. The SRAAM would be bigger than the Taildog (2.75 m long instead of 2 m) and feature a better thrust vectoring system. Due to budget cuts, the government cancelled the SRAAM program in 1974, instead choosing to pursue the Skyflash missile (a British upgrade to the United States AIM-7 Sparrow missile). The SRAAM program continued however until 1978 as a technology demonstrated.
 +
 
 +
In 1977, Hawker Siddeley Dynamics merged with the missiles division of British Aircraft Corporation (BAC) to form BAe Dynamics (other companies, including the rest of Hawker Siddeley merged to form the remainder of British Aerospace (BAe). Starting in 1980 BAe Dynamics used research from the SRAAM programme to help with the development of the Advanced Short Range Air-to-Air Missile (ASRAAM), which is still in use to this day.
 +
 
 +
The SRAAM was 2.75 m long and weighed 70 kg. In flight the missile was carried in a lunch tube to protect it until it was fired; once fired the missile had a series of small fins which unfolded to air stability (although they were fixed in place once deployed so did not help control the missile). In the life of the programme eight missiles were fired, some of which from Hawker hunter F.6 XG210. There was an incident during testing where immediately after launch the missile turned sharply after launch and almost collided with the Hunter that fired it.
  
 
== Media ==
 
== Media ==
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== See also ==
 
== See also ==
''Links to the articles on the War Thunder Wiki that you think will be useful for the reader, for example:''
+
<!--''Links to the articles on the War Thunder Wiki that you think will be useful for the reader, for example:''
 
* ''reference to the article about the variant of the weapon;''
 
* ''reference to the article about the variant of the weapon;''
* ''references to approximate analogues by other nations and research trees.''
+
* ''references to approximate analogues by other nations and research trees.''-->
 +
* [[AIM-9L]] a missile with the joint highest overload in the game (20 G)
 +
* [[AIM-9D]] / [[AIM-9E]] other fixed-wing aircraft mounted missiles with an uncaged seeker
  
 
== External links ==
 
== External links ==
''Paste links to sources and external resources, such as:''
+
<!--''Paste links to sources and external resources, such as:''
 
* ''topic on the official game forum;''
 
* ''topic on the official game forum;''
 
* ''encyclopedia page on the weapon;''
 
* ''encyclopedia page on the weapon;''
* ''other literature.''
+
* ''other literature.''-->
 +
* [[wt:en/news/6206-development-hunter-f-6-winged-comfort-en|[Devblog<nowiki>]</nowiki> Hunter F.6: Winged Comfort]] (has section on SRAAM)
 +
* [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SRAAM Wikipedia - SRAAM]
  
 
{{Missiles}}
 
{{Missiles}}
  
 
[[Category:Suspended armaments]]
 
[[Category:Suspended armaments]]

Revision as of 10:18, 9 November 2019

SRAAM
SRAAM Fired.jpg
Information
Infrared Homing MissileType
Britain Britain flag.pngCountry of Origin
General Characteristics
NoAll-aspect
1,000 m/sMaximum Speed
20 GMaximum Overload
3.7 SecondsMax flight time
3,000 mMax flight distance
~1,000 mRecommended max range
IR Seeker
4,000 mMax lock range in rear-aspect
3 secondsPower up time
20 SecondsMax acquisition time
Seeker FoV
YesUncaged seeker
80°Uncaged Lock FoV
Warhead
4 kgExplosive mass
TNTExplosive type
5 mProximity fuse range
Specifications
70 kgMissile mass
2,750 mmLength
165 mmDiameter
Thrust vectoringSteering system
Production History
Hawker Siddeley DynamicsDesigner
Experimental / PrototypeProduction Status
1974 - 1977Produced

Description

The SRAAM, or Short Range Air-to-Air Missile is a British Infrared homing air-to-air missile, it was introduced in Update 1.89 "Imperial Navy", along with the Hunter F.6 (the only aircraft which carries it). As the name suggests the SRAAM has a short range compared to other missiles, however this is made up for by it being by far the most manoeuvrable and hardest to avoid air-to-air missile carried by any fixed wing aircraft in the game.

Vehicles equipped with this weapon

General info

The SRAAM is a highly manoeuvrable infrared homing air-to-air missile. The missile's use of thrust vectoring, and a very wide field of view IR seeker, means that it can track targets incredibly well compared to other air-to-air missiles. The missiles have an uncaged seeker with a very wide field of view, which makes maintaining locks on targets much easier. The uncaged seeker also means that once the missile has been locked you can turn the plane and "lead" the missiles, as if you would an aircraft's guns, making them much more likely to hit.

The SRAAMs are carried in launch tubes, mounted in pairs under the wings.

Effective damage

The SRAAM has a relatively small warhead consisting of 4 kg of TNT with a 5 m proximity fuse. Most of the time this is adequate to outright destroy an enemy aircraft, however depending on the location of the missile when it explodes it is possible the target will only receive varying amount of damage. While it is not uncommon for the enemy aircraft to eventually crash due to the damage they receive, some can make it back to the airfield or even continue fighting.

Comparison with analogues

The main standout feature of the SRAAM, which sets it apart from all other infrared homing missiles (carried by fixed wing aircraft at least) is its astonishingly good manoeuvrability. The SRAAM can pull a maximum overload of 20 G, the joint highest value along with the AIM-9L, and double that of the next best missiles found on fixed wing aircraft (the AIM-9D and AIM-9E). Despite having the same maximum overload the SRAAM is still capable of out-manoeuvring the AIM-9L, owing to its thrust vectoring system. The SRAAM also powers up its IR seeker faster than other missiles (taking 3 seconds while most others take closer to 5); and can keep its seeker active for longer at 20 seconds (Sidewinders can do it for 10 seconds, and most Russian missiles 15 seconds).

The drawback of the SRAAM however is its short range, it is largely ineffective at ranges greater than 1 km; by comparison other missiles such as the AIM-9E can hit targets from well over 2 km in a good situation. The SRAAM also has lower explosive mass than other missiles, at 4 kg of TNT. By comparison the AIM-9B, D and E have 4.5 kg, the R-13M has 5.5 kg, and the R-3S has 11 kg.

Usage in battles

The SRAAMs are one of the most forgiving air-to-air missiles in the game because of their superb manoeuvrability; however, there are still things you need to learn and practice in order to use them to their full potential. The first thing you need to learn when using the SRAAMs is their range; as a general rule, to start with you should not fire the missiles when you are more than 1 km from the target. SRAAMs have a very short range and generally firing them from further away will result in the missile exploding before it reaches the target. If you have a significant speed advantage over your target you can push the firing range up to around 1.2 km, but ultimately you have to learn to tell from experience when you can fire from in excess of 1 km.

Just because you shouldn't fire the missile from outside 1 km does not mean that you shouldn’t try to lock on to targets from outside 1 km. The SRAAM can lock on to targets up to 4 km away; you should be trying to obtain a lock once you are within about 2.5 km of your target; it is also possible to lock on to aircraft when approaching them from almost 90 degrees (directly to their side), under ideal conditions. Once the seeker is active, it will stay active for 20 seconds, giving you plenty of time to close the distance. Once you have a lock the seeker will be able to maintain the lock so long as the target is still somewhere within the outer ring on your screen. Once you have closed the distance to within 1km, if the target is turning (or you are approaching from an angle) then you will want to "lead" the missile, in the same manner you would lead your guns if you were using them to attack. This will make the missiles much more like to hit, as they will not have to try to do a sharp turn immediately after leaving the tube.

If an enemy gets on your tail then activate the missile seeker and force an overshoot, as they pass you attempt to get a lock on and fire the missile as soon as possible; this will often result in a kill.

Counter tactics

The old adage "prevention is better than cure" is certainly true when trying to dodge SRAAMs. Once an SRAAM is on its way to you it is going to be very hard to avoid (baring a mistake on the part of the person who fired it), therefore it is always best to take preventative action when facing aircraft armed with SRAAMs. As is always good practice, the first step to countering SRAAMs is to maintain good situational awareness, if the first time you are aware of an SRAAM is when you get the missile warning at the top of your screen (AB & RB), you are usually as good as dead. To avoid an SRAAM most of the work you do will have to take place before the missile is launched.

To start with you need to keep an eye out for Hunter F.6's (the only aircraft currently capable of carrying SRAAMs); you need to identify any of them lining up for an attack run as soon as possible and take action accordingly. The main drawback of the SRAAM is its short range, missiles fired much outside of 1 km have a significantly reduced chance of hitting their target, and by the time you get to more than 1.2 km hitting a target is exceedingly rare (unless the attacker has a significant speed advantage over you). With this in mind your best tactic is to keep your distance from the enemy aircraft, if you are in a supersonic aircraft this should be relatively easy, however for other subsonic aircraft this can be difficult. If simply outrunning your attacker is not possible then your options are limited, but still there.

Like all heat-seeking missiles, the SRAAM will lock onto the sun if it's IR seeker passes to close to it. If you see a SRAAM armed hunter on your tail then flying towards the sun (not necessarily directly at it, but within 10 or so degrees of it) will prevent the enemy obtaining a lock on you; obviously this is often not possible in game, but can certainly buy you time in some situations.

Another key thing to note is that despite its incredibly manoeuvrability the SRAAM is not an all-aspect missile, so can only keep track of you from behind. Hunter pilots will often fly in from angles up to 90+ degrees from the side of you and turn into you until they achieve a lock (the SRAAM can lock on to a target from quite extreme angles); once a lock is achieved they will turn hard into you to "lead" the missile before firing it. If you see a hunter moving in for this manoeuvre your best hope is to turn hard in the same direction they are. The effects of this are twofold, you will direct your engine exhaust (your main source of infrared light) away from the missile reducing its chance of tracking you, and will rapidly close the distance between you and your attacker, often creating a turn too tight for even the SRAAM to pull.

If the missile is already on its way to you, and you are not already doing something about it, then you are usually going to end up back in the hangar within the next few seconds; however there are some last ditch attempts you can try (although don't expect them to work every time, or even most the time). If the missile was fired from around 1 km away then by turning one way, then hard the other once the SRAAM begins to turn you can sometimes throw it off or keep it flying long enough that it exceeds its maximum flight time (3.7 seconds) and explodes. If however the missile was fired from closer range you will have to just try to dodge it and hope for the best. Usually the best way to dodge the SRAAM is to pull into a sort of barrel roll, or otherwise carry out a manoeuvre, which involves rolling the aircraft; SRAAMs generally find it much harder to follow you through these manoeuvres than through a simple turn.

If you overshoot a target, carrying SRAAMs then pull hard up immediately; if you carry on straight, or go below the target you are just asking to get an SRAAM fired at you. Likewise if you pull away to the side then your opponent will find it much easier to turn after you and get a lock than if you pull into the vertical.

Pros and cons

Pros:

  • Incredibly good manoeuvrability make it extremely hard for enemy aircraft to dodge.
  • Has the joint highest maximum overload of any missile in the game (shared with the AIM-9L at 20 G)
  • One of the best tracking missiles in the game, rarely loses its target (compared to other missiles
  • Has an uncaged seeker with an extremely wide field of view, allowing you to "lead" the missiles very well
  • IR seeker powers up quickly and can stay active for a long time
  • Faster than some other missiles

Cons:

  • Very short range, missiles fired outside of 1 km are unlikely to hit unless you have a notable speed advantage over your opponent.
  • Relatively small explosive mass means hits are not always fatal (at least immediately)

History

Following the widespread use of early air-to-air missiles in the Vietnam War, it became apparent that such weapon systems had major limitations. They would frequently lose targets due to their IR seekers having a narrow field of view, or the missile not being manoeuvrable enough to keep on the tail of the target. In 1968, a team of engineers working at Hawker Siddeley Dynamics (the missiles division of Hawker Siddeley) began work on a new short-range air-to-air missile to address these shortcomings; the company funded the project as a private venture under the name "Taildog". The missile was to have an IR seeker with a wide field of view, capable of keeping track of targets under all conditions, and would have to be extremely manoeuvrable.

The Taildog missile would be 2 m long and make use of thrust vectoring to give it excellent manoeuvrability. In 1970, the Ministry of Defence (MoD) decided that a new air-to-air missile with better manoeuvrability than the other missiles that were in service at the time was required. Hawker Siddeley Dynamics adapted their Taildog missile design to meet the new requirements and after evaluation, they were award the contract in 1972. Work on the programme continued under the name of Short Range Air-to-Air Missile or SRAAM. The SRAAM would be bigger than the Taildog (2.75 m long instead of 2 m) and feature a better thrust vectoring system. Due to budget cuts, the government cancelled the SRAAM program in 1974, instead choosing to pursue the Skyflash missile (a British upgrade to the United States AIM-7 Sparrow missile). The SRAAM program continued however until 1978 as a technology demonstrated.

In 1977, Hawker Siddeley Dynamics merged with the missiles division of British Aircraft Corporation (BAC) to form BAe Dynamics (other companies, including the rest of Hawker Siddeley merged to form the remainder of British Aerospace (BAe). Starting in 1980 BAe Dynamics used research from the SRAAM programme to help with the development of the Advanced Short Range Air-to-Air Missile (ASRAAM), which is still in use to this day.

The SRAAM was 2.75 m long and weighed 70 kg. In flight the missile was carried in a lunch tube to protect it until it was fired; once fired the missile had a series of small fins which unfolded to air stability (although they were fixed in place once deployed so did not help control the missile). In the life of the programme eight missiles were fired, some of which from Hawker hunter F.6 XG210. There was an incident during testing where immediately after launch the missile turned sharply after launch and almost collided with the Hunter that fired it.

Media

How to use the SRAAMS in Warthunder
-hachersk_Anon
(Short Guides Competition Winner)

See also

  • AIM-9L a missile with the joint highest overload in the game (20 G)
  • AIM-9D / AIM-9E other fixed-wing aircraft mounted missiles with an uncaged seeker

External links


Missiles
USA 
AAM  AIM-9B · AIM-9D · AIM-9E · AIM-9L · AIM-92 Stinger
AGM  AGM-12B Bullpup · AGM-12C Bullpup · AGM-22 · AGM-114B Hellfire · BGM-71 TOW · BGM-71 TOW-2
ATGM  BGM-71B TOW · BGM-71C I-TOW
SAM  MIM146
Germany 
AGM  HOT-1 · HOT-2
ATGM  HOT-K3S · PARS 3 LR
  Foreign:
ATGM  BGM-71B TOW (USA) · BGM-71C I-TOW (USA)
USSR 
AAM  R-3S · R-13M · R-60 · R-60M
AGM  9M14-2 Malyutka · 9M17M Falanga · 9М17P Falanga-PV · 9M114 Shturm · 9M120 Ataka · 9M120M Ataka · 9K127 Vikhr
ATGM  3M7 · 9M113 Konkurs · 9M14
SAM  9M311
Britain 
AAM  Fireflash · Firestreak · SRAAM
ATGM  BAe Swingfire
Japan 
ATGM  Type 64 MAT · Type 79
Italy 
ATGM  MILAN · MILAN 2
  Foreign:
ATGM  BGM-71B TOW (USA) · BGM-71C I-TOW (USA)
AAM  AA-20 (France)
AGM  AS-20 (France)
France 
AAM  AA-20 · Mistral · Shafrir
AGM  AS-20 · SS.11
ATGM  HOT · HOT-3
  AAM = Air-to-Air Missile   AGM = Air-to-Ground Missile   ATGM = Anti-Tank Guided Missile (Ground mounts)   SAM = Surface-to-Air Missile