|This page is about the Chinese fighter P-51D-20 (China). For other versions, see P-51 (Family).|
The ␗P-51D-20 Mustang is a rank IV Chinese fighter with a battle rating of 4.0 (AB), 4.3 (RB), and 5.0 (SB). It was introduced in Update 1.91 "Night Vision".
|Characteristics|| Max Speed
(km/h at 7,620 m)
| Max altitude
| Turn time
| Rate of climb
| Take-off run|
|Combat flaps||Take-off flaps||Landing flaps||Air brakes||Arrestor gear|
|Wings (km/h)||Gear (km/h)||Flaps (km/h)||Max Static G|
|Optimal velocities (km/h)|
|< 500||< 300||< 500||> 400|
|Optimal altitude||100% Engine power||WEP Engine power|
|2,400 m||1,580 hp||1,728 hp|
|Optimal altitude||100% Engine power||WEP Engine power|
|6,400 m||1,320 hp||1,444 hp|
Survivability and armour
- 8 mm steel - in front of engine
- 6.35 mm steel - behind engine
- 38 mm bulletproof glass - windscreen
- 8 mm steel - behind pilot
- 11 mm steel - pilot headrest
Modifications and economy
The P-51D-20 (China) is armed with:
- 6 x 12.7 mm M2 Browning machine guns, wing-mounted (270 rpg outer + 270 rpg mid + 400 rpg inner = 1,880 total)
The P-51D is armed with 6 x .50 cal M2 Browning machine guns with a total of 1,880 rounds of ammunition. For air battles the recommended ammunition belts are tracers or stealth. Tracers are recommended if the pilot wants to achieve the maximum damage output since the API-T rounds have a high chance of starting a fire, while stealth belts are recommended for skilled pilots who prefer the element of surprise over raw damage output; the stealth belts do retain incendiary rounds for starting fires but are much harder to aim due to not having any tracer rounds. For ground battles the previously recommended belts are still appropriate, but at the pilot's discretion ground target belts can be taken since they have a slightly higher penetration; these would be used if the pilot intends to ground pound and strafe ground targets. Ground targets belts can be effective in air battles as well if the pilot chooses to bring them, since armor-piercing shells can be effective against enemy aircraft.
Overall, the .50 cal machine guns are effective at taking out air targets, but due to the lower caliber than the cannons of many aircraft at a similar BR they do not have quite the same punch as other aircrafts' armament. This makes head-on engagements inadvisable against most fighters the P-51D will face, as the enemy aircraft likely has a more powerful armament. On the other hand, the large ammunition capacity means that the P-51D pilot can fire indiscriminately without worrying about ammunition too much. This allows the P-51D to put more rounds into the enemy aircraft than would be possible with other fighters, and also increases the pilot's chances of hitting the target in the first place. Despite their lower damage, just a few hits with .50 cals can be devastating to an enemy aircraft.
The P-51D-20 (China) can be outfitted with the following ordnance:
- Without load
- 2 x 1,000 lb AN-M65A1 bombs (2,000 lb total)
- 6 x HVAR rockets
- 6 x M8 rockets
The P-51D has access to one air-to-air loadout (of no suspended armament, for increased performance) and three loadouts for ground attack missions, composed of either unguided rockets or bombs. Rockets or bombs can be carried at the pilot's discretion. Rockets are better for precision attacks if the pilot has a good aim, while bombs allow less precision but with less opportunity for kills.
The 6 x M8 rockets are largely ineffective. A direct hit is practically required to damage the target due to the low explosive mass of only 1.95 kg of TNT. Unless the target is light enough to be hull broken, the low explosive mass will rarely cause a one-shot kill; most of the time only a few crew members will be knocked out. Due to the low penetration of only 24 mm a direct hit will not even guarantee damage to an armored target, as it may simply not penetrate the armor or bounce off. The low velocity of 260 m/s can also make aiming these rockets tough, except at close ranges.
The 6 x HVAR rockets are the recommended rocket loadout, as they are improved over the M8s in almost every regard. The higher velocity of 420 m/s can make the HVARs easier to aim at mid-to-long ranges. Not only that, but the higher penetration of 36 mm is able to punch through much thicker armor to do more reliable damage. The explosive mass of 3.4 kg of TNT is also much more devastating to both light targets and armored targets, allowing damage to unarmored targets even without a direct hit, and doing much more damage to enemy vehicles when directly hit as well. For a pilot who prefers rockets to bombs, HVARs will not disappoint and can result in several vehicle knockouts when aimed well.
The 2 x 1,000 lb bomb loadout is very effective against armored ground targets. The high explosive mass of 240.4 kg TNT equivalent allows up to 113 mm of armor penetration and a kill radius of 12 m. This means that even if the bombs aren't dropped exactly on or near the target there is still a large chance of doing critical damage or knocking out the vehicle entirely. Against lightly armored targets these bombs can hull break them even if not dropped right on them. The downside to the bomb loadout is that both bombs drop together, so only one bomb drop per flight is achievable; only one kill can be scored unless multiple targets are grouped closely together.
Usage in battles
Probably the best asset P-51D has is its speed and its ability to achieve it and maintain it. Like with all planes, higher attitude should be achieved. Although its climb rate is nice, there are enough planes with better and therefore pilots of P-51D should plan ahead and not wait for the last second to climb. Best way to climb at the start is to climb towards the corner of the map, so the enemy will be encountered later when P-51D is already high enough. When an enemy is spotted, heading in another direction than P-51D, this aircraft can enter mild dive and go for strafe run. After that, it is important to continue heading in the same direction, so the speed is maintained. Even the most agile fighters won't be able to turn quickly enough to fire just one shot at you. If feeling confident or sure about the kill, P-51D should get at least 2 km away from the enemy and then start to turn towards him, depending on its speed. If speed is under 500 km/h, a bigger distance should be achieved before attempting a turn. This ensures that turn will be completed before the enemy gets to 1 km distance, so you won't give your enemy opportunity for the first shot. However, head-on assault should be done only against weaker opponents, since .50 cal does not have the punch of 20 mm or 30 mm that similarly-tiered planes carry. A salvo of .50 cal rounds from tracer belt can easily and often does ignite enemy engines upon impact, but few hits from 30 mm will tear wings of P-51D, while fire can be taken out.
When engaging enemy bombers, aim for their engines. When engine catches on fire, focus on another engine until it also burns and so on. It is likely that fire will be taken out, but the damage done by 2 to 4 burning engines will be so severe that enemy bomber will either crash within next minute even without one more hit or he will lose altitude so much that it will be an easy target for lower flying teammates. Bigger bombers like B-17 should not be followed for more than few seconds, as an engine of P-51D is too fragile and often will turn red upon first few hits, which gives you about 1 to 2 minutes before its engine dies completely. It is especially important to engage B-17 from relative higher altitude, gain little more speed and aim for engines. A well-aimed burst of tracer belt rounds should be enough to ignite 1 or 2 engines during this. Keep in mind that B17 can fly even with just one single engine and maintain its attitude and speed. Do not attempt to cut off wings of bomber like with bigger guns, as it is quite hard to do so with .50 cal. When engaging bomber with huge glass cockpit like on He 111, front assault with a salvo of .50 cal rounds has high chance to kill its pilot with the number of rounds that will be fired.
It may seem that agility of P-51D is lacking at first sight, but it is not that bad when used correctly. P-51D has a good turn rate at higher speeds and its pilots should try to keep well above 400 km/h. When at a speed around 500 km/h, even Spitfires will have troubles getting behind you. However, P-51D should avoid these encounters as this will bleed its speed to the point that P-51D will be no longer able to turn with the enemy. If a window of opportunity arises, for example when an opponent starts his turn into the wrong direction after attempting to outmanoeuvre P-51D, P-51D can enter mild dive and go for a run. P-51D can get to its top speed quite fast, especially when in mild dive. Top speed of P-51D is one of the best on its tier. These three-speed factors will help you run away from many opponents, giving you a chance to set your own rules of engagement with them. When running away with the enemy closing in, try to avoid climb at all. If a climb is desired, it is best to wait until it is safe. If climb cannot wait, try to climb below 10 degrees. When an enemy with much higher speed is catching up with you at higher attitude, mild dive may not get you fast enough to your top speed. In these situations, deep dive can be done. During this, the enemy will get even closer to P-51D. As the top speed of P-51D is quite high, after the enemy loses his initial speed advantage, P-51D will probably already start to get away. After this deep dive runaway, start to climb around 10 degrees. P-51D is good at maintaining its speed, so it is likely that while P-51D will continue to move around 800-850 km/h after deep dive for a couple of seconds, many opponents will quickly slow down to their listed top speed. This should be enough to provide a safe escape. If running away is not an option, high-speed turn fight can be done for a short while. P-51D shouldn't prolong these encounters and should as soon as possible try to get away as already described in turn fights.
When an enemy is going head-on, he should be avoided. As already said, .50 cal cannot match 20 mm and bigger guns head-on. Additionally, such an encounter will probably damage the engine, which will at the start take away the most important asset of P-51D and after a few minutes will lead to its failure. The vitality of pilot is average, so he may survive and so is the durability of its wings. However, control surfaces of P-51D are quite fragile. Head-on should be done only with a weaker opponent, who has either much weaker armament or is already critically damaged. If the engine turns red, airfield should be sought as fast as possible. With red engine try to climb as much as possible in a way that speed will be at least slowly increasing. When the engine dies, glide towards airfield in a way little to none speed is lost to avoid a stall. If speed reaches 200 km/h and dive is not possible if the airfield is to be reached, use flaps as they will keep you in the air for little longer even at a lower speed. If combat flaps are not enough and even then P-51D starts to stall, raise flaps, open gear, use landing flaps and retract gear. Landing flaps will keep you in the air for even longer than combat flaps, but if they are deployed too soon, they will serve as air brake, which is not desired during glide.
Manual Engine Control
|Not controllable|| Controllable
Not auto controlled
Auto control available
Auto control available
|Separate|| Not controllable
Pros and cons
- Outstanding Boom & Zoom capability
- Great performance at altitude
- Excellent .50 calibre machine guns with good damage and plenty of ammo
- Very fast at all altitudes
- Very agile at high speeds
- Good turn radius at high speeds
- Good all-round cockpit visibility in Simulator
- Has a gyro gunsight, guiding the player's aim in Simulator which is nice for boosting burst accuracy
- Decent over-the-nose visibility
- Quite decent climb rate
- Useful close-support capability (ground attack) thanks to its bombs/rockets
- Can't sustain much damage
- Catches fire easily
- Sluggish at low speeds
- High stall speed (166 km/h)
- Minimum fuel load is rather big
- Front canopy frames are somewhat obstructive in Simulator
After the United States entered World War 2, it was decided to send American-built P-51 Mustangs to the Republic of China Air Force (ROCAF) to replace their older, less effective aircraft in the fight against Japan. The Mustangs - of P-51B and C models - arrived in November 1944 and were used first by the Chinese-American Composite Wing (CACW), a unit of both Chinese and American pilots attached to the US Fourteenth Air Force. In February 1945, P-51D and K models were allocated to the CACW to fight alongside the earlier P-51B and Cs.
After the war ended, 278 Mustangs - mostly of P-51D and K models, along with F-6D and K reconnaissance variants - were given to the ROCAF. When the truce between Mao Zedong's Communist Party of China and Chiang Kai-Shek's Nationalist Republic of China ended, the Nationalists were forced out of the mainland and to Taiwan (also known as Formosa). Due to the retreat of the ROC, much equipment was left behind, including many P-51 Mustangs, which fell into the hands of the Communist People's Liberation Army (PLA).
The first PLA Mustang was taken on 23 September 1948, after Captain Yang Peiguang (杨培光) of the 4th Fighter Wing of the ROCAF, based in Beiping, defected with his P-51D Mustang to the PLA. The PLA captured many more Mustangs during the Liaoshen Campaign of September through November 1948. At the Battle of Jinzhou (15 October 1948), thirty-one ROCAF Mustangs were captured. This left the PLA with a total of thirty-four P-51 Mustangs until December 1948, when the city of Beiping was captured with three more Mustangs and 128 V-1650 engines as replacement parts, with another Mustang arriving on the 29th of December after Lieutenant Tan Hanzhou (谭汉洲) of the Nationalist 4th Fighter Group defected from the ROCAF with his P-51. The total Mustangs held by the PLA at this point in time was thirty-eight, few of which could fly due to their state of disrepair.
It wasn't until the capture of Shenyang in October 1948 that the PLA had facilities in which to repair their Mustangs, with the Shenyang Beiling airport named the People's Liberation Army Air Force Repair Factory Number 5 (中国人民解放军空军第五修理厂) in November. There, the P-51 Mustangs took top priority for repairs, with thirty-seven Mustangs repaired by 1950.
On 14 January 1949, Lieutenant Yan Chengyin (阎承荫) defected from the Nationalist 3rd Fighter Group's 28th Squadron; he later changed his name after his defection to Yan Lei (阎磊). This was the final P-51 Mustang to be obtained by the PLA.
The PLA began using the P-51s at the Northeast Old Aviation School (东北老航校) for pilot training with the 2nd Squadron of the 1st Air Group in January 1949. Six P-51s, along with two Fairchild PT-19 trainer aircraft and two de Havilland Mosquitos, were formed into a squadron on 15 August 1949. The squadron, based at Beiping Nanyuan airfield, was assigned to defend the airspace around Beiping in September. Eleven more P-51 Mustangs were added to the squadron before October of the same year, but the squadron never saw combat.
With ROC forces on the run to Formosa (a.k.a. Taiwan), Mao Zedong declared the establishment of the People's Republic of China (PRC) on 21 September 1949. A military parade was held in Tiananmen Square to celebrate, in the capital of Beijing which had been renamed from Beiping. The parade consisted of 16,400 soldiers, 152 tanks, 222 cars, and 17 planes. Nine of the seventeen aircraft were P-51 Mustangs (at least one a P-51K) which performed a flyover in three formations of three aircraft each in a V formation. After passing out of sight, the nine Mustangs turned around and performed a second flyover of the square, making it seem as if there were more aircraft than there were in reality.
The P-51 Mustangs all returned to a defensive mission after the celebratory parade, becoming part of the newly formed People's Liberation Army Air Force (PLAAF) on 11 November 1949. By that time there only remained twenty-two serviceable aircraft and nine more undergoing repairs, meaning eight out of the thirty-nine had been written off, for whatever reason. It's possible that some were destroyed in accidents, used for parts, or studied.
The squadron was renamed to Air Force 1st Independent Fighter Brigade (空军独立第一歼击机大队) on 26 July 1950. All of the P-51 Mustangs in the Fighter Brigade had been replaced by Soviet-built Lavochkin La-9 fighters by mid-August 1950. The P-51s were retained for training use by the Aviation School No. 7, with thirteen of the Mustangs being modified into two-seat training aircraft. Only eight Mustangs remained in service as training aircraft by September 1953, with the others having been retired due to structural issues with the landing gear. The date of final retirement for the P-51 in PLAAF service is unknown.
Two PLAAF Mustangs survive to this date. One P-51K-10-NT, called "Red 3032", with serial number 44-12458 remains at the Chinese Aviation Museum (中国航空博物馆) in Datangshan, Beijing. The other is a P-51D-25-NA, called "Red 3", with serial number 44-73920 is located at the China People's Revolution Military Museum (中国人民革命军事博物馆) in the Haidian District of Beijing. It was one of the nine Mustangs that performed the flyover of the Tiananmen Square military parade.
Excellent additions to the article would be video guides, screenshots from the game, and photos.
Links to the articles on the War Thunder Wiki that you think will be useful for the reader, for example:
- reference to the series of the aircraft;
- links to approximate analogues of other nations and research trees.
|North American Aviation|
|Fighters||P-51 · P-51A · P-51C-10 · P-51D-5 · P-51D-10 · P-51D-20-NA · P-51D-30 · P-51H-5-NA · F-82E|
|PBJ-1H · PBJ-1J|
|Bombers||B-25J-1 · B-25J-20|
|Jet Fighters||FJ-4B · FJ-4B VMF-232|
|F-86A-5 · F-86F-2 · F-86F-25 · F-86F-35|
|Export / Licence||␗B-25J-30 · ▂B-25J-30|
|▄Mustang Mk IA · ␗P-51D-20 · J26 · ␗P-51K|
|␗F-86F-30 · F-86F-30 ▅ · F-86F-40 ▅ · F-86F-40 JASDF▅ · ␗F-86F-40 · ▀F-86K · ▄F-86K (Italy) · ▄F-86K (France)|
|␗F-100A · ▄F-100D|
|The North American Aviation allowed Canadair Limited to license-build the F-86 as the CL-13 for use in Canada and to export to Europe.|
|The North American Aviation allowed Fiat to license-build the F-86K for the Italian Air Force though another 120 NAA built F-86Ks were also sold to the Italians.|
|See Also||Mitsubishi Heavy Industries · Canadair Limited · Fiat Aviation|
|British||␗Gladiator Mk I|
|Japanese||␗A6M2 · ␗Ki-27 otsu · ␗Ki-43-III ko · ␗Ki-44-II hei · ␗Ki-61-I otsu · Ki-84 ko|
|American||CW-21 · Hawk III · P-66 · ␗P-40E-1 · H-81A-2 · ␗P-43A-1 · ␗P-47D-23 RA · ␗P-47D-28 · ␗P-51D-20 · ␗P-51K|
|Soviet||␗I-15bis · ␗I-153 M-62 · ␗I-16 Chung 28 · ␗I-16 type 5 · ␗I-16 type 10 · ␗I-16 type 17 · ␗La-9|