M24 (Japan)

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Light Tank M24 SDF
jp_m24_chaffee.png
AB
RB
SB
General characteristics
Brief
Detailed
3.3/3.3/3.3BR
5 peopleCrew
front / side / backArmour
25 / 12 / 0Hull
38 / 25 / 25Turret
Mobility
18.4 tWeight
62 km/h forward
25 km/h back
56 km/h forward
23 km/h back
Speed
Armament
75 mm M6 cannonMain weapon
48 roundsAmmunition
-10° / 15°Vertical guidance
verticalStabilizer
12.7 mm M2HB machine gunMachinegun
1 000 roundsAmmunition
200 roundsBelt capacity
577 shots/minFire rate
-10° / 70°Vertical guidance
-60° / 60°Horizontal guidance
1 800 roundsAmmunition
250 roundsBelt capacity
500 shots/minFire rate
Economy
26 000 Rp icon.pngResearch
100 000 Sl icon.pngPurchase
Sl icon.png1 350 / 1 960/1 510 / 2 192/1 390 / 2 018Repair
29 000 Sl icon.pngCrew training
100 000 Sl icon.pngExperts
400 Ge icon.pngAces
× (142) % Rp icon.pngReward for battle
× 1.5 Sl icon.png× 1.3 Sl icon.png× 0.8 Sl icon.png
This page is about the light tank M24 (Japan). For other uses, see M24 (Family).

Description

GarageImage M24 Japan.jpg


The Light Tank M24 SDF is a Rank III Japanese light tank with a battle rating of 3.3 (AB/RB/SB). It was introduced along with the initial Japanese Ground Forces tree in Update 1.65 "Way of the Samurai". This Japanese vehicle is identical to the American M24 Chaffee.

General info

Survivability and armour

Armour type:

  • Rolled homogeneous armour
  • Cast homogeneous armour (Gun mantlet)
Armour Front (Slope angle) Sides Rear Roof
Hull 25.4 mm (60°) Front glacis
25.4 mm (44°) Lower glacis
25.4 mm (13°) Front
12.7 mm (13°) Rear
12.7 mm (71-74°) Top
19 mm (1-43°) Bottom
12.7 mm
Turret 38.1 mm (8-40°) Turret front
38.1 mm (1-45°) Gun mantlet
25.4 mm (17-26°) 25.4 mm 12.7 mm
Armour Sides Roof
Cupola 38.1 mm 38.1 mm

Notes:

  • Suspension wheels and tracks are 15 mm thick.
  • Belly armour is 12.7 mm thick.
  • Gun barrel is 20 mm thick.
  • Gun breech is 300 mm thick in structural steel

Mobility

Mobility characteristic
Weight (tons) Add-on Armor
weight (tons)
Max speed (km/h)
18.4 N/A 63 (AB)
56 (RB/SB)
Engine power (horsepower)
Mode Stock Upgraded
Arcade 459 565
Realistic/Simulator 262 296
Power-to-weight ratio (hp/ton)
Mode Stock Upgraded
Arcade 24.94 30.71
Realistic/Simulator 14.24 16.09

Armaments

Main armament

Main article: M6 (75 mm)
75 mm M6
Capacity Vertical
guidance
Horizontal
guidance
48 -10°/+15° ±180°
Turret rotation speed (°/s)
Mode Stock Upgraded Prior + Full crew Prior + Expert qualif. Prior + Ace qualif.
Arcade 22.85 31.62 38.40 42.46 45.18
Realistic 14.28 16.80 20.4 22.60 24.00
Reloading rate (seconds)
Stock Prior + Full crew Prior + Expert qualif. Prior + Ace qualif.
8.45 7.47 6.89 6.50
Ammunition
Penetration statistics
Ammunition Type of
warhead
Penetration in mm @ 0° Angle of Attack
10m 100m 500m 1000m 1500m 2000m
M72 shot AP 90 88 78 67 57 49
M48 shell HE 10 10 10 10 10 10
M61 shot APCBC 103 101 90 78 68 59
Shell details
Ammunition Velocity
in m/s
Projectile
Mass in kg
Fuse delay

in m:

Fuse sensitivity

in mm:

Explosive Mass in g
(TNT equivalent):
Normalization At 30°
from horizontal:
Ricochet:
0% 50% 100%
M72 shot 619 6.3 N/A N/A N/A -1° 47° 60° 65°
M48 shell 463 6.3 0.4 0.5 666 +0° 79° 80° 81°
M61 shot 618 6.79 1.2 20 63.7 +4° 48° 63° 71°
Smoke characteristic
Ammunition Velocity
in m/s
Projectile
Mass in kg
Screen radius
in m
Screen time
in s
Screen hold time
in s:
Explosive Mass in g
(TNT equivalent):
M64 381 6.9 13 5 20 50
  • M61 shells are for:

Heavy tanks like KV-1 (L-11)s and KV-2s or possibly Shermans if in a mixed game. Medium tanks with applique armour such as the Panzer III Ausf. M and etc.

  • M72 shells are for:

Medium tanks and Light tanks like Panzer III Ausf. J1 or the T-50.

Ammo racks|Ammo racks
Ammo rack of the M24 Chaffee.
Full
ammo
1st
rack empty
2nd
rack empty
Visual
discrepancy
48 25 (+23) (+47) No

Machine guns

12.7 mm M2HB
Pintle mount
Capacity (Belt capacity) Fire rate
(shots/minute)
Vertical
guidance
Horizontal
guidance
1,000 (200) 576 -10°/+70° ±60°
7.62 mm M1919A4
Coaxial mount
Capacity (Belt capacity) Fire rate
(shots/minute)
Vertical
guidance
Horizontal
guidance
1,800 (250) 500 N/A N/A

Usage in battles

The M24 (Japan) is a very good tank with a fairly interesting play style. Instead of being permanently stationed at a single point and continuously firing at an enemy, this tank offers impressive maneuverability and speed which allows it to perform impressive flanking maneuvers. The M24 can travel at around 38 km/h forward and -25 km/h backwards. Its reverse speed is very good if a quick getaway by going backwards is needed. Thus, this tank excels at "peek-a-boo" tactics in which one hides behind a rock or other large piece of cover and repeatedly inches out to fire at an enemy.

The tank offers a 75 mm M6 gun, which has a slower reload than the Sherman's 75mm M3 gun but is otherwise the same. Its shells come in handy for certain tanks; they generally penetrate armour very well. It is rare to experience a ricochet or be to unable to penetrate any armour.

Do not: Continuously shoot at a tank without backing up/moving. The vehicle's armour is very thin and will most likely be destroyed if it stays in one position and does not stop changing positions. Always try to get the first shot off in a head-on attack. Typically, the best shell to use is the M61 shell but it can also be beneficial to have M72 shells as well.

Another way to go around is to flank the enemy. If attacking with a more direct approach, keep hidden behind a building or boulder and pop out every now and then to take a shot at the enemy. Also, prioritize targets who are busy fighting others and cannot retaliate. Usually, after the first shot, it may disable their tank depending on what it is. Disabling the enemy tank's crew, tracks, engine, etc. allows for retaliation without the risk of any incoming enemy shells.

Modules

Tier Mobility Protection Firepower
I Tracks Parts Horizontal Drive
II Suspension Brake System FPE Adjustment of Fire Airstrike M61 Shot
III Filters Crew Replenishment Elevation Mechanism Smoke grenade
IV Transmission Engine Artillery Support Improved optics M64

Pros and cons

Pros:

  • Low profile
  • The best cannon for light tanks in its rank
  • Fast turret traverse
  • Equipped with a vertical plane stabilizer, allowing for more accurate shots on the move or shoot-n-scoot tactics
  • Pintle mounted HMG allows for air defense
  • Very agile
  • Very fast reverse, thanks to the 4-speed reverse gear

Cons:

  • Thin armour on all sides
  • Low ammo count can be a problem in long games or RB/SB matches
  • Vulnerable to nearby explosions
  • Reload is quite slow for its caliber

History

Development

As early as 1942, the light tanks M3 and M5 Stuart have been seen as severely lacking in the modernizing design of tanks and how they fight. The armour was seen as insufficient and the 37 mm gun was also deemed useless against newer German tanks like the Panzer III and Panzer IV. The system needed an upgrade, specifically a light tank that mounts the 75 mm gun seen on the Shermans. An attempt to mount a 75 mm gun on a Stuart was deemed inefficient as it reduced ammo stowage and left the armour too thin on the design.

In April 1943, Ordnance with Cadillac started on a project for the new light tank, designation Light Tank T24. The powertrain and transmission of the M5 Stuart was used with the ultimate goal of producing a vehicle weighing less than 20 tons. This left the vehicle with relatively thin armour to keep light. At the time, a lighter 75 mm gun was developed for mounting on the B-25 Mitchell bomber without sacrificing performance, and this was mounted onto the light tank in development. The tank used 410 mm wide tracks with a torsion bar suspension that greatly improves cross-country travel. The engine was a Cadillac 44T24 V-8 petrol engine. The chassis was designed with the expectation that it would be used as a basis of many different vehicle roles so it was called the "Light Combat Team". The light tank end design had a low profile at 9 ft. 1 in. height and featuring a crew of five with a three-man turret, an improvement over the two-man turrets of the Stuarts. The first finished vehicle arrived on October 15, 1943 and was deemed a success, starting a contract for 1,000 units that was later raised to 5,000 units. The vehicle was classified as the Light Tank M24 and as the Chaffee by the British after US General Adna R. Chaffee, Jr., who helped develop some of America's earliest tank designs. The vehicle was produced by Cadillac and Massey-Harris from April 1944 to August 1945 with a total of 4,731 units produced.

Japanese Service

In July 1st, 1954, Japan set up its post-war military force, the Japan Self-Defense Forces with the purpose of defending Japan should it come under conflict in the ongoing Cold War between America and the Soviet Union. To jump start the remilitarization, America gave the newly formed JSDF several M24 Chaffees along with some M4A3E8 Shermans. The M24 would soon be retired once it was found that they were unable to contend against the Soviet's T-34-85, leading to a limited use until replaced by more capable tanks.

Media

Excellent additions to the article would be video guides, screenshots from the game, and photos.

See also

Links to the articles on the War Thunder Wiki that you think will be useful for the reader, for example:

  • reference to the series of the vehicles;
  • links to approximate analogues of other nations and research trees.

External links

Paste links to sources and external resources, such as:

  • topic on the official game forum;
  • encyclopedia page on the tank;
  • other literature.


Japan light tanks
Rank I  Type 89b I-Go Ko · Type 95 Ha-Go · Type 95 Ha-Go Commander · Type 98 Ke-Ni · Type 2 Ka-Mi
Rank VI  Type 89
American  Light Tank M24 SDF · Light Tank M41 SDF