M1A1 Abrams

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Tank, Combat, Full Tracked, 120-mm Gun M1A1
us_m1a1_abrams.png
AB
RB
SB
General characteristics
Brief
Detailed
10.0/10.0/10.0BR
4 peopleCrew
Mobility
59.0 tWeight
8 forward
4 back
Gear box
Armament
120 mm M256 cannonWeapon 1
40 roundsAmmunition
-9.5° / 20°Vertical guidance
two-planeStabilizer
12.7 mm M2HB machine gunWeapon 2
1 000 roundsAmmunition
200 roundsBelt capacity
577 shots/minFire rate
-9° / 65°Vertical guidance
1 400 roundsAmmunition
200 roundsBelt capacity
750 shots/minFire rate
10 000 roundsAmmunition
200 roundsBelt capacity
750 shots/minFire rate
Economy
390 000 Rp icon.pngResearch
1 010 000 Sl icon.pngPurchase
Sl icon.png8 210 / 12 076/6 500 / 9 561/8 200 / 12 062Repair
290 000 Sl icon.pngCrew training
1 010 000 Sl icon.pngExperts
2 100 Ge icon.pngAces
x 2.26 Rp icon.pngReward for battle
This page is about the medium tank M1A1 Abrams. For other uses, see M1 (Family).

Description

GarageImage M1A1 Abrams.jpg


The Tank, Combat, Full Tracked, 120-mm Gun M1A1 (shortened to M1A1 Abrams) is a rank VII American medium tank with a battle rating of 10.0 (AB/RB/SB). It was introduced in Update 1.87 "Locked On".

General info

Survivability and armour

Describe armour protection. Note the most well protected and key weak areas. Appreciate the layout of modules as well as the number and location of crew members. Is the level of armour protection sufficient, is the placement of modules helpful for survival in combat?

If necessary use a visual template to indicate the most secure and weak zones of the armour.

Mobility

Write about the mobility of the ground vehicle. Estimate the specific power and manoeuvrability, as well as the maximum speed forward and backward.

Armaments

Main armament

Main article: M256 (120 mm)
120 mm M256
Capacity Vertical
guidance
Horizontal
guidance
Stabilizer
40 -9°/+20° ±180° Two-plane
Turret rotation speed (°/s)
Mode Stock Upgraded Prior + Full crew Prior + Expert qualif. Prior + Ace qualif.
Arcade 38.08 52.71 64.00 __.__ 75.29
Realistic 23.8 28.0 34.0 37.6 40.0
Reloading rate (seconds)
Stock Prior + Full crew Prior + Expert qualif. Prior + Ace qualif.
7.80 __.__ __.__ __.__
Ammunition
Penetration statistics
Ammunition Type of
warhead
Penetration in mm @ 0° Angle of Attack
10m 100m 500m 1000m 1500m 2000m
M830 HEATFS 650 650 650 650 650 650
M829 APFSDS 493 492 484 476 467 458
Shell details
Ammunition Type of
warhead
Velocity
in m/s
Projectile
Mass in kg
Fuse delay

in m:

Fuse sensitivity

in mm:

Explosive Mass in g
(TNT equivalent):
Normalization At 30°
from horizontal:
Ricochet:
0% 50% 100%
M830 HEATFS 1,140 13.5 0.0 0.1 1,640 +0° 65° 72° 75°
M829 APFSDS 1,679 4.3 N/A N/A N/A +1.5° 78° 80° 81°
Ammo racks
Full
ammo
1st
rack empty
2nd
rack empty
Visual
discrepancy
40 XX (+XX) XX (+XX) No

Machine guns

12.7 mm M2HB
Pintle mount (Commander)
Capacity (Belt capacity) Fire rate
(shots/minute)
Vertical
guidance
Horizontal
guidance
1,000 (200) 577 -9°/+65° ±180°
7.62 mm M240
Coaxial mount
Capacity (Belt capacity) Fire rate
(shots/minute)
Vertical
guidance
Horizontal
guidance
10,000 (200) 750 N/A N/A
Pintle mount (Loader)
Capacity (Belt capacity) Fire rate
(shots/minute)
Vertical
guidance
Horizontal
guidance
1,400 (200) 750 -9°/+65° -77°/+135°

Usage in battles

Describe the tactics of playing in the vehicle, the features of using vehicles in the team and advice on tactics. Refrain from creating a "guide" - do not impose a single point of view but instead give the reader food for thought. Describe the most dangerous enemies and give recommendations on fighting them. If necessary, note the specifics of the game in different modes (AB, RB, SB).

Pros and cons

Pros:

  • 120mm gun with access to good rounds, including one of the best round for angled armour
  • Turret relatively well protected against chemical rounds
  • Decent mobility
  • Ammo in turret, when detonated, generally will not spread to crew compartment

Cons:

  • Stock vehicle is sluggish
  • Stock rounds are quite inadequate against many of the MBTs the vehicle faces
  • Ammo variety is limited to two choices, a HEAT-FS and APFSDS round
  • Reload time slower than 105mm armed predecessors.
  • Hull and turret armor less effective against kinetic rounds, plus are lacking in protection against the armaments of current Rank VII vehicles

History

Almost as soon as the first production M1 Abrams MBTs began rolling off the assembly line, did American engineers begin working on an upgunned version of the Abrams. They succeeded in this endeavour in 1981, after a prototype Abrams, designated M1E1, was successfully fitted with a 120mm Rheinmetall smoothbore cannon.

Showing promising performance, work on the vehicle continued. At the same time, an upgraded version of the original Abrams, the IPM1, which featured improved protection and a larger turret was briefly produced between 1984 - 1986. The resulting M1A1 Abrams inherited the upgrades from the IPM1 and combined them with the M256 120mm smoothbore cannon, a licence-built version of the German original.

The M1A1 was adopted for service in 1984, and was produced alongside the IPM1 for a short while since 1985 until the older modification was phased out of production.

The M1A1 saw its first use during the U.S. deployment in the Gulf War in 1991. Faced against arguably inferior Soviet-era tanks, the M1A1 had successfully proven its worth in tank-on-tank engagements, but exposed new problems concerning its performance and vulnerability in urban environments. This led to further upgrades for the vehicle being developed later on.

Production of the M1A1 seized in 1992, with over 5,800 units being produced, including Egyptian and Australian export models. The original M1A1 chassis still serves today, albeit as upgraded variants which have undergone several modernization efforts.

- From Devblog

Media

Excellent additions to the article would be video guides, screenshots from the game, and photos.

See also

Links to the articles on the War Thunder Wiki that you think will be useful for the reader, for example:

  • reference to the series of the vehicles;
  • links to approximate analogues of other nations and research trees.

External links


USA medium tanks
Early projects  Medium Tank M2
M3  Medium Tank M3 Lee · Cruiser Tank Grant I · M4A5 Ram II
M4  Medium Tank M4 Sherman · Rocket Launcher T34 Calliope · Medium Tank M4A1 Sherman · Medium Tank M4A1 (76) W Sherman · Medium Tank M4A2 Sherman · Medium Tank M4A2 (76) W Sherman · Medium Tank M4A3 (105) HVSS Sherman · Medium Tank M4A3 (76) W HVSS Sherman
M26  T20 · Medium Tank T25 · Medium Tank M26 Pershing · Medium Tank M26 T99 · Medium Tank M26E1
Post-war  Medium Tank M46 Patton · Medium Tank M46 Patton (73 Tank Batalion) · 90 mm Gun Tank M47 Patton II · Medium Tank T95E1
MBT  90 mm Gun Tank M48A1 Patton III · 105 mm Gun Tank M60 · 105 mm Gun Tank M60A1 (AOS) · Tank, Combat, Full-Tracked 105-mm Gun M60A1 RISE (Passive) · 152 mm Gun Tank M60A2 · 152-mm Gun-Launcher Main Battle Tank 70 · Tank, Combat, Full-Tracked, 152-mm Gun/Launcher XM-803 · Tank, Combat, Full-Tracked, 105-mm Gun XM-1 (GM) · Tank, Combat, Full-Tracked, 105-mm Gun XM-1 (Chrysler) · Tank, Combat, Full Tracked, 105-mm Gun M1 · Tank, Combat, Full Tracked, 105-mm Gun IPM1
Israeli  Magach 3 · Merkava Mk.1