Difference between revisions of "Leopard 2A5"

From War Thunder Wiki
Jump to: navigation, search
(General info: Added composite armour values to table)
m (Formatting for easier reading)
Line 28: Line 28:
 
!Roof  
 
!Roof  
 
<nowiki>*</nowiki>Effective from above
 
<nowiki>*</nowiki>Effective from above
|-
+
 
 +
|- style="vertical-align:top;"
 
|Hull
 
|Hull
 
|35 mm (53-82°) ''Upper glacis''
 
|35 mm (53-82°) ''Upper glacis''
 
'''58.16 - 251.49 mm effective'''
 
'''58.16 - 251.49 mm effective'''
 +
  
 
40 mm (50-51°) ''Lower glacis''
 
40 mm (50-51°) ''Lower glacis''
 +
'''62.23 - 63.56 mm effective'''
 +
  
'''62.23 - 63.56 mm effective'''
 
 
|10 mm (5°) ''Upper hull''
 
|10 mm (5°) ''Upper hull''
 +
'''10.04 mm effective'''
  
'''10.04 mm effective'''
 
  
 
35 mm (0°) ''Lower forward hull''
 
35 mm (0°) ''Lower forward hull''
 +
'''35 mm effective'''
  
'''35 mm effective'''
 
  
 
20 mm (0°) ''Lower rear hull''
 
20 mm (0°) ''Lower rear hull''
 +
'''20 mm effective'''
  
'''20 mm effective'''
 
  
 
|20 mm (12-50°) ''All rear''
 
|20 mm (12-50°) ''All rear''
 
'''20.45 - 31.11 mm effective'''
 
'''20.45 - 31.11 mm effective'''
 +
 +
 
|20 mm (0-8°) ''Hull roof incl. engine deck''
 
|20 mm (0-8°) ''Hull roof incl. engine deck''
 
'''20 - 20.02 mm effective*'''
 
'''20 - 20.02 mm effective*'''
|-
+
|- style="vertical-align:top;"
 
|Turret
 
|Turret
 
|80 mm (57-59°) ''Right cheek add-on''
 
|80 mm (57-59°) ''Right cheek add-on''
 +
'''146.89 - 155.33 mm effective'''
  
'''146.89 - 155.33 mm effective'''
 
  
 
80 mm (55-58°) ''Left cheek add-on''
 
80 mm (55-58°) ''Left cheek add-on''
 +
'''139.48 - 150.97 mm effective'''
  
'''139.48 - 150.97 mm effective'''
 
  
 
30 mm (63°) ''Upper mantlet add-on''
 
30 mm (63°) ''Upper mantlet add-on''
 +
'''66.08 mm effective'''
  
'''66.08 mm effective'''
 
  
 
400 mm (1°) ''Mantlet armour''
 
400 mm (1°) ''Mantlet armour''
 +
'''400.06 mm effective'''
  
'''400.06 mm effective'''
 
  
 
350 mm (9°) ''Mantlet Surrounds''
 
350 mm (9°) ''Mantlet Surrounds''
 +
'''354.36 mm effective'''
  
'''354.36 mm effective'''
 
  
 
|80 mm (20-22°) ''Right add-on''
 
|80 mm (20-22°) ''Right add-on''
 
'''85.13 - 86.28 mm effective'''
 
'''85.13 - 86.28 mm effective'''
 +
  
 
80 mm (22°) ''Left add-on''
 
80 mm (22°) ''Left add-on''
 +
'''86.28 mm effective'''
  
'''86.28 mm effective'''
 
  
 
35 mm (0°) ''Forward''
 
35 mm (0°) ''Forward''
 +
'''35 mm effective'''
  
'''35 mm effective'''
 
  
 
15 mm (0°) ''Rear''
 
15 mm (0°) ''Rear''
 +
'''15 mm effective'''
 +
  
'''15 mm effective'''
 
 
|20 mm (10°) ''Basket''
 
|20 mm (10°) ''Basket''
 
'''20.31 mm effective'''
 
'''20.31 mm effective'''
 +
  
 
20 mm (70°) ''Turret underside''
 
20 mm (70°) ''Turret underside''
 +
'''58.48 mm effective'''
 +
  
'''58.48 mm effective'''
 
 
|35 - 40 mm (80-89°) ''Forehead Armour''
 
|35 - 40 mm (80-89°) ''Forehead Armour''
 
'''35.01 - 42.57 mm effective*'''
 
'''35.01 - 42.57 mm effective*'''
 +
  
 
14 mm (68-82°) ''Forward sides''
 
14 mm (68-82°) ''Forward sides''
 +
'''14.14 - 15.1 mm effective*'''
  
'''14.14 - 15.1 mm effective*'''
 
  
 
20 mm (89°) ''Rear turret''
 
20 mm (89°) ''Rear turret''
 +
'''20 mm effective'''*
  
'''20 mm effective'''*
 
  
 
20 mm (83°) ''Basket''
 
20 mm (83°) ''Basket''
 
 
'''20.15 mm effective*'''
 
'''20.15 mm effective*'''
 
|-
 
|-
Line 113: Line 122:
 
'''<sup>+</sup>Approximate'''
 
'''<sup>+</sup>Approximate'''
 
! colspan="2" |Sides
 
! colspan="2" |Sides
|-
+
|- style="vertical-align:top;"
 
|Hull
 
|Hull
 
| colspan="2" |'''''Upper+Lower glacis'''''
 
| colspan="2" |'''''Upper+Lower glacis'''''
Line 127: Line 136:
 
'''305 - 545 mm chemical<sup>+</sup>'''
 
'''305 - 545 mm chemical<sup>+</sup>'''
 
| colspan="2" |N/A
 
| colspan="2" |N/A
|-
+
|- style="vertical-align:top;"
 
|Turret
 
|Turret
 
| colspan="2" |
 
| colspan="2" |
 
 
'''''Left cheek'''''
 
'''''Left cheek'''''
  
Line 144: Line 152:
  
 
'''610 mm chemical<sup>+</sup>'''
 
'''610 mm chemical<sup>+</sup>'''
 +
  
 
'''''Right cheek'''''
 
'''''Right cheek'''''
Line 158: Line 167:
  
 
'''605 - 705 mm chemical<sup>+</sup>'''
 
'''605 - 705 mm chemical<sup>+</sup>'''
 +
  
 
'''''Gun mantlet (Center)'''''
 
'''''Gun mantlet (Center)'''''
Line 168: Line 178:
  
 
'''600 - 690 mm chemical<sup>+</sup>'''
 
'''600 - 690 mm chemical<sup>+</sup>'''
 +
  
 
'''''Gun mantlet (Outer)'''''
 
'''''Gun mantlet (Outer)'''''

Revision as of 06:39, 19 May 2019

Leopard 2A5
germ_leopard_2a5.png
AB
RB
SB
General characteristics
Brief
Detailed
10.3/10.3/10.3BR
4 peopleCrew
87 %Visibility
front / side / backArmour
80 / 30 / 20Hull
75 / 80 / 20Turret
Mobility
59.5 tWeight
2 862 hp1 500 hpEngine power
48 hp/t25 hp/tSurface density
75 km/h forward
34 km/h back
68 km/h forward
31 km/h back
Speed
Armament
120 mm Rheinmetall L44 cannonMain weapon
42 roundsAmmunition
15 roundsFirst-order
6.0 / 7.8 sReload
-9° / 20°Vertical guidance
two-planeStabilizer
7.62 mm MG3A1 machine gunMachinegun
2 000 roundsAmmunition
8.0 / 10.4 sReload
1 000 roundsBelt capacity
1 200 shots/minFire rate
7.62 mm MG3A1 machine gunCoaxial weapon
4 500 roundsAmmunition
8.0 / 10.4 sReload
1 000 roundsBelt capacity
1 200 shots/minFire rate
Economy
390 000 Rp icon.pngResearch
1 020 000 Sl icon.pngPurchase
Sl icon.png11 000 / 16 576/9 600 / 14 467/5 200 / 7 836Repair
290 000 Sl icon.pngCrew training
1 020 000 Sl icon.pngExperts
2 100 Ge icon.pngAces
232 % Rp icon.pngReward for battle
180 % Sl icon.png150 % Sl icon.png150 % Sl icon.png
This page is about the medium tank Leopard 2A5. For other uses, see Leopard (Family).

Description

GarageImage Leopard 2A5.jpg


The Leopard 2A5 is a Rank VII German medium tank with a battle rating of 10.3 (AB/RB/SB). It was introduced in Update 1.87 "Locked On".

General info

Survivability and armour

The Leopard 2A5 has improved armour compared to its predecessor, the hull is much better protected and the already impenetrable turret cheeks have more protection on the side of the turret. Add-on armour boosts the ability to protect against HEAT-FS and early ADFSDS rounds. The wedges on the front of the turret are able to be blown off if a round with enough energy hits it.The gunners optic is also moved into the roof to eliminate the weak spot which was easily penetrated by any tank.

Be aware of Russian tanks though! Most of them will carry their HE rounds that can easily destroy you anywhere they hit. A hit directly to the turret will most likely send fragments into your hull, penetrate and lets your fuel tank explode or at least set a fire and knock out the gun barrel.

Armour Front (Slope angle) Sides Rear Roof

*Effective from above

Hull 35 mm (53-82°) Upper glacis

58.16 - 251.49 mm effective


40 mm (50-51°) Lower glacis 62.23 - 63.56 mm effective


10 mm (5°) Upper hull

10.04 mm effective


35 mm (0°) Lower forward hull 35 mm effective


20 mm (0°) Lower rear hull 20 mm effective


20 mm (12-50°) All rear

20.45 - 31.11 mm effective


20 mm (0-8°) Hull roof incl. engine deck

20 - 20.02 mm effective*

Turret 80 mm (57-59°) Right cheek add-on

146.89 - 155.33 mm effective


80 mm (55-58°) Left cheek add-on 139.48 - 150.97 mm effective


30 mm (63°) Upper mantlet add-on 66.08 mm effective


400 mm (1°) Mantlet armour 400.06 mm effective


350 mm (9°) Mantlet Surrounds 354.36 mm effective


80 mm (20-22°) Right add-on

85.13 - 86.28 mm effective


80 mm (22°) Left add-on 86.28 mm effective


35 mm (0°) Forward 35 mm effective


15 mm (0°) Rear 15 mm effective


20 mm (10°) Basket

20.31 mm effective


20 mm (70°) Turret underside 58.48 mm effective


35 - 40 mm (80-89°) Forehead Armour

35.01 - 42.57 mm effective*


14 mm (68-82°) Forward sides 14.14 - 15.1 mm effective*


20 mm (89°) Rear turret 20 mm effective*


20 mm (83°) Basket 20.15 mm effective*

Composite armour Front

+Approximate

Sides
Hull Upper+Lower glacis

High Hardness Rolled: 35 mm

External Comp. w/ NERA Elements: 280-520 mm

Rolled Homogeneous Armour: 45 mm

200 - 300 mm kinetic+

305 - 545 mm chemical+

N/A
Turret

Left cheek

High Hardness Rolled: 35 mm

External Comp. w/ NERA Elements: 585 mm

Rolled Homogeneous Armour: 45 mm

Add-on Armour: 80 mm

415 mm kinetic+

610 mm chemical+


Right cheek

High Hardness Rolled: 35 mm

External Comp. w/ NERA Elements: 550-650 mm

Rolled Homogeneous Armour: 40 mm

Add-on Armour: 80 mm

400 - 440 mm kinetic+

605 - 705 mm chemical+


Gun mantlet (Center)

External Comp. w/ NERA Elements: 400 + 200-280

Add-on Armour: 0-30 mm

260 - 325 mm kinetic+

600 - 690 mm chemical+


Gun mantlet (Outer)

External Comp. w/ NERA Elements: 600 + 200-280 mm

Add-on Armour: 80 mm

425 - 460 mm kinetic+

825 - 905 chemical+

Side armour

High Hardness Rolled: 35 mm

External Comp. w/ NERA Elements: 230 mm

Rolled Homogeneous Armour: 45 mm

Add-on Armour: 0-80 mm

260 mm kinetic+

230 - 285 mm chemical+

Notes:

  • Upper hull and Lower rear hull overlap (10 + 20 mm thick)
  • Upper mantlet add-on and Mantlet armour overlap (30 + 400 mm thick)
  • Holes in the engine deck are covered by 8 mm of mesh
  • Approximate kinetic effectiveness ratings have been calculated using effectiveness from the M1 Abrams page, and scaled with RHA and HHR as constants.
  • Approximate chemical effectiveness ratings have been calculated using effectiveness from the M1 Abrams page, and scaled with External Comp. w/ NERA Elements as a constant.

Mobility

The only drawback compared to the previous model would be the Leopard 2A5's mobility since despite the 4 tons increase in weight, the engine remains the same, so the Leopard 2A5 is both slower and less manoeuvrable compared to the Leopard 2A4, but it can still keep up with the other nations MBTs

Keep in mind that the neutral steering is quite underperforming (way slower than on the Leopard 2A4).

Armaments

Main armament

The Leopard 2A5 has access to the DM33 APFSDS shells which make it a deadlier foe as few tanks can stand against it with the exception of the Challenger 2 and T-80U.

120 mm Rheinmetall L44
Capacity Vertical
guidance
Horizontal
guidance
Stabilizer
42 -9°/+20° ±180° Two-plane
Turret rotation speed (°/s)
Mode Stock Upgraded Prior + Full crew Prior + Expert qualif. Prior + Ace qualif.
Arcade 38.08 52.71 64.00 __.__ 75.29
Realistic 23.8 28.0 34.0 37.6 40.0
Reloading rate (seconds)
Stock Prior + Full crew Prior + Expert qualif. Prior + Ace qualif.
7.80 __.__ __.__ __.__
Ammunition
Penetration statistics
Ammunition Type of
warhead
Penetration in mm @ 0° Angle of Attack
10m 100m 500m 1000m 1500m 2000m
DM23 APFSDS 410 408 401 393 384 376
DM12A1 HEATFS 650 650 650 650 650 650
DM33 APFSDS 481 478 470 461 450 440
Shell details
Ammunition Type of
warhead
Velocity
in m/s
Projectile
Mass in kg
Fuse delay

in m:

Fuse sensitivity

in mm:

Explosive Mass in g
(TNT equivalent):
Normalization At 30°
from horizontal:
Ricochet:
0% 50% 100%
DM23 APFSDS 1,640 4.3 N/A N/A N/A +1.5° 78° 80° 81°
DM12A1 HEATFS 1,140 13.5 0.0 0.1 1,640 +0° 65° 72° 75°
DM33 APFSDS 1,640 4.3 N/A N/A N/A +1.5° 78° 80° 81°
Ammo racks
Full
ammo
1st
rack empty
2nd
rack empty
Visual
discrepancy
42 XX (+XX) XX (+XX) No

Machine guns

Main article: MG 3A1 (7.62 mm)
7.62 mm MG 3A1
Coaxial mount
Capacity (Belt capacity) Fire rate
(shots/minute)
Vertical
guidance
Horizontal
guidance
4,500 (1,000) 1,200 N/A N/A
Pintle mount (Loader)
Capacity (Belt capacity) Fire rate
(shots/minute)
Vertical
guidance
Horizontal
guidance
2,000 (1,000) 1,200 -__°/+__° -__°/+__°

Usage in battles

The Leopard 2A5 is slower, but it has much better armor and access to the DM33 round. With these new changes, the playstyle changes a bit too:

  • Hull down: In the 2A4, the gunners optic was easily penetrated so the hull-down was still vulnerable. However, in the 2A5, this weak spot is eliminated and the armor of the turret is much better, so a hull-down position can now leave the Leopard 2A5 invulnerable.
  • Sniping: With the DM33 APFSDS round, the Leopard 2A5 can now make use of the great distance in combat to deal damage while tanking incoming shots.
  • Flanking: Due to the worse mobility compared to the 2A4, it is better to stick to more stationary tactics like hull down and sniping. However, with a little bit caution, flanking can still be successful.

Pros and cons

Pros:

  • Excellent 120 mm gun, DM33 APFSDS is capable of penetrating up to 481 mm maximum at point-blank range
  • Impenetrable turret cheeks, the add-on wedge armour makes the turret immune from every shell in the game (average of 850 mm against long rod APFSDS and 1,450 mm against HEAT)
  • Extremely good armour on the UFP (430mm against long rod APFSDS), immune to every shell in the game except DM33, M829, L26, OFL 120 G1 and 3BM42
  • Great gun handling: 40°/s turret rotation speed (with Ace crew) and -9°/+20° of vertical guidance
  • Side turret covered by add-on armour can bounce early APFSDS shells
  • Gunner optics are now mounted on top of the turret, removing the annoying weak spot present on the Leopard 2A4

Cons:

  • Lower glacis can still be penetrated by most shells
  • Huge hull ammo-rack if more than 16 shells are carried
  • Hull ammo-rack consequently makes the tank extremely vulnerable to HE shells
  • A penetrating shot on the left side of the hull will most likely knock out the driver, gunner and commander, thus destroying the tank
  • DM12A1 HEAT-FS, though very useful against light vehicles, costs 410 SL
  • 8x/12x sight can be tricky to use in close quarters engagements
  • The wedges can be shot off with several hits, though the turret cheeks alone provides 650 mm against KE
  • Tank's weight is 4 tons increased while the engine is still the same, making the Leopard 2A5 slower compared to the l2A4
  • Despite all the added armor, the turret ring and driver's hatch are both easily penetrated, and the enemy will most likely aim at these two spots to disable or destroy the tank.
  • Known bug in the transmission of the tank, issues with neutral steering even when spaded

History

In 1988, German engineers began work on modernizing the Leopard 2 main battle tank. Improvements were made to the tank’s defensive capabilities, primarily the turret armour. Moreover, the 2A5 model was fitted with an electric stabiliser instead of the electro-hydraulic variant that the previous versions used.

The gunner received improved and less vulnerable optics, and the tank commander – a panoramic periscope with thermal imaging. The build of the driver’s hatch was also modified, along with several other minor improvements made to the general design.

Leading to the 2A5 modernization program being officially approved by the military officials of Germany, Sweden and the Netherlands. It is interesting to note that the models exported to the last two countries on the list were actually different from the ones issued to the German army – for instance, the Bundeswehr tanks received no extra frontal hull armour. Production of Leopard 2A5 tanks began in 1995. Overall, 350 earlier-version Leopards were upgraded as a result of the program.

- From Devblog

Media

Excellent additions to the article would be video guides, screenshots from the game, and photos.

See also

External links


Germany medium tanks
  Nb.Fz.
Pz.III  Pz.III B · Pz.III E · Pz.III F · Pz.III J · Pz.III J1 · Pz.III L · Pz.III M · Pz.III N
Pz.IV  Pz.IV C · Pz.IV E · Pz.IV F1 · Pz.IV F2 · Pz.IV G · Pz.IV H · Pz.IV J · Pz.Bfw.IV
Pz.V  Panther A · Panther D · Panther F · Panther G · Ersatz M10 · Panther II
Trophies  ▀M4 748 (a) · ▀T 34 747 (r)
Post-war  KPz-70 · mKPz M47 G · M48A2 C · M48A2 G A2
Leopard  Leopard I · Leopard A1A1 · Leopard 2K · Leopard 2A4 · Leopard 2A5