Difference between revisions of "L21A1 (12.7 mm)"

From War Thunder Wiki
Jump to: navigation, search
(Created page with "== Description == ''Write an introduction to the article in 2-3 small paragraphs. Briefly tell about the history of the devekopment and combat using of the weaponry and also a...")
 
(Filled in page)
Line 1: Line 1:
 
== Description ==
 
== Description ==
''Write an introduction to the article in 2-3 small paragraphs. Briefly tell about the history of the devekopment and combat using of the weaponry and also about it's features. Make a air or ground vehicles list on which this weapon is installed in our game.''
+
<!-- Write an introduction to the article in 2-3 small paragraphs. Briefly tell about the history of the devekopment and combat using of the weaponry and also about it's features. Make a air or ground vehicles list on which this weapon is installed in our game. -->
 +
The '''L21A1''' is the post-war British designation for the American [[Browning M2 (12.7 mm)|Browning M2]] .50 cal (12.7mm) machine gun, when used as a ranging gun on the [[Chieftain (Disambiguation)|Chieftain]] series of tanks. In game the L21A1 is found as a co-axial ranging gun on the [[Vickers MBT]], [[Chieftain Mk 3]] and [[Chieftain Mk 5]]. Despite being a variant of the [[Browning M2 (12.7 mm)|Browning M2]] it performs significantly differently to the normal version in game. The rate of fire almost halves, and most notably penetration is notably decreased to below that of the tank's [[L37A1 (7.62 mm)]] co-axial machine gun.
  
 
=== Vehicles equipped with this weapon ===
 
=== Vehicles equipped with this weapon ===
 +
The L21A1 is only found as a ranging gun on the Vickers MBT and chieftain series of tanks, it is not found on the [[Chieftain Mk 10]], as this version of the tank did away with the ranging machine gun. The L21A1 is found on:
 +
 +
* [[Chieftain Mk 3]]
 +
* [[Chieftain Mk 5]]
 +
* [[Vickers MBT]]
  
 
== General info ==
 
== General info ==
''Tell us about the tactical and technical characteristics of the cannon or machine gun.''
+
<!-- Tell us about the tactical and technical characteristics of the cannon or machine gun. -->
 +
The L21A1 is primarily designed as a ranging gun, and therefore has poor ballistic performance (as the rounds it fires are designed to be visible rather than penetrate armour). The rate of fire is also reduced to conserve ammunition as a high rate of fire is not needed for ranging purposes. 
  
 
=== Available shells ===
 
=== Available shells ===
''Describe the shells that are available for the cannon and their features and purpose. If it iconcerns autocanons or machine guns, so write about different ammo belts and what is inside (which types of shells).''
+
<!-- Describe the shells that are available for the cannon and their features and purpose. If it iconcerns autocanons or machine guns, so write about different ammo belts and what is inside (which types of shells). -->
 +
The L21A1 only has access to one ammunition belt consisting entirely of  Immediate-Action Incendiary (IAI) bullets. As these bullets are designed to be visible on impact rather than to penetrate armour they have poor ballistic performance, with a maximum penetration of 7mm.
 +
 
 +
{| class="wikitable sortable" style="text-align:center" width="100%"
 +
! colspan="8" | Penetration statistics
 +
|-
 +
! rowspan="2" data-sort-type="text" | Ammunition
 +
! colspan="6" | '''Penetration''' '''''in mm''''' '''@ 90°'''
 +
|-
 +
! 10m
 +
! 100m
 +
! 500m
 +
! 1,000m
 +
! 1,450m
 +
! 1,500m
 +
|-
 +
| AP || 7 || 6 || 6 || 5 || 0.1 || 0
 +
|-
 +
|-
 +
|}
 +
{| class="wikitable sortable" style="text-align:center" width="100%"
 +
! colspan="10" | Shell details
 +
|-
 +
! rowspan="2" data-sort-type="text" | Ammunition
 +
! rowspan="2" |Velocity <br /> in m/s
 +
! rowspan="2" |Projectile<br />Mass in kg
 +
! rowspan="2" | ''Fuse delay''
 +
''in m:''
 +
! rowspan="2" | ''Fuse sensitivity''
 +
''in mm:''
 +
! rowspan="2" | ''Explosive Mass in g<br /> (TNT equivalent):''
 +
! rowspan="2" | ''Normalization At 30° <br> from horizontal:''
 +
! colspan="3" | ''Ricochet:''
 +
|-
 +
! 0%
 +
! 50%
 +
! 100%
 +
|-
 +
| AP || 793 || 0.046 || N/A || N/A || N/A || ??° || ??° || ??° || ??°
 +
|-
 +
|}
  
 
=== Comparison with analogues ===
 
=== Comparison with analogues ===
''Give a comparative description of cannons/machine guns, that have firepower equal to these type of weapons.''
+
<!-- Give a comparative description of cannons/machine guns, that have firepower equal to these type of weapons. -->
 +
Unlike other tank-mounted machine guns the L21A1 , which are designed primary for anti-infantry, anti-aircraft, or general purpose use; the L21A1 is specialised for range finding. It has worse rate of fire and ballistic performance than most other guns. It is worse in nearly every way (aside from ranging) compared to the [[L8A1 (7.62 mm)]], [[L37A1 (7.62 mm)]] and [[L3A1 (7.62 mm)]], also found on the tanks this weapon is equipped on.
  
 
== Usage in the battles ==
 
== Usage in the battles ==
''Describe the cannon/machine gun in the game - its distinctive features, tactics of usage against the main opponents. Please don't write a "guide" - do not impose a single point of view, but give the reader food for thought.''
+
<!-- Describe the cannon/machine gun in the game - its distinctive features, tactics of usage against the main opponents. Please don't write a "guide" - do not impose a single point of view, but give the reader food for thought. -->
 +
The L21A1 should be primarily used for range finding as it has poor ballistic performance and rate of fire, making it useless against enemy armour. On the Chieftain series the gun is set up so that the shells from it accurately reflect where the shells from the main gun will land, making it an effective ranging tool. It can also be used, like other machine guns for killing exposed crew members (being a 12.7mm machine gun it does decent damage when it hits exposed crew) in open topped vehicles (although there are few such vehicles at the battle ratings this gun is found at), marking enemy vehicles and obscuring the view of enemy players (shooting at their gun sight).
  
 
=== Pros and cons ===
 
=== Pros and cons ===
''Summarize and briefly evaluate the weaponry in terms of its characteristics and combat effectiveness. Mark pros and cons as a list.''
+
<!-- Summarize and briefly evaluate the weaponry in terms of its characteristics and combat effectiveness. Mark pros and cons as a list. -->
  
 
'''Pros:'''
 
'''Pros:'''
*
+
 
 +
* Gun can be accurately used for ranging the main gun on the [[Chieftain Mk 3]] and [[Chieftain Mk 5]]
  
 
'''Cons:'''
 
'''Cons:'''
*
+
 
 +
* Very low rate of fire
 +
* Despite being a 12.7mm machine gun has less penetration than most light machine guns
 +
* Inferior to the Chieftain's [[L8A1 (7.62 mm)]] and [[L37A1 (7.62 mm)]] machine guns for all purposes other than range finding.
  
 
== Historical part ==
 
== Historical part ==
''Examine the history of the creation and combat usage of this weapon. If the historical reference turns out to be big one, take it into a separate article and add a link to it by using the "main" template. In the end be sure to include references to sources.''
+
<!-- Examine the history of the creation and combat usage of this weapon. If the historical reference turns out to be big one, take it into a separate article and add a link to it by using the "main" template. In the end be sure to include references to sources. -->
 +
The L21A1 is the post-war British designation for the American [[Browning M2 (12.7 mm)|Browning M2]] .50 cal (12.7mm) machine gun, when used as a ranging gun on the Chieftain series of tanks. The Browning M2 (also called the "M2 Machine Gun" or "Browning .50 Caliber Machine Gun") is a heavy machine gun designed by John Browning toward the end of World War I. The gun was similar to the earlier .30 cal [[M1919A4 (7.62 mm)|M1919]] machine gun but used the much more powerful .50 BMG cartridge. The M2 entered service in 1933 and saw wide spread use by the Allies in WW2 as a heavy infantry machine gun, as well as being mounted on aircraft, ships and land vehicles (including extensive use on tanks and armoured cars). The weapon remains in service with a large number of countries (including the US and UK) to this day.
 +
 
 +
The British designation L21A1 was given to weapons used as a ranging gun on the Chieftain series of tanks. The L21A1 fired tracer rounds with an explosive tip allowing the gunner to track the rounds in the air (tracer was visible up to 2,400m) and see a visible "splash" where the round impacted. Starting in the 1970s the ranging gun was phased out on newer variants of the Chieftain, in favour of laser rangefinder with a 10 km (6.2 mi) range, which was linked to the Fire Control System (FCS), allowing for quicker and more accurate engagement at longer ranges.
  
 
== Media ==
 
== Media ==
Line 32: Line 88:
  
 
== Read also ==
 
== Read also ==
''Links to the articles on the War Thunder Wiki that you think will be useful for the reader, for example,''
+
<!-- Links to the articles on the War Thunder Wiki that you think will be useful for the reader, for example,
* ''reference to the article about the variant of the cannon/machine gun;''
+
 
* ''references to approximate analogues by other nations and research trees.''
+
reference to the article about the variant of the cannon/machine gun;
''ETC.''
+
references to approximate analogues by other nations and research trees.
 +
ETC.
 +
 
 +
-->
 +
* [[Browning M2 (12.7 mm)]]
  
 
== Sources ==
 
== Sources ==
''Paste links to sources and external resources, such as:''
+
<!-- Paste links to sources and external resources, such as:
* ''topic on the official game forum''
+
 
* ''page on the Wikipedia''
+
topic on the official game forum
* ''page on aircraft or gorund forces encyclopedia''
+
page on the Wikipedia
* ''other literature''
+
page on aircraft or gorund forces encyclopedia
 +
other literature
 +
-->
 +
* [[wikipedia:M2_Browning|Wikipedia - M2 Browning]]
 +
* [[wikipedia:Chieftain_(tank)|Wikipedia - Chieftain (tank)]]
  
 
{{Tank machine guns}}
 
{{Tank machine guns}}
 
 
[[Category:Tank machine guns]]
 
[[Category:Tank machine guns]]

Revision as of 21:46, 11 February 2019

Description

The L21A1 is the post-war British designation for the American Browning M2 .50 cal (12.7mm) machine gun, when used as a ranging gun on the Chieftain series of tanks. In game the L21A1 is found as a co-axial ranging gun on the Vickers MBT, Chieftain Mk 3 and Chieftain Mk 5. Despite being a variant of the Browning M2 it performs significantly differently to the normal version in game. The rate of fire almost halves, and most notably penetration is notably decreased to below that of the tank's L37A1 (7.62 mm) co-axial machine gun.

Vehicles equipped with this weapon

The L21A1 is only found as a ranging gun on the Vickers MBT and chieftain series of tanks, it is not found on the Chieftain Mk 10, as this version of the tank did away with the ranging machine gun. The L21A1 is found on:

General info

The L21A1 is primarily designed as a ranging gun, and therefore has poor ballistic performance (as the rounds it fires are designed to be visible rather than penetrate armour). The rate of fire is also reduced to conserve ammunition as a high rate of fire is not needed for ranging purposes.

Available shells

The L21A1 only has access to one ammunition belt consisting entirely of Immediate-Action Incendiary (IAI) bullets. As these bullets are designed to be visible on impact rather than to penetrate armour they have poor ballistic performance, with a maximum penetration of 7mm.

Penetration statistics
Ammunition Penetration in mm @ 90°
10m 100m 500m 1,000m 1,450m 1,500m
AP 7 6 6 5 0.1 0
Shell details
Ammunition Velocity
in m/s
Projectile
Mass in kg
Fuse delay

in m:

Fuse sensitivity

in mm:

Explosive Mass in g
(TNT equivalent):
Normalization At 30°
from horizontal:
Ricochet:
0% 50% 100%
AP 793 0.046 N/A N/A N/A  ??°  ??°  ??°  ??°

Comparison with analogues

Unlike other tank-mounted machine guns the L21A1 , which are designed primary for anti-infantry, anti-aircraft, or general purpose use; the L21A1 is specialised for range finding. It has worse rate of fire and ballistic performance than most other guns. It is worse in nearly every way (aside from ranging) compared to the L8A1 (7.62 mm), L37A1 (7.62 mm) and L3A1 (7.62 mm), also found on the tanks this weapon is equipped on.

Usage in the battles

The L21A1 should be primarily used for range finding as it has poor ballistic performance and rate of fire, making it useless against enemy armour. On the Chieftain series the gun is set up so that the shells from it accurately reflect where the shells from the main gun will land, making it an effective ranging tool. It can also be used, like other machine guns for killing exposed crew members (being a 12.7mm machine gun it does decent damage when it hits exposed crew) in open topped vehicles (although there are few such vehicles at the battle ratings this gun is found at), marking enemy vehicles and obscuring the view of enemy players (shooting at their gun sight).

Pros and cons

Pros:

Cons:

  • Very low rate of fire
  • Despite being a 12.7mm machine gun has less penetration than most light machine guns
  • Inferior to the Chieftain's L8A1 (7.62 mm) and L37A1 (7.62 mm) machine guns for all purposes other than range finding.

Historical part

The L21A1 is the post-war British designation for the American Browning M2 .50 cal (12.7mm) machine gun, when used as a ranging gun on the Chieftain series of tanks. The Browning M2 (also called the "M2 Machine Gun" or "Browning .50 Caliber Machine Gun") is a heavy machine gun designed by John Browning toward the end of World War I. The gun was similar to the earlier .30 cal M1919 machine gun but used the much more powerful .50 BMG cartridge. The M2 entered service in 1933 and saw wide spread use by the Allies in WW2 as a heavy infantry machine gun, as well as being mounted on aircraft, ships and land vehicles (including extensive use on tanks and armoured cars). The weapon remains in service with a large number of countries (including the US and UK) to this day.

The British designation L21A1 was given to weapons used as a ranging gun on the Chieftain series of tanks. The L21A1 fired tracer rounds with an explosive tip allowing the gunner to track the rounds in the air (tracer was visible up to 2,400m) and see a visible "splash" where the round impacted. Starting in the 1970s the ranging gun was phased out on newer variants of the Chieftain, in favour of laser rangefinder with a 10 km (6.2 mi) range, which was linked to the Fire Control System (FCS), allowing for quicker and more accurate engagement at longer ranges.

Media

An excellent addition to the article would be a video guide, as well as screenshots from the game and photos.

Read also

Sources


Tank machine guns
USA  7.62 mm: M1919A4 · M37 · M60D · M73 · M240
  12.7 mm: M2HB · M85 · M8C
Germany  7.62 mm: MG 3A1 · FN MAG 60-40
  7.92 mm: MG 13 Dreyse · MG 34 · MG 42 · MG 37(t)
USSR  7.62 mm: DT · Maxim · SGMT · PKT · RP-46
  12.7 mm: DK · DShK · NSVT
  14.5 mm: KPVT
Britain  7.62 mm: L3A1 · L8A1 · L8A2 · L37A1 · L37A2 · L94A1
  7.7 mm: Vickers
  7.92 mm: BESA
  12.7 mm: L21A1
Japan  6.5 mm: Type 91
  7.62 mm: Type 74
  7.7 mm: Type 97
  12.7 mm: Type 60 (B)
Italy  7.62 mm Beretta MG 42/59
  8 mm: Breda Mod. 38
France  7.5 mm: MAC 31 · AAT-52
  7.62 mm: AAN-F1