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The Kh-23M missile (scale is approximate)

The Kh-23M is a Soviet manually-guided air-to-ground missile. It was introduced in Update "New Power".

Vehicles equipped with this weapon

Vehicles equipped with this weapon
Jet fighters  MiG-23M · ◊MiG-23MF · ◔MiG-23MF · MiG-23ML · ◊MiG-23MLA · MiG-23MLD
  MiG-27K · MiG-27M
Strike aircraft  ◊MiG-23BN
Su-17/22  Su-17M2 · Su-22M3 · ◔Su-22M3 · ◊Su-22UM3K
Yak-38  Yak-38 · Yak-38M

General info

The Kh-23M is a modernized variant of the Kh-23 air-to-surface missile, designed to be used against small ground and naval targets. Controlled by command radio guidance, a tracer element is used to determine the position of the missile as it is guided to the target. The missile weighs 289 kg, but the warhead consists of a 75 kg shaped charge/fragmentation warhead (with TNT equivalence of 96 kg), capable of penetrating 78 mm RHA.

Missile characteristics
Mass 289 kg
Guidance Manual (MCLOS)
Maximum speed 2 M
Missile guidance time 25 secs
Firing range 10 km
Explosive mass 96 kg TNTeq
Armour penetration 78 mm

The Kh-23M is a versatile missile. It is comparable to the AGM-12 Bullpup and AGM-62 Walleye. While it does not pack a punch bigger than the AGM-12C Bullpup, it is the counterpart of the AGM-12B with a similar explosive mass and penetration.

Effective damage

The Kh-23M is most effective at destroying stationary targets or slow moving ones. The explosive mass is something that lacks and should be compensated by precise hits. It has a maximum range of 10 kilometres (5.4 nmi). It can be manually controlled like the AGM-12 Bullpups and AS-30 Nords. There are no significant differences in flight performance aside from the missile speed.

While the Kh-23M has very low penetration capabilities (78 mm at any range and angle), any direct hit will ensure target destruction. The warhead is fairly small and mediocre compared to other missiles, even rockets. However, it is enough to take a heavily armoured target if a direct hit is achieved.

Comparison with analogues

  • AGM-12B - It has little to no differences but missile speed (445 m/s vs 686 m/s) and guidance time (30 seconds vs 25 seconds)
  • AGM-12C - The same differences as AGM-12B but with a significantly increased explosive warhead (96 kg vs 136 kg)

Compared to its NATO contemporary, the AGM-12B, it has slightly higher TNT equivalent in the warhead (96 kg vs 58.05 kg), and it has a faster speed (686 m/s vs 455 m/s) along with a slightly longer guidance range (10 km vs 8 km) and very slightly more penetration (78 mm vs 73 mm). The mass is slightly higher than the AGM-12B at 289 kg vs 259 kg.

Usage in battles

Describe situations when you would utilise this missile in-game (vehicle, pillbox, base, etc)

Pros and cons


  • An option of guided ground attack missiles for aircraft, especially if the aircraft does not have access or the required modification for more advanced AGMs like the Kh-25/29


  • Requires a pylon to be taken up by the Delta-NG targeting pod unlike most equivalent MCLOS AGMs such as the Bullpup and Nords
  • Requires a direct hit to take out any relatively heavily armoured targets


The story of the Kh-23M starts with the K-66 missile. The K-66 used a K-8 missile airframe with the beam riding guidance systems of the K-5 AAM. The K-66 was a stop gap measure as it required the pilot to maintain a dive to guide the missile. It entered service in 1968. Meanwhile, development on the Kh-23 continued. Improvements to the motor were made, but the largest difference was the switch from the beam guidance system to radio guidance, similar to that of the American Bullpup system. The new guidance system allowed the missile to be fired from level flight. The Kh-23 entered service in 1973, a further advanced missile, the laser-guided Kh-25, was developed from the Kh-23 with improvements being back-ported to create the Kh-23M which entered service in 1974. A continuous problem with the Kh-23M was the pilot's need to pay continual attention to guide the missile, meaning the pilot had to avoid using the missile in a hostile airspace and rather focus on defensive manoeuvres.


Excellent additions to the article would be video guides, screenshots from the game, and photos.

See also

Links to the articles on the War Thunder Wiki that you think will be useful for the reader, for example:

  • reference to the article about the variant of the weapon;
  • references to approximate analogues by other nations and research trees.

External links

AAM  AIM-54A Phoenix · AIM-54C Phoenix · ATAS (AIM-92) · AIM-120A · AIM-120B
Sparrow  AIM-7C · AIM-7D · AIM-7E · AIM-7E-2 · AIM-7F · AIM-7M
Sidewinder  AIM-9B · AIM-9C · AIM-9D · AIM-9E · AIM-9G · AIM-9H · AIM-9J · AIM-9L · AIM-9M · AIM-9P
AGM  AGM-22 · APKWS II (M151) · APKWS II (M282) · BGM-71D TOW-2
Bullpup  AGM-12B Bullpup · AGM-12C Bullpup
Hellfire  AGM-114B Hellfire · AGM-114K Hellfire II
Maverick  AGM-65A · AGM-65B · AGM-65D
TOW  BGM-71 · BGM-71A · BGM-71B · BGM-71C
SAM  FIM-92 Stinger · MIM-72 · MIM146
Naval SAM  RIM-24A
AAM  AIM-9B FGW.2 Sidewinder · Flz Lwf 63/80
AGM  9M14M Malyutka · Flz Lwf LB 82 · HOT-1 · HOT-2 TOW · HOT-3 · PARS 3 LR
AShM  AS.34 Kormoran
SAM  Roland
Naval SAM  Strela-2M
AAM  9M39 Igla · R-3R · R-3S · R-13M1 · R-23R · R-23T · R-24R · R-24T · R-27ER(1) · R-27ET(1) · R-27R(1) · R-27T(1) · R-60 · R-60M · R-60MK · R-73(E) · R-77
AGM  9K127 Vikhr · 9M17M Falanga · 9M120 Ataka · 9M120-1 Ataka
  Kh-23M · Kh-25 · Kh-25ML · Kh-29L · Kh-29T · Kh-29TE · Kh-29TD · Kh-66 · S-25L
ATGM  3M7 · 9M14 · 9M113 Konkurs · 9M114 Shturm · 9M123 Khrizantema · 9M133 · 9M133FM3 · 9M133M-2
SAM  95Ya6 · 9M311 · 9M311-1M · 9M331 · 9M37M
Naval SAM  Volna-M
AAM  Fireflash · Firestreak · Red Top · Skyflash · Skyflash SuperTEMP · SRAAM · R-Darter
AGM  AS.12 · ZT-6 Mokopa
AShM  AJ.168
ATGM  BAe Swingfire · MILAN · MILAN 2 · ZT3
SAM  Starstreak
AAM  AAM-3 · AAM-4
AGM  Ki-148 I-Go Model 1B
ATGM  Type 64 MAT · Type 79 Jyu-MAT
SAM  Type 81 SAM-1C · Type 91
AAM  PL-2 · PL-5B · PL-5C · PL-7 · PL-8 · TY-90 · PL-12
AGM  AKD-9 · AKD-10 · HJ-8A · HJ-8C · HJ-8E · HJ-8H
ATGM  302 · HJ-73 · HJ-73E · HJ-9 · QN201DD · QN502CDD
AAM  Aspide-1A
Naval AShM  Nettuno
SAM  Mistral SATCP
AAM  AA-20 Nord · Matra R511 · Matra R530 · Matra R530E · Matra Super 530D · Matra Super 530F · Matra R550 Magic 1 · Matra R550 Magic 2 · Mistral · MICA-EM
AGM  9M14-2 Malyutka-2 · AS-20 Nord · AS-30 Nord · AS-30L Nord · HOT-1 · HOT-2 TOW · HOT-3 · Spike ER
SAM  Roland · VT1
AAM  RB24 · RB24J · RB71 · RB 74 · RB 74(M) · RB 99
AGM  Rb05A · RB 53 Bantam · RB 55B Heli TOW · RB 55C Heli TOW · RB 75
ATGM  Rbs 55 · Rbs 56
SAM  Rbs 70
AAM  Shafrir · Shafrir 2 · Python 3 · Derby
ATGM  Spike-LR2 · Spike-MR
  AAM = Air-to-Air Missile   AGM = Air-to-Ground Missile   AShM = Anti-Ship Missile   ATGM = Anti-Tank Guided Missile (Ground mounts)   SAM = Surface-to-Air Missile