G.55 serie 1

From War Thunder Wiki
Revision as of 15:58, 11 April 2021 by Flame2512 (talk | contribs) (Added cockpit image from Russian wiki)

(diff) ← Older revision | Approved revision (diff) | Latest revision (diff) | Newer revision → (diff)
Jump to: navigation, search
VTOL | Rank 5 USSR
Yak-38 Pack
This page is about the Italian fighter G.55 serie 1. For other versions, see G.55 (Family).
g_55_serie1.png
GarageImage G.55 serie 1.jpg
360://https://wiki.warthunder.com/images/6/69/Cockpit_g.55_serie_1.jpg
G.55 serie 1
AB RB SB
5.0 4.7 4.7
Class:
Research:40 000 Specs-Card-Exp.png
Purchase:150 000 Specs-Card-Lion.png
Show in game

Description

The G.55 Centauro serie 1 is a rank III Italian fighter with a battle rating of 5.0 (AB) and 4.7 (RB/SB). It was introduced in Update 1.69 "Regia Aeronautica".

General info

Flight performance

Max speed
at 6 500 m646 km/h
Turn time20 s
Max altitude10 000 m
EngineDaimler-Benz DB-605A
TypeInline
Cooling systemWater
Take-off weight4 t

Adequate. This is the word that comes to mind when referring to the flight characteristics of the G.55. While not particularly good at anything, it isn't particularly bad at anything either, which makes it a solid jack-of-all-trades type plane. Overall, it is a smooth flyer that has decent acceleration, speed and climb rate while sporting a powerful triad of MG 151's which load the feared minengeschoß round that can tear through planes like a hot knife through butter. It excels the most in medium altitude (3-5 km) as a powerful energy-based dogfighter which can take advantage of its great engine power to defeat most allied fighters it comes across.

Characteristics Max Speed
(km/h at 6,500 m)
Max altitude
(metres)
Turn time
(seconds)
Rate of climb
(metres/second)
Take-off run
(metres)
AB RB AB RB AB RB
Stock 623 607 10000 20.9 21.6 13.5 13.5 300
Upgraded 670 646 19.1 20.0 20.7 16.7

Details

Features
Combat flaps Take-off flaps Landing flaps Air brakes Arrestor gear
X X
Limits
Wings (km/h) Gear (km/h) Flaps (km/h) Max Static G
Combat Take-off Landing + -
840 260 437 408 260 ~12 ~6
Optimal velocities (km/h)
Ailerons Rudder Elevators Radiator
< 400 < 420 < 450 > 715
Compressor (RB/SB)
Setting 1
Optimal altitude 100% Engine power WEP Engine power
5,700 m 1,260 hp 1,399 hp

Survivability and armour

Crew1 person
Speed of destruction
Structural840 km/h
Gear260 km/h
  • 8 mm Steel - Pilot's seat
  • 50 mm Bulletproof glass - Armored windscreen
  • Critical components located at the front of aircraft (pilot, engine, controls)
  • Fuel tanks located in wings
  • Fuel tank in the fuselage behind the pilot

Modifications and economy

Repair costBasic → Reference
AB9 920 → 12 628 Sl icon.png
RB17 560 → 22 353 Sl icon.png
SB26 000 → 33 098 Sl icon.png
Total cost of modifications34 800 Rp icon.png
64 900 Sl icon.png
Talisman cost1 300 Ge icon.png
Crew training43 000 Sl icon.png
Experts150 000 Sl icon.png
Aces700 Ge icon.png
Research Aces390 000 Rp icon.png
Reward for battleAB / RB / SB
140 / 350 / 430 % Sl icon.png
154 / 154 / 154 % Rp icon.png
Modifications
Flight performance Survivability Weaponry
Mods aerodinamic fuse.png
Fuselage repair
Research:
1 700 Rp icon.png
Cost:
3 200 Sl icon.png
140 Ge icon.png
Mods radiator.png
Radiator
Research:
1 700 Rp icon.png
Cost:
3 200 Sl icon.png
140 Ge icon.png
Mods compressor.png
Compressor
Research:
2 600 Rp icon.png
Cost:
4 800 Sl icon.png
210 Ge icon.png
Mods aerodinamic wing.png
Wings repair
Research:
2 200 Rp icon.png
Cost:
4 100 Sl icon.png
180 Ge icon.png
Mods new engine.png
Engine
Research:
2 200 Rp icon.png
Cost:
4 100 Sl icon.png
180 Ge icon.png
Mods metanol.png
Engine injection
Research:
3 800 Rp icon.png
Cost:
7 100 Sl icon.png
310 Ge icon.png
Mods armor frame.png
Airframe
Research:
2 600 Rp icon.png
Cost:
4 800 Sl icon.png
210 Ge icon.png
Mods armor cover.png
Cover
Research:
3 800 Rp icon.png
Cost:
7 100 Sl icon.png
310 Ge icon.png
Mods ammo.png
safat12_belt_pack
Research:
1 700 Rp icon.png
Cost:
3 200 Sl icon.png
140 Ge icon.png
Mod arrow 0.png
Mods pilon bomb.png
MCGP50
Research:
1 700 Rp icon.png
Cost:
3 200 Sl icon.png
140 Ge icon.png
Mod arrow 1.png
Mods weapon.png
safat12_new_gun
Research:
2 600 Rp icon.png
Cost:
4 800 Sl icon.png
210 Ge icon.png
Mods ammo.png
mg15120_belt_pack
Research:
2 200 Rp icon.png
Cost:
4 100 Sl icon.png
180 Ge icon.png
Mod arrow 0.png
Mods pilon bomb.png
MCSAP100
Research:
2 200 Rp icon.png
Cost:
4 100 Sl icon.png
180 Ge icon.png
Mods weapon.png
mg15120_new_gun
Research:
3 800 Rp icon.png
Cost:
7 100 Sl icon.png
310 Ge icon.png

Armaments

Offensive armament

Ammunition650 rounds
Fire rate750 shots/min
Ammunition600 rounds
Fire rate700 shots/min

The G.55 serie 1 is armed with:

  • 1 x 20 mm MG 151 cannons, nose-mounted (250 rpg)
  • 2 x 20 mm MG 151 cannons, wing-mounted (200 rpg = 400 total)
  • 2 x 12.7 mm Breda-SAFAT machine guns, nose-mounted (300 rpg = 600 total)

The two cannons are mounted in each wing. A single 20 mm cannon is mounted in the nose of the aircraft, firing through the propeller hub. The two machine guns are nose-mounted, positioned between the pilot and the engine of the aircraft. If fired continuously, the wing-mounted cannons will run out of ammunition before the nose-mounted cannon.

Do not use the Breda HMG's as a source of damage, as they have very poor ballistics beyond 300 meters. The pilot should use them as scouting weapons in order to line-up shots for the MG 151's to save ammunition, which isn't necessarily needed as the 151's have a large pool of ammunition, but it does help when trying to play more conservatively.

Suspended armament

Number of setups2
List of setups
Setup 12 x 50 kg GP 50 bomb
Setup 22 x 100 kg GP 100T bomb

The G.55 serie 1 can be outfitted with the following ordnance:

  • Without load
  • 2 x 50 kg GP 50 bombs (100 kg total)
  • 2 x 100 kg GP 100 bombs (200 kg total)

Usage in battles

The G.55's main strong points come down to its engine power, its light construction and its wing profile, which grant it a high sustained rate of climb, a tight turning circle and the power output to endure sustained horizontal manoeuvring. It performs best up to medium altitudes around 5,000 m (16,404 feet), after which it is generally outperformed by its competition. unfortunately, its light construction and its wing profile mean that when the Centauro goes into the vertical, it bleeds speed very easily. Its top speed in a dive is unimpressive and it can barely catch up in a zoom climb with its competitors. The armament is very effective as well, however, the MG 151 is not very accurate at range, which should be taken into account when engaging in head-on passes.

You should primarily enforce an energy fighting flying style to take advantage of the aircraft's descent energy retention and solid manoeuvrability, and also to try to cover the Centauro's weakness of mediocre speed. Try to stay above your enemy, but take care to recognize the threat your attacker poses by observing the plane they are flying.

Specific enemies worth noting

  • Spitfire F Mk IX and Spitfire F Mk XIVe. These two Spitfire's are some of the most common enemies you will face, and accordingly, some of the most dangerous. The Mk IX has decent speed, amazing climb rate and a turn rate that'll embarrass zeroes, and the XIVe has excellent speed and acceleration, great energy retention and solid performance at high altitude. You should never engage a Spitfire in a turn-fight, so focus on Boom-&-Zoom to use your powerful armament to shred through their weak airframes.
  • P-51D-30. The P-51D-30 is another enemy you should take note of. It is arguably one of the best 4.7/5.0 aircraft thanks to its excellent speed, great climb rate, relatively powerful armament and solid high-speed manoeuvrability due to its Laminar flow wings. The Packard V-1650 is basically a Merlin engine tuned for high altitude, and it can propel the D-30 to speeds the G.55 can only dream of. However, the D-30 has extremely poor manoeuvrability at low speeds due to the same Laminar flow wings that allow it to turn well at high speeds, so if you cannot engage one with an energy advantage you can turn-fight it.
  • Yak-3P. The feared red Russian menace is an extremely dangerous opponent that can engage you on a more than even footing. It turns extremely well and has a solid climb rate while also sporting a relatively powerful set of 3 B-20 cannons, but its performance suffers above 3,000 m where its already mediocre speed becomes crippling. As long as you take care to not turn fight one and engage it above 4,000 m, it is not a threat.
  • Late Bf 109's. While you cannot face one in realistic battles, arcade battles pose this threat. The G-2 and G-6 outclass you in every way, shape and form. Under no circumstances are you to engage these opponents, and if one forces a fight on you, seek assistance from teammates.

Manual Engine Control

MEC elements
Mixer Pitch Radiator Supercharger Turbocharger
Oil Water Type
Not controllable Controllable
Not auto controlled
Controllable
Auto control available
Controllable
Auto control available
Separate Not controllable
1 gear
Not controllable

Pros and cons

Pros:

  • Good climb rate
  • Exceptional low and mid-altitude performance
  • Relatively robust airframe
  • Good turn and roll rate
  • Effective armament with a large ammunition pool
  • Multi-role fighter which can carry bombs

Cons:

  • Lack of armour means the pilot is more prone to being knocked out in a head-on pass
  • Engine overheats quickly on WEP
  • Roll and yaw are limited at high speeds
  • Metal beams on canopy window obstruct the first-person view
  • Very expensive repair cost for its rank

History

The Fiat G.55 serie 1 (G.55/1) was the first production aircraft series of the Fiat G.55 family. The aircraft's origins can be traced to a variant of the Fiat G.50, to be powered by a new Fiat RA.1050 inline engine (a license-built variant of the DB-605). The first G.55 prototype flew on 30 April 1942, immediately exhibiting its great flight performance and handling characteristics. Though initially equipped with a 20 mm MG151/20 cannon and four Breda SAFAT machine guns, the design was revised to include two additional cannons replacing two of the wing-mounted machine guns. This armament scheme became the standard for G.55/1 aircraft, though some had field-modified wing machine guns instead of the cannons.

The aircraft was test flown against its rivals, the C.205 and Re.2005. Of the three, the G.55 exhibited the second best characteristics. As a result, it and the C.205 were both ordered into mass production, with 1,800 G.55 aircraft ordered. The first 34 pre-production aircraft were completed identical to the prototype, and later modified to serie 1 standard, with underwing racks for a single 50 kg or 100 kg bomb. The aircraft's strong high-altitude performance and adequate armament made it well-suited for the bomber interception role it was meant to fulfil, as the Italians intended it to be used against American heavy bombers such as the B-17 and B-24.

The first G.55/1 aircraft began deliveries in summer of 1943, and soon began flying sorties against American bombers. However, the aircraft's complicated construction process meant that only 35 aircraft had been delivered before the Italian Armistice in September of that year. However, several G.55/1s went on to serve with the Northern Italian air force, still loyal to the Nazis. These aircraft served until late 1944, when they were replaced by later variants of the Bf 109.

In early 1942, the German and Italian air forces exchanged officers for visits to their respective aircraft production lines, to investigate ways to standardize axis aircraft production. In particular, the Germans were interested in the G.55 and its counterparts - so interested that it attracted the attention of Hermann Göring. After various flight tests, the German Air Ministry decided that the G.55 was an excellent fighter and started setting up a production line in Germany as well. As a result, various G.55 variants were produced in Germany. However, due to the relatively short production run before the Armistice, only 35 G.55/1 aircraft were built.

Media

Skins
  • Skin and Camouflages for the G.55 serie 1 in Warthunder Live.
"Francesca Lucchini" collaboration camouflage

See also

External links


Fiat Aviation (Fiat Aviazione)
Attacker  F.C.20 Bis
Fighters  CR.32 · CR.32 bis · CR.32 quater
  CR.42 · Marcolin's C.R.42 CN
  G.50 serie 2 · G.50 AS serie 7
  G.55 sottoserie 0 · G.55 serie 1 · G.55S
  G.56
Jet fighters  G.91 pre-serie · G.91 R/1 · G.91 YS
  ▄F-86K*
  F-104S*
Bombers  B.R.20DR · B.R.20M M1
Export  J11
  ▀G.91 R/3 · ▀G.91 R/4 · G.91 R/4
Captured  ▀CR.42 · ▀Marcolin's C.R.42 CN · ▀G.50 serie 2 · ▀G.50 AS serie 7
  *Licensed
See also  North American Aviation · Lockheed Martin

Italy fighters
Fiat  CR.32 · CR.32 bis · CR.32 quater · CR.42 · Marcolin's C.R.42 CN
  G.50 serie 2 · G.50 AS serie 7 · G.55 sottoserie 0 · G.55 serie 1 · G.55S · G.56
Reggiane  Re.2000 G.A. · Re.2000 serie 1 · Re.2001 serie 1 · Re.2001 gruppo 22 · Re.2001 CB · Re.2001 CN · Re.2002 Early · Re.2005 serie 0
Macchi  C.200 serie 3 · C.200 serie 7 · C.202 · C.202EC · C.205 serie 1 · C.205 serie 3 · C.205N2
  Foreign:
Germany  ▄Bf 109 G-2 · ▄Bf 109 G-14/AS
Britain  ▄Spitfire Mk Vb/trop
Romania  IAR-81C