F-84G-21-RE (Italy)

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▄F-84G-21-RE
f-84g_italy.png
AB
RB
SB
General characteristics
Brief
Detailed
8.0/7.7/7.7BR
1 personCrew
5.5 tEmpty weight
10.0 tTake-off weight
Flight characteristics
12 500 mCeiling
sec31.0/31.0/0.0Turn Time
160 km/hStalling speed
Allison J35-A-29Engine
JetType
airCooling system
Speed of destruction
1 045 km/hStructural
320 km/hGear
Offensive armament
6 х 12.7 mm M3 Browning machine gunWeapon 1
1 800 roundsAmmunition
1 200 shots/minFire rate
Suspended armament
2 х 100 lb AN-M30A1 bombSetup 1
2 х 250 lb AN-M57 bombSetup 2
2 х 500 lb AN-M64A1 bombSetup 3
2 х 1000 lb AN-M65A1 bombSetup 4
8 х HVAR rockets
8 х HVAR rockets
8 х HVAR rockets
Setup 5
8 х HVAR rockets
12 х HVAR rockets
12 х HVAR rockets
Setup 6
2 х 100 lb AN-M30A1 bomb
8 х HVAR rockets
8 х HVAR rockets
8 х HVAR rockets
Setup 7
2 х 250 lb AN-M57 bomb
8 х HVAR rockets
8 х HVAR rockets
8 х HVAR rockets
Setup 8
2 х 500 lb AN-M64A1 bomb
8 х HVAR rockets
8 х HVAR rockets
8 х HVAR rockets
Setup 9
2 х 1000 lb AN-M65A1 bomb
8 х HVAR rockets
8 х HVAR rockets
8 х HVAR rockets
Setup 10
8 х HVAR rockets
8 х HVAR rockets
8 х HVAR rockets
2 х Tiny Tim rockets
Setup 11
Economy
99 000 Rp icon.pngResearch
390 000 Sl icon.pngPurchase
Sl icon.png8 300 / 11 105/9 520 / 12 737/4 100 / 5 485Repair
110 000 Sl icon.pngCrew training
390 000 Sl icon.pngExperts
1 800 Ge icon.pngAces
x 2.02 Rp icon.pngReward for battle
This page is about the Italian jet fighter F-84G-21-RE (Italy). For other uses, see F-84 (Family).

Description

GarageImage F-84G-21-RE Italy.jpg


The ▄F-84G-21-RE is a rank V Italian jet fighter with a battle rating of 7.7 (AB/RB) and 8.0 (SB). It was introduced in Update 1.69 "Regia Aeronautica".

Republic Aircraft Company’s jump into the jet fighter market was not as smooth as they would have liked. They experienced severe growing pains as they developed and produced the F-84 series aircraft, especially the B, C, D and E variants. Important upgrades and modifications included a more powerful turbine engine, strengthened wings, aerodynamically secure wing-tip fuel tanks and a strengthened structure. The resultant of these upgrades was the much improved F-84G fighter, which boasted new innovations such as improved avionics, radar, the capability of in-flight refuelling and ability to carry a Mark 7 nuclear bomb. Though the operationally longest lasting of the series with the United States (into the mid-1960s), several other nations continued to use it including France and Taiwan (Republic of China), however, Greece continued flying their fighters until 1991.

Even with the changes from earlier models, even in-game pilots will notice the quirkiness of the F-84G. Noted for its nickname “Lead Sled”, the F-84G, like the B version in-game has an extremely long takeoff roll, around 1,500 m, typically due to the heavier payloads afforded to this aircraft. Though, once at altitude and during attack runs, the F-84G is an incredibly stable platform and can be outfitted with a number of various suspended armaments along with its six 12.7 mm M3 Browning machine guns. Each gun only has 300 rounds of ammunition, therefore trigger control is necessary or else the pilot will be left with empty guns in short order. Considered a multi-role aircraft, the F-84G can be utilised as a fighter-interceptor, bomber interceptor and ground attack fighter. The F-84G can be laden with a variety of bombs ranging from 100 lbs all the way up to two 1,000 lb bombs. HVAR and Tiny Tim rockets are a viable option alone or mixed with bombs to expand the options of targets to be attacked depending on the map the pilot is flying in.

Like many jet fighters, flying slowly makes for an easy target and this is no exception for the F-84G. Speed is necessary to ensure manoeuvrability both to engage a target and to shake a tail. Though not the fastest fighter at this rank, the F-84G can hold its own and when pressed, the six centre lined M3 Browning machine guns can punch enough holes in an enemy fighter to bring it down. Don’t expect this fighter when laden down with two 1,000 lbs bombs or two Tiny Tim and 24 HVAR rockets to excel in a dog-fight as it won’t with all that weight, however, after all that ordnance is released the F-84B can then mix it up, though it is preferable to maintain speed while performing Boom & Zoom manoeuvres.

While dealing with mixed reviews over its positive and negative aspects, the F-84 series aircraft paved the way for a later aircraft which magnified all of the positive qualities of the F-84, being a stable firing platform, loaded to the gills with assorted suspended armaments and a main gun which rained destruction on the enemy, this aircraft would later be know as the Fairchild-Republic A-10 Thunderbolt II.

General info

Flight Performance

Characteristics
Stock
Max Speed
(km/h at 0 m - sea level)
Max altitude
(meters)
Turn time
(seconds)
Rate of climb
(meters/second)
Take-off run
(meters)
AB RB AB RB AB RB
976 971 12,500 28.9 30.4 29.9 29.3 1,040
Upgraded
Max Speed
(km/h at 0 m - sea level)
Max altitude (meters) Turn time (seconds) Rate of climb
(meters/second)
Take-off run (meters)
AB RB AB RB AB RB
 ?  ? 12,500  ??.?  ??.?  ?.?  ?.? 1,040

Details

Features
Combat flap Take-off flap Landing flap Air brakes Arrestor gear
X
Limits
Wing-break speed
(km/h)
Gear limit
(km/h)
Combat flap
(km/h)
Max Static G
+ -
1,045 320 550 ~?? ~?

Survivability and armour

  • 6.35 mm Steel - Fore cockpit armour plating
  • 8 mm Steel - Armor plate behind pilot's seat
  • 12.7 mm Steel - Armored headrest
  • 38 mm Bulletproof glass - Armored windscreen

Armaments

Offensive armament

Main article: Browning M3 (12.7 mm)

The F-84G-21-RE (Italy) is armed with:

  • 4 x 12.7 mm Browning M3 machine guns, nose-mounted (300 rpg = 1,200 total)
  • 2 x 12.7 mm Browning M3 machine guns, wing-mounted (300 rpg = 600 total)

Suspended armament

Main articles: HVAR, Tiny Tim

The F-84G-21-RE (Italy) can be outfitted with the following ordinance:

  • 2 x 100 lb AN-M30A1 bombs (200 lb total)
  • 2 x 250 lb AN-M57 bombs (500 lb total)
  • 2 x 500 lb AN-M64A1 bombs (1,000 lb total)
  • 2 x 1,000 lb AN-M65A1 bombs (2,000 lb total)
  • 24 x HVAR rockets
  • 32 x HVAR rockets
  • 24 x HVAR rockets + 2 x 100 lb AN-M30A1 bombs (200 lb total)
  • 24 x HVAR rockets + 2 x 250 lb AN-M57 bombs (500 lb total)
  • 24 x HVAR rockets + 2 x 500 lb AN-M64A1 bombs (1,000 lb total)
  • 24 x HVAR rockets + 2 x 1,000 lb AN-M65A1 bombs (2,000 lb total)
  • 24 x HVAR rockets + 2 x Tiny Tim rockets

Usage in the battles

The F-84G-21-RE should be played as an aggressive Boom & Zoom aircraft. Meaning that as soon as you spawn in it, you turn to the direction of the enemy airfield to rush and reach 850+ kph. Engage those who are climbing, there is also a chance of catching a few away-from-keyboard climbers too. After climbing to engage an enemy at altitude, do not turn back to follow them if they evade. Continue zoom climbing, do a vertical loop and maintain level flight to gain a little bit more speed. After that, the only way you're supposed to fly against enemies is by diving, engaging, zooming up, vertical loop then rinse and repeat.

Modules

Tier Flight performance Survivability Weaponry
I Fuselage Repair Offensive 12 mm FRC mk.7 FSBC mk.1
II New Boostes Compressor Airframe FRC mk.7a FSBC mk.5
III Wings Repair Engine New 12 mm MGs FMBC mk.1
IV G-Suit Engine Injection Cover LFRC mk.12 FLBC mk.1

Pros and cons

Pros:

  • Very high top speed for an early jet
  • Air spawn, good for rushing
  • Can carry large amounts of payloads
  • Wide variety of secondary armament (bombs, rockets)
  • 6 x 12.7 mm M3 machine guns
  • Very good acceleration for an early jet, even stock
  • The best climber from 7.0 - 8.0 (excluding the G.91s)

Cons

  • Not good at turning
  • May rip if pulled hard enough
  • Roll rate is average without New Boosters
  • Engines overheating

History

In early 1944, Alexander Kartveli, the chief designer for the Republic Aviation Aircraft Company set out to work on a replacement for the piston-powered P-47 Thunderbolt which instead would be powered by a turbojet. All attempts at trying to use the P-47 frame to accommodate a turbojet failed and Kartveli resorted to designing a brand new aircraft around an axial compressor turbojet engine. Due to the nature of the engine taking up a large majority of the fuselage, fuel tanks were designed to be in the wings of the aircraft, however, the body was streamlined to make the smallest profile possible and retain all necessary critical components.

The USAAF in September 1944 released new requirements for a daytime fighter along with specific characteristics such as the top speed of 600 mph (966 kph), armament of six 21.7mm machine guns or four 15.2 mm machine guns along with housing a General Electric TG-180 axial turbojet also known as the Allison J35 series turbojet engine. Republic proposed their new aircraft and on paper proposed it would be superior to Lockheed’s P-80 Shooting Star. The USAAF noting Republic’s already proven experience with single-seat fighters proposed a contract without holding any competition. These initial order fighters were listed as YP-84As and P-84Bs.

These early test aircraft were put to wind tunnel testing and it was found that major flaws developed when subjected to high speeds, notably longitudinal instability in the aircraft’s frame and stabilizer skin buckling at high speeds. Also noted was issues with the weight of the aircraft and the problem with early turbojets not producing enough thrust for takeoff and climb outs (a problem which plagued the F-84B aircraft until more robust engines were outfitted). Early J35-GE-7 engines were replaced with J35-A-15 versions which helped with the thrust ratio, however wing-tip fuel tanks were added to the mix prior to proper testing and issues developed which at one point grounded the fleet of aircraft until modifications were made.

In 1947, the USAF changed the pursuit designation of the aircraft to fighter and thus the P-84 became the F-84. The YP-84A and the F-84B only differed when it came to the type of M3 machine guns they carried, as the F-84B had faster-firing machine guns than the YP-84A. Early successes of the F-84B were overshadowed by problem after problem including a speed restriction limiting flight to no more than Mach 0.8 as any faster and the aircraft experienced control reversal where the pilot would input normal commands with the control stick and the opposite manoeuvre would occur (for instance if the pilot pulled back on the control stick to make the aircraft climb, the aircraft would actually begin to dive and vice versa). Even with the speed restrictions, the entire fleet of F-84B fighters was grounded by 1948 due to parts shortages and structural failures. It was also at this time that the F-84C aircraft were also determined to be incapable of performing any of their mission parameters, however since the F-84D was already under production (with all of the B and C variants issues being resolved), the program continued. Funding was allocated to upgrade the B and C variants, however, both were finally withdrawn from active duty service by the end of 1952.

Testing of the F-84D determined that the wings needed to be covered with a thicker aluminium skin to strengthen them which was helpful because the engine was upgraded to the more powerful J35-A-17D. Here it was found that during high-G manoeuvres, the wingtip fuel tanks led to the structural failure of the wings due to twisting motions. A simple fix of adding a small triangular fin to the external portion of the fuel tank alleviated that problem. Despite the fixes introduced with the D variant, it too was withdrawn from active duty in 1952. The F-84E variant fighter saw modifications specifically with strengthened wings and a larger cockpit which was necessary to equip advanced avionics to include an A-1C gunsight which worked with an APG-30 radar. Folding rocket racks were also developed so that once the HVAR rockets were fired; the racks would fold flush with the wing increasing the aircraft’s overall aerodynamics. Unfortunately even with all of the modifications, failure of the aircraft hinged upon the Allison J35-A-17 engines which were only designed to be flown for 25 hours a month and would receive a complete overhaul after 100 hours of flight. Due to the number of sorties flown in the Korean War, engine overhauls were taking place more frequently and quickly exhausted all of the spare parts and new engines produced.

The final variant of F-84 introduced was the G variant which began service in 1951. Utilised for the next nine years, the F-84G had new innovations which became standard on future aircraft to include, a refuelling boom mounted on the left-wing for in-flight refuelling, instrument landing system to allow for landing during inclement weather, a J35-A-29 engine, an autopilot system and the first fighter with the ability to carry a single Mark 7 nuclear bomb. The F-84G was retired from US service in 1960, however, countries such as Portugal continued to use this fighter through 1974 and were flown out of Angola. The F-84 had a rocky start into the foray of turbine jet fighters, however, challenges and difficulties paved the way for the F-100 Super Sabre and the RF-101 Voodoo as their replacements.

At least 13 other countries bought into the F-84 program including Italy which purchased 256 F-84G fighters and operated them from 1952 to 1957.

Media

An excellent addition to the article will be video guides, as well as screenshots from the game and photos.

Read also

Sources

Paste links to sources and external resources, such as:

  • topic on the official game forum;
  • page on aircraft encyclopedia;
  • other literature.


Italy jet aircrafts
F-84  ▄F-84G-21-RE
G.91  G.91 pre-serie · G.91 R/1