|This page is about the aircraft D.520 in the French tree. For the version in the British tree, see D.520 (Great Britain).|
The D.520 is a rank III French fighter with a battle rating of 3.0 (AB), 2.7 (RB), and 2.3 (SB). It was introduced in Update 1.73 "Vive la France".
Due to the D.520's mediocre handling, each scenario must be exploited to the best for the maximum efficiency from the plane. However, maintaining a high speed with the aircraft is essential to do well in common dog-fighting tactics such as Boom & Zoom and Turn & Burn.
|Characteristics|| Max Speed
(km/h at 5,000 m)
| Max altitude
| Turn time
| Rate of climb
| Take-off run|
|Combat flap||Take-off flap||Landing flap||Air brakes||Arrestor gear|
| Wing-break speed
| Gear limit
| Combat flap
|Max Static G|
|< ???||< ???||< ???||> ???|
|Optimal altitude||100% Engine power||WEP Engine power|
|?,??? m||??? hp||?,??? hp|
Survivability and armour
- 38 mm Bulletproof glass in front of pilot.
- 8 mm Steel plate behind pilot.
- 3 mm Steel box behind pilot's head.
The D.520 is armed with:
- 1 x 20 mm Hispano 404 cannon (60 rpg = 60 total)
- 4 x 7.5 mm MAC 1934 machine guns (675 rpg = 2,700 total)
Usage in battles
The main purpose of the D.520 is the role of an interceptor/fighter. It has no bomb-capacity and thus stands limited to aerial combat. In this respect there are a few things to consider, first and foremost that this is a fighter that does not do great away from a squad. It has mediocre flight characteristics as far as speed, climb and turn is concerned. It is however quite well armoured to compensate for such, meaning that it will stay air-worthy where other aircraft would crash, and instead stands a fighter which is effective in engagements where it has support to rely on. Without such support, it is a very situational plane which can engage certain enemies depending on advantage in altitude, speed, or sometimes even a turning radius. It has a respectable armament of one powerful Hispano 20 mm cannon with a very limited ammunition load (60 rounds), and four 7.5 mm guns with a good deal of ammunition which makes it competitive in realistic battles. Its strong airframe is able to withstand significant wind resistance making it potent in a longer dive. Despite its limited attributes it handles fairly comfortably and thus can be a real asset to a pilot which employs situational awareness combined with an in depth understanding of the enemy aircraft he will choose to either engage or avoid. It has a potent incendiary tracer round for its machine guns and the Hispano makes it pack a fairly significant punch despite its limited cannon ammunition. The D.520 is best considered a heavier single-seat fighter aircraft which can out-endure other enemy squads due to its armour, but not out-turn, out-run, out-gun many other types of aircraft on its own rank.
Manual Engine Control
|Not controllable|| Controllable
|Controllable||Not controllable||Combined||Controllable||Not controllable|
|I||Fuselage Repair||Radiator||Offensive 7 mm|
|II||Compressor||Airframe||New 7 mm MGs|
|III||Wings Repair||Engine||Offensive 20 mm|
|IV||Engine Injection||Cover||New 20 mm Cannons|
Pros and cons
- Powerful 20mm cannon
- Good fighter armament
- Plenty of ammo for the machine-guns
- Very incendiary ammunition for its tracer ammunition.
- Fairly good armour
- Very little ammo for the 20mm cannon (60 rounds)
- Relatively poor rate of climb
- Very situational aircraft.
- Takes a lot of machine gun rounds to shoot down a enemy plane when you run out of cannon ammo.
The Dewoitine D520 was one of the most successful French fighters of the Second World War.
Designed from 1936 by Émile Dewoitine on its own funds, to respond to a call for tenders from the French Air Force seeking a hunter to succeed the Dewoitine D510, and capable of reaching 520 km / h. The project will be carried out by SNCAM, a new company, resulting from the nationalization of the Dewoitine workshops. Three prototypes were built: the first, which flies for the first time on October 2, 1938, equipped with a Hispano Suiza 12Y21 of 890 horses, does not manage to exceed 480 km / h. Motorized by a 12Y29 and equipped with a variable-pitch propeller, it reaches a speed of 825 km / h in dive.
The other two prototypes were developed during 1939, equipped with their armaments, and in March, 200 copies were ordered, followed by 600, subsequently reduced to an additional 510 in June. In September, at the start of the conflict, total orders rose to 1 280 and in April 1940 to 2 250.
The series D520, the first copy of which was produced in November 1939, is equipped with a Hispano Suiza 12Y45 engine of 935 horsepower and armed with 4 machine guns 7.5 mm in the wings, supplied at 675 rounds, and a 20 mm cannon , with 60 shots firing across the axis of the propeller. It began equipping the french Air Force from January 1940, but was not fully operational until the end of May. At the armistice, 437 copies were produced and 351 delivered.
In April 1941 production resumed to equip the Air Force of the Vichy Regime which ordered 550 copies. Although a little slower than the Messerschmitt Bf109, it was more maneuverable and was one of the only aircraft able to supplant it at the start of the war. However, built in too small a number and arriving too late in the various hunting groups he equipped, it is not enough to reverse the course of history.
The Dewoitine D520 is credited with 147 victories in aerial combat against the Luftwaffe and Regia Aeronautica, for 54 planes shot down. Some planes were product and buy by the French Vichy State to oppose the Allied landings in North Africa and the occupation of Lebanon and Madagascar.
Some aircraft captured by the German army during the 1942 invasion of the south zone were used as training aircraft by the Luftwaffe and other Axis powers. They were also sold in large numbers to the Bulgarian force, about 150 planes which fought against the American planes. In 1944, the D.520s taken over from the occupying armies equipped the 1st FFI Hunting Group, under the command of Marcel Doret, to carry out missions in the Bordeaux region and the Royan pocket.
At the end of the war, the remaining aircraft were used for the training of French pilots until 1953. A total of 775 copies were produced.
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|Fighters||D.371 · D.371 H.S.9 · D.373 · D.500 · D.501 · Pallier's D.510 · D.520|
|Export||▄D.520 · ▄D.521|
|Dewoitine||D.371 · D.371 H.S.9 · D.373 · D.500 · D.501 · Pallier's D.510 · D.520|
|Morane-Saulnier||M.S.405C1 · M.S.406C1 · M.S.410|
|Bloch||M.B.152C1 · M.B.157|
|American||H-75A-1 · H-75A-4 · ▄F6F-5 · ▄F6F-5N · ▄P-63C-5 · F4U-7 · ▄F8F-1B|
|Other countries||▄Yak-3 · Challe's ▄Yak-9T · NC.900|