Centurion Mk 10

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RANK VI USSR
T-72AV (TURMS-T) PACK
This page is about the the medium tank Centurion Mk 10. For similar vehicles, see Centurion (Family).
uk_centurion_mk_10.png
GarageImage Centurion Mk 10.jpg
Centurion Mk 10
AB RB SB
7.7 7.7 7.7
Class:
Research:120 000 Specs-Card-Exp.png
Purchase:300 000 Specs-Card-Lion.png
Show in game

Description

The Centurion Mk 10 is a rank V British medium tank with a battle rating of 7.7 (AB/RB/SB). It was released along with the entire British tree line in Update 1.55 "Royal Armour". An upgrade over the previous Centurion Mk 3, the Mk 10 boasts slightly better frontal armour and a more powerful 105 mm L7A1 gun, but remains a vulnerable target in the Rank V battles.

General info

Survivability and armour

Smoke grenades
Creation of a smoke screen in front of the vehicle
Armourfront / side / back
Hull127 / 50 / 32
Turret152 / 89 / 89
Crew4 people
Visibility119 %
Centurion Mk 10 driving on Sweden

Armour type:

  • Rolled homogeneous armour
  • Cast homogeneous armour (turret)
Armour Front (Slope angle) Sides Rear Roof
Hull 76.2 + 44 mm (57°) Front glacis
76.2 mm (45°)
50.8 (12°) + 6 mm 32 mm (7°) Top
19 mm (62°) Bottom
29 mm
Turret 152 mm (3-48°) Turret front
152 mm Gun mantlet
89 mm (5-12°) 89 mm (1-18°) 50.8 mm Front of turret
29 mm Center of turret
Cupola 152 mm 90 mm 29 mm

Notes:

  • Tracks and suspension wheels are both 20 mm thick.
  • The steel boxes around the turret give 4 mm while hull steel boxes give 6 mm of additional protection, though these seem to be a negligible addition.
  • Spaced armour plates are placed on the side of the Centurion, giving an additional 6 mm of side armour.

The Centurion Mk 10 has an additional upper front glacis plate compared to the preceding Mk 3. This reliably protects the glacis from penetration by commonly encountered full-bore AP rounds such as those fired by the 8.8 cm KwK 43 L/71 or the 100 mm D-10. However, it will not protect against most APDS or HEAT rounds that may be encountered in up-tiers. The Mk 10's turret is identical to that on the Mk 3 except for the thicker gun mantlet; the mantlet can protect against carelessly aimed shots, but the flat turret face is vulnerable.

There are many rounds of ammunition scattered throughout the Centurion's hull, and a large ammo rack is also situated next to the driver, on the left side of the tank. This means that any round that successfully penetrates the Centurion's hull will likely cause an ammunition explosion. On the other hand, there is no ammunition stored above the turret ring; turret penetrations are unlikely to cause an ammunition explosion unless the shells have explosive fillers.

Mobility

Speedforward / back
AB39 / 14 km/h
RB and SB35 / 13 km/h
Number of gears5 forward
2 back
Weight51.8 t
Engine power
AB1 240 hp
RB and SB650 hp
Power-to-weight ratio
AB23.9 hp/t
RB and SB12.5 hp/t
Game Mode Max Speed (km/h) Weight (tons) Engine power (horsepower) Power-to-weight ratio (hp/ton)
Forward Reverse Stock Upgraded Stock Upgraded
Arcade 39 14 51.8 1,007 1240 19.44 23.94
Realistic 35 13 575 650 11.1 12.55

The Centurion Mk 10 has decent cross country mobility, but suffers from a low top speed thanks to its underpowered engine, especially compared to other medium tanks. It is capable of neutral steering, and is fairly manoeuvrable.

Modifications and economy

Repair costBasic → Reference
AB7 600 → 11 057 Sl icon.png
RB7 700 → 11 203 Sl icon.png
SB13 000 → 18 914 Sl icon.png
Total cost of modifications113 000 Rp icon.png
170 600 Sl icon.png
Talisman cost2 100 Ge icon.png
Crew training85 000 Sl icon.png
Experts300 000 Sl icon.png
Aces1 200 Ge icon.png
Research Aces720 000 Rp icon.png
Reward for battleAB / RB / SB
130 / 150 / 180 % Sl icon.png
196 / 196 / 196 % Rp icon.png
Modifications
Mobility Protection Firepower
Mods new tank traks.png
Tracks
Research:
7 900 Rp icon.png
Cost:
11 000 Sl icon.png
230 Ge icon.png
Mods new tank suspension.png
Suspension
Research:
6 600 Rp icon.png
Cost:
9 400 Sl icon.png
190 Ge icon.png
Mods new tank break.png
Brake System
Research:
6 600 Rp icon.png
Cost:
9 400 Sl icon.png
190 Ge icon.png
Mods new tank filter.png
Filters
Research:
7 400 Rp icon.png
Cost:
11 000 Sl icon.png
220 Ge icon.png
Mods new tank transmission.png
Transmission
Research:
9 600 Rp icon.png
Cost:
14 000 Sl icon.png
280 Ge icon.png
Mods new tank engine.png
Engine
Research:
9 600 Rp icon.png
Cost:
14 000 Sl icon.png
280 Ge icon.png
Mods tank tool kit.png
Parts
Research:
5 100 Rp icon.png
Cost:
11 000 Sl icon.png
230 Ge icon.png
Mods extinguisher.png
FPE
Research:
4 300 Rp icon.png
Cost:
9 400 Sl icon.png
190 Ge icon.png
Mods tank reinforcement uk.png
Crew Replenishment
Research:
7 400 Rp icon.png
Cost:
11 000 Sl icon.png
220 Ge icon.png
Mods new tank horizontal aiming.png
Horizontal Drive
Research:
7 900 Rp icon.png
Cost:
11 000 Sl icon.png
230 Ge icon.png
Mods tank cannon.png
Adjustment of Fire
Research:
6 600 Rp icon.png
Cost:
9 400 Sl icon.png
190 Ge icon.png
Mods new tank vertical aiming.png
Elevation Mechanism
Research:
7 400 Rp icon.png
Cost:
11 000 Sl icon.png
220 Ge icon.png
Mods smoke screen.png
Smoke grenade
Research:
7 400 Rp icon.png
Cost:
11 000 Sl icon.png
220 Ge icon.png
Mods art support.png
Artillery Support
Research:
9 600 Rp icon.png
Cost:
14 000 Sl icon.png
280 Ge icon.png
Mods night vision device.png
NVD
Research:
9 600 Rp icon.png
Cost:
14 000 Sl icon.png
280 Ge icon.png

Armaments

Night vision device
Improves visibility by enhancing natural light or active illumination.
A Centurion Mk 10 fires its main gun

Main armament

Two-plane stabilizer
Reduces the swing of the gun in two planes while moving
Ammunition70 rounds
First-order14 rounds
Reloadbasic crew → aces
8.7 → 6.7 s
Vertical guidance-10° / 20°

The Centurion Mk 10 is the first British tank to be equipped with the ubiquitous 105 mm L7 rifled gun. However, unlike other countries, the L7 was not issued with HEAT-FS ammunition in British service, and thus the only rounds available are APDS and HESH. Both are generally less reliably lethal than HEAT-FS, and require good knowledge of opposing tanks' weak spots and critical modules for best effect, making them harder to use.

On the plus side, the gun is fully stabilised and the Centurion Mk 10 can reliably hit targets while moving. The gun also reloads quite fast, allowing the Centurion to reload before common opponents like the T-54 medium tanks.

105 mm Royal Ordnance L7A1 Turret rotation speed (°/s) Reloading rate (seconds)
Mode Capacity Vertical Horizontal Stabilizer Stock Upgraded Full Expert Aced Stock Full Expert Aced
Arcade 70 -10°/+20° ±180° Two-plane 19.04 26.35 32.00 35.39 37.65 8.71 7.70 7.10 6.70
Realistic 11.90 14.00 17.00 18.80 20.00

Ammunition

Penetration statistics
Ammunition Type of
warhead
Penetration @ 0° Angle of Attack (mm)
10 m 100 m 500 m 1,000 m 1,500 m 2,000 m
Shot L28A1 APDS 303 302 296 277 257 252
Shell L35 HESH 127 127 127 127 127 127
Shell details
Ammunition Type of
warhead
Velocity
(m/s)
Projectile
Mass (kg)
Fuse delay
(m)
Fuse sensitivity
(mm)
Explosive Mass
(TNT equivalent) (g)
Ricochet
0% 50% 100%
Shot L28A1 APDS 1,478 4 N/A N/A N/A 75° 78° 80°
Shell L35 HESH 730 14.85 0.05 0.1 4,780 73° 77° 80°

Ammo racks

Ammo racks of the Centurion Mk 10
Full
ammo
1st
rack empty
2nd
rack empty
3rd
rack empty
4th
rack empty
5th
rack empty
6th
rack empty
7th
rack empty
8th
rack empty
9th
rack empty
Visual
discrepancy
70 65 (+5) 56 (+14) 50 (+20) 44 (+26) 41 (+29) 40 (+30) 38 (+32) 28 (+42) (+70) No

First and second ammo rack will replenish when not reloading First-stage ammo racks only: 15 (+55)

Optics

Centurion Mk 10 Optics
Default magnification Maximum magnification
Main Gun optics X4.9 X6.0
Comparable optics M50

Note: The optics are mounted on top of the tank instead of coaxially.

Machine guns

Ammunition3 000 rounds
Belt capacity250 rounds
Reloadbasic crew → aces
10.4 → 8.0 s
Fire rate500 shots/min
Main article: L3A1 (7.62 mm)
7.62 mm L3A1
Mount Capacity (Belt) Fire rate Vertical Horizontal
Coaxial 3,000 (250) 500 N/A N/A

Usage in battles

Centurion Mk 10 drives into battle

The Centurion Mk 10 should feel familiar to players coming from the Centurion Mk 3. The 105 mm L7A1 features high penetration and precision at long range, especially with the high-velocity APDS ammunition, capable of penetrating the upper glacis of a Tiger II. The increased hull armour and thicker gun mantlet make it more resilient against poorly aimed shots, while the tank also retains its great mobility, though it still suffers from having a low top speed.

These traits make the Centurion Mk 10 an excellent sniper and fire support vehicle, able to hold back and pick off enemy vehicles at range. Playing the Centurion too aggressively may result in being quickly outmanoeuvred early game, particularly by high-rank armoured cars such as the AUBL/74 and highly mobile German tanks like the Leopard I and Ru 251. The Centurion rewards a player who has patience and a good awareness of their surroundings.

Pros and cons

Pros:

  • High-penetrating gun with immediate access to APDS and HESH shots as the default rounds
  • Good gun depression and elevation angles
  • Upper glacis and gun mantlet can resist most APHE shells
  • Good mobility options with neutral steering and reverse speed
  • Reasonably fast reload speed
  • Comfortable transition from the Centurion Mk 3

Cons:

  • Lower glacis is still a prominent weak spot
  • Mediocre top speed and acceleration
  • No access to HEAT-FS, unlike other nations' L7 guns
  • Engine armour is weak from the top, can be damaged aircraft guns
  • Small internal compartment (only 4 crew members) with ammunition scattered all over
  • Very slow vertical targeting speed

History

Development

The tank's concept was made in 1943 when the Directorate of Tank Design, under Sir Claude Gibb, was asked to produce a new heavy cruiser tank for the General Staff under the designation A41, which was to become the standard of a British "Universal Tank" to replace the separated "infantry" and "cruiser" tanks currently used. As World War II progressed and the Germans unveiled their heavier tanks with an 88 mm cannon like the Tiger, War Office made a revision to their design requirements to counter this threat. The requirements now include increased durability and reliability, with the ability to protect itself against the 88 mm gun and mines, agility similar to the Comet tank, and good reverse speed, all while staying under a 40-ton weight.

Responding to these requirements, the department developed larger hulls by adapting the suspension on the Comet, lengthening with another road wheel and spacing between the wheels. The standard Christie suspension used on the previous cruiser tanks was replaced by the Horstmann suspension, which uses coil springs on two-wheel bogies on each side and is easier to maintain than the Christie suspension. The hull used a welded, sloped armour with a cast turret mounting the famous 17-pounder cannon. The speed of the tank would be established by using the Rolls Meteor engine previously used on the Comet and Cromwell. Despite these changes, the department concluded that the weight restriction would not allow the tank design to withstand the 88 mm rounds. The weight restriction was done so the tank would be able to be carried around in the Mk.I and Mk.II transport trailers, which had a 40-ton load. This restriction was rescinded to allow more freedom in the tank design, which showed potential to the War Ministry. The heavier tank designs developed had armour equivalent to the heaviest infantry tanks like the Churchill tank, yet with superior cross-country mobility due to improved suspension and engines.

The tank was given the name Centurion and the first mock-ups of the design was made by AEC and was presented in May 1944. After that, 20 pilot models were ordered with various armament combinations. Ten had a 17-pounder and a 20 mm Polsten gun (5 with a machine gun in turret rear, 5 with an escape door instead), five had a 17-pounder and a BESA machine gun and an escape door, five more with the 77 mm HV gun with a driver operated a hull machine gun. The prototypes of the 40-ton design, the Centurion Mk 1, had a 76 mm armour on the front glacis, which was made very powerful with the heavy sloping design on the tank. Added with a 152 mm thick turret armour, the Centurion became a very protected tank design, yet it was also very agile, outperforming the Comet tank in tests. The next Centurion model, Mk.2, featured a much thicker 118 mm front glacis armour and thicker side armour. Production began for the Centurion Mk.2 in November 1945 for 800 tanks from Leyland Motors, Royal Ordnance Factories, and Vickers. The Mk.2 was put into service in the 5th Royal Tank Regiment in December 1946.

After the Centurion Mk.2 was put into service, Royal Ordnance developed the successor to the 17-pounder, the 84 mm 20-pounder. With this, the Centurion went through another upgrade to mount the 20-pounder. The 20 mm Polsten gun was removed and replaced by a BESA gun due to its questionable utility. The new upgrade, now the Centurion Mk 3, also featured an automatic stabilization system that improved firing accuracy while on the move. The tank was first produced in 1948 and overtook the previous Mk.1 and Mk.2 in service. However, the 20-pounder also did not stay in service for long and were replaced by the more powerful 105 mm L7 gun from Royal Ordnance Factories. All Centurions versions after Mark 5/2 used the L7 gun, including the Centurion Mk 10, which also featured additional armour with the new gun.

Combat usage

The Centurion first saw combat in the Korean war in 1950 in the British 8th King's Royal Irish Hussars. The Centurion Mk.3 issued to them had to be cared for in the winter conditions of Korea. Steps such as parking the tank on straw, starting the engine every half-hour, and keeping the gear engaged have to be done to keep the tank from becoming frozen in place. The Centurions made a great impact on the battlefield, covering the withdrawal of the 29th Brigade. In 1953, the Centurion saw the part in the battle of the Hook in the 1st Royal Tank Regiment, repelling the swarming Chinese infantry. General John O'Daniel from the US 1st Corps praised the Centurion's mobility throughout the mountain terrains.

After the Korean War, the Centurions saw service again during the Vietnam War in the Royal Australian Armoured Corps after complaints were made on the thin armour of their armoured vehicles. The Centurions landed on 28 February 1968. Headed by Colonel Donald Dunstan, he ordered the Centurions to reinforce firebases at Coral and Balmoral. The use of the Centurions by the 1st Australian Task Force helped them in the Battle of Coral-Balmoral that caused massive casualties in two infantry regiments among the enemy with no known tank losses. After the battle, more Centurions landed into Vietnam, with a total of 58 Centurions in the country at once in the span of three and a half years. In this time period, 42 suffered damages, two were written off, and two crewmen were killed in action.

The Centurions also made up the bulk of India's tank forces, to which they used against Pakistan in the conflicts that occur in 1965 and 1971. In the middle east, the Centurions were supplied to Israel and Jordan in the 1950s. At the time of the Six-Day War, Israel had 293 Centurion tanks and Jordan had 90 Centurions. Both countries used the Centurions against each other in the war. Sometime in the early 1970s, the Centurions on both side were upgraded with the 105 mm L7 gun. Both Jordan and Israel used the Centurion again in the 1973 Yom Kippur War, where Israel establish the Centurion's prowess in battle during the Battle of Golan Heights, where 100 or so Centurions are able to beat back 500 or more Syrian T-55 and T-62 tanks. While the Centurion still sees use in Jordan today, the Centurions in Israel were retired in the 1990s, only staying as armour personnel carriers and armour recovery vehicles. In the middle east, the British used the Centurions again during the 1991 Gulf War against Iraq, though only as an AVRE in the 32 Armoured Engineer Regiment. Three were lost in training incidents with no deaths among the crew.

Sweden and South Africa also used the Centurions, buying them from Britain after World War II. The Centurions in South Africa were retained and upgraded due to their superiority over anything their neighbours had at the time, with a focus on the upgrade to the 105 mm gun and belly armour to protect itself against mines. Sweden bought the Centurions in an attempt to standardize their tank forces as it was the most cost-effective method, plus the Centurions have a huge upgrade potential to counter future threats. The British offered to sell the Centurion in late 1952, to which 80 were ordered by Sweden. The first deliveries were made in April 1953, followed by more orders and more deliveries until about 350 Centurion tanks ranging from Mk.3, Mk.5, and Mk.10 were in Sweden. The Swedish military used the Centurions until 1990s, modernizing the tanks with upgrades in equipment and internal mechanics. They replaced the Centurions with Leopard 2s.

Nuclear test

The Centurion was also well known for being used in a nuclear test in 1953. A Centurion Mk 3 built by Royal Ordnance Factory as number 39/190 is supplied to Australia in 1952 and kept under army registration number 169041. Placed less than 500 yards from a 9.1kt nuclear explosion, it withstood the explosive force of the explosion. The engine was still functional and the ammunition were intact. The only effect the explosion did onto the tank was moved it back five feet, removing all antennas, sandblasting vision slots, incinerating the cloth mantlet cover, and blow off the armour side skirts. The tank was simply driven off-site after the test, but it is believed that if a crew was in the tank at the time of the explosion, they would've been killed. The tank, nicknamed the Atomic Tank was then used in the Vietnam War after being restored for action. The Centurion was hit by an RPG round in May 1969 that injured the entire turret crew. While one crew member had to evacuate from his battle wounds, the rest stayed in the still battle-worthy tank. Today, the tank resides at the Robertson Barracks in Palmerston, Northern Territory. Centurion 169041 is distinguished from other nuclear-tested tanks by having a 23-year service after the nuclear test, with 15 months in a hostile environment.

Media

Skins
Videos

See also

Vehicles equipped with the same chassis
Vehicles equipped with the same gun

External links


Britain medium tanks
Cromwell  Cromwell I · Cromwell V · Cromwell V (RP-3)
Based on Cromwell  Challenger · Avenger · Comet I · Comet I "Iron Duke IV" · Charioteer Mk VII
Centurion  Centurion Mk 1 · Centurion Mk 3 · Centurion Mk.5 AVRE · Centurion Mk 10 · Centurion Action X · FV4202
Chieftain  Chieftain Mk 3 · Chieftain Mk 5 · Chieftain Mk 10
Challenger  Challenger Mk.2 · Challenger Mk.3 · Challenger 2 · Challenger 2 (2F)
Valentine  Valentine I · Valentine IX · Valentine XI
Vickers  Vickers MBT · Vickers Mk.7
Foreign  Grant I (USA) · Sherman IC "Trzyniec" (USA) · Sherman Firefly (USA) · Sherman II (USA)
  A.C.IV (Australia) · ▄Strv 81 (RB 52) (Sweden) · Centurion Mk.5/1 (Australia) · Sho't Kal Dalet (Israel)
  Olifant Mk.1A (South Africa) · Olifant Mk.2 (South Africa) · TTD (South Africa)