Difference between revisions of "CV 90105 TML"

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{{Specs-Card|code=sw_cv_90105_tml}}
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{{Specs-Card
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|code=sw_cv_90105_tml
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|images={{Specs-Card-Image|GarageImage_{{PAGENAME}}.jpg}}
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|store = 8203
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}}
  
 
== Description ==
 
== Description ==
 
<!-- ''In the description, the first part should be about the history of the creation and combat usage of the vehicle, as well as its key features. In the second part, tell the reader about the ground vehicle in the game. Insert a screenshot of the vehicle, so that if the novice player does not remember the vehicle by name, he will immediately understand what kind of vehicle the article is talking about.'' -->
 
<!-- ''In the description, the first part should be about the history of the creation and combat usage of the vehicle, as well as its key features. In the second part, tell the reader about the ground vehicle in the game. Insert a screenshot of the vehicle, so that if the novice player does not remember the vehicle by name, he will immediately understand what kind of vehicle the article is talking about.'' -->
[[File:GarageImage_{{PAGENAME}}.jpg|420px|thumb|left]]
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The '''{{Specs|name}}''' is a premium gift rank {{Specs|rank}} Swedish light tank {{Battle-rating}}. It was introduced in [[Update 1.97 "Viking Fury"]].
{{Break}}
 
The '''{{Specs|name}}''' is a gift rank {{Specs|rank}} Swedish light tank {{Battle-rating}}. It was introduced in [[Update 1.97 "Viking Fury"]].
 
  
 
== General info ==
 
== General info ==
 
=== Survivability and armour ===
 
=== Survivability and armour ===
''Describe armour protection. Note the most well protected and key weak areas. Appreciate the layout of modules as well as the number and location of crew members. Is the level of armour protection sufficient, is the placement of modules helpful for survival in combat? If necessary use a visual template to indicate the most secure and weak zones of the armour.''
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{{Specs-Tank-Armour}}
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<!-- ''Describe armour protection. Note the most well protected and key weak areas. Appreciate the layout of modules as well as the number and location of crew members. Is the level of armour protection sufficient, is the placement of modules helpful for survival in combat? If necessary use a visual template to indicate the most secure and weak zones of the armour.'' -->
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The {{PAGENAME}} has 20 mm of frontal hull armour, which is not significant enough to stop anything larger than a 14.5 mm machine gun. But, the upper plate is angled very well and as such could possibly prevent low-penetration autocannons from damaging the vehicle; the hull front, with its slope, can offer from 20 mm on the lower glacis up to almost 90 mm of effective thickness on the upper glacis. The side armour is composed of two spaced plates, one 6 mm and one 10 mm plate (for a total of 16 mm). This is enough to stop low-calibre machine guns, but a .50 cal will penetrate the armour with ease. A fuel tank is located between the spaced armour plates of the left side of the hull, right beneath the turret; the fuel tank is able to absorb machine gun bullets, protecting the turret crew from the left side from machine gun fire. The rear of the hull has a surprising 20 mm of armour, enough to stop low-calibre machine guns.
 +
 
 +
The turret has 20 mm of all-round base protection. The turret sides and rear have a 5 mm appliqué armour layer, giving a total armour thickness of 25 mm. This is enough to stop machine gun bullets from penetrating. The gun mantlet has 35 mm of protection - enough to protect against some autocannons.
 +
 
 +
The only part of the vehicle that is vulnerable to heavy machine gun fire is the hull side and rear. The rest of the tank can only be penetrated by autocannons or anti-tank guns. Overall, the armour protection is light, to the point where the CV 90105 is vulnerable to hull break. But, with 35 mm of protection, a hit to the gun mantlet - even by chemical rounds - will not result in a hull break. A hit to any other portion of the vehicle with a chemical round will hull break the vehicle. The ammunition of the vehicle is stored in the very back of the hull and turret, and there is a lot of ammunition, so a round hitting there will be hard-pressed to miss the ammunition. Even a shot from the front will often lead to many ammoracks when it passes through the rear of the tank. The only major source of protection for this tank is the engine and transmission. They are located at the very front, right, of the vehicle. A shot through this portion of the tank will often be absorbed, especially chemical rounds and autocannon shells. If a shell manages to penetrate through the engine block, it must also go through a 10 mm armour plate, which absorbs most of the shrapnel. This increases crew survivability extensively, but it cannot be relied upon because of the hull break mechanic. Besides, even if the engine block absorbs the shot the tank will still be immobilized. Because of the ammunition stowage and the hull break mechanic, the CV 90105 will often die to only one shot. Overall, the armour of the CV 90105 is very thin and should not be relied upon, although it can protect the tank in certain situations.
 +
 
 +
'''Armour type:'''
 +
 
 +
* Rolled homogeneous armour (hull, turret, cupola)
 +
* Cast homogeneous armour (turret front, gun mantlet)
 +
 
 +
{| class="wikitable"
 +
|-
 +
! Armour !! Front (Slope angle) !! Sides !! Rear !! Roof
 +
|-
 +
| Hull || 20 mm ''Hull plate over tracks'' <br> 20 mm (78°) ''Upper glacis'' <br> 20 mm (30°) ''Lower glacis - Upper section'' <br> 20 mm (41°) ''Lower glacis - Middle section'' <br> 20 mm (52°) ''Lower glacis - Lower section'' || 6 mm ''Top'' <br> 10 + 5 mm ''Bottom + Side skirts'' <br> 10 mm (51°) ''Bottom junction plate'' || 20 mm (16°) ''Crew compartment'' <br> 10 mm ''Hull plate over left tracks'' <br> 5 mm ''Hull plate over right tracks'' || 20 mm (2°) ''Front glacis'' <br> 20 mm (2°) ''Crew compartment'' <br> 6 mm (2-12°) ''Hull over tracks''
 +
|-
 +
| Turret || 35 mm (37-41°) ''Turret front'' <br> 20 + 35 mm ''Gun mantlet'' <br> 20 mm (2-6°) ''Optics and MG port'' <br> 20 mm ''Turret ring'' || 20 + 5 mm (37-41°) ''Left side'' <br> 20 + 5 mm (20-41°) ''Right side'' <br> 20 mm ''Turret ring'' || 5 mm (25°) ''Upper section'' <br> 5 mm (10°) ''Lower section'' <br> 20 mm ''Turret ring'' || 20 mm (0-17°)
 +
|-
 +
| Cupola || 20 mm (0-74°) || colspan="3" style="text-align:center" | 20 mm
 +
|-
 +
|}
 +
 
 +
'''Notes:'''
 +
 
 +
* Suspension wheels, tracks and bogies are 15 mm thick.
 +
* Belly armour and the bottom plate above the tracks are 10 mm thick.
 +
* Mudguards are 5 mm thick.
 +
* Additionally to the external armour, armour plates are also found inside the vehicle:
 +
 
 +
{| class="wikitable"
 +
|-
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! Spaced Armour !! Front (Slope angle) !! Sides
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|-
 +
| Hull || 10 mm (except driver view port) || 10 mm ''Top''
 +
|-
 +
|}
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 +
'''Notes:'''
 +
 
 +
* Inner armour plates protect the sides of the crew compartment (the upper section over the tracks only).
 +
* The engine is separated from the driver position and the crew compartment by an armour plate.
 +
* The driver viewport is a weak spot as it is the only place where the inner armour does not overlap with the external armour.
  
 
=== Mobility ===
 
=== Mobility ===
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{{Specs-Tank-Mobility}}
 
<!-- ''Write about the mobility of the ground vehicle. Estimate the specific power and manoeuvrability, as well as the maximum speed forwards and backwards.'' -->
 
<!-- ''Write about the mobility of the ground vehicle. Estimate the specific power and manoeuvrability, as well as the maximum speed forwards and backwards.'' -->
  
{{tankMobility|abMinHp= 852|rbMinHp= 486}}
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{{tankMobility|abMinHp=852|rbMinHp=486}}
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 +
With an excellent off-road mobility and a top speed of 70 km/h, the {{PAGENAME}} rivals even top tier MBTs, giving the XM-1, AMX-30 Super and Leopard A1A1 L/44 a run for their money. It is also quick to reverse, reaching -43 km/h and has very quick neutral steering. The acceleration is above average and the high hp/ton ratio enables the CV90105 to climb most hills and slopes.
 +
However, the light tank has tendency to fishtail in corners and at high speeds due to the high hp/ton ratio. Even slight steering adjustments at high speeds can spin the vehicle out of control: anticipate your braking phases.
 +
 
 +
=== Modifications and economy ===
 +
{{Specs-Economy}}
  
 
== Armaments ==
 
== Armaments ==
 +
{{Specs-Tank-Armaments}}
 
=== Main armament ===
 
=== Main armament ===
''Give the reader information about the characteristics of the main gun. Assess its effectiveness in a battle based on the reloading speed, ballistics and the power of shells. Do not forget about the flexibility of the fire, that is how quickly the cannon can be aimed at the target, open fire on it and aim at another enemy. Add a link to the main article on the gun: <code><nowiki>{{main|Name of the weapon}}</nowiki></code>. Describe in general terms the ammunition available for the main gun. Advise about how to use them and how to fill the ammunition storage.''
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{{Specs-Tank-Weapon|1}}
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<!-- ''Give the reader information about the characteristics of the main gun. Assess its effectiveness in a battle based on the reloading speed, ballistics and the power of shells. Do not forget about the flexibility of the fire, that is how quickly the cannon can be aimed at the target, open fire on it and aim at another enemy. Add a link to the main article on the gun: <code><nowiki>{{main|Name of the weapon}}</nowiki></code>. Describe in general terms the ammunition available for the main gun. Give advice on how to use them and how to fill the ammunition storage.'' -->
 +
{{main|CN-105-G2 (105 mm)}}
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 +
{| class="wikitable" style="text-align:center" width="100%"
 +
|-
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! colspan="5" | [[CN-105-G2 (105 mm)|105 mm CN-105-G2]] || colspan="5" | Turret rotation speed (°/s) || colspan="4" | Reloading rate (seconds)
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|-
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! Mode !! Capacity !! Vertical !! Horizontal !! Stabilizer
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! Stock !! Upgraded !! Full !! Expert !! Aced
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! Stock !! Full !! Expert !! Aced
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|-
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! ''Arcade''
 +
| rowspan="2" | 40 || rowspan="2" | -7°/+20° || rowspan="2" | ±180° || rowspan="2" | Two-plane || 28.6 || 39.5 || 48.0 || 53.1 || 56.5 || rowspan="2" | 8.7 || rowspan="2" | 7.7 || rowspan="2" | 7.1 || rowspan="2" | 6.7
 +
|-
 +
! ''Realistic''
 +
| 17.9 || 21.0 || 25.5 || 28.2 || 30.0
 +
|-
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|}
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 +
==== Ammunition ====
 +
{| class="wikitable sortable" style="text-align:center" width="100%"
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! colspan="8" | Penetration statistics
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|-
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! rowspan="2" data-sort-type="text" | Ammunition
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! rowspan="2" | Type of<br>warhead
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! colspan="6" | '''Penetration @ 0° Angle of Attack (mm)'''
 +
|-
 +
! 10 m !! 100 m !! 500 m !! 1,000 m !! 1,500 m !! 2,000 m
 +
|-
 +
| DM12 || HEATFS || 400 || 400 || 400 || 400 || 400 || 400
 +
|-
 +
| DM502 || HESH || 127 || 127 || 127 || 127 || 127 || 127
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|-
 +
| M735 || APFSDS || 353 || 350 || 342 || 333 || 322 || 312
 +
|-
 +
| DM23 || APFSDS || 337 || 335 || 330 || 322 || 314 || 306
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|-
 +
|}
 +
{| class="wikitable sortable" style="text-align:center" width="100%"
 +
! colspan="10" | Shell details
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|-
 +
! rowspan="2" data-sort-type="text" | Ammunition
 +
! rowspan="2" | Type of<br>warhead
 +
! rowspan="2" | Velocity<br>(m/s)
 +
! rowspan="2" | Projectile<br>Mass (kg)
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! rowspan="2" | Fuse delay<br>(m)
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! rowspan="2" | Fuse sensitivity<br>(mm)
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! rowspan="2" | Explosive Mass<br>(TNT equivalent) (g)
 +
! colspan="3" | Ricochet
 +
|-
 +
! 0% !! 50% !! 100%
 +
|-
 +
| DM12 || HEATFS || 1,173 || 10.5 || 0.05 || 1 || 1,270 || 65° || 72° || 77°
 +
|-
 +
| DM502 || HESH || 732 || 14.85 || 0.4 || 0.1 || 4,310 || 73° || 77° || 80°
 +
|-
 +
| M735 || APFSDS || 1,501 || 3.7 || N/A || N/A || N/A || 76° || 77° || 80°
 +
|-
 +
| DM23 || APFSDS || 1,455 || 3.79 || N/A || N/A || N/A || 78° || 80° || 81°
 +
|-
 +
|}
  
=== Additional armament ===
+
==== [[Ammo racks]] ====
''Some tanks are armed with several guns in one or more turrets. Evaluate the additional weaponry and give advice on its use. Describe the ammunition available for additional weaponry. Give advice on about how to use them and how to fill the ammunition storage. If there is no additional weaponry remove this subsection.''
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[[File:Ammoracks_{{PAGENAME}}.png|right|thumb|x250px|[[Ammo racks]] of the {{PAGENAME}}]]
 +
<!-- '''Last updated: 1.101.0.53''' -->
 +
{| class="wikitable" style="text-align:center"
 +
|-
 +
! Full<br>ammo
 +
! 1st<br>rack empty
 +
! 2nd<br>rack empty
 +
! 3rd<br>rack empty
 +
! 4th<br>rack empty
 +
! 5th<br>rack empty
 +
! Visual<br>discrepancy
 +
|-
 +
| '''40''' || 21&nbsp;''(+19)'' || 13&nbsp;''(+27)'' || 10&nbsp;''(+30)'' || 6&nbsp;''(+34)'' || 1&nbsp;''(+39)'' || No
 +
|-
 +
|}
 +
 
 +
Notes:
 +
 
 +
* The 1st ammo rack depletes from left to right, top to bottom.
 +
* The 3rd, 4th and 5th ammo racks are First-stage ammo stowages.
  
 
=== Machine guns ===
 
=== Machine guns ===
''Offensive and anti-aircraft machine guns not only allow you to fight some aircraft but also are effective against lightly armoured vehicles. Evaluate machine guns and give recommendations on its use.''
+
{{Specs-Tank-Weapon|2}}
 +
<!-- ''Offensive and anti-aircraft machine guns not only allow you to fight some aircraft but also are effective against lightly armoured vehicles. Evaluate machine guns and give recommendations on its use.'' -->
 +
{{main|ksp 58 (7.62 mm)}}
 +
 
 +
The small calibre of the ksp 58 machine gun makes it largely ineffective against all armoured vehicles but the ones with an open compartment. It still can be used to ping targets as a rangefinding help.
 +
 
 +
{| class="wikitable" style="text-align:center" width="50%"
 +
|-
 +
! colspan="5" | [[ksp 58 (7.62 mm)|7.62 mm ksp 58]]
 +
|-
 +
! Mount !! Capacity (Belt) !! Fire rate !! Vertical !! Horizontal
 +
|-
 +
| Coaxial || 1,200 (250) || 600 || N/A || N/A
 +
|-
 +
|}
  
 
== Usage in battles ==
 
== Usage in battles ==
''Describe the tactics of playing in the vehicle, the features of using vehicles in the team and advice on tactics. Refrain from creating a "guide" - do not impose a single point of view but instead give the reader food for thought. Describe the most dangerous enemies and give recommendations on fighting them. If necessary, note the specifics of the game in different modes (AB, RB, SB).''
+
<!-- ''Describe the tactics of playing in the vehicle, the features of using vehicles in the team and advice on tactics. Refrain from creating a "guide" - do not impose a single point of view but instead give the reader food for thought. Describe the most dangerous enemies and give recommendations on fighting them. If necessary, note the specifics of the game in different modes (AB, RB, SB).'' -->
 +
'''Mobility'''
 +
 
 +
The CV 90105 TML has great mobility thanks to its powerful engine and light weight. With good top speed, a very quick reverse, good mobility in turns, and very good acceleration, this vehicle's mobility stays competitive even when uptiered to face 10.0 BR MBTs. With this advantage the CV 90105 TML is able to take early-game defensive positions, reach sniping locations, and quickly relocate around the map if needed.
 +
 
 +
'''Armament'''
 +
 
 +
Another one of this vehicle's strengths is its armament. It's equipped with second generation thermal sights in both gunner and commander/binocular views, which makes enemies very easy to spot and which is incredibly useful in night battles. This tank also has a scouting ability, which can be used to call for support from teammates and locate enemies on the map.
 +
 
 +
As for this tank's gun, the CV 90105 TML is armed with quite a powerful cannon that easily penetrates MBTs. It has access to both its stock APFSDS round, the DM23, and HESH and HEAT-FS shells. Although the stock shell has higher flat penetration, the DM23 outperforms it in angled penetration, which is the more important metric in most cases at this tier; most enemy armour will be well-angled. Still, it is useful to carry a few rounds of the stock APFSDS shell. The gun has a very good turret traverse speed which helps in situations where quick aiming is required.
 +
 
 +
'''Survivability'''
 +
 
 +
The CV 90105 TML's greatest weakness is its poor survivability. It is able to be hullbroken, and is protected by only thin armour on all sides. Due to the internal layout of the tank, ammo detonations and one-shot deaths are very common. Cannon-calibre rounds are able to penetrate the CV 90105 TML's armour, and artillery and aircraft post a serious threat to this tank. The CV 90105 TML has effectively no anti-air capabilities and its thin roof armour makes strafing attacks dangerous.
 +
 
 +
All of this means that avoiding enemy fire must be a priority. The tank's mobility can be used to flank enemies and attack without their noticing. Indeed, engaging head-on is usually a bad idea, since that makes you a prime target for artillery strikes and attacks from aircraft. If there are enemy aircraft nearby, try to stay near cover (next to buildings, under trees, near bushes or rocks...) and avoid crossing open areas of the map.
  
 
=== Pros and cons ===
 
=== Pros and cons ===
''Summarise and briefly evaluate the vehicle in terms of its characteristics and combat effectiveness. Mark its pros and cons in a bulleted list. Try not to use more than 6 points for each of the characteristics. Avoid using categorical definitions such as "bad", "good" and the like - use substitutions with softer forms such as "inadequate" and "effective".''
+
<!-- ''Summarise and briefly evaluate the vehicle in terms of its characteristics and combat effectiveness. Mark its pros and cons in a bulleted list. Try not to use more than 6 points for each of the characteristics. Avoid using categorical definitions such as "bad", "good" and the like - use substitutions with softer forms such as "inadequate" and "effective".'' -->
  
 
'''Pros:'''
 
'''Pros:'''
*
+
 
 +
* Excellent off-road mobility and top speed
 +
* High reverse top speed and quick neutral steering
 +
* Both commander and gunner have access to 2nd generation thermal sights
 +
* Ability to scout
 +
* Two-plane gun stabilizer
 +
* Relatively wide and powerful selection of shells - M735 APFSDS (great against flat armour), DM23 APFSDS (great against angled armour), DM12 HEATFS (great against non-ERA, non-composite and light armour) and DM502 HESH
 +
* Excellent mobility, gives the XM-1, AMX-30 Super and Leopard A1A1 L/44 a run for their money
 +
* Can research the entire Swedish tech tree from rank 1 to rank VII
 +
* Quick turret traverse
 +
* Front mounted engine - can at times soak up early APFSDS shells, keeping the crew safe
 +
* High hp/ton ratio enables the CV90105 to climb most hills and slopes
 +
* 14 turret mounted smoke shells - fires 7 at a time
 +
* Laser rangefinder
  
 
'''Cons:'''
 
'''Cons:'''
*
+
 
 +
* Very thin armour, does not have the option to angle or sidescrape
 +
* Hull breaks very easily - especially by large caliber HEAT-FS and HE
 +
* Lack of AA capability makes it vulnerable to aircraft
 +
* Turret is mounted far back on the hull - needs to show the entire hull when peeking around corners
 +
* Low gun depression of -7° - the XM-1, AMX-30 Super and Leopard A1A1 L/44 have between -8° and -10° gun depression
 +
* Agility at high speeds can make you lose control of the vehicle
 +
* Narrow FOV
 +
* HESH does next to no damage, even to light vehicles
 +
* Huge ammorack in the rear of the tank - APFSDS shells can enter from the front and still detonate the ammunition at the back of the vehicle
 +
* Unlike the other vehicles on the Strf 90 chassis (Strf 9040C, Strf 9040 BILL, Lvkv 9040C and CV90120) no autoloader or autocannon - slowest reload out of all Strf 90's
 +
* 3 crew members out of 4 are tightly packed in a cramped turret - hits on the turret are usually fatal
  
 
== History ==
 
== History ==
''Describe the history of the creation and combat usage of the vehicle in more detail than in the introduction. If the historical reference turns out to be too long, take it to a separate article, taking a link to the article about the vehicle and adding a block "/History" (example: <nowiki>https://wiki.warthunder.com/(Vehicle-name)/History</nowiki>) and add a link to it here using the <code>main</code> template. Be sure to reference text and sources by using <code><nowiki><ref></ref></nowiki></code>, as well as adding them at the end of the article with <code><nowiki><references /></nowiki></code>. This section may also include the vehicle's dev blog entry (if applicable) and the in-game encyclopedia description (under <code><nowiki>=== In-game description ===</nowiki></code>, also if applicable).''
+
<!-- ''Describe the history of the creation and combat usage of the vehicle in more detail than in the introduction. If the historical reference turns out to be too long, take it to a separate article, taking a link to the article about the vehicle and adding a block "/History" (example: <nowiki>https://wiki.warthunder.com/(Vehicle-name)/History</nowiki>) and add a link to it here using the <code>main</code> template. Be sure to reference text and sources by using <code><nowiki><ref></ref></nowiki></code>, as well as adding them at the end of the article with <code><nowiki><references /></nowiki></code>. This section may also include the vehicle's dev blog entry (if applicable) and the in-game encyclopedia description (under <code><nowiki>=== In-game description ===</nowiki></code>, also if applicable).'' -->
 +
'''Chassis'''
 +
 
 +
The Swedish company Hägglunds began development 1983 on a combat vehicle capable of both anti-tank and anti-air defence, at the request of the Swedish Army. Due to the nature of the multi-role request, Hägglunds went for a utility vehicle design similar to the ideas of the Swedish Air Force. Initial trials were done with 5 different chassis to determine optimal engineering solutions to the concept. Although the design was unified, trials showed several issues with the clutch and brake systems. This was solved by reconstructing the system altogether. To accompany this, the chassis was raised 35 mm, and tower placement was moved forward. Hägglunds were strictly against this decision but later stated that this adjustment contributed significantly to the great export success of the vehicle.
 +
 
 +
'''Turret'''
 +
 
 +
The 105 mm turret was a design by the French GIAT (now known as Nexter Systems). This turret was originally made for the [[AMX-10RC]], an armoured car entirely designed by GIAT. The turret was designed to survive heavy machine gun fire up to 14.5 mm. The turret sported a 105 mm F2 cannon capable of firing modern APFSDS rounds, along with a coaxial 7.62 mm machine gun. By the 1990s, the turret started to become outdated, which lead to GIAT modernizing the design with electrically-powered stabilizers for the main armament and sights. This lead to the version found on the CV 90105 TML, known as the TML 105 mm turret.
 +
 
 +
'''CV 90105 TML'''
 +
 
 +
The CV 90105 TML was unveiled to the public in 1994. The combination of the flexible CV 90 chassis and powerful 105 mm G2 cannon proved lethal. This private venture by GIAT and Hägglunds was strategic, as this concept allowed both companies to market themselves towards the export market. The CV 90 chassis was able to prove its flexibility by carrying large-calibre cannons for anti-tank purposes, while the TML 105 mm turret got to show its upgraded potential and tracked-vehicle performance, along with flexibility. Although this design never attracted any customers, the concept sparked debate regarding the future of light tanks. Hägglunds went on to successfully export their CV 90 chassis, though only via the IFV role, most notably with the CV 9030, which featured a 30 mm Bushmaster II. Larger cannons were later trialled on the chassis, such as the [[CV 90120]], carrying a 120 mm Rheinmetall smoothbore cannon. GIAT went on to market their TML 105 mm turret fitted on the MOWAG Piranha, marketed for the Middle East. Although having lesser success than the CV 90 chassis, their AMX-10RC is still in service, proving its reliability as a wheeled fire-support vehicle, boasting a deadly cannon.
 +
 
 +
=== [[wt:en/news/6617-development-cv-90105-tml-with-pre-order-bonuses-en|Devblog]] ===
 +
Development of the CV 90105 TML began in the early 1990s as a joint venture of the Swedish Hägglunds and French GIAT companies. The idea behind the project was to create a capable new light tank as part of the Strf 90 family of vehicles, while using only components which were already available. On one hand, this would keep development time and costs relatively low, while on the other hand make the new vehicle more attractive to customers which already operated some of the CV 90 series of vehicles.
 +
 
 +
As such, engineers took the hull of the Strf 90 IFV and fitted it with the GIAT TML turret, housing a 105 mm G2 cannon - an upgraded version of the turret used on the successful AMX-10RC.
 +
 
 +
The first and only demonstrator vehicle was ready in 1994, undergoing various trials. Despite proving the project’s viability, the demonstrator didn’t convince any foreign operators to place orders for the newly developed CV 90105. As such, further development of the project was cancelled, although the idea of creating a 105 mm armed Strf 90 version would remain, resulting in a renewed attempt some time later, but that’s a story for another time.
  
 
== Media ==
 
== Media ==
''Excellent additions to the article would be video guides, screenshots from the game, and photos.''
+
<!-- ''Excellent additions to the article would be video guides, screenshots from the game, and photos.'' -->
 +
 
 +
;Skins
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 +
* [https://live.warthunder.com/feed/camouflages/?vehicleCountry=sweden&vehicleType=tank&vehicleClass=light_tank&vehicle=sw_cv_90105_tml Skins and camouflages for the {{PAGENAME}} from live.warthunder.com.]
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 +
'''Images'''<gallery mode="packed" heights="150">
 +
File:CV90105 TML WTWallpaper 01.jpg|
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File:CV90105 TML WTWallpaper 02.jpg|
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File:CV90105 TML WTWallpaper 03.jpg|
 +
File:CV90105 TML WTWallpaper 04.jpg|
 +
File:CV90105 TML WTWallpaper 05.jpg|
 +
File:CV90105 TML WTWallpaper 06.jpg|
 +
</gallery>
 +
 
 +
;Videos
 +
{{Youtube-gallery|azS_8lTNuSs|'''Premium Vehicles: {{PAGENAME}}''' - ''War Thunder Wiki''|_awLZ85EoMs|'''When A Premium Spreads Like A Virus: {{PAGENAME}}''' - ''Napalmratte''|50wEfoP59gc|'''{{PAGENAME}}: the Premium of Premium''' - ''JustinPlaysYT''}}
  
 
== See also ==
 
== See also ==
''Links to the articles on the War Thunder Wiki that you think will be useful for the reader, for example:''
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<!-- ''Links to the articles on the War Thunder Wiki that you think will be useful for the reader, for example:''
 
* ''reference to the series of the vehicles;''
 
* ''reference to the series of the vehicles;''
* ''links to approximate analogues of other nations and research trees.''
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* ''links to approximate analogues of other nations and research trees.'' -->
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;Vehicles equipped with the same chassis
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* [[CV90 (Family)]]
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;Other vehicles of similar configuration and role
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* [[TAM]]/[[TAM 2C]]
  
 
== External links ==
 
== External links ==
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* ''topic on the official game forum;''
 
* ''topic on the official game forum;''
 
* ''encyclopedia page on the tank;''
 
* ''encyclopedia page on the tank;''
* ''other literature.''-->
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* ''other literature.'' -->
  
 
* [[wt:en/news/6617-development-cv-90105-tml-with-pre-order-bonuses-en|[Devblog] CV 90105 TML with Pre-Order Bonuses]]
 
* [[wt:en/news/6617-development-cv-90105-tml-with-pre-order-bonuses-en|[Devblog] CV 90105 TML with Pre-Order Bonuses]]
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* [[wikipedia:Combat_Vehicle_90|[Wikipedia] Combat Vehicle 90]]
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* [http://www.army-guide.com/eng/product920.html <nowiki>[Army Guide]</nowiki> CV90105]
  
 
{{Sweden light tanks}}
 
{{Sweden light tanks}}
 
{{Sweden premium ground vehicles}}
 
{{Sweden premium ground vehicles}}

Revision as of 22:16, 10 February 2021

CV 90105 TML
sw_cv_90105_tml.png
GarageImage CV 90105 TML.jpg
CV 90105 TML
AB RB SB
9.0 9.0 9.0
Show in game
STORE

Description

The Combat Vehicle 90105 TML is a premium gift rank VI Swedish light tank with a battle rating of 9.0 (AB/RB/SB). It was introduced in Update 1.97 "Viking Fury".

General info

Survivability and armour

Smoke grenades
Creation of a smoke screen in front of the vehicle
Armourfront / side / back
Hull20 / 16 / 20
Turret35 / 20 / 20
Crew4 people
Visibility115 %

The CV 90105 TML has 20 mm of frontal hull armour, which is not significant enough to stop anything larger than a 14.5 mm machine gun. But, the upper plate is angled very well and as such could possibly prevent low-penetration autocannons from damaging the vehicle; the hull front, with its slope, can offer from 20 mm on the lower glacis up to almost 90 mm of effective thickness on the upper glacis. The side armour is composed of two spaced plates, one 6 mm and one 10 mm plate (for a total of 16 mm). This is enough to stop low-calibre machine guns, but a .50 cal will penetrate the armour with ease. A fuel tank is located between the spaced armour plates of the left side of the hull, right beneath the turret; the fuel tank is able to absorb machine gun bullets, protecting the turret crew from the left side from machine gun fire. The rear of the hull has a surprising 20 mm of armour, enough to stop low-calibre machine guns.

The turret has 20 mm of all-round base protection. The turret sides and rear have a 5 mm appliqué armour layer, giving a total armour thickness of 25 mm. This is enough to stop machine gun bullets from penetrating. The gun mantlet has 35 mm of protection - enough to protect against some autocannons.

The only part of the vehicle that is vulnerable to heavy machine gun fire is the hull side and rear. The rest of the tank can only be penetrated by autocannons or anti-tank guns. Overall, the armour protection is light, to the point where the CV 90105 is vulnerable to hull break. But, with 35 mm of protection, a hit to the gun mantlet - even by chemical rounds - will not result in a hull break. A hit to any other portion of the vehicle with a chemical round will hull break the vehicle. The ammunition of the vehicle is stored in the very back of the hull and turret, and there is a lot of ammunition, so a round hitting there will be hard-pressed to miss the ammunition. Even a shot from the front will often lead to many ammoracks when it passes through the rear of the tank. The only major source of protection for this tank is the engine and transmission. They are located at the very front, right, of the vehicle. A shot through this portion of the tank will often be absorbed, especially chemical rounds and autocannon shells. If a shell manages to penetrate through the engine block, it must also go through a 10 mm armour plate, which absorbs most of the shrapnel. This increases crew survivability extensively, but it cannot be relied upon because of the hull break mechanic. Besides, even if the engine block absorbs the shot the tank will still be immobilized. Because of the ammunition stowage and the hull break mechanic, the CV 90105 will often die to only one shot. Overall, the armour of the CV 90105 is very thin and should not be relied upon, although it can protect the tank in certain situations.

Armour type:

  • Rolled homogeneous armour (hull, turret, cupola)
  • Cast homogeneous armour (turret front, gun mantlet)
Armour Front (Slope angle) Sides Rear Roof
Hull 20 mm Hull plate over tracks
20 mm (78°) Upper glacis
20 mm (30°) Lower glacis - Upper section
20 mm (41°) Lower glacis - Middle section
20 mm (52°) Lower glacis - Lower section
6 mm Top
10 + 5 mm Bottom + Side skirts
10 mm (51°) Bottom junction plate
20 mm (16°) Crew compartment
10 mm Hull plate over left tracks
5 mm Hull plate over right tracks
20 mm (2°) Front glacis
20 mm (2°) Crew compartment
6 mm (2-12°) Hull over tracks
Turret 35 mm (37-41°) Turret front
20 + 35 mm Gun mantlet
20 mm (2-6°) Optics and MG port
20 mm Turret ring
20 + 5 mm (37-41°) Left side
20 + 5 mm (20-41°) Right side
20 mm Turret ring
5 mm (25°) Upper section
5 mm (10°) Lower section
20 mm Turret ring
20 mm (0-17°)
Cupola 20 mm (0-74°) 20 mm

Notes:

  • Suspension wheels, tracks and bogies are 15 mm thick.
  • Belly armour and the bottom plate above the tracks are 10 mm thick.
  • Mudguards are 5 mm thick.
  • Additionally to the external armour, armour plates are also found inside the vehicle:
Spaced Armour Front (Slope angle) Sides
Hull 10 mm (except driver view port) 10 mm Top

Notes:

  • Inner armour plates protect the sides of the crew compartment (the upper section over the tracks only).
  • The engine is separated from the driver position and the crew compartment by an armour plate.
  • The driver viewport is a weak spot as it is the only place where the inner armour does not overlap with the external armour.

Mobility

Speedforward / back
AB78 / 48 km/h
RB and SB70 / 43 km/h
Number of gears6 forward
3 back
Weight21.9 t
Engine power
AB1 049 hp
RB and SB550 hp
Power-to-weight ratio
AB47.9 hp/t
RB and SB25.1 hp/t
Game Mode Max Speed (km/h) Weight (tons) Engine power (horsepower) Power-to-weight ratio (hp/ton)
Forward Reverse Stock Upgraded Stock Upgraded
Arcade 78 48 21.9 852 1049 38.9 47.9
Realistic 70 43 486 550 22.19 25.11

With an excellent off-road mobility and a top speed of 70 km/h, the CV 90105 TML rivals even top tier MBTs, giving the XM-1, AMX-30 Super and Leopard A1A1 L/44 a run for their money. It is also quick to reverse, reaching -43 km/h and has very quick neutral steering. The acceleration is above average and the high hp/ton ratio enables the CV90105 to climb most hills and slopes. However, the light tank has tendency to fishtail in corners and at high speeds due to the high hp/ton ratio. Even slight steering adjustments at high speeds can spin the vehicle out of control: anticipate your braking phases.

Modifications and economy

Repair cost
AB3 800 Sl icon.png
RB4 770 Sl icon.png
SB1 170 Sl icon.png
Crew training10 000 Sl icon.png
Experts1 120 000 Sl icon.png
Aces2 100 Ge icon.png
Research Aces2 020 000 Rp icon.png
Reward for battleAB / RB / SB
Talisman.png 2 × 100 / 130 / 130 % Sl icon.png
Talisman.png 2 × 226 / 226 / 226 % Rp icon.png
Modifications
Mobility Protection Firepower
Mods new tank traks.png
Tracks
Mods new tank suspension.png
Suspension
Mods new tank break.png
Brake System
Mods new tank filter.png
Filters
Mods new tank transmission.png
Transmission
Mods new tank engine.png
Engine
Mods tank tool kit.png
Parts
Mods extinguisher.png
FPE
Mods tank reinforcement sw.png
Crew Replenishment
Mods smoke screen.png
Smoke grenade
Mods new tank horizontal aiming.png
Horizontal Drive
Mods tank ammo.png
105mm_usa_HESH_ammo_pack
Mods tank ammo.png
105mm_NATO_APDS_FS_ammo_pack
Mods tank cannon.png
Adjustment of Fire
Mods airstrike.png
Airstrike
Mods new tank vertical aiming.png
Elevation Mechanism
Mods tank laser rangefinder.png
Laser rangefinder
Mods thermal sight.png
NVD
Mods art support.png
Artillery Support
Mods tank ammo.png
105mm_usa_M735_APDS_FS_ammo_pack
Mods scouting.png
Improved optics

Armaments

Laser rangefinder
Reduces the error and increases the maximum measurable distance of the rangefinder
Night vision device
Improves visibility by enhancing natural light or active illumination.
Thermal imager
Allows to see thermal radiation in the infrared range day and night

Main armament

Two-plane stabilizer
Reduces the swing of the gun in two planes while moving
Ammunition40 rounds
First-order12 rounds
Reloadbasic crew → aces
8.7 → 6.7 s
Vertical guidance-7° / 20°
Main article: CN-105-G2 (105 mm)
105 mm CN-105-G2 Turret rotation speed (°/s) Reloading rate (seconds)
Mode Capacity Vertical Horizontal Stabilizer Stock Upgraded Full Expert Aced Stock Full Expert Aced
Arcade 40 -7°/+20° ±180° Two-plane 28.6 39.5 48.0 53.1 56.5 8.7 7.7 7.1 6.7
Realistic 17.9 21.0 25.5 28.2 30.0

Ammunition

Penetration statistics
Ammunition Type of
warhead
Penetration @ 0° Angle of Attack (mm)
10 m 100 m 500 m 1,000 m 1,500 m 2,000 m
DM12 HEATFS 400 400 400 400 400 400
DM502 HESH 127 127 127 127 127 127
M735 APFSDS 353 350 342 333 322 312
DM23 APFSDS 337 335 330 322 314 306
Shell details
Ammunition Type of
warhead
Velocity
(m/s)
Projectile
Mass (kg)
Fuse delay
(m)
Fuse sensitivity
(mm)
Explosive Mass
(TNT equivalent) (g)
Ricochet
0% 50% 100%
DM12 HEATFS 1,173 10.5 0.05 1 1,270 65° 72° 77°
DM502 HESH 732 14.85 0.4 0.1 4,310 73° 77° 80°
M735 APFSDS 1,501 3.7 N/A N/A N/A 76° 77° 80°
DM23 APFSDS 1,455 3.79 N/A N/A N/A 78° 80° 81°

Ammo racks

Ammo racks of the CV 90105 TML
Full
ammo
1st
rack empty
2nd
rack empty
3rd
rack empty
4th
rack empty
5th
rack empty
Visual
discrepancy
40 21 (+19) 13 (+27) 10 (+30) (+34) (+39) No

Notes:

  • The 1st ammo rack depletes from left to right, top to bottom.
  • The 3rd, 4th and 5th ammo racks are First-stage ammo stowages.

Machine guns

Ammunition1 200 rounds
Belt capacity250 rounds
Reloadbasic crew → aces
10.4 → 8.0 s
Fire rate600 shots/min
Main article: ksp 58 (7.62 mm)

The small calibre of the ksp 58 machine gun makes it largely ineffective against all armoured vehicles but the ones with an open compartment. It still can be used to ping targets as a rangefinding help.

7.62 mm ksp 58
Mount Capacity (Belt) Fire rate Vertical Horizontal
Coaxial 1,200 (250) 600 N/A N/A

Usage in battles

Mobility

The CV 90105 TML has great mobility thanks to its powerful engine and light weight. With good top speed, a very quick reverse, good mobility in turns, and very good acceleration, this vehicle's mobility stays competitive even when uptiered to face 10.0 BR MBTs. With this advantage the CV 90105 TML is able to take early-game defensive positions, reach sniping locations, and quickly relocate around the map if needed.

Armament

Another one of this vehicle's strengths is its armament. It's equipped with second generation thermal sights in both gunner and commander/binocular views, which makes enemies very easy to spot and which is incredibly useful in night battles. This tank also has a scouting ability, which can be used to call for support from teammates and locate enemies on the map.

As for this tank's gun, the CV 90105 TML is armed with quite a powerful cannon that easily penetrates MBTs. It has access to both its stock APFSDS round, the DM23, and HESH and HEAT-FS shells. Although the stock shell has higher flat penetration, the DM23 outperforms it in angled penetration, which is the more important metric in most cases at this tier; most enemy armour will be well-angled. Still, it is useful to carry a few rounds of the stock APFSDS shell. The gun has a very good turret traverse speed which helps in situations where quick aiming is required.

Survivability

The CV 90105 TML's greatest weakness is its poor survivability. It is able to be hullbroken, and is protected by only thin armour on all sides. Due to the internal layout of the tank, ammo detonations and one-shot deaths are very common. Cannon-calibre rounds are able to penetrate the CV 90105 TML's armour, and artillery and aircraft post a serious threat to this tank. The CV 90105 TML has effectively no anti-air capabilities and its thin roof armour makes strafing attacks dangerous.

All of this means that avoiding enemy fire must be a priority. The tank's mobility can be used to flank enemies and attack without their noticing. Indeed, engaging head-on is usually a bad idea, since that makes you a prime target for artillery strikes and attacks from aircraft. If there are enemy aircraft nearby, try to stay near cover (next to buildings, under trees, near bushes or rocks...) and avoid crossing open areas of the map.

Pros and cons

Pros:

  • Excellent off-road mobility and top speed
  • High reverse top speed and quick neutral steering
  • Both commander and gunner have access to 2nd generation thermal sights
  • Ability to scout
  • Two-plane gun stabilizer
  • Relatively wide and powerful selection of shells - M735 APFSDS (great against flat armour), DM23 APFSDS (great against angled armour), DM12 HEATFS (great against non-ERA, non-composite and light armour) and DM502 HESH
  • Excellent mobility, gives the XM-1, AMX-30 Super and Leopard A1A1 L/44 a run for their money
  • Can research the entire Swedish tech tree from rank 1 to rank VII
  • Quick turret traverse
  • Front mounted engine - can at times soak up early APFSDS shells, keeping the crew safe
  • High hp/ton ratio enables the CV90105 to climb most hills and slopes
  • 14 turret mounted smoke shells - fires 7 at a time
  • Laser rangefinder

Cons:

  • Very thin armour, does not have the option to angle or sidescrape
  • Hull breaks very easily - especially by large caliber HEAT-FS and HE
  • Lack of AA capability makes it vulnerable to aircraft
  • Turret is mounted far back on the hull - needs to show the entire hull when peeking around corners
  • Low gun depression of -7° - the XM-1, AMX-30 Super and Leopard A1A1 L/44 have between -8° and -10° gun depression
  • Agility at high speeds can make you lose control of the vehicle
  • Narrow FOV
  • HESH does next to no damage, even to light vehicles
  • Huge ammorack in the rear of the tank - APFSDS shells can enter from the front and still detonate the ammunition at the back of the vehicle
  • Unlike the other vehicles on the Strf 90 chassis (Strf 9040C, Strf 9040 BILL, Lvkv 9040C and CV90120) no autoloader or autocannon - slowest reload out of all Strf 90's
  • 3 crew members out of 4 are tightly packed in a cramped turret - hits on the turret are usually fatal

History

Chassis

The Swedish company Hägglunds began development 1983 on a combat vehicle capable of both anti-tank and anti-air defence, at the request of the Swedish Army. Due to the nature of the multi-role request, Hägglunds went for a utility vehicle design similar to the ideas of the Swedish Air Force. Initial trials were done with 5 different chassis to determine optimal engineering solutions to the concept. Although the design was unified, trials showed several issues with the clutch and brake systems. This was solved by reconstructing the system altogether. To accompany this, the chassis was raised 35 mm, and tower placement was moved forward. Hägglunds were strictly against this decision but later stated that this adjustment contributed significantly to the great export success of the vehicle.

Turret

The 105 mm turret was a design by the French GIAT (now known as Nexter Systems). This turret was originally made for the AMX-10RC, an armoured car entirely designed by GIAT. The turret was designed to survive heavy machine gun fire up to 14.5 mm. The turret sported a 105 mm F2 cannon capable of firing modern APFSDS rounds, along with a coaxial 7.62 mm machine gun. By the 1990s, the turret started to become outdated, which lead to GIAT modernizing the design with electrically-powered stabilizers for the main armament and sights. This lead to the version found on the CV 90105 TML, known as the TML 105 mm turret.

CV 90105 TML

The CV 90105 TML was unveiled to the public in 1994. The combination of the flexible CV 90 chassis and powerful 105 mm G2 cannon proved lethal. This private venture by GIAT and Hägglunds was strategic, as this concept allowed both companies to market themselves towards the export market. The CV 90 chassis was able to prove its flexibility by carrying large-calibre cannons for anti-tank purposes, while the TML 105 mm turret got to show its upgraded potential and tracked-vehicle performance, along with flexibility. Although this design never attracted any customers, the concept sparked debate regarding the future of light tanks. Hägglunds went on to successfully export their CV 90 chassis, though only via the IFV role, most notably with the CV 9030, which featured a 30 mm Bushmaster II. Larger cannons were later trialled on the chassis, such as the CV 90120, carrying a 120 mm Rheinmetall smoothbore cannon. GIAT went on to market their TML 105 mm turret fitted on the MOWAG Piranha, marketed for the Middle East. Although having lesser success than the CV 90 chassis, their AMX-10RC is still in service, proving its reliability as a wheeled fire-support vehicle, boasting a deadly cannon.

Devblog

Development of the CV 90105 TML began in the early 1990s as a joint venture of the Swedish Hägglunds and French GIAT companies. The idea behind the project was to create a capable new light tank as part of the Strf 90 family of vehicles, while using only components which were already available. On one hand, this would keep development time and costs relatively low, while on the other hand make the new vehicle more attractive to customers which already operated some of the CV 90 series of vehicles.

As such, engineers took the hull of the Strf 90 IFV and fitted it with the GIAT TML turret, housing a 105 mm G2 cannon - an upgraded version of the turret used on the successful AMX-10RC.

The first and only demonstrator vehicle was ready in 1994, undergoing various trials. Despite proving the project’s viability, the demonstrator didn’t convince any foreign operators to place orders for the newly developed CV 90105. As such, further development of the project was cancelled, although the idea of creating a 105 mm armed Strf 90 version would remain, resulting in a renewed attempt some time later, but that’s a story for another time.

Media

Skins
Images
Videos

See also

Vehicles equipped with the same chassis
Other vehicles of similar configuration and role

External links


Sweden light tanks
  Strv m/31 · Strv m/38 · Strv m/39 · Strv m/39 TD · Strv m/40L · Strv m/41 S-I · Strv m/41 S-II
  CV 90105 TML · CV 90120 · Ikv 91 · Ikv 91-105 · Strv 74 · Strf 9040C · Strf 9040 BILL · U-SH 405

Sweden premium ground vehicles
Light tanks  Strv m/39 · Strv m/41 S-I · CV 90105 TML
Medium tanks  Strv 81 (RB 52) · Strv 103-0
Tank destroyers  Ikv 73 · SAV 20.12.48