Difference between revisions of "Browning-Colt Mk12 Mod 3 (20 mm)"

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* ''other literature.'' -->
 
* ''other literature.'' -->
 
* [[wikipedia:Colt_Mk_12_cannon|[Wikipedia] Colt Mk 12 cannon]]
 
* [[wikipedia:Colt_Mk_12_cannon|[Wikipedia] Colt Mk 12 cannon]]
* [https://drive.google.com/file/d/1Qadku999lrNkKvifuJ4MzeMlKQ8EBf4G/view?usp=sharing NAVWEPS OP 1866 - 20-mm Aircraft Gun Mark 12 Mods 0, 2, and 3; Description, Operation and Maintenance (PDF)]
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* [https://drive.google.com/file/d/1Qadku999lrNkKvifuJ4MzeMlKQ8EBf4G/view?usp=sharing NAVWEPS OP 1866 - 20-mm Aircraft Gun Mark 12 Mods 0, 2, and 3; Description, Operation and Maintenance (PDF - Download required for view!)]
 
* The following documents also contain information about the Mk 12 cannon, as well as other types -
 
* The following documents also contain information about the Mk 12 cannon, as well as other types -
 
** [https://drive.google.com/file/d/1Sc_aDGyOn3RnR8EsqQkzg6AGAQZAW0Xp/view?usp=sharing MIL-STD-637A - Machine and Automatic Guns and Machinegun Trainers Through 30-mm (PDF)]
 
** [https://drive.google.com/file/d/1Sc_aDGyOn3RnR8EsqQkzg6AGAQZAW0Xp/view?usp=sharing MIL-STD-637A - Machine and Automatic Guns and Machinegun Trainers Through 30-mm (PDF)]

Latest revision as of 06:36, 15 June 2019

Browning-Colt Mk12 Mod 3 (20 mm)
General characteristics
20 mmCalibre
996 shots/minRate of fire
1,012 m/sMuzzle velocity
36 mm Maximum penetration

Description

The Colt-Browning Mk 12 Mod 3 is an advanced derivative of the 20 mm AN/M3 cannon and became the standard cannon found on US Navy aircraft from the mid-1950s. Compared to the AN/M3 it replaced, the Mk 12 boasted a faster rate of fire and higher muzzle velocity, courtesy of the new electrically-primed cartridges designed specifically for the Mk 12.

Vehicles equipped with this weapon

General info

Tactical and technical characteristics

  • Rate of Fire: 996 rounds/min
  • Individual Gun Burst Mass: 1.83 kg/sec
  • Muzzle Velocity: 1,012 metres/sec
  • Projectile Mass: 110 grams
  • HE-I Filler Mass: 14 grams
  • Tracer Colour: Red

Available ammunition

The Mk 12 cannon fires 20 x 110 mm USN ammunition, which was developed from the 20 x 110 mm Hispano-Suiza ammunition used by the AN/M2 and AN/M3 cannons.

The Mk 12 Mod 3 cannon can be equipped with the following belts:

  • Default: HEI · HEI · AP-T
These are comprised of Mk 106 HE-I and Mk 108 AP-T rounds and are the stock belts that come with the cannon.
  • Universal: HEI · AP-T
These general-purpose belts are made up of the same HE-I and AP-T rounds as the default belts.
  • Ground targets: AP-T · AP-T · HEI · AP-I
Intended to be used against armoured ground targets, these boast a belt made up almost entirely of armour piercing ammunition. It features Mk 106 HE-I, Mk 107 AP-I, and Mk 108 AP-T rounds.
  • Air targets: HEI · AP-T · HEI · AP-I
These belts are arranged in much the same way as the Universal belts. However, every fourth round is now a Mk 107 AP-I round.
  • Stealth: HEI · HEI · HEI · AP-I
These belts contain the most HE-I rounds of any available for the Mk 12, with Mk 106 HE-I and Mk 107 AP-I rounds.
Penetration statistics
Ammunition Penetration @ 90° (mm)
10 m 100 m 500 m 1,000 m 1,500 m 2,000 m
AP-I 36 33 27 22 17 14
AP-T 33 31 27 24 19 14
HEI 2 2 2 2 2 2
Shell details
Ammunition Velocity
(m/s)
Projectile
Mass (kg)
Fuse delay
(m)
Fuse sensitivity
(mm)
Explosive Mass
(TNT equivalent) (g)
Normalisation at 30°
from horizontal
Ricochet
0% 50% 100%
AP-I 1,012 0.11 N/A N/A N/A -1.0° 47° 60° 65°
AP-T 1,012 0.11 N/A N/A N/A -1.0° 47° 60° 65°
HEI 1,012 0.11 0.2 0.1 18.3 +0.0° 79° 80° 81°

Comparison with analogues

Comparable ammunition
  • AN/M3 - The predecessor to the Mk 12, and inferior in almost every way. It has a lower rate of fire, lower burst mass, and lower muzzle velocity than the Mk 12 Mod 3.
  • M24A1 - Derived from the AN/M3, this cannon uses electrically primed cartridges instead of the percussively primed cartridges on all other Hispano variants. Much like the AN/M3, it's inferior in every way to the Mk 12 Mod 3.
  • Hispano Mk.V - The forerunner to the AN/M3, and by extension the Mk 12. As with the two above, it has a lower muzzle velocity, lower rate of fire, and lower burst mass than the Mk 12.

All three of the above weapons fire 20 x 110 mm Hispano ammunition, which has a higher projectile mass than the 20 x 110 mm USN used by the Mk 12, so each individual shell impact will do more damage.

  • M39A1 & FMC T-160 - These are the US Air Force equivalent to the Mk 12. They have a higher muzzle velocity, a much higher rate of fire, and a higher burst mass. However, they have an individual projectile mass nearly 10% lower than that of the Mk 12 and rely more on the sheer number of rounds hitting the target than the size of the shell itself.

Usage in battles

The Mk 12 is an excellent general-purpose cannon - the high quantity of AP rounds in the Ground targets belts are ideally suited to taking out lightly armoured vehicles, and a large amount of HE-I rounds in most other belts are easily capable of destroying any opponent. However, the higher rate-of-fire and higher muzzle velocity than the AN/M3 cannons found on the aircraft before it will require some getting used to, particularly when using these cannons against moving targets. Additionally, short bursts are required with a stock cannon but are not a requirement once the New 20 mm cannons modification has been unlocked.

Pros and cons

Pros:

  • Higher velocity ammunition means less lead is required against manoeuvring targets
  • High rate-of-fire
  • Can fire nearly 400 rounds before jamming when upgraded

Cons:

  • As with other high rate-of-fire cannons, it will quickly deplete its ammunition stores.
  • Limited to fairly short bursts while stock to prevent jamming
  • Inaccurate while stock

History

Examine the history of the creation and combat usage of the weapon in more detail than in the introduction. If the historical reference turns out to be too long, take it to a separate article, taking a link to the article about the weapon and adding a block "/ History" (example: https://wiki.warthunder.com/(Weapon-name)/History) and add a link to it here using the main template. Be sure to reference text and sources by using <ref></ref>, as well as adding them at the end of the article with <references />.

Media

An excellent addition to the article would be a video guide, as well as screenshots from the game and photos.

See also

External links


USA aircraft cannons
20 mm  AN/M2 · AN/M3 · FMC T-160 · Browning-Colt Mk12 Mod 3 · M24A1 · M39A1 · M195 · M197 · T31
30 mm  XM140
37 mm  M4 · M10
40 mm  M129
75 mm  T13E1 · M10
  Foreign:
20 mm  MG 151/20 (Germany) · Hispano Mk.II (Britain) · Type 99 Model 1 (Japan) · Hispano 404 (France)