Difference between revisions of "AMX-50"

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{{Specs-Card|code=fr_amx_50}}
 
 
{{About
 
{{About
|about=medium tank '''{{PAGENAME}}'''
+
|about=French medium tank '''{{PAGENAME}}'''
 
|usage=other uses
 
|usage=other uses
 
|link=AMX-50 (Family)
 
|link=AMX-50 (Family)
 +
}}
 +
{{Specs-Card
 +
|code=fr_amx_50
 +
|images={{Specs-Card-Image|GarageImage_{{PAGENAME}}.jpg}}
 
}}
 
}}
  
 
== Description ==
 
== Description ==
<!--''In the description, the first part should be about the history of the creation and combat usage of the vehicle, as well as its key features. In the second part, tell the reader about the ground vehicle in the game. Insert a screenshot of the vehicle, so that if the novice player does not remember the vehicle by name, he will immediately understand what kind of vehicle the article is talking about.''-->
+
<!-- ''In the description, the first part should be about the history of the creation and combat usage of the vehicle, as well as its key features. In the second part, tell the reader about the ground vehicle in the game. Insert a screenshot of the vehicle, so that if the novice player does not remember the vehicle by name, he will immediately understand what kind of vehicle the article is talking about.'' -->
[[File:GarageImage_{{PAGENAME}}.jpg|420px|thumb|left]]
+
The '''{{Specs|name}}''' is a rank {{Specs|rank}} French medium tank {{Battle-rating}}. It was introduced in [[Update 1.75 "La Résistance"]]. It features the same armament and turret as the [[Lorraine 40t]] on a more robust chassis, similar to that of the [[AMX M4]], in sum, it is a fusion of the former's firepower and the latter's mobility and protection. It is the logical next step to the French rank IV medium tech tree.
{{break}}
 
The '''{{specs|name}}''' is a Rank {{specs|rank}} French medium tank {{Battle-rating|1}}. It was introduced in [[Update 1.75 "La Résistance"]]. If features the same armament (and turret) as the [[Lorraine 40t]] on a more robust chassis, similar to that of the [[AMX M4]], in sum, it is a fusion of the former's firepower and the latter's mobility and protection. It is the logical next step to the French rank IV medium tech tree.
 
  
 
The lower part resembles that of a [[Panther D|Panther]]'s hull with its overlapping metal road wheels, its two large fans over the engine deck, its sloped front and back armour and its high profile. There are a few things that distinguishes it from its predecessor: there is not longer a "flat" portion between the LFP and UFP and the two fan casings have been removed. As for the turret, it is quite a classical post-war French design: an oscillating turret fitted with an auto-loader mechanism, a long gun and turret bulge and a thick turret ring.
 
The lower part resembles that of a [[Panther D|Panther]]'s hull with its overlapping metal road wheels, its two large fans over the engine deck, its sloped front and back armour and its high profile. There are a few things that distinguishes it from its predecessor: there is not longer a "flat" portion between the LFP and UFP and the two fan casings have been removed. As for the turret, it is quite a classical post-war French design: an oscillating turret fitted with an auto-loader mechanism, a long gun and turret bulge and a thick turret ring.
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== General info ==
 
== General info ==
 
=== Survivability and armour ===
 
=== Survivability and armour ===
<!--''Describe armour protection. Note the most well protected and key weak areas. Appreciate the layout of modules as well as the number and location of crew members. Is the level of armour protection sufficient, is the placement of modules helpful for survival in combat?''
+
{{Specs-Tank-Armour}}
 +
<!-- ''Describe armour protection. Note the most well protected and key weak areas. Appreciate the layout of modules as well as the number and location of crew members. Is the level of armour protection sufficient, is the placement of modules helpful for survival in combat? If necessary use a visual template to indicate the most secure and weak zones of the armour.'' -->
 +
 
 +
'''Armour type:'''
  
''If necessary use a visual template to indicate the most secure and weak zones of the armour.''-->
+
* Rolled homogeneous armour (hull, turret roof, cupola roof)
This tank's hull is very similar to that of the famous German medium tank, even in armour values. It is only slightly weak from the side, making angling quite ineffective. This armour should be able to deflect incoming shots from the weaker tanks it may encounter at its BR spread, notably the famous Russian [[D-5T (85 mm)|85mm D-5T]]. With its good slope, it can easily deflect APCR shots. The only thing wrong with this tank is its turret: it is very weak to incoming shots, with only 45mm sloped at 52°, it is a bit weaker than a [[T-34-85 (D-5T)|T-34]]'s hull. The only way to avoid being taken down too easily is to increase distance between the AMX-50 position and the enemy. Don't worry on that: the 100 mm gun is suited for that purpose.
+
* Cast homogeneous armour (turret, cupola)
  
'''Armour type:'''
 
* Rolled homogeneous armour (Hull, Turret roof)
 
* Cast homogeneous armour (Turret)
 
 
{| class="wikitable"
 
{| class="wikitable"
 
|-
 
|-
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| Turret || 45 mm (39-56°) ''Turret front'' <br> 30 mm (9-26°) ''Turret base'' <br> 50 mm (7-82°) ''Barrel shroud'' || 30 mm (0-55°) ''Turret'' <br> 30 mm (0-25°) ''Turret base'' || 30 mm (0-30°) ''Turret bustle'' <br> 30 mm (6-22°) ''Pivot ball'' <br> 20 mm (69-90°) ''Turret underside'' || 20 mm
 
| Turret || 45 mm (39-56°) ''Turret front'' <br> 30 mm (9-26°) ''Turret base'' <br> 50 mm (7-82°) ''Barrel shroud'' || 30 mm (0-55°) ''Turret'' <br> 30 mm (0-25°) ''Turret base'' || 30 mm (0-30°) ''Turret bustle'' <br> 30 mm (6-22°) ''Pivot ball'' <br> 20 mm (69-90°) ''Turret underside'' || 20 mm
 
|-
 
|-
! Armour !! Sides !! Roof
+
| Cupola || 30 mm (45°) || colspan="2" style="text-align:center" | 30 mm (conical) || 20 mm
|-
 
| Cupola || 30 mm || 20 mm
 
 
|-
 
|-
 
|}
 
|}
 
'''Notes:'''
 
'''Notes:'''
* Suspension wheels and tracks are 20 mm thick. Suspension wheels are interleaved and can double in some areas.
+
 
* Tracks 20 mm thick hang on the hull sides at the crew compartment area.
+
* Suspension wheels and tracks are 20 mm thick. Suspension wheels are interleaved and thus overlap in some areas.
 +
* Add-on tracks hang on the hull sides in the crew compartment area.
 
* Hull undersides above tracks are 20 mm thick.
 
* Hull undersides above tracks are 20 mm thick.
 
* Belly armour is 20 mm thick.
 
* Belly armour is 20 mm thick.
 +
* There is a 20 mm plate separating the crew compartment from the engine bay at the top of the hull.
 +
* There is a 5 mm plate separating the crew compartment from the engine bay at the bottom of the hull.
 +
 +
The {{PAGENAME}}'s hull is very similar to that of the famous German medium tank, even in armour values. It is only slightly weak from the side, making angling quite ineffective. This armour should be able to deflect incoming shots from the weaker tanks it may encounter at its BR spread, notably the famous Russian [[D-5T (85 mm)|85 mm D-5T]]. With its good slope, it can easily deflect APCR shots. The only negative point is the turret: it is very weak to incoming shots, with only 45 mm sloped at 52°, it is a bit weaker than a [[T-34-85 (D-5T)]]'s hull. The only way to avoid being taken down too easily is to increase distance between the AMX-50 position and the enemy. Don't worry on that: the 100 mm gun is suited for that purpose.
  
 
=== Mobility ===
 
=== Mobility ===
<!--''Write about the mobility of the ground vehicle. Estimate the specific power and manoeuvrability, as well as the maximum speed forwards and backwards.''-->
+
{{Specs-Tank-Mobility}}
While not being a the fastest tank, it certainly is capable of many feats of agility. As mentioned in the [[AMX M4]]'s article, this tank may be the slowest French rank IV tank, which is not a bad thing considering French tank's general dynamic game-play at this BR. "Don't put the tank in nasty front-line situations" is the best advice to follow with this tank. As it is, this 800+ HP engine should be able to carry the tank to any location in a good time.
+
<!-- ''Write about the mobility of the ground vehicle. Estimate the specific power and manoeuvrability, as well as the maximum speed forwards and backwards.'' -->
  
{| class="wikitable" style="text-align:center"
+
{{tankMobility|abMinHp=1,550|rbMinHp=884}}
|-
+
 
!colspan="3" | Mobility characteristic
+
While not the fastest tank, the {{PAGENAME}} certainly is capable of many feats of agility. As mentioned in the [[AMX M4]]'s article, this tank may be the slowest French rank IV tank, which is not a bad thing considering French tank's general dynamic game-play at this BR. "Don't put the tank in nasty front-line situations" is the best advice to follow with this tank. As it is, this 800+ HP engine should be able to carry the tank to any location in good time.
|-
+
 
! Weight (tons)
+
=== Modifications and economy ===
!colspan="1" | Add-on Armour<br>weight (tons)
+
{{Specs-Economy}}
!colspan="1" | Max speed (km/h)
 
|-
 
|rowspan="2" | 54.0 || colspan="1" rowspan="2" | N/A || colspan="1" | 57 (AB)
 
|-
 
|51 (RB/SB)
 
|-
 
!colspan="3" | Engine power (horsepower)
 
|-
 
!colspan="1" | Mode
 
!Stock
 
!Upgraded
 
|-
 
|''Arcade''
 
|1,550
 
|_,___
 
|-
 
|''Realistic/Simulator''
 
|884
 
|1,000
 
|-
 
!colspan="3" | Power-to-weight ratio (hp/ton)
 
|-
 
!colspan="1" | Mode
 
!Stock
 
!Upgraded
 
|-
 
|''Arcade''
 
|28.70
 
|__.__
 
|-
 
|''Realistic/Simulator''
 
|16.37
 
|18.52
 
|-
 
|}
 
  
 
== Armaments ==
 
== Armaments ==
 +
{{Specs-Tank-Armaments}}
 
=== Main armament ===
 
=== Main armament ===
<!--''Give the reader information about the characteristics of the main gun. Assess its effectiveness in a battle based on the reloading speed, ballistics and the power of shells. Do not forget about the flexibility of the fire, that is how quickly the cannon can be aimed at the target, open fire on it and aim at another enemy. Add a link to the main article on the gun: <code><nowiki>{{main|Name of the weapon}}</nowiki></code>. Describe in general terms the ammunition available for the main gun. Give advice on how to use them and how to fill the ammunition storage.''-->
+
{{Specs-Tank-Weapon|1}}
 +
<!-- ''Give the reader information about the characteristics of the main gun. Assess its effectiveness in a battle based on the reloading speed, ballistics and the power of shells. Do not forget about the flexibility of the fire, that is how quickly the cannon can be aimed at the target, open fire on it and aim at another enemy. Add a link to the main article on the gun: <code><nowiki>{{main|Name of the weapon}}</nowiki></code>. Describe in general terms the ammunition available for the main gun. Give advice on how to use them and how to fill the ammunition storage.'' -->
 
{{main|SA47 L/58 (100 mm)}}
 
{{main|SA47 L/58 (100 mm)}}
  
The SA47 L/58 is a very potent gun for a rank IV tank: it performs in a similar way to the Russian [[D-10T (100 mm)|100mm D-10T]] equipped on the [[T-54 (1947)|T-54]] series. While not having any -HE filler in their AP rounds, the French engineers somehow managed to optimize armour spalling on penetrating shots and muzzle velocity, making these shells very good at long-range engagements. This gun is also mounted with an auto-loader, which provides it with a solid 6.67 seconds reload time. Not happy yet ? It has good gun depression and a fast turret traverse, which enables this tank to react quickly to flankers and take solid hulled-down position, its high gun placement minimizes the tank's silhouette behind hills.
+
{| class="wikitable" style="text-align:center" width="100%"
 
 
{| class="wikitable" style="text-align:center"
 
|-
 
! colspan="6" | [[SA47 L/58 (100 mm)|100 mm SA47 L/58]]
 
|-
 
! colspan="3" rowspan="1" style="width:5em" |Capacity
 
! rowspan="1" | Vertical <br> guidance
 
! rowspan="1" | Horizontal <br> guidance
 
! rowspan="1" | Stabilizer
 
 
|-
 
|-
| colspan="3" | 50 || -8°/+15° || ±180° || N/A
+
! colspan="5" | [[SA47 L/58 (100 mm)|100 mm SA47 L/58]] || colspan="5" | Turret rotation speed (°/s) || colspan="4" | Reloading rate (seconds)
 
|-
 
|-
! colspan="6" | Turret rotation speed (°/s)
+
! Mode !! Capacity !! Vertical !! Horizontal !! Stabilizer
 +
! Stock !! Upgraded !! Full !! Expert !! Aced
 +
! Stock !! Full !! Expert !! Aced
 
|-
 
|-
! style="width:4em" |Mode
+
! ''Arcade''
! style="width:4em" |Stock
+
| rowspan="2" | 50 || rowspan="2" | -8°/+15° || rowspan="2" | ±180° || rowspan="2" | N/A || 28.6 || 39.5 || 48.0 || 53.1 || 56.5 || rowspan="2" | 4.00 || rowspan="2" | 4.00 || rowspan="2" | 4.00 || rowspan="2" | 4.00
! style="width:4em" |Upgraded
 
! style="width:4em" |Prior + Full crew
 
! style="width:4em" |Prior + Expert qualif.
 
! style="width:4em" |Prior + Ace qualif.
 
 
|-
 
|-
| ''Arcade'' || 28.6 || __.__ || __.__ || __.__ || __.__
+
! ''Realistic''
|-
+
| 17.9 || 21.0 || 25.5 || 28.2 || 30.0
| ''Realistic'' || 17.9 || __.__ || __.__ || __.__ || __.__
 
|-
 
! colspan="4" | Reloading rate (seconds)
 
|-
 
! colspan="1" style="width:4em" |Stock
 
! colspan="1" style="width:4em" |Prior + Full crew
 
! colspan="1" style="width:4em" |Prior + Expert qualif.
 
! colspan="1" style="width:4em" |Prior + Ace qualif.
 
|-
 
| 4.0 || __.__ || __.__ || __.__
 
 
|-
 
|-
 
|}
 
|}
  
===== Ammunition =====
+
The SA47 L/58 is a very potent gun for a rank IV tank: it performs in a similar way to the Russian [[D-10T (100 mm)|100 mm D-10T]] equipped on the [[T-54/55 (Family)]] series. While not having any HE filler in their AP rounds, the French engineers somehow managed to optimize armour spalling on penetrating shots and muzzle velocity, making these shells very good at long-range engagements. This gun is also mounted with an auto-loader, which provides it with a solid 4 seconds reload time. It has good gun depression and a fast turret traverse, which enables this tank to react quickly to flankers and take solid hulled-down position, its high gun placement minimizes the tank's silhouette behind hills.
 +
 
 +
==== Ammunition ====
 
{| class="wikitable sortable" style="text-align:center" width="100%"
 
{| class="wikitable sortable" style="text-align:center" width="100%"
 
! colspan="8" | Penetration statistics
 
! colspan="8" | Penetration statistics
 
|-
 
|-
 
! rowspan="2" data-sort-type="text" | Ammunition
 
! rowspan="2" data-sort-type="text" | Ammunition
! rowspan="2" class="unsortable" | Type of <br /> warhead
+
! rowspan="2" | Type of<br>warhead
! colspan="6" | '''Penetration''' '''''in mm''''' '''@ 0° Angle of Attack'''
+
! colspan="6" | Penetration @ 0° Angle of Attack (mm)
 
|-
 
|-
! 10m
+
! 10 m !! 100 m !! 500 m !! 1,000 m !! 1,500 m !! 2,000 m
! 100m
 
! 500m
 
! 1000m
 
! 1500m
 
! 2000m
 
 
|-
 
|-
| 100 mm Obus de rupture || APCBC || 295 || 293 || 279 || 263 || 248 || 233
+
| 100 mm Obus de rupture || APCBC || 273 || 270 || 257 || 242 || 228 || 215
 +
|-
 +
| 100 mm Obus explosif || HE || 18 || 18 || 18 || 18 || 18 || 18
 
|-
 
|-
| 100 mm Obus explosif || HE || 22 || 22 || 21 || 20 || 20 || 20
 
|-
 
 
|}
 
|}
 
{| class="wikitable sortable" style="text-align:center" width="100%"
 
{| class="wikitable sortable" style="text-align:center" width="100%"
! colspan="11" | Shell details
+
! colspan="10" | Shell details
 
|-
 
|-
 
! rowspan="2" data-sort-type="text" | Ammunition
 
! rowspan="2" data-sort-type="text" | Ammunition
! rowspan="2" class="unsortable" | Type of <br /> warhead
+
! rowspan="2" | Type of<br>warhead
! rowspan="2" |Velocity <br /> in m/s
+
! rowspan="2" | Velocity<br>(m/s)
! rowspan="2" |Projectile<br />Mass in kg
+
! rowspan="2" | Projectile<br>Mass (kg)
! rowspan="2" | ''Fuse delay''
+
! rowspan="2" | Fuse delay<br>(m)
''in m:''
+
! rowspan="2" | Fuse sensitivity<br>(mm)
! rowspan="2" | ''Fuse sensitivity''
+
! rowspan="2" | Explosive Mass<br>(TNT equivalent) (g)
''in mm:''
+
! colspan="3" | Ricochet
! rowspan="2" | ''Explosive Mass in g<br /> (TNT equivalent):''
+
|-
! rowspan="2" | ''Normalization At 30° <br> from horizontal:''
+
! 0% !! 50% !! 100%
! colspan="3" | ''Ricochet:''
 
 
|-
 
|-
! 0%
+
| 100 mm Obus de rupture || APCBC || 1,000 || 15 || N/A || N/A || N/A || 48° || 63° || 71°
! 50%
 
! 100%
 
 
|-
 
|-
| 100 mm Obus de rupture || APCBC || 1,060 || 15 || N/A || N/A || N/A || ° || 48° || 63° || 71°
+
| 100 mm Obus explosif || HE || 1,000 || 14.8 || 0 || 0.1 || 1,400 || 79° || 80° || 81°
 
|-
 
|-
| 100 mm Obus explosif || HE || 1,000 || 15 || 0.1 || 0.5 || 1,400 || +0° || 79° || 80° || 81°
 
|-
 
 
|}
 
|}
  
===== [[Ammo racks|Ammo racks]] =====
+
==== [[Ammo racks]] ====
[[File:Ammoracks {{PAGENAME}}.png|right|thumbnail|x250px|[[Ammo racks|Ammo racks]] of the {{PAGENAME}}.]]
+
[[File:Ammoracks_{{PAGENAME}}.png|right|thumb|x250px|[[Ammo racks]] of the {{PAGENAME}}]]
{| class="wikitable sortable" style="text-align:center"
+
<!-- '''Last updated:''' -->
 +
{| class="wikitable" style="text-align:center"
 
|-
 
|-
! class="wikitable unsortable" |Full<br /> ammo
+
! Full<br>ammo
! class="wikitable unsortable" |1st<br /> rack empty
+
! 1st<br>rack empty
! class="wikitable unsortable" |2nd<br /> rack empty
+
! 2nd<br>rack empty
! class="wikitable unsortable" |3rd<br /> rack empty
+
! 3rd<br>rack empty
! class="wikitable unsortable" |4th<br /> rack empty
+
! 4th<br>rack empty
! class="wikitable unsortable" |5th<br /> rack empty
+
! 5th<br>rack empty
! class="wikitable unsortable" |6th<br /> rack empty
+
! 6th<br>rack empty
! class="wikitable unsortable" |7th<br /> rack empty
+
! 7th<br>rack empty
! class="wikitable unsortable" |8th<br /> rack empty
+
! 8th<br>rack empty
! class="wikitable unsortable" |9th<br /> rack empty
+
! 9th<br>rack empty
! class="wikitable unsortable" |Visual<br /> discrepancy
+
! Visual<br>discrepancy
 
|-
 
|-
|| '''50''' || 49&nbsp;''(+1)'' || 44&nbsp;''(+6)'' || 37&nbsp;''(+13)'' || 30&nbsp;''(+20)'' || 23&nbsp;''(+27)'' || 16&nbsp;''(+34)'' || 12&nbsp;''(+38)'' || 7&nbsp;''(+43)'' || 1&nbsp;''(+49)'' || style="text-align:left" | no
+
|| '''50''' || 49&nbsp;''(+1)'' || 44&nbsp;''(+6)'' || 37&nbsp;''(+13)'' || 30&nbsp;''(+20)'' || 23&nbsp;''(+27)'' || 16&nbsp;''(+34)'' || 12&nbsp;''(+38)'' || 7&nbsp;''(+43)'' || 1&nbsp;''(+49)'' || No
 
|-
 
|-
 
|}
 
|}
 +
This tank features an auto-loading system that removes the need for a crew member to reload the main gun, although a loader is present to restock the auto-loader.  A large drum of seven rounds is found underneath the gun breech for rapid use.  Once this drum is empty, rounds in the hull will need to be placed in the auto-loader rack before it can be used by the auto-loader, which takes about 14 seconds to perform for one round.  Nine rounds are found in three racks near the bottom of the hull behind the driver and machine-gunner while the rest of the stowage is found in the side sponsons above the tracks, aside from a small rack of 5 rounds near the rear of the turret.
  
Turret empty: 44&nbsp;(+6)
+
Notes:
 +
* Ammo rack 9 is the auto-loader drum and takes priority in being filled at the beginning of the battle, then fills racks 8 through 1.
 +
* If the auto-loader drum is empty, the main gun '''cannot''' fire until ammo is loaded into the auto-loader drum.
 +
* Simply not firing when the main gun is loaded will load ammo from racks 1-8 into the ready rack, as long as there is ammo present in racks 1-8.  Firing the main gun will interrupt the loading of the ready racks.
  
 
=== Machine guns ===
 
=== Machine guns ===
<!--''Offensive and anti-aircraft machine guns not only allow you to fight some aircraft but also are effective against lightly armoured vehicles. Evaluate machine guns and give recommendations on its use.''-->
+
{{Specs-Tank-Weapon|2}}
 +
<!-- ''Offensive and anti-aircraft machine guns not only allow you to fight some aircraft but also are effective against lightly armoured vehicles. Evaluate machine guns and give recommendations on its use.'' -->
 
{{main|MAC 31 (7.5 mm)}}
 
{{main|MAC 31 (7.5 mm)}}
  
{| class="wikitable" style="text-align:center"
+
{| class="wikitable" style="text-align:center" width="50%"
 
|-
 
|-
! colspan="7" | [[MAC 31 (7.5 mm)|7.5 mm MAC 31]]
+
! colspan="5" | [[MAC 31 (7.5 mm)|7.5 mm MAC 31]]
 
|-
 
|-
! colspan="7" | ''Coaxial mount''
+
! Mount !! Capacity (Belt) !! Fire rate !! Vertical !! Horizontal
 
|-
 
|-
! colspan="4" rowspan="1" style="width:5em" |Capacity (Belt capacity)
+
| Coaxial || 4,800 (150) || 551 || N/A || N/A
! rowspan="1" | Fire rate <br> (shots/minute)
 
! rowspan="1" | Vertical <br> guidance
 
! rowspan="1" | Horizontal <br> guidance
 
|-
 
| colspan="4" | 4,800 (150) || 1,350 || N/A || N/A
 
 
|-
 
|-
 
|}
 
|}
 +
 +
The small calibre of the MAC 31 machine gun makes it largely ineffective against all armoured vehicles but the ones with an open compartment. It still can be used to ping targets as a rangefinding help or to mow down minor obstacles blocking your line of sight.
  
 
== Usage in battles ==
 
== Usage in battles ==
<!--''Describe the tactics of playing in the vehicle, the features of using vehicles in the team and advice on tactics. Refrain from creating a "guide" - do not impose a single point of view but instead give the reader food for thought. Describe the most dangerous enemies and give recommendations on fighting them. If necessary, note the specifics of the game in different modes (AB, RB, SB).''-->
+
<!-- ''Describe the tactics of playing in the vehicle, the features of using vehicles in the team and advice on tactics. Refrain from creating a "guide" - do not impose a single point of view but instead give the reader food for thought. Describe the most dangerous enemies and give recommendations on fighting them. If necessary, note the specifics of the game in different modes (AB, RB, SB).'' -->
This medium tank performs good in its role, being versatile enough to take many battlefield roles: flanker, sniper and ambusher. The only thing it is insufficient at is absorbing damaging shots: there are too many weak spots on this tank to take anything bigger than HMG to the front. Don't stay too close to the front line since the reverse speed will not allow the tank to escape sufficiently fast and flanking maneuvers will make the weak sides vulnerable.
+
This medium tank performs good in its role, being versatile enough to take many battlefield roles: flanker, sniper and ambusher. The only thing it is insufficient at is absorbing damaging shots: there are too many weak spots on this tank to take anything bigger than HMG to the front. Don't stay too close to the front line since the reverse speed will not allow the tank to escape sufficiently fast and flanking manoeuvres will make the weak sides vulnerable.
  
 
=== Pros and cons ===
 
=== Pros and cons ===
<!--''Summarize and briefly evaluate the vehicle in terms of its characteristics and combat effectiveness. Mark its pros and cons in a bulleted list. Try not to use more than 6 points for each of the characteristics. Avoid using categorical definitions such as "bad", "good" and the like - use substitutions with softer forms such as "inadequate" and "effective".''-->
+
<!-- ''Summarise and briefly evaluate the vehicle in terms of its characteristics and combat effectiveness. Mark its pros and cons in a bulleted list. Try not to use more than 6 points for each of the characteristics. Avoid using categorical definitions such as "bad", "good" and the like - use substitutions with softer forms such as "inadequate" and "effective".'' -->
 
'''Pros:'''
 
'''Pros:'''
* High penetration 100mm main gun with an auto-loader!  
+
 
* Amazing conical spread from stock APCBC shells. They are free and frontal hits will be deadly.  
+
* High penetration 100 mm main gun with an auto-loader!
* High top speed (57 kph)  
+
* Amazing conical spread from stock APCBC shells. They are free and frontal hits will be deadly.
 +
* High top speed (57 km/h)
 
* MAC 31 coaxial MG
 
* MAC 31 coaxial MG
 
* Fast turret rotation speed
 
* Fast turret rotation speed
 
* Sloped frontal armour can bounce some lower rank guns and APCR
 
* Sloped frontal armour can bounce some lower rank guns and APCR
* Very maneuverable
+
* Very manoeuvrable
 
* Great flanker
 
* Great flanker
* Higher velocity than the Russian [[D-10T (100 mm)|100mm D-10T]] gun, easier to aim at range.
+
* Higher velocity than the Russian [[D-10T (100 mm)|100 mm D-10T]] gun, easier to aim at range.
 
* Has 5 crew members
 
* Has 5 crew members
 
* Wide tracks: able to cross all sorts of terrain with good speed.
 
* Wide tracks: able to cross all sorts of terrain with good speed.
 
* Overlapping wheels provide extra 20 mm to the hull's lower side.
 
* Overlapping wheels provide extra 20 mm to the hull's lower side.
 +
 
'''Cons:'''
 
'''Cons:'''
* Armour will not protect the tank from rank 4/5 guns  
+
 
* No explosive filler in shells, one hit KOs from the side are rare.  
+
* Armour will not protect the tank from rank 4/5 guns
* One choice of shell. No APHE, no HEAT, no APDS/FS.  
+
* No explosive filler in shells, one hit KOs from the side are rare.
 +
* One choice of shell. No APHE, no HEAT, no APDS/FS.
 
* Less penetration than the Russian 100 mm APCBC, with less post penetration damage.
 
* Less penetration than the Russian 100 mm APCBC, with less post penetration damage.
* Same turret as the [[Lorraine 40t]]: only 45mm thick
+
* Same turret as the [[Lorraine 40t]]: only 45 mm thick.
 
* Elevation angle is only 15°: it sometimes is a problem.
 
* Elevation angle is only 15°: it sometimes is a problem.
 
* Gun elevation speed is slow due to oscillating turret design.
 
* Gun elevation speed is slow due to oscillating turret design.
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== History ==
 
== History ==
''Describe the history of the creation and combat usage of the ground vehicle in more detail than in the introduction. If the historical reference turns out to be too big, take it to a separate article, taking a link to the article about the vehicle and adding a block "/ History" (example: <nowiki>https://wiki.warthunder.com/(Vehicle-name)/History</nowiki>) and add a link to it here using the <code>main</code> template. Be sure to reference text and sources by using <code><nowiki><ref></nowiki></code>, as well as adding them at the end of the article. This section may also include the vehicle's dev blog entry (if applicable) and the in-game encyclopedia description (under <code><nowiki>=== Encyclopedia Info ===</nowiki></code>, also if applicable).''
+
<!-- ''Describe the history of the creation and combat usage of the vehicle in more detail than in the introduction. If the historical reference turns out to be too long, take it to a separate article, taking a link to the article about the vehicle and adding a block "/History" (example: <nowiki>https://wiki.warthunder.com/(Vehicle-name)/History</nowiki>) and add a link to it here using the <code>main</code> template. Be sure to reference text and sources by using <code><nowiki><ref></ref></nowiki></code>, as well as adding them at the end of the article with <code><nowiki><references /></nowiki></code>. This section may also include the vehicle's dev blog entry (if applicable) and the in-game encyclopedia description (under <code><nowiki>=== In-game description ===</nowiki></code>, also if applicable).'' -->
 +
 
 +
===Design===
 +
In the late 1940s, the French Army was looking to replace the medium tanks Panther and ARL 44 that were becoming obsolete with a new 50t medium tank. The new tank was to be the future spearhead of French armoured divisions. The French company AMX started working on a proposal which was essentially an improved Tiger II on the drawing board. The project evolved and later resulted in the AMX-50 tank. The AMX-50 present in the game is the second prototype of the project.
 +
 
 +
===Development===
 +
In order to save weight from the Tiger II's initial weight of 70 tons, the first AMX proposal was an underarmoured version of the Tiger II with only 30 mm armour plates. The French Army quickly indicated that such a thickness was too weak for the intended purpose. The armour of the hull was increased to 80 mm frontally and 40 mm for the sides and the weight-saving measures were then applied to other components. The original turret was changed for an oscillating turret whose design was already available and the suspension wheels were redesigned to get rid of the interleaving wheels. The new version was approved and a first prototype dubbed M4 was produced at the end of 1949 with a 90 mm SA 45 gun and a weight slightly above 50 tons. The second prototype called AMX-50/100 was produced 1 year later with the 100 mm SA 47 L/50 gun, a slightly modified turret and a weight close to 55 tons. After testing in 1952 and 1953, the French Army reclassified the AMX-50 as heavy tank as it could not reach more than 50 km/h on roads and 20 km/h off-road due to an insufficient output of the powerplant. The tank had a ratio of 15 hp/ton against the 20 expected. The availability of the more modern M47 medium tank through NATO cooperation made the need for the AMX-50 obsolete. Following its reclassification, there were several attempts to transform the AMX-50 in a real heavy tank like the AMX-50 Surbaissé or the AMX-50 Surblindé. But the need for heavy tanks would gradually disappear with the appearance of shaped charges (HEAT projectiles and missiles).
 +
 
 +
===Combat usage===
 +
The AMX-50 never saw either service or combat action with the French Army.
  
 
== Media ==
 
== Media ==
''Excellent additions to the article would be video guides, screenshots from the game, and photos.''
+
<!-- ''Excellent additions to the article would be video guides, screenshots from the game, and photos.'' -->
 +
 
 +
;Skins
 +
* [https://live.warthunder.com/feed/camouflages/?vehicleCountry=france&vehicleType=tank&vehicleClass=medium_tank&vehicle=fr_amx_50 Skins and camouflages for the {{PAGENAME}} from live.warthunder.com.]
 +
 
 +
;Videos
 +
{{Youtube-gallery|PosWOnOGkSo|'''Best experimental vehicles''' discusses the {{PAGENAME}} at 0:38 - ''War Thunder Official Channel''|4hSjkacg4CQ|'''The Shooting Range #98''' - ''Pages of History'' section at 04:24 discusses the {{PAGENAME}}.|10q59dU32b4|'''{{PAGENAME}} Tank Review''' - ''NUSensei''}}
  
 
== See also ==
 
== See also ==
''Links to the articles on the War Thunder Wiki that you think will be useful for the reader, for example:''
+
<!-- ''Links to the articles on the War Thunder Wiki that you think will be useful for the reader, for example:''
 
* ''reference to the series of the vehicles;''
 
* ''reference to the series of the vehicles;''
* ''links to approximate analogues of other nations and research trees.''
+
* ''links to approximate analogues of other nations and research trees.'' -->
 +
 
 +
;Vehicles equipped with the same chassis
 +
* [[AMX-50 (Family)]]
 +
 
 +
;Vehicles equipped with the same gun
 +
* [[CA Lorraine]]
 +
* [[Lorraine 40t]]
 +
* [[Somua SM]]
  
 
== External links ==
 
== External links ==
''Paste links to sources and external resources, such as:''
+
<!-- ''Paste links to sources and external resources, such as:''
 
* ''topic on the official game forum;''
 
* ''topic on the official game forum;''
* ''encyclopedia page on the tank;''
+
* ''other literature.'' -->
* ''other literature.''
+
 
 +
* [[wikipedia:AMX-50|[Wikipedia] AMX-50]]
 +
* [https://www.tanks-encyclopedia.com/coldwar/France/AMX-50.php <nowiki>[Tanks Encyclopedia]</nowiki> AMX-50]
  
 
{{France medium tanks}}
 
{{France medium tanks}}

Revision as of 13:30, 11 June 2021

RANK 4 FRANCE
Somua SM PACK
This page is about the French medium tank AMX-50. For other uses, see AMX-50 (Family).
fr_amx_50.png
GarageImage AMX-50.jpg
AMX-50
AB RB SB
7.0 7.3 7.0
Class:
Research:95 000 Specs-Card-Exp.png
Purchase:270 000 Specs-Card-Lion.png
Show in game

Description

The AMX-50 is a rank IV French medium tank with a battle rating of 7.0 (AB/SB) and 7.3 (RB). It was introduced in Update 1.75 "La Résistance". It features the same armament and turret as the Lorraine 40t on a more robust chassis, similar to that of the AMX M4, in sum, it is a fusion of the former's firepower and the latter's mobility and protection. It is the logical next step to the French rank IV medium tech tree.

The lower part resembles that of a Panther's hull with its overlapping metal road wheels, its two large fans over the engine deck, its sloped front and back armour and its high profile. There are a few things that distinguishes it from its predecessor: there is not longer a "flat" portion between the LFP and UFP and the two fan casings have been removed. As for the turret, it is quite a classical post-war French design: an oscillating turret fitted with an auto-loader mechanism, a long gun and turret bulge and a thick turret ring.

General info

Survivability and armour

Armourfront / side / back
Hull80 / 30 / 40
Turret45 / 30 / 30
Crew5 people
Visibility120 %

Armour type:

  • Rolled homogeneous armour (hull, turret roof, cupola roof)
  • Cast homogeneous armour (turret, cupola)
Armour Front (Slope angle) Sides Rear Roof
Hull 80 mm (55°) Front glacis
35 mm (61°) Lower glacis
60 mm (39°) Front cheeks
40 mm (24°) Top
40 mm Bottom
40 mm (0-30°)
30 mm (30°) Transmission hatch
20 mm
Turret 45 mm (39-56°) Turret front
30 mm (9-26°) Turret base
50 mm (7-82°) Barrel shroud
30 mm (0-55°) Turret
30 mm (0-25°) Turret base
30 mm (0-30°) Turret bustle
30 mm (6-22°) Pivot ball
20 mm (69-90°) Turret underside
20 mm
Cupola 30 mm (45°) 30 mm (conical) 20 mm

Notes:

  • Suspension wheels and tracks are 20 mm thick. Suspension wheels are interleaved and thus overlap in some areas.
  • Add-on tracks hang on the hull sides in the crew compartment area.
  • Hull undersides above tracks are 20 mm thick.
  • Belly armour is 20 mm thick.
  • There is a 20 mm plate separating the crew compartment from the engine bay at the top of the hull.
  • There is a 5 mm plate separating the crew compartment from the engine bay at the bottom of the hull.

The AMX-50's hull is very similar to that of the famous German medium tank, even in armour values. It is only slightly weak from the side, making angling quite ineffective. This armour should be able to deflect incoming shots from the weaker tanks it may encounter at its BR spread, notably the famous Russian 85 mm D-5T. With its good slope, it can easily deflect APCR shots. The only negative point is the turret: it is very weak to incoming shots, with only 45 mm sloped at 52°, it is a bit weaker than a T-34-85 (D-5T)'s hull. The only way to avoid being taken down too easily is to increase distance between the AMX-50 position and the enemy. Don't worry on that: the 100 mm gun is suited for that purpose.

Mobility

Speedforward / back
AB57 / 7 km/h
RB and SB52 / 6 km/h
Number of gears5 forward
1 back
Weight54.0 t
Engine power
AB1 908 hp
RB and SB1 000 hp
Power-to-weight ratio
AB35.3 hp/t
RB and SB18.5 hp/t
Game Mode Max Speed (km/h) Weight (tons) Engine power (horsepower) Power-to-weight ratio (hp/ton)
Forward Reverse Stock Upgraded Stock Upgraded
Arcade 57 7 54 1,550 1908 28.7 35.33
Realistic 52 6 884 1000 16.37 18.52

While not the fastest tank, the AMX-50 certainly is capable of many feats of agility. As mentioned in the AMX M4's article, this tank may be the slowest French rank IV tank, which is not a bad thing considering French tank's general dynamic game-play at this BR. "Don't put the tank in nasty front-line situations" is the best advice to follow with this tank. As it is, this 800+ HP engine should be able to carry the tank to any location in good time.

Modifications and economy

Repair costBasic → Reference
AB5 060 → 6 512 Sl icon.png
RB7 990 → 10 283 Sl icon.png
SB12 900 → 16 602 Sl icon.png
Total cost of modifications83 000 Rp icon.png
135 100 Sl icon.png
Talisman cost2 000 Ge icon.png
Crew training78 000 Sl icon.png
Experts270 000 Sl icon.png
Aces1 100 Ge icon.png
Research Aces670 000 Rp icon.png
Reward for battleAB / RB / SB
100 / 170 / 170 % Sl icon.png
190 / 190 / 190 % Rp icon.png
Modifications
Mobility Protection Firepower
Mods new tank traks.png
Tracks
Research:
5 500 Rp icon.png
Cost:
8 900 Sl icon.png
190 Ge icon.png
Mods new tank suspension.png
Suspension
Research:
4 700 Rp icon.png
Cost:
7 600 Sl icon.png
160 Ge icon.png
Mods new tank break.png
Brake System
Research:
4 700 Rp icon.png
Cost:
7 600 Sl icon.png
160 Ge icon.png
Mods new tank filter.png
Filters
Research:
6 900 Rp icon.png
Cost:
11 000 Sl icon.png
240 Ge icon.png
Mods new tank transmission.png
Transmission
Research:
9 000 Rp icon.png
Cost:
15 000 Sl icon.png
310 Ge icon.png
Mods new tank engine.png
Engine
Research:
9 000 Rp icon.png
Cost:
15 000 Sl icon.png
310 Ge icon.png
Mods tank tool kit.png
Parts
Research:
5 500 Rp icon.png
Cost:
8 900 Sl icon.png
190 Ge icon.png
Mods extinguisher.png
FPE
Research:
4 700 Rp icon.png
Cost:
7 600 Sl icon.png
160 Ge icon.png
Mods tank reinforcement fr.png
Crew Replenishment
Research:
6 900 Rp icon.png
Cost:
11 000 Sl icon.png
240 Ge icon.png
Mods new tank horizontal aiming.png
Horizontal Drive
Research:
5 500 Rp icon.png
Cost:
8 900 Sl icon.png
190 Ge icon.png
Mods tank cannon.png
Adjustment of Fire
Research:
4 700 Rp icon.png
Cost:
7 600 Sl icon.png
160 Ge icon.png
Mods new tank vertical aiming.png
Elevation Mechanism
Research:
6 900 Rp icon.png
Cost:
11 000 Sl icon.png
240 Ge icon.png
Mods art support.png
Artillery Support
Research:
9 000 Rp icon.png
Cost:
15 000 Sl icon.png
310 Ge icon.png

Armaments

Main armament

Autoloader
Automatically feeds projectiles into the breech. The speed does not depend on the skills of the loader
Ammunition50 rounds
First-order7 rounds
Reload4.0 s
Vertical guidance-8° / 15°
Main article: SA47 L/58 (100 mm)
100 mm SA47 L/58 Turret rotation speed (°/s) Reloading rate (seconds)
Mode Capacity Vertical Horizontal Stabilizer Stock Upgraded Full Expert Aced Stock Full Expert Aced
Arcade 50 -8°/+15° ±180° N/A 28.6 39.5 48.0 53.1 56.5 4.00 4.00 4.00 4.00
Realistic 17.9 21.0 25.5 28.2 30.0

The SA47 L/58 is a very potent gun for a rank IV tank: it performs in a similar way to the Russian 100 mm D-10T equipped on the T-54/55 (Family) series. While not having any HE filler in their AP rounds, the French engineers somehow managed to optimize armour spalling on penetrating shots and muzzle velocity, making these shells very good at long-range engagements. This gun is also mounted with an auto-loader, which provides it with a solid 4 seconds reload time. It has good gun depression and a fast turret traverse, which enables this tank to react quickly to flankers and take solid hulled-down position, its high gun placement minimizes the tank's silhouette behind hills.

Ammunition

Penetration statistics
Ammunition Type of
warhead
Penetration @ 0° Angle of Attack (mm)
10 m 100 m 500 m 1,000 m 1,500 m 2,000 m
100 mm Obus de rupture APCBC 273 270 257 242 228 215
100 mm Obus explosif HE 18 18 18 18 18 18
Shell details
Ammunition Type of
warhead
Velocity
(m/s)
Projectile
Mass (kg)
Fuse delay
(m)
Fuse sensitivity
(mm)
Explosive Mass
(TNT equivalent) (g)
Ricochet
0% 50% 100%
100 mm Obus de rupture APCBC 1,000 15 N/A N/A N/A 48° 63° 71°
100 mm Obus explosif HE 1,000 14.8 0 0.1 1,400 79° 80° 81°

Ammo racks

Ammo racks of the AMX-50
Full
ammo
1st
rack empty
2nd
rack empty
3rd
rack empty
4th
rack empty
5th
rack empty
6th
rack empty
7th
rack empty
8th
rack empty
9th
rack empty
Visual
discrepancy
50 49 (+1) 44 (+6) 37 (+13) 30 (+20) 23 (+27) 16 (+34) 12 (+38) (+43) (+49) No

This tank features an auto-loading system that removes the need for a crew member to reload the main gun, although a loader is present to restock the auto-loader. A large drum of seven rounds is found underneath the gun breech for rapid use. Once this drum is empty, rounds in the hull will need to be placed in the auto-loader rack before it can be used by the auto-loader, which takes about 14 seconds to perform for one round. Nine rounds are found in three racks near the bottom of the hull behind the driver and machine-gunner while the rest of the stowage is found in the side sponsons above the tracks, aside from a small rack of 5 rounds near the rear of the turret.

Notes:

  • Ammo rack 9 is the auto-loader drum and takes priority in being filled at the beginning of the battle, then fills racks 8 through 1.
  • If the auto-loader drum is empty, the main gun cannot fire until ammo is loaded into the auto-loader drum.
  • Simply not firing when the main gun is loaded will load ammo from racks 1-8 into the ready rack, as long as there is ammo present in racks 1-8. Firing the main gun will interrupt the loading of the ready racks.

Machine guns

Ammunition4 800 rounds
Belt capacity150 rounds
Reload5.0 s
Fire rate551 shots/min
Main article: MAC 31 (7.5 mm)
7.5 mm MAC 31
Mount Capacity (Belt) Fire rate Vertical Horizontal
Coaxial 4,800 (150) 551 N/A N/A

The small calibre of the MAC 31 machine gun makes it largely ineffective against all armoured vehicles but the ones with an open compartment. It still can be used to ping targets as a rangefinding help or to mow down minor obstacles blocking your line of sight.

Usage in battles

This medium tank performs good in its role, being versatile enough to take many battlefield roles: flanker, sniper and ambusher. The only thing it is insufficient at is absorbing damaging shots: there are too many weak spots on this tank to take anything bigger than HMG to the front. Don't stay too close to the front line since the reverse speed will not allow the tank to escape sufficiently fast and flanking manoeuvres will make the weak sides vulnerable.

Pros and cons

Pros:

  • High penetration 100 mm main gun with an auto-loader!
  • Amazing conical spread from stock APCBC shells. They are free and frontal hits will be deadly.
  • High top speed (57 km/h)
  • MAC 31 coaxial MG
  • Fast turret rotation speed
  • Sloped frontal armour can bounce some lower rank guns and APCR
  • Very manoeuvrable
  • Great flanker
  • Higher velocity than the Russian 100 mm D-10T gun, easier to aim at range.
  • Has 5 crew members
  • Wide tracks: able to cross all sorts of terrain with good speed.
  • Overlapping wheels provide extra 20 mm to the hull's lower side.

Cons:

  • Armour will not protect the tank from rank 4/5 guns
  • No explosive filler in shells, one hit KOs from the side are rare.
  • One choice of shell. No APHE, no HEAT, no APDS/FS.
  • Less penetration than the Russian 100 mm APCBC, with less post penetration damage.
  • Same turret as the Lorraine 40t: only 45 mm thick.
  • Elevation angle is only 15°: it sometimes is a problem.
  • Gun elevation speed is slow due to oscillating turret design.
  • Large, Panther-like hull, hard to hide.
  • Incapacitated loader will disable this tank from shooting its coaxial MG.
  • Weak LFP

History

Design

In the late 1940s, the French Army was looking to replace the medium tanks Panther and ARL 44 that were becoming obsolete with a new 50t medium tank. The new tank was to be the future spearhead of French armoured divisions. The French company AMX started working on a proposal which was essentially an improved Tiger II on the drawing board. The project evolved and later resulted in the AMX-50 tank. The AMX-50 present in the game is the second prototype of the project.

Development

In order to save weight from the Tiger II's initial weight of 70 tons, the first AMX proposal was an underarmoured version of the Tiger II with only 30 mm armour plates. The French Army quickly indicated that such a thickness was too weak for the intended purpose. The armour of the hull was increased to 80 mm frontally and 40 mm for the sides and the weight-saving measures were then applied to other components. The original turret was changed for an oscillating turret whose design was already available and the suspension wheels were redesigned to get rid of the interleaving wheels. The new version was approved and a first prototype dubbed M4 was produced at the end of 1949 with a 90 mm SA 45 gun and a weight slightly above 50 tons. The second prototype called AMX-50/100 was produced 1 year later with the 100 mm SA 47 L/50 gun, a slightly modified turret and a weight close to 55 tons. After testing in 1952 and 1953, the French Army reclassified the AMX-50 as heavy tank as it could not reach more than 50 km/h on roads and 20 km/h off-road due to an insufficient output of the powerplant. The tank had a ratio of 15 hp/ton against the 20 expected. The availability of the more modern M47 medium tank through NATO cooperation made the need for the AMX-50 obsolete. Following its reclassification, there were several attempts to transform the AMX-50 in a real heavy tank like the AMX-50 Surbaissé or the AMX-50 Surblindé. But the need for heavy tanks would gradually disappear with the appearance of shaped charges (HEAT projectiles and missiles).

Combat usage

The AMX-50 never saw either service or combat action with the French Army.

Media

Skins
Videos

See also

Vehicles equipped with the same chassis
Vehicles equipped with the same gun

External links


France medium tanks
M4 Derivatives  M4A1 (FL10) · M4A4 (SA50)
AMX-50  AMX M4 · AMX-50
AMX-30  AMX-30 · AMX-30 (1972) · AMX-30B2 · AMX-30B2 BRENUS · AMX-30 ACRA · AMX-30 Super
AMX-32/40  AMX-32 · AMX-40
Leclerc  Leclerc · Leclerc S2 · Leclerc SXXI
Other  D2 · S.35 · Lorraine 40t
USA  ▄M4A1 · ▄M4A3 (105) · ▄M4A4
Germany  Panther "Dauphiné"